Articles

PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p

PERCEPTION OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi masyarakat terhadap pelayanan program gizi serta menganalisis partisipasinya dalam program posyandu. Disain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel rumah tangga yang memiliki anak balita. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 300. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua kecamatan di Kabupaten Cianjur yang dilakukan pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi jenis pe­layanan gizi, persepsi terhadap program gizi dan partisipasi dalam program gizi. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara. Data ha­sil wawancara dientri menggunakan software excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa para ibu berpendapat bahwa program PMT dan penyuluhan gizi harus lebih diper­baiki. Jumlah dan keterampilan kader cukup memadai, namun kahadiran bidan di posyandu kurang mencukupi. Program imunisasi bagi balita diikuti dengan baik oleh para ibu balita. Terkait pelayanan di puskesmas, sebagian besar ibu mengeluhkan waktu antri yang lama dan frekuensi kehadiran dokter yang kurang. Partisipasi balita dalam mengun­jungi posyandu relatif baik (92.4%). Lebih dari 90% balita, baik yang sering maupun jarang mengunjungi posyandu telah menerima kapsul vitamin A. Pelayanan posyandu yang sangat dirasakan oleh masyarakat adalah penimbangan balita dan imunisasi. Keywords : persepsi, partisipasi, program gizi

POLA ASUH MAKAN, PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA, DAN KOGNITIF ANAK BALITA STUNTED DAN NORMAL DI KELURAHAN SUMUR BATU, BANTAR GEBANG BEKASI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to identify the association between nutritional status, language and cognitive development and also differences of language and cognitive development between normal and stunted underfiveschildren. The study design was a cross-sectional. Sample size was 70 children consisted of 35 normal and 35 stunted children. The highest percentage level of education of fathers and mothers only primary school and more than half of children came from poor families. There was significant difference (p

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU PESERTA POSYANDU

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
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Abstract

Nutritional knowledge and attitude of mothers are required to improve children feeding patterns so that adequate nutrition for the children is reached, and in this way they can grow and develop well. The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess mother nutritional knowledge, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education to the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of mother. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga.  This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained.  A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of posyandu, household, children and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while end-line data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). An experiment was made to determine the effect of nutrition education and home gardening on respond variables: mother’s nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice. The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening.  Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, the intervention in the forms of nutrition education as well as home gardening programs which were carried for five months had a significant effect on the response variables (nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among mothers. Keywords: nutritional knowledge, attitude, practice, posyandu

STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Juli 2006
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Abstract

Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia.  In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires.  Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.  Keywords: nutritional knowledge, food habits, household

SOSIO-BUDAYA PANGAN SUKU BADUY

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
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Abstract

Banten Province in Indonesia has a traditional tribe called Baduy.  Baduy tribe is still maintaining their traditions against modernization. The objectives of this research were to analyze socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people, socio-cultural and ecological aspects of Baduy community, and food availability of Baduy people. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data required to meet the research objectives were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy.   To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. The rice production of Baduy community to supply its basic need is generally insufficient; as a result, they have to purchase rice from outside. In addition, not all rice they produce can be consumed because some of it is for the needs of traditional ceremonies. As much as 25 % of the production is sold or given to their neighbors who are lack of rice, 25 % is sent for their neighbors’ feast and for traditional ceremonies (for the elderly people, Jaro, and Puun), and the 50 % is stored in the rice barn for their daily consumption. Only poor households use their rice for their daily consumption. Baduy community usually purchases their foodstuffs at the market, the shop, or from the vegetable vendor who sells from one village to another. If Baduy people need rice and other foodstuffs, they usually go to another village to fulfill their needs.   Key words: cultural values, traditional tribe, and consumption

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK ASI EKSLUSIF SERTA STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 4-12 BULAN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
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Abstract

The main aim of this study was to compare breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practice and infants nutritional status between rural and urban areas. In this cross-sectional study, Desa Jayabakti, Kabupaten Sukabumi represents rural area, while Kelurahan Kedung Jaya, Kota Bogor represents urban area. Samples were 31 mothers-infants in each area who were selected by simple cluster sampling method. The differences between two areas were analyzed with the independent t-test, chi-square test, and Fishers exact test. The correlation between variables was analyzed with rank Spearman. The result of this study showed that mothers knowledge and attitude of nutrition, especially about exclusive breastfeeding, was higher in urban than in rural area. There were differences in mothers knowledge and attitude between rural and urban areas (p0.05). The aspects of breastfeeding practices which statistically difference in rural and urban areas were the introduction of colostrums status and breastfeeding time (p0.05). Mothers family should be targeted as target of audience in breastfeeding promotion.  Keywords: breastfeeding practice, exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge, attitude, infant                  nutritional status, rural and urban areas.

