Drajat Tri Kartono
Prodi Penyuluhan Pembangunan/Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pascasarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Konstruksi Identitas Kultural Masyarakat Pluralis dalam Terpaan Globalisasi

MIMBAR, Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan MIMBAR, Volume 29, No. 1, Tahun 2013 (Terakreditasi)
Publisher : P2U (Pusat Penerbitan Universitas) LPPM Unisba

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Abstract

Artikel ini mengkaji tentang konstruksi identitas budaya melalui proses komunikasi di era global. Kajian ini disusun berdasarkan hasil penelitian kualitatif dengan strategi studi kasus di daerah pesisir kecamatan Kaliwunggu Jawa Tengah yang berkarakteristik plural dari segi agama, etnis dan ekologis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa identitas kultural dikonstruksi secara sosial oleh masyarakat Kaliwungu dengan pengaruh media massa global. Televisi sebagai media global yang paling utama berpengaruh pada masyarakat. Pengaruhnya dinilai dapat menjadi positif dan negatif bagi masyarakat. Namun demikian, pertahanan identitas kultural dilakukan melalui tradisi masyarakat, dalam bentuk kelembagaan forum perkumpulan masyarakat dan masjid yang menjadi pilar pertahanan nilai dan tradisi masyakat lokal didalam eraglobal.

Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan, Studi Program Desa Siaga

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Sejak tahun 2006, Departemen Kesehatan meluncurkan kebijakan program Desa Siaga. Tampaknya, kebijakan tersebut tidak mampu memberdayakan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan pada level komunitas (desa). Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga. Sasaran penelitian adalah Forum Kesehatan Desa dan Pos Kesehatan Desa Siaga di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kemampuan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan dan kemampuan masyarakat dalam memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan meliputi kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal komunitas pada level anggota masyarakat, institusi masyarakat, kepemimpinan masyarakat, dan akses informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan.Kata kunci: Desa siaga, kebijakan, pemberdayaan masyarakatAbstractSince 2006, the Health Department had launched the Village Preparedness program policy. But, this policy apparently not capable of empowering the community in identifying and solving the health problem at community (village) level. The objective of research is to formulate the community empowerment model in health in the Village Preparedness program. The targets of research were the Village Health Forum and Village Health Post in 30 Village Preparedness in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. The method involving survey and case study. The case study showed factors related to community capability of identifying health problem and community capability of solving the health problems. The community empowerment model in health including the capabilities of identifying and of solving the health problems. The community internal and external factors at members of community level, community institution, community leadership, and information access played important role in community empowerment in health.Keywords: Village preparedness, policy, community empowerment

Makna ‘Seneng lan Kemringet’ dalam Festival Lima Gunung

PANGGUNG Vol 28, No 1 (2018): Kontestasi Tradisi: Seni dalam Visualisasi Estetik, Naskah, dan Pertunjukan
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

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ABSTRACTThis article aims to discover the meaning of the expression ‘seneng lan kemringet’ at FLG (Festival Lima Gunung) in Magelang. The expression ‘seneng lan kemringet’ gives an opportunity to anybody who involved to reveal his existence and to speak about the essence of himself. By building a sense of familiarity, direct involvement in art activities, and dialogue with the farmers about circumstances in the field, it will be possible to reveal the meaning behind the expression ‘seneng lan kemringet. The research results showed that within the expression seneng lan kemringet, there is vitality as a fundamental asset for the FLG sustainability. ‘Seneng lan kemringet’ can also be understood as an autonomy and self-actualization. Additionally, seneng lan kemringet is a part of a game with the goal of displaying self-existence. Finally, ‘seneng lan kemringet’ is an embodiment of self-esteem. Keywords: ‘seneng lan kemringet’, vitality, and game ABSTRAKArtikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui makna ungkapan ‘seneng lan kemringet’ pada Festival Lima Gunung (FLG) di Magelang. Ungkapan ‘seneng lan kemringet’ memberi kesempatan bagi yang terlibat untuk mengungkapkan keberadaannya dan berbicara tentang hakikat dirinya. Dengan keakraban, keterlibatan langsung dalam aktivitas kesenian, dan berdialog dengan petani atas kenyataan-kenyataan di lapangan, akan dapat disingkap makna di balik ungkapan ‘seneng lan kemringet’ tersebut. Hasil dari penelitian kami menunjukkan bahwa di dalam ungkapan ‘seneng lan kemringet’ tersimpan daya hidup sebagai modal dasar keberlanjutan FLG. ‘Seneng lan kemringet’ juga dimaknai sebagai otonomi dan aktualisasidiri. Selain itu, ‘seneng lan kemringet’ adalah bagian dari permainan dengan tujuan untuk memperlihatkan eksistensi diri. Pada akhirnya, ‘seneng lan kemringet’ merupakan kebanggaan diri.Kata kunci: ‘seneng lan kemringet’, daya hidup, dan permainan 

