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Ecological and Taxonomical Perspective of Yeasts in Indonesia SJAMSURIDZAL, WELLYZAR; OETARI, ARIYANTI; KANTI, ATIT; SARASWATI, RASTI; NAKASHIMA, CHIHARU; WIDYASTUTI, YANTYATI; KATSUHIKO, ANDO
Microbiology Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2010): August 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

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Abstract

In the course of ecological and taxonomical study of yeasts in Indonesia, a total of 2147 yeast isolates from 315 samples in the year 2003, 2005, 2006, and 2008 had been obtained from eight locations e.g. Liwa (Sumatera), Cibinong (Java), Cibodas (Java), Kutai (Kalimantan), Enrekang (Sulawesi), Pucak (Sulawesi), Gili and Kuta (Lombok), and Kupang (Timor).  Leaves, flowers, litters, soils, epiphytic soils, insects and insect´s nests were collected for yeasts isolation.  Our molecular identification based on D1/D2 region of nuclear large-subunit rDNA and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions sequence data on 525 representative isolates revealed that 306 isolates belong to 48 described species (18 genera) and 209 strains belong to 19 undescribed species (19 genera), and 10 isolates were discarded because of contamination.  Based on their substrates, litter had the highest yeasts genera (19) followed by soils (18), flowers (10), leaves (6), epiphytic soils (4), and insects and insect´s nests (4).  Genera found on soils were also common on litters.  Yeasts genera found on flowers and epiphytic soils were common on leaves and litters.  The genera Aureobasidium, Cryptococcus, Pseudozyma, Rhodotorula and Sporidiobolus were found in all substrates.  Based on their locations, Kutai had the highest number of genera (15) followed by Cibodas (10), Cibinong (10), Enrekang (10), Kupang (10), Pucak (9), Liwa (7), and Lombok (7).  The genus Cryptococcus was found in all locations.  Our study shed a light to detection of many new taxa of yeasts, 41% of yeasts found in this study represented novel taxa.
Diversty of Actinomycetes from Soil Samples Collected from Lombok Island, Indonesia Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Tamura, Tomohiko; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Ridwan, Roni; Kartina, Gina; Lestari, Yulin; Katsuhiko, Ando; Widyastuti, Yantyati
ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 16, No 1 (2012): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (444.783 KB) | DOI: 10.1234/52

Abstract

A total of 137 strains of Actinomycetes were isolated from 14 soil samples collected in 3 part of Lombok Island, Indonesia  using  SDS-YE (SY) and Rehydration and Centrifugation  (RC)  isolation methods  and Humic Acic Vitamin (HV) agar as isolation media. All the isolates were identified by morphological characteristic and by analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence. On the basis of their morphology and 16S rRNA gene sequence, 67% of isolates were belonged  to the Streptomyces Group and 33% of isolates were belonged to the Rare-Actinomycetes (Non-Streptomyces) Group. Nine families and 15 genera were found from the samples. It is indicated the richness of actinomycetes in these area. The genus  Streptomyces  is the most abundant in all soil samples, occupying 67% of all isolates by using SY method; while the genusActinoplanes  is mainly found by using RC as isolation method. Two strains belong to the genus Virgisporangium and Catenulispora that showed taxonomic interest need further study for describing as ne species.   Keywords: Actinomycetes, Streptomyces Group, Non-Streptomyces Group, Diversity
Ecological Study of Rare-Actinomycetes in Soils and Leaf-Litters Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Ridwan, Roni; Widyastuti, Yantyati; Otoguro, Misa; Katsuhiko, Ando
ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 15, No 2 (2011): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.626 KB) | DOI: 10.1234/49

Abstract

A total of 268 strains of Actinomycetes were isolated from soil and leaf-litter samples collected in Jambi (Sumatera) and Cibinong (West Java) using three selective isolation methods. All the isolates were identified by morphological characteristic and by analysis of 16S rDNA sequence. On the basis of their morphology and 16S rDNA sequence, 164 isolates were belonged to the Streptomyces Group and 104 isolates were belonged to the Rare-Actinomycetes (Non-Streptomyces) Group. Furthermore, 40% of isolates in Streptomyces Group and 62% of isolates in Non-Streptomyces Group are supposed to be new taxa. It is indicated the richness of Actinomycetes in these two area. The genus Streptomyces is the most abundant in soil samples, occupying 60- 75% of all isolates; while the genus Actinoplanes is mainly found in leaf-litter samples (70%). The use of selective isolation media is important to elucidate the microbial diversity.Key words: Actinomycetes, microbial diversity