Ulfa Kholili
Tropical and Infectious Disease Division - Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital - Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Published : 11 Documents
Articles

Found 11 Documents
Search

FAKTOR RISIKO TERKAIT PERDARAHAN VARISES ESOFAGUS BERULANG PADA PENDERITA SIROSIS HATI Vidyani, Amie; Vianto, Denny; W, Budi; Kholili, Ulfa; Maimunah, Ummi; Sugihartono, Titong; Purbayu, Herry; Boedi Setiawan, Poernomo; A Nusi, Iswan; Adi, Pangestu
journal of internal medicine Vol. 12, No. 3 September 2011
Publisher : journal of internal medicine

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Recurrent esophageal varices bleeding  in  liver cirrhosis  increase  the morbidity and mortality. 50 ! 60% patients with Esophageal Varricess (EV) will experience recurrent bleeding, 30% or one third of them will experience recurrent bleeding one year after diagnosis of EV. Mostly recurrent bleeding will be found at 6 weeks until 6 months after the Þ rst bleeding. Prevention of recurrent bleeding is important for survival. The aim of this research to know the risk factors of recurrent EV bleeding in liver cirrhotic patients and the onset of recurrent bleeding after the Þ rst endoscopy. This is a  cross sectional study. Thirty Þ ve decompensated liver cirrhosis patients that fulÞ ll the inclusion and exclusion criteria participated in this study. After the Þ rst endoscopy, the risk factors are written, consist of sex, age, ascites, degree of varices, history of LVE/STE the severity of liver disease, and history of consuming gastric iritating drugs. The patients followed for six months to evaluated  the occurence of  recurrent bleeding. We used Pearson Chi-Square  test  for statistic analysis  (signiÞ cant  if p < 0.05). SPSS 17 were used to statistic calculation. Statistic analytical showed signiÞ cant correlation (p = 0.006; OR = 8.889; CI: 1.803 ! 43.820). On  the other hand sex, age, degree of EV, history of STE/LVE showed non signiÞ cant correlation. The main risk factor of recurrent EV in liver cirrhosis is the severity of liver disease.
A PATIENT DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH SPASMS Kholili, Ulfa; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the high endemic of Dengue viral infection followed by Thailand, Myanmar, India and Srilanka. For more 10-15 years, Dengue Viral Infection/DHF has become a cause of patient who should be hospitalized and was the first cause of death children in south easthern Asia.1,2 Batavia was the first city of Indonesia found Dengue Viral infection which had been written in journal by David Bylon in the 1779. Encephalopathy of dengue (ED) is one unusually complication of dengue viral infection which had been characterized by aberration the arrangement of nerves central (CNS). This paper want to describe of a young teenage with suffer from DHF and seizure. Beside it, pleural effusion and cerebral edema had been found. Seizure most likely due to dengue encephalopathy associated with cerebral edema and was supported by positive IgG and IgM anti dengue. Corticosteroid was given toimprove cerebral edema. By good management as long as admission, she was discharged from hospital with a good condition.
A PATIENT DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH SPASMS Kholili, Ulfa; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.239

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the high endemic of Dengue viral infection followed by Thailand, Myanmar, India and Srilanka. For more 10-15 years, Dengue Viral Infection/DHF has become a cause of patient who should be hospitalized and was the first cause of death children in south easthern Asia.1,2 Batavia was the first city of Indonesia found Dengue Viral infection which had been written in journal by David Bylon in the 1779. Encephalopathy of dengue (ED) is one unusually complication of dengue viral infection which had been characterized by aberration the arrangement of nerves central (CNS). This paper want to describe of a young teenage with suffer from DHF and seizure. Beside it, pleural effusion and cerebral edema had been found. Seizure most likely due to dengue encephalopathy associated with cerebral edema and was supported by positive IgG and IgM anti dengue. Corticosteroid was given toimprove cerebral edema. By good management as long as admission, she was discharged from hospital with a good condition.
Surgery in Liver Diseases: Perioperative Evaluation & Management Kholili, Ulfa; Syalini, Denada Aisyah
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 17, No 1 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1, April 2016
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/171201649-57