PERILAKU KONSUMSI KOPI SEBAGAI BUDAYA MASYARAKAT KONSUMSI (STUDI FENOMENOLOGI PADA PEMINUM KOPI DI KEDAI KOPI KOTA SEMARANG)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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The change occurring in coffee consuming behavior cannot be apart from the effect of globalization development making the society behaving consumptively. It will result in various changes in the interpretation of coffee consuming behavior in the Semarang society. The objective of research was to find out the coffee consuming behavior, consuming society culture, and tragedy of coffee consuming culture among the coffee drinkers in coffee shops of Semarang City. The theory employed in this study was Jean P Baudrillard’s consuming society theory, Geog Simmel’s modern cultural theory, and Thorstein Veblen’s leisure class theory. This study employed a phenomenological approach, aiming to explore the motive and meaning of action in-depth concerning the coffee consuming behavior as the consuming society culture. The data collection was conducted using direct observation and in-depth interview.The result of research showed that the interpretation of coffee consuming behavior in Semarang society had changed. The coffee consuming behavior the coffee drinkers had could be seen from the actor or coffee drinkers, the activity the do, their appearance, reason of coffee consumption and coffee consumption place. In coffee consuming behavior, not only a cup of coffee was consumed but the coffee drinker also consumed prestige, social status, elegant and exclusive impression, and modern society lifestyle. In this case, what bought and consumed was no more than the signs embedded into consumption objects. The coffee consuming behavior was made to follow the modern society lifestyle emphasizing on prestige, although the coffee drinkers knew that what they consumed sometimes was not as they wanted, for example the taste of coffee beverage served was bitter because it derived from selected coffee seed. The difference of interpretation on coffee consuming behavior between one coffee drinker and another led to coffee drinker typification. The typification of coffee drinkers in interpreting the coffee consuming behavior was divided into two: opened-modern and closed-modern coffee drinker. Keywords: Consumption Behavior, Consuming Society Culture, Cultural Tragedy 

PERGESERAN RESIPROSITAS MASYARAKAT DESA (STUDI ETNOGRAFI PERGESERAN NILAI TENTANG SUMBANGAN PERKAWINAN DI MASYARAKAT BRONGSONGAN, DESA SIDOREJO, KECAMATAN BENDOSARI, KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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The aim of this research is (1) to find out how the shift of wedding contribution reciprocity is in Brongsongan society, Sidorejo Village, Bendosari, Sukoharjo Regency, and (2) to find out the cause of reciprocity shift in wedding contribution in Brongsongan society, Sidorejo Village, Bendosari, Sukoharjo Regency. This study was taken place in Brongsongan Village, Bendosari, Sukoharjo Regency. The research strategy employed was ethnography study, aiming to get an in-depth meaning of social-cultural activities interrelationship. The data was collected through direct observation and in-depth interview.The result of research showed that the shift of wedding contribution in Brongsongan society could be seen from: form, way of contributing and contribution function. Contributing was no longer a part of mechanic solidarity, but a part of organic solidarity and various transactional activity in the objective of getting either material or social benefit. Keywords: Reciprocity, Exchange, Wedding Contribution

