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KEMAMPUAN EKSTRAK BUAH MAKASAR (Brucea javanica L. Merr) SEBAGAI PENGHAMBAT BAKTERI Propionibacterium acnes INDUSER MEDIATOR INFLAMASI

Sainstek Vol4, No 3, 2009
Publisher : Sainstek

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Abstract

Propionibacterium acnes merupakan suatu induser mediator inflamasi yang banyak mengakibatkan timbulnya jerawat. Proses terjadinya jerawat diawali dengan tertutupnya folikel sebaseus oleh sel kulit mati sehingga menyebabkan akumulasi sebum. Sebum yang terakumulasi kemudian menjadi nutrisi bagi pertumbuhan bakteri Propionibacterium acnes. Bakteri ini akan menghasilkan metabolit yang memicu terjadinya inflamasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mendeteksi produksi ROS (reactive oxygen species) yang terjadi pada proses penghambatan bakteri Propionibacterium acnes oleh ekstrak buah Makasar (Brucea javanica L. Merr). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan fraksi etil asetat buah Makasar mempunyai aktivitas penghambatan yang tertinggi sebesar 85,56% ± 3,09 terhadap reduksi NBT dibandingkan ekstrak/fraksi dari buah Makasar lainnya namun masih dibawah kontrol positifnya yaitu vitamin C dan E. Kata Kunci : Propionibacterium acnes, Brucea javanica L. Merr, ROS, NBT

Reducing public communication apprehension by boosting self confidence on communication competence

Health Science Journal of Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 Des (2010)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstrak Latar belakang: Dokter harus kompeten dalam berkomunikasi dengan sesame dokter ata dengan profesi lain. Pada Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman, beberapa mahasiswa cenderung diam pada saat pelatihan komunikasi public, yang tampaknya disebabkan oleh kecemasan saat berkomunikasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa kemungkinan ‘kepercayaan diri terhadap kemampuan komunikasi’ dan  ‘ketrampilan berkomunikasi’ sebagai factor resiko terjadinya ‘kecemasan dalam komunikasi publik’ Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 55 mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman. Kecemasan dalam komunikasi public diukur dengan Personal report of communication apprehension (PRCA-24), kepercayaan diri terhadap kemampuan komunikasi dengan Self perceived communication competence scale (SPCC), ketrampilan berkomunikasi didasarkan pada penilaian instruktur saat program pelatihan komunikasi, Data dianaliasa dengan regresi linear untuk mengidentifikasi factor yang dominan, menggunakan STATA 9.0 Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hubungan negative antara kecemasan dalam public komunikasi dengan kepercayaan diri terhadap kemampuan komunikasi (koefisien regresi (KR) =-0.13; p=0.000; 95% derajat kepercayaan (DK) =-0.20; -0.52). Tetapi, terbukti tidak berhubungan dengan ketrampilan komunikasi (p=0.936). Diantara 12 trait kepercayaan diri terhadap kemampuan komunikasi, mahasiswa yang percaya diri saat berkomunikasi dengan sekelompok orang yang masih asing mempunyai tingkat kecemasan paling rendah (KR suaian=-0.13; DK=-0.21; 0.05; p=0.002). Kesimpulan: Semakin tinggi kepercayaan diri mahasiswa terhadap kemampuan komunikasinya akan semakin rendah tingkat kecemasannya. Untuk itu, fakulta kedokteran perlu memberikan kesempatan bagi mahasiswa mempraktekkan komunikasi public, terutama dengan berbicara kepada sekelompok orang asing. (Health Science Indones 2010; 1: 37 - 42) Kata kunci: berbicara, kelompok, kemampuan komunikasi ABSTRACT Background: A medical doctor should be competent in communicating with others. Some students at the medical faculty Universitas Mulawarman tend to be silent at public communication training, and this is thought to be influenced by communication anxiety. This study aimed to analyze the possibility of self-confidence on communication competence and communication skills are risk factors of communication apprehension. Methods: This study was conducted on 55 students at the medical faculty Universitas Mulawarman.  Public communication apprehension was measured using the Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA-24). Confidence in communication competence was determined by the Self Perceived Communication Competence scale (SPCC).  Communication skills were based on the instructor’s score during the communication training program. Data were analyzed by linear regression to identify dominant factors using STATA 9.0. Results: The study showed a negative association between public communication apprehension and students’ self confidence in communication competence [coefficient regression (CR) =-0.13; p=0.000; 95% confidence interval (CI)=-0.20; -0.52]. However, it was not related to communication skills (p=0.936). Among twelve traits of self confidence on communication competence, students who had confidence to talk to a group of strangers had lower public communication apprehension (adjusted CR=-0.13; CI=-0.21; 0.05; p=0.002). Conclusions:  Increased confidence in their communication competence will reduce the degree of public communication apprehension by students. Therefore, the faculty should provide more opportunities for students to practice public communication, in particular, talking to a group of strangers more frequently. (Health Science Indones 2010; 1: 37 - 42)