Abstract

Many patients with liver disease would have to undergo surgery. Surgery and anesthesia in patients with liver disease are associated with extremely high perioperative complications and mortality. Identification of the type of liver disease, stratification of risk factors, and management of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative complications are essential to reduce the morbidity and mortality. Surgical risk is increased in patients with liver cirrhosis. Child turchote pugh (CTP) and the model for end stage liver disease (MELD) are two scoring systems which are often used nowadays to stratify risk factors in patients with liver cirrhosis who will undergo surgery. Elective surgery is well tolerated in cirrhosis patients with CTP class A and permissible in patient with CTP class B with preoperative preparation, except for extensive liver resection surgery and cardiac surgery. Elective surgery is contraindicated in patients with CTP class C, acute viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, fulminant liver failure, and liver disease with severe extrahepatic complication such as hypoxemia, cardiomyopathy, and acute renal failure. Intensive monitoring in the postoperative period and early intervention of complications are also essential to reduce the morbidity and mortality.
Surgery in Liver Diseases: Perioperative Evaluation & Management Kholili, Ulfa; Syalini, Denada Aisyah
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 17, No 1 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1, April 2016
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (260.075 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/171201649-57

Abstract

Many patients with liver disease would have to undergo surgery. Surgery and anesthesia in patients with liver disease are associated with extremely high perioperative complications and mortality. Identification of the type of liver disease, stratification of risk factors, and management of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative complications are essential to reduce the morbidity and mortality. Surgical risk is increased in patients with liver cirrhosis. Child turchote pugh (CTP) and the model for end stage liver disease (MELD) are two scoring systems which are often used nowadays to stratify risk factors in patients with liver cirrhosis who will undergo surgery. Elective surgery is well tolerated in cirrhosis patients with CTP class A and permissible in patient with CTP class B with preoperative preparation, except for extensive liver resection surgery and cardiac surgery. Elective surgery is contraindicated in patients with CTP class C, acute viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, fulminant liver failure, and liver disease with severe extrahepatic complication such as hypoxemia, cardiomyopathy, and acute renal failure. Intensive monitoring in the postoperative period and early intervention of complications are also essential to reduce the morbidity and mortality.
Response Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Respect to Tumour Size, Number of Lesion, and Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) Level PN, Adaninggar; Kholili, Ulfa; Maimunah, Ummi; Setiawan, Poernomo B; Nusi, Iswan A; Purbayu, Herry; Sugihartono, Titong; Widodo, Budi; Thamrin, Husin; Vidyani, Amie
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 17, No 1 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1, April 2016
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/17120163-9

Abstract

Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is widely used as a palliative treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TACE is also used as bridging therapy before liver transplantation to avoid tumour progression and considered for downstaging to fulfill tumour resection or liver transplantation criterias. This study aimed to evaluate response of TACE in unresectable HCC according to changing of tumour size, number of lesion, and AFP level.Method: Retrospectively, we evaluate 69 HCC patients who underwent TACE in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in January 2012-June 2015, including their age, sex, aetiologies, and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer/BCLC staging. Laboratory examinations such as complete blood count (hemoglobin/Hb, leucocyte, thrombocyte), liver function test (aspartate aminotransferase/AST, alanine aminotransferase/ALT, bilirubin, albumin, international normalized ratio/INR), alpha-fetoprotein/AFP level, and abdominal CT-scan were performed before and 1 month post-TACE. Data was analysed using paired t-test.Results: 69 patients with mean age of 51.81 ± 12.8 years old, predominantly 76.8% males, the most common aetiology was hepatitis B 68.1%, 92.8% BCLC B, 64.3% with stable disease, none achieved complete response, 97.1% had tumour size > 5 cm, 69.6% had single tumour, and 55.7% had AFP level >1000 ng/mL. There was a significant increase in tumour size and number of lesions in 1 month post-TACE that were approximately 1.76 cm and 2.33, respectively, and there was no significant difference between AFP level before and 1 month post TACE.Conclusion: In 1 month post TACE evaluation, there was a significant increase of tumour size and number of lesion, but there was no significant alteration in AFP level. TACE might be performed repeatedly with shorter evaluation interval than 1 month to achieve better response.
Hepatitis B Reactivation in Immunosupressed Patients, Prophylaxis and Management Kholili, Ulfa; Yanti, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24871/182201798-103

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is a clinical problem associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Currently, this incidence seems to be increasing around the world. The reactivation commonly developes in immunosuppressed individuals, although it may also occur spontaneously. Individuals who develop malignancy with chronic hepatitis B virus infection are at high-risk for hepatitis B virus reactivation, since they are closely related to immunosuppression, especially when undergoing chemotherapy. The loss of immune control in these patients may results in the reactivation of HBV replication within hepatocytes. This review article will focus on HBV reactivation related to immunosuppressed patients, immunosuppressive drug classes and corresponding risk estimates of hepatitis B virus reactivation, screening test recommended before getting this drugs, choice of antiviral drugs for prophylaxis, and duration of prophylaxis treatment based on EASL, AASLD and APASL guidelines.
Response Evaluation of Patients Undergoing Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Respect to Tumour Size, Number of Lesion, and Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) Level PN, Adaninggar; Kholili, Ulfa; Maimunah, Ummi; Setiawan, Poernomo B; Nusi, Iswan A; Purbayu, Herry; Sugihartono, Titong; Widodo, Budi; Thamrin, Husin; Vidyani, Amie
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 17, No 1 (2016): VOLUME 17, NUMBER 1, April 2016
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.599 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/17120163-9