KETERLIBATAN WARGA DALAM PEMBENTUKAN RUANG PUBLIK (ANALISA PEMBENTUKAN RUANG PUBLIK DALAM REVITALISASI PASAR TRADISIONAL DI KOTA SURAKARTA)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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This research was conducted to offer a democratic practice model in the era of openness, decentralization and direct local head election. It is the model opening communication spaces within our society post-new order era taking into account cultural, economic and political pluralities. A public policy should be based on the public interest. In democratic world, the broad space for idea exchange and argumentation is opened well when the policy will be implemented by the government.This research was taken place in Surakarta. This study belonged to a qualitative one with phenomenological approach. The sample of research consisted of traditional market seller, municipal government and Surakarta people. Technique of analyzing data used was domain analysis.In the currently developing democratic world, every collective decision making in the form of public policy impossibly occurs without featuring the public space schemata having penetrated many social actions and practices. Public space is the one where the citizens can express their opinions, interest, and needs discursively. Traditional market revitalization policy becomes one important policy taken by Surakarta’s Mayor in managing the city he heads.Keywords: Public space, consensus, involvement, democracy

GERAKAN SOSIAL BARU PADA MUSIK: STUDI ETNOGRAFI PADA BAND NAVICULA

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Popular music not only being understood as entertainment media. Through audiences, popular music can be used as social movement instrument. This qualitative research using ethnography study as its approach. The subject on this resrach is Navicula band. The result of this stusy show that, the Navicula’s habitus about Tri Hita Karana’s life as a Balinese: the harmony between God, human and nature.Navicula’s cutural capital about knowledge of music as media and strong awareness of environment problems, social capital show their collaboration with several social organization, economic capital comes form album sales, band’s accessories and their concerts. Symbolic capital depicted by the term that Navicula as green grunge gentlemen. Navicula’s New social movement through Navicula’s discography as their messages, Borneo Tour  as new paradigm on collective action, cultural rebellion reflection through Navicula’s merchandise and hearing responses as movement’s impact. The finding on this research is relevant Bourdieu’s theory to depictedabout social praxis systematicly.New media movement theory can be alliance with other theory because its flexible nature to adjust with social dynamic society today.Keywords: New Social Movement, Music, Ethnography. AbstrakMusik popular tidak hanya dipahami sebagai media hiburan semata. Melalui khalayak ramai, music popular bias menjadi alat untuk gerakan sosial. Penelitian ini bersifat kualitatif dengan menggunakan studi etnografi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah band Navicula. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa habitus Navicula tentang kehidupan Tri Hita Karana sebagai orang Bali; hubungan harmoni antara Tuhan, manusia dan alam semesta. Modal budaya Navicula tentang pengetahuan tentang music sebagai media dan pengetahuan yang kuat tentang masalah lingkungan, modal sosial menunjukkan kerjasama dengan beberapa organisasi sosial, modal ekonomi berasal dari penjualan album, aksesoris band dan konser mereka. Modal simbolik digambarkan dengan istilah Navicula sebagai green grunge gentlemen. Ranah Navicula menjelaskan di ranah jejaring sosial. Gerakan sosial baru Navicula melalui diskografi Navicula sebagai pesan yang disampaikan, Borneo Tour sebagai paradigma baru aksi kolektif, refleksi pemberontakan kultural melalui merchandise Navicula dan responpen dengar sebagai efek gerakan. Temuan penelitian ini menyiratkan teori Bourdieu yang relevan untuk menggambarkan tentang praktik sosial secara sistematis. Teori Gerakan Sosial Baru bisa dielaborasi dengan teori lain karena fleksibel untuk menyesuaikan diri dengan dinamika sosial masyarakat hari ini.Kata Kunci: Gerakan Sosial Baru, Musik, Etnografi.