PENGARUH PENYULUHAN GIZI-KESEHATAN DAN FAKTOR LAINNYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 2 (2006): November 2006
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of extension on nutrition-health and other factors on the growth of pre-school children.  The design of this study was a quasi experiment. The subjects of this study were pre-school children aged 3-6 year old with  some specified criteria, such as having no story of severe malnutrition and low birth weight, having a complete parents, literacy ability of the mother, stated in a health condi­tion/undefect handicapped, and did not follow any programs of early-age children educa­tion. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely group of control and group of in­tervention. The primary data collected consisted of family’s characteristics, child’s charac­teristics, and children’s care and development environment. Generally, there was no signifi­cant difference between pre- and post-test of mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health, both of control and intervention groups; however, there was a slightly difference on child-care on nutrition-health for the two groups. There was a significant difference on mother’s knowl­edge on nutrition-health between pre- and post- extension on the both groups.  About 51.3% of child’s growth was determined by factors of family and children.  The factors which had a possitive significant influence were body lenght, and mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health.  Keywords : intervention, caring, cognitive, psychomotor, social, emotional.

GAYA HIDUP, KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN, JAMU, TANAMAN OBAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN LANSIA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2008): Juli 2008
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Abstract

The objective of this research was to analize the correlation of life style, supplement consumption, traditional medice, medical plants, and health status of elderly at Bogor District. The research was conducted at Ciampea Sub-district, Bogor District, West Java, from June till December 2005 using cross sectional study design. The sample size was 90 elders (45 male and 45 female). The result indicated that 3.7% sample was smoker, 17.8% sample had sport habit, and 42.2% sample had leisure activity. Only 6.7% sample consumed supplement, meanwhile the consumption of traditional medicine was 53.3% and medical plants 48.9%. The common diseases were hypertension, rheumatic and gout. The sample had a lot af health complain such as not feeling well, anemia, headache, and loin pain. Based on blood pressure measurement, 45.5% sample suffered from hypertension. The elders sport activity was negatively correlated with loin pain (p

ASUPAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS GIZI PADA REMAJA PUTRI YANG SUDAH DAN BELUM MENSTRUASI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze nutrient intake and nutritional status of menstruating and non-menstruating girls. This survey was conducted from April to September 2012 in elementary schools and junior high schools in Bogor. Total subjects consisted of 35 menstruating and 35 non-menstruating girls who were chosen through screening. The results showed that the percentage of menstruating girls in urban (28.0%) were more than in rural (25.1%). About 57.1% of subjects had menarche at 10 years old. The average of nutrient intake on menstruating and non-menstruating girls were under DRI (

Co-Authors . Hardinsyah . Kasmita . Retnaningsih . Rimbawan . Suryono . Waysima A Amrullah Adi Winarto Ali Rosidi Anggiruling, Dwikani Oklita Arum Atmawikarta Asrinisa Rachmadewi Astuti Lamid Budi Setiawan Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Clara M Koeskarto Clara Meliyanti Kusharto Dadang S Dadang Sukandar DARTI NURANI Davidson, Sarah Melati DEDDY MUCHTADI Dewi Kartika Sari Dewi Kartika Sari, Dewi Dewi Ratih Agungpriyono Diffah Hanim Djoko Susanto Dodik Briawan Drajat Martianto Dyan Fajar Christianti Eddy S, Eddy Eddy S. Mudjajanto Eddy S. Mudjajanto, Eddy Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto Ellis Endang Nikmawati Emmy Karsin Enok sobariah Evy Damayanthi Faisal A, Faisal Faisal Anwar Farida Hanum Fransiska R Zakaria Hadi R, Hadi Hadi Riyadi Hartoyo Hartoyo Hasnul Abrar Ignatius Suksmadi Ikeu Ekayanti Ikeu Tanziha Ingrid S. Surono INGRID SURYANTI SURONO Intje Picauly Iskandar Mirza K. Pandjaitan,, Nurmala Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani Katrin Roosita Kusuma, Rendra Leily Amalia Lilik Kustiyah Mira Dewi Muharam Nurdin, Naufal Muhilal Muhilal Naufal Muharam Nurdin Nining Tyas Triatmaja Nino Y Sadiyyah Nur Latifah Hanum Nuraini W. Prasodjo Nurani, Atat Siti Nurdin Nurdin Nurul Muslihah Puspasari, Kiki Reni Zuraida Resty Adhistiana Rian Diana Rilus A. Kinseng Rimbawan Rimbawan Soemiarti Patmonodewo Sri Anna Marliyanti, Sri Sri Anna Marliyati Sri Rihati Kusno Sri Sumarmi Sri Utami Kuntjoro Sri Wahyu Angga Dewi Tin Herawati Tommy Marcelino Gantohe Tommy Marcelino Gantohe, Tommy Ujang Sumarwan Utami Wahyuningsih Waysima Waysima Winati Wigna Yaktiworo Indriani Yayat Heryatno Yulia Rahmawati, Yulia Yulia, Cica Yuliana .