Abstract

Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is widely used as a palliative treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TACE is also used as bridging therapy before liver transplantation to avoid tumour progression and considered for downstaging to fulfill tumour resection or liver transplantation criterias. This study aimed to evaluate response of TACE in unresectable HCC according to changing of tumour size, number of lesion, and AFP level.Method: Retrospectively, we evaluate 69 HCC patients who underwent TACE in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in January 2012-June 2015, including their age, sex, aetiologies, and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer/BCLC staging. Laboratory examinations such as complete blood count (hemoglobin/Hb, leucocyte, thrombocyte), liver function test (aspartate aminotransferase/AST, alanine aminotransferase/ALT, bilirubin, albumin, international normalized ratio/INR), alpha-fetoprotein/AFP level, and abdominal CT-scan were performed before and 1 month post-TACE. Data was analysed using paired t-test.Results: 69 patients with mean age of 51.81 ± 12.8 years old, predominantly 76.8% males, the most common aetiology was hepatitis B 68.1%, 92.8% BCLC B, 64.3% with stable disease, none achieved complete response, 97.1% had tumour size > 5 cm, 69.6% had single tumour, and 55.7% had AFP level >1000 ng/mL. There was a significant increase in tumour size and number of lesions in 1 month post-TACE that were approximately 1.76 cm and 2.33, respectively, and there was no significant difference between AFP level before and 1 month post TACE.Conclusion: In 1 month post TACE evaluation, there was a significant increase of tumour size and number of lesion, but there was no significant alteration in AFP level. TACE might be performed repeatedly with shorter evaluation interval than 1 month to achieve better response.
Hepatitis B Reactivation in Immunosupressed Patients, Prophylaxis and Management Kholili, Ulfa; Yanti, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (666.41 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/182201798-103

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation is a clinical problem associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Currently, this incidence seems to be increasing around the world. The reactivation commonly developes in immunosuppressed individuals, although it may also occur spontaneously. Individuals who develop malignancy with chronic hepatitis B virus infection are at high-risk for hepatitis B virus reactivation, since they are closely related to immunosuppression, especially when undergoing chemotherapy. The loss of immune control in these patients may results in the reactivation of HBV replication within hepatocytes. This review article will focus on HBV reactivation related to immunosuppressed patients, immunosuppressive drug classes and corresponding risk estimates of hepatitis B virus reactivation, screening test recommended before getting this drugs, choice of antiviral drugs for prophylaxis, and duration of prophylaxis treatment based on EASL, AASLD and APASL guidelines.
Distribution of Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes Among Patients at Internal Medicine Unit, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya Wungu, Citrawati Dyah Kencono; Amin, Mochamad; Kholili, Ulfa; Prabowo, Gwenny Ichsan; Setiawan, Poernomo Boedi; Soetjipto, Soetjipto; Handajani, Retno
WMJ (Warmadewa Medical Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): MAY 2019
Publisher : Warmadewa University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22225/wmj.4.1.1032.6-13

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide, especially in developing countries. The study of HBV genotypes is important to find out the diversity of HBV genotypes related to the severity of the disease, response to therapy, and clinical symptoms. Objective: This study was aimed to detect HBV genotypes in patients at Hepatology Outpatient Clinic, Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. Methods: This study was conducted on new patients at Hepatology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya in one month. Nested PCR was performed by targetting HBV surface genes. Samples with positive HBV DNA were sequenced and analysed further. Results: In this study, a total of 27 samples were obtained. The prevalence of HBV infection shown by positive HBsAg in patients with symptoms of liver disease was 55.55% (15/27 patients). Based on the results of electrophoresis from PCR products, positive HBV DNA was obtained in these 15 patients (100%). After sequencing samples with positive HBV DNA, genotype B of Indonesian strain was found to be predominant genotype (100%). Subgenotype analysis showed that 7/15 samples had B3 subgenotype (46.67%). Conclusion: In patients at Hepatology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, the prevalence of HBV infection was high (55.55%) and genotype B was predominant. In Surabaya, HBV genotype infection still remained like the previous pattern, although in Indonesia there have been many inter-island and ethnic migration. Further similar studies are needed to obtain the diversity of other HBV genotypes.