SUBKULTUR GRUNGE (ANALISIS KRITIS TENTANG KONSTRUKSI REALITAS SOSIAL DAN KESADARAN KRITIS MUSISI GRUNGE DI KOTA SURABAYA)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Subculture born from rock subcode frequently creates a counterculture of the mainstream. In fact, subculture of grunge shows its counterculture side through its resistance against capitalism, such as grunge offers new freedom to provide platforms for its followers to put forth their idealism, anger, disappointment towards the surroundings, politics, and social matters. The purpose of this study is to determine how the construction of social reality, such as the freedom, and resistance as well as critical consciousness of grunge subculture in Surabaya. The research was conducted to the grunge musicians in Surabaya. This study uses phenomenology method consisting of the object, meaning, experience, and consciousness from the grunge musicians’ perspectives. The theory used is the theory of social reality construction of Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann, combined with the critical theory ─ the theory of music from Theodor W. Adorno. Data were collected through direct observation and in-depth interviews. The validity of the data was done by using triangulation.The findings show that the grunge musicians tend to choose grunge as their music genre because it has motivation referring to the past and the future. The factors underlied their selection of grunge genre are the lack skill of music, the influence of the association, and also the influence of the close friends or family. The purpose their selection of grunge genre are to share their hobby in music and to share aspirations. The grunge musicians construct the freedom within the characteristic aspect of musicality in which its musicians are not required to have high skills in music due to no strick standard, a performance style that shows simplicity, and also the ethics of “Do It Yourself (DIY)” which shows the attitude of self-reliance. The freedom in subkultur grunge which formerly was known as a form of resistance, indeed it is not. In fact, not all musicians interpret the freedom in grunge as a resistance. From various interpretations upon this resistance,  the grunge musicians can be categorized into three kinds, namely resistance grunge musicians, subjective-resistance grunge musicians, and non-resistence grunge mucisians. Encountering some objective structures like the music industry and socio-politic matters, the grunge musicians have found their consciousness dimensions. Those dimensions include magical, naive, and critical consciousness. Through the grunge musicians who have critical consciousness, grunge genre becomes social media criticism.Keywords: Subcultures, Grunge, Critical consciousness, Social reality.

POLA ASUH LONG DISTANCE DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KONSEP DIRI REMAJA (Studi Diskriptif Tentang Pola Asuh Long Distance Dalam Pembentukan Konsep Diri Remaja di SMAN 1 Girimarto, Kabupaten Wonogiri)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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This study was a descriptive qualitative trying to describe the actual condition of informants. This study aimed to find out the long distance caring pattern in the adolescents in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto, the establishment of adolescent self-concept in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto, and the relationship of long distance caring pattern applied to the establishment of adolescent self-concept in SMA Negeri 1 Girimarto. Considering the data obtained, it could be concluded that: caring pattern was divided into two: controlled and free. There were two self-concepts established: dynamic and static. Parent provided reward in the form of material or praise for the achievement the adolescents reached as the form of reward and punishment for the fault or infringement they did. The primary family’s attention contributed to the establishment of adolescent self-concept as well, because the adolescents needed environment as a role model. The adolescents living separately from the parents were accustomed to cope with their problems independently. Keywords: Long distance caring pattern, self-concept, adolescent

EKSKLUSIFITAS SISWA (STUDI FENOMENOLOGI KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL POLA EKSKLUSIFITAS SISWA PADA KELAS UNGGULAN DI SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 SRAGEN TAHUN AJARAN 2011/2012)

Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

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Superior class (school) is designed to provide adequate learning service to the students with high academic competency. Consequently, this strategy cannot support the attempt of optimizing the rapid development of human resource. On the other hand, the superior class phenomenon also gives rise to exclusive behavior in which the students tend to make group and have intercourse with their superior classmates only. It is that makes the author interested in finding out how the exclusiveness pattern of behavior emerges in the superior students.The research strategy employed was phenomenological study. The respondent was selected using purposive sampling technique considering the compatibility between information and the problem studied. This study was based on constructivism paradigm under the heading of Social Definition paradigm. This Peter L. Berger’s constructivism idea stated that in constructivism idea, learning was based on the students’ understanding.The exclusiveness behavioral pattern in the superior students occurred in thought, appearance, space, facility pattern and intercourse. Meanwhile, the process of exclusiveness process establishment occurred since they were stated as passing the admission test in superior class. The factors supporting the establishment of exclusiveness pattern were school policy, parent and student because of the process of interpreting their status as the students of superior class. Keywords: social construction, exclusiveness, superior students.