LATIHAN ENDURANCE MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS HIDUP LEBIH BAIK DARI PADA LATIHAN PERNAFASAN PADA PASIEN PPOK DI BP4 YOGYAKARTA

Sport and Fitness Journal volume 1, no 1, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

Quality of life is an individual state within the scope of capabilities, limitations, symptoms, and psychosocial natures to function in the desired range of roles in society and feel satisfied with that role. Quality of life of COPD patient’s considered very important because it relates directly to the symptoms experienced. In COPD patients increased work causes shortness of breath so that the patients had decreased quality of life. There  has been indication that endurance exercise and breathing exercise improve quality of life in COPD patient. This study was aimed at testing endurance exercise in improving the quality of life of COPD patients. The study is a quasi experiment with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in BP4 Yogyakarta. The number of samples was 22 patients with COPD who experienced of reducing quality of life. Quality of life in COPD patients measured by SGRQ questionnaires. The number of study subjects were then grouped at random into two groups. Control group one was given diaphragmatic breathing exercise and pursed lip breathing three times a week. Treatment group two was given endurance exercise three times a week. The study was conducted for 12 weeks. SGRQ total value of the data was measured before and after treatment. All data in the analysis using SPSS version 16. Data are destributed normal and homogen, a decrease in the total SGRQ meaningful on breathing exercises and endurance training with a value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that breathing exercises and endurance exercises at same time can significantly improve the quality of life. The mean total SGRQ values ??after treatment in group one and group two significantly different, where the value of p <0.05, namely p = 0.000, a decrease of group two’s SGRQ total value greater than group one. This means that endurance exercise improves quality of life better than breathing exercises in COPD patients in BP4 Yogyakarta. It is expected to use endurance exercises in patients with COPD who experience mental decline in quality of life.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING PRACTICE AND C-R (CONSCIOUSNESS-RAISING) METHOD IN TEACHING SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE TO THE TENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 GOMBONG IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013

SCRIPTA - Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Vol 2, No 3 (2013): English Research Aritcles
Publisher : Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

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Abstract

In this thesis, the researcher tries to find out whether there is any effectiveness in using Practice and C-R (Consciousness-Raising) method in teaching Simple Present Tense. The population of this research is the tenth grade students of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Gombong in the academic year of 2012/2013. The number of sample is 56 from the total population 98. To collect the data, the researcher uses  a test. The researcher taught Simple Present Tense using Practice and C-R (Consciousness-Raising) method as a treatment. After analyzing the data, the reseacher concludes that the computation of  t-value is 4.34. Based on the 0.05 significant levels, the value of t-table is 2.005. The result of computation show that the method used is effective. It is shown by the mean of experimental group that is higher than the mean of control group. In the experimental group, the mean is 76. On the contrary, the mean of control group is 65.29. Based on the result finding, it can be conluded that the use of Practice and C-R (Consciousness-Raising) method in teaching Simple Present Tense is effective.   Keywords: Efectiveness, Practice and Consciousness-Raising method, Teaching English grammar.

MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF DALAM MENERAPKAN MEDIA STIK ANGKA PADA KELOMPOK B

PAUD Teratai Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Volume 4 No 2 Edisi Yudisium Mei 2105
Publisher : PAUD Teratai

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know there is a progression in cognitive ability’s children through the application of sticks number media in group B Aisiyah XI Kindergaren. This research used classroom act research. The results showed that there is a progression of children’s cognitive ability up to 100% based on the results in cycle I and II.Key word: cognitive ability an stick number.Abstrak: Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya peningkatan kemampuan kognitif anak melalu penerapan media stik angka pada kelompok B TK AISIYAH XI. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian tindakan kelas. Subjek penelitian ini adalah anak kelompok B TK AISIYAH XI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya peningkatan kemampuan kognitif anak mencapai 100% berdasarkan hasil evaluasi siklus I dan I.Kata kunci : kemampuan kognitif, media stik angka.

ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN PENGRAJIN GULA KELAPA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN KELUARGA DI DESA LOJEJER KECAMATAN WULUHAN KABUPATEN JEMBER

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 7, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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This research aims to know the: income disparity between the palm sugar craftsmen using the sap-sharing system and sugar-sharing system, factors that affect the income of palm sugar craftsmen, and palm sugar craftsmen income contribution on family income. The location of the research is determined by purposive method in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency. The research method used is descriptive method, comparative and analytical. Sampling method used is Disproportionate Stratified Random Sampling method. The Data used are the primary data and secondary data. Data analysis used in this study are:income analysis (π = TR – TC), multiple linear regression analysis (Y = a + b1X1 + b2X2 + b3X3 + b4X4 + b5X5 + b6 D + e), and proportions analysis (p = Pw/Pd x 100%). The results of this research indicate: (1) there are differences in palm sugar craftsmen income using the sap-sharing and sugar-sharing system. (2) factors that significantly influence to the income of palm sugar craftsmen using the sharing system the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency, are: fuel costs (Rp), additional material costs (Rp), the selling price (Rp), the amount of production (Kg), labor (Rp), and the sharing system being used, (3) palm sugar craftsmens income contributions on family income in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency is medium, with a value of contribution revenue 69,53%.   Keywords: palm sugar, craftsmens, sharing system, income

PENGGUNAAN MEDIA GAMBAR DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERBICARA SISWA KELAS III SDN KESEMEN MOJOKERTO

Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Wisudawan Gelombang 3 tahun 2014
Publisher : PGSD FIP UNESA

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Abstract

Abstrak:Latar belakang penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelas III SDN Kesemen Mojokerto kuarng aktif dalam mengikuti pelajaran yang diberikan guru karena guru kurang kreatif dalam memanfaatkan media yang tepat. Hal ini membuat siswa merasa bosan belajar di kelas tersebut dan menyebabkan rendahnya hasil belajar siswa. untuk itu, perlu adanya pemecahan masalah yaitu dengan penggunaan media gambar diharapkan dapat mempermudah siswa mengingat sekaligus mengungkapkan kembali formasi yang telah didapat sehingga dapat memotivasi siswa untuk belajar berbicara. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mendeskripsikan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran selama kegiatan berlangsung, Mendeskripsikan hasil belajar siswa kelas III tentang keterampilan berbicara dan mendeskripsikan kendala dan cara mengatasi kendala yang muncul pada saat pembelajaran berlangsung.Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan secara bersiklus dengan empat tahapan yaitu perencanaan, pelaksaaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Penelitian ini terdiri dari dua siklus dan setiap siklusnya terdiri dari satu kali pertemuan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas III SDN Kesemen Mojokerto yang berjumlah 20 siswa. teknik pengumpulan data menggunkan metode observasi, tes, dan catatan lapangan.Selama kegiatan pembelajaran hasil keterlaksanaan pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan. Pada siklus I keterlaksanaan pembelajarann mencapai 86,67% dengan nilai ketercapaian 70%, dan pada siklus II keterlaksanan pembelajaran mencapai 100% dengan nilai ketercapaian 93,33%. Sedang hasil belajar siswa juga mengalami peningkatan, pada siklus I hasil belajar ketuntasan 55%, dan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 95%. Kendala yang muncul pada siklus I yaitu aktivitas siswa dalam pembelajaran masih rendah dan dalam memanfaatkan media gambar kurang maksimal, dan semua kendala pada siklus I dapat diatasai pada siklus II. Dari hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan media gambar dalam pembelajaran tematik dapat meningkatkan keterampilan bercerita  siswa kelas III SDN Kesemen Mojokerto. Kata Kunci: Media gambar, Pembelajaran Tematik, Keterampilan berbicara.     Abstract: The background of this research is the fact III SDN Kesemen Mojokerto are less active in taking the lesson given by the teacher because the teacher is less active in applying the appropriate strategi. Therefore the student are getting bored to study in the class which makes their telling skill is low. So that, need presence for solving the problem with using of images media in expected can make students remember and also give expression the formation have gotten soo give motivation too telling learning.The purpose of the research is to recognize the application of study during the learning prosess, Describe the student learning outcomes of III grade about increasing of telling skill, and also to know how to solve the problem which occurs during the studying prosess. This research applies class action research plan which is carried out in four steps: planning, actuating, observing, and reflecting. This research consists of two cycles with once meetings. The subjects (objects) of this research are 20 students at III grade in Kesemen Elementary School Mojokerto. The techniques  collecting data are observation test and field note.During the learning activating, the applied learning increases with the average score of 86,67% with the reaching score 0f 70% on cycle I. While on cycle II the applied learning is 100% with the reaching score of 93,33%. The students studying result also increases on cycle I in the applied learning reaches classical complete of 55% and increases to 95%on cycle II. The problems who encountered in the first cycle of students learning activities still low and less than the maximum using the images media, and all problems in the first cycle can be resolved on the second cycle. From these results it can be concluded that the using of images media in thematic learning can increase the telling skill III grade  in the Kesemen elementary school Mojokerto. Keywords:Images media, Telling Skill.

PERBEDAAN PENGARUH BRAINGYM DAN LATIHAN KINESTETIK TERHADAP PROPIOCEPTIVE PADA ANAK USIA 4-6 TAHUN DI TPA AL MUSTAQIM

Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.3, 2015
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

The age of 4-6 years are the time for children to play so the best stimulationshould be implemented through games. They have not experienced the sensomotoricmaturation which affects concentration, posture, balance and daily behavior. It isnecessary to perform treatment as early as possible in the form of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises, which usually used both gross motoric skills and sensory. Thestudy aims to determine the effect of brain gym and kinesthetic exercises forproprioceptive in 4-6 years old children. The number of respondents of this study were48 children which were divided into 2 groups: group 1 with brain gym and group 2 withkinesthetic exercises. The treatment was routinely given 3 times a week for one month.The research method is a Quasi experimental research which was designed using preand post-test group design. Paired T test was the statistical test used for brain gym,Willcoxon test was used for kinesthetic exercises and Mann Whitney test was used fordifferent test influences. The results of the data analysis using paired T test shows thatthe p-value was 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that there is an influence of brain gym onproioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. The data analysis test usingsig Wilcoxon rank test shows p-value of 0.000 (p <0.05), which means that there is aninfluence of kinesthetic exercises of proioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA AlMustaqim. The data analysis result using Mann Whitney Difference Test shows p valueof 0.787 (p> 0.05) which means that the difference in the effect of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises on propioceptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. Itis suggested in 4-6 years old children are given braingym and kinesthetic exercises sothat propioceptive is increased and thus, the concentration, posture and balance of thechild is also improved.

PENGARUH AROMATERAPI BUNGA LAVENDER TERHADAP KUALITAS TIDUR LANSIA DI RSU Dr. WAHIDIN SUDIRO HUSODO MOJOKERTO

JURNAL KEPERAWATAN BINA SEHAT Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Januari-Juni 2015
Publisher : JURNAL KEPERAWATAN BINA SEHAT

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Abstract

The fulfillment of people are known from quantity and quality of their sleeping. Sleeping quantity is the timing and sleeping amount person who is calculated by amount of time (hours). Sleeping quality is satisfaction someone to sleep, so that someone does not show a tired feeling, stimulating easily, anxious, lethargic and apathetic, blackish around eyes, swollen eyelids, red conjunctiva, sore eyes, fragmented attention, headaches, and sleepy. Sleeping quality problem is a situation where someone is not satisfied to sleeping needed. One way to overcome sleeping quality problem uses aromatherapy lavender flowers . Lavender contain linalyl acetate which is effective for releases work system, relaxes the nerves, and sinews muscles that are tense. The puspose of this research showed the influence of aromatherapy lavender flower beds to the quality of the elderly. The design was Pre design Experiment one group pre and posttest design. The sample was chosen by Purposive Sampling. The sample of this research was 16 people elderly. Measuring instrument used a questionnaire PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index). The result of Wilcoxon test statistic indicated P Value = 0.001 was less than α = 0.05 which means there was influence of aromatherapy lavender flower on sleeping quality of elderly.Keyword: Elderly, Sleeping Quality, Aromatherapy Lavender Flowers

Activity of Ketepeng Cina (Cassia alata Linn) Leaves Extract to Cercospora personatum growth

Biopropal Industri Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) was known as vegetal fungicides because it contains toxic materials to fungi. This study aimed to determined the concentration of ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) leaves extract that effective in inhibiting the growth of Cercospora personatum and to know the fungicide activity of ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) leaves extract on the growth of Cercospora personatum. This research was conducted through stage that were manufactured PDA media, isolation of Cercospora sp. and extracting ketepeng cina leaves. Fungicidal activity test was done using poisoning food method with 6 concentration level: 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%. Experiment using Completely Randomized Design with 6 treatments and 3 replications, effect of variance between treatment were analyzed and followed by Duncans test. The results showed that the concentration of 3% effective in inhibiting the growth of Cercospora personatum. Fungicidal activity of leaves extract ketepeng cina against fungi Cercospora personatum categorized as strong in concentrations ≥ 3% and nature fungistatic.