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Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Untuk Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (Pengalaman Empiris di Wilayah Surakarta Jawa Tengah)

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Sejarah telah menunjukkan bahwa Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM) di Indonesia tetap eksis dan berkembang dengan adanya krisis ekonomi yang telah melanda negeri ini sejak tahun 1997, bahkan menjadi katup penyelamat bagi pemulihan ekonomi bangsa karena kemampuannya memberikan sumbangan yang cukup signifikan pada PDM maupun penyerapan tenaga kerja. Data tahun 2003 menunjukkan bahwa jumlah UKM secara nasional ada 42,4 juta dengan memberikan sumbangan terhadap PDB mencapai RP 1.013,5 triliun (56,7% dari total PDB) dan kemampuan penyerapan tenaga kerja sebesar 79 juta jiwa (BDS LPPM UNS, 2005).

Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pembangunan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat

Mediator Vol 2, No 1 (2001)
Publisher : FIkom Unisba

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Abstract

Peran penyuluhan pembangunan mengalami gelombang pasang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutannya. Hal itu dipengaruhi oleh paradigma pembangunan yang dianut oleh negara dan komunitas di dalamnya. Kuatnya tuntutan peranserta masyarakat sipil dan pilihan pembangunan yang memihak rakyat, menuntut penyuluhan pembangunan menyesuaikan paradigma keilmuannya yang berorientasi pada sasaran penyuluhan atau pemberdayaan masyarakat sasaran. Pemberdayaan masyarakat tidak lain adalah usaha memotivasi dan memberi dorongan kepada masyarakat agar mampu menggali potensi dirinya dan berani bertindak memperbaiki kualitas hidupnya, melalui cara, antara lain, pendidikan untuk penyadaran dan pemampuan diri mereka. Penyuluhan pembangunan sebagai bidang ilmu terapan, secara metodologis harus menyesuaikan dan mengembangkan prinsip-prinsip dan langkah-langkah teknis-metodologis bagi pengembangan program penyuluhan tersebut.

Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pembangunan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat

MediaTor (Jurnal Komunikasi) 2001 - Volume 2, No 1
Publisher : FIkom Unisba

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Abstract

Peran penyuluhan pembangunan mengalami gelombang pasang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutannya. Hal itu dipengaruhi oleh paradigma pembangunan yang dianut oleh negara dan komunitas di dalamnya. Kuatnya tuntutan peranserta masyarakat sipil dan pilihan pembangunan yang memihak rakyat, menuntut penyuluhan pembangunan menyesuaikan paradigma keilmuannya yang berorientasi pada sasaran penyuluhan atau pemberdayaan masyarakat sasaran. Pemberdayaan masyarakat tidak lain adalah usaha memotivasi dan memberi dorongan kepada masyarakat agar mampu menggali potensi dirinya dan berani bertindak memperbaiki kualitas hidupnya, melalui cara, antara lain, pendidikan untuk penyadaran dan pemampuan diri mereka. Penyuluhan pembangunan sebagai bidang ilmu terapan, secara metodologis harus menyesuaikan dan mengembangkan prinsip-prinsip dan langkah-langkah teknis-metodologis bagi pengembangan program penyuluhan tersebut.

Stimulation Model Growth and Social Personal Development of Children Autism in Health Promotion

Health Notions Vol 2, No 2 (2018): February
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a developmental disorder caused organic brain damage, difficulty communicating verbal, nonverbal. Need supervision and parental attention. The stimulation helps stimulate the brain to produce hormones in its development. Purpose: (1) analyze the internal factors, external influences growth and social personal development of autistic children (2) analyze the relationship between nutritional status and the growth and social personal development of autistic children (3) analyze the effect of stimulation of the growth and social personal development of children with autism (4) formulate a stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children with autism in health promotion. Method: This type of research is a Research and Development (R & D) research and quasi experimental method, time series design. The study was conducted in 7 autism school in Yogyakarta. The total sample of 90 children with autism. Conducted in November 2015 and April 2016. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, ods ratio, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon. Results: (1) Internal factors (race) affects Weight and external factors (intranatal) and internal (genetic) influence growth and social personal development of children with autism p<0.05, (2) there is a relationship with the nutritional status of growth and social personal development of children with autism p <0.05, (3) There is a stimulation effect on the growth and development of social personal development of children with autism with p <0.05, (4) the drafting of a stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children with autism. Conclusion: Establishment of stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children autism in the form of manual stimulation of growth and social personal development of children with autism in health promotion.Keywords: Stimulation model, Growth, Social personal development, Autism, Health promotion

Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan, Studi Program Desa Siaga

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Sejak tahun 2006, Departemen Kesehatan meluncurkan kebijakan program Desa Siaga. Tampaknya, kebijakan tersebut tidak mampu memberdayakan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan pada level komunitas (desa). Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga. Sasaran penelitian adalah Forum Kesehatan Desa dan Pos Kesehatan Desa Siaga di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kemampuan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan dan kemampuan masyarakat dalam memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan meliputi kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal komunitas pada level anggota masyarakat, institusi masyarakat, kepemimpinan masyarakat, dan akses informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan.Kata kunci: Desa siaga, kebijakan, pemberdayaan masyarakatAbstractSince 2006, the Health Department had launched the Village Preparedness program policy. But, this policy apparently not capable of empowering the community in identifying and solving the health problem at community (village) level. The objective of research is to formulate the community empowerment model in health in the Village Preparedness program. The targets of research were the Village Health Forum and Village Health Post in 30 Village Preparedness in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. The method involving survey and case study. The case study showed factors related to community capability of identifying health problem and community capability of solving the health problems. The community empowerment model in health including the capabilities of identifying and of solving the health problems. The community internal and external factors at members of community level, community institution, community leadership, and information access played important role in community empowerment in health.Keywords: Village preparedness, policy, community empowerment

THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN SMES FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY ON BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROVIDER

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.

Stimulation Model Growth and Social Personal Development of Children Autism in Health Promotion

Health Notions Vol 2 No 2 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a developmental disorder caused organic brain damage, difficulty communicating verbal, nonverbal. Need supervision and parental attention. The stimulation helps stimulate the brain to produce hormones in its development. Purpose: (1) analyze the internal factors, external influences growth and social personal development of autistic children (2) analyze the relationship between nutritional status and the growth and social personal development of autistic children (3) analyze the effect of stimulation of the growth and social personal development of children with autism (4) formulate a stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children with autism in health promotion. Method: This type of research is a Research and Development (R & D) research and quasi experimental method, time series design. The study was conducted in 7 autism school in Yogyakarta. The total sample of 90 children with autism. Conducted in November 2015 and April 2016. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, ods ratio, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon. Results: (1) Internal factors (race) affects Weight and external factors (intranatal) and internal (genetic) influence growth and social personal development of children with autism p<0.05, (2) there is a relationship with the nutritional status of growth and social personal  development of children with autism p <0.05, (3) No effect of stimulation of the growth and social personal development of children with autism with p <0.05, (4) the drafting of a stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children with autism. Conclusion: Establishment of stimulation model of growth and social personal development of children autism in the form of manual stimulation of growth and social personal development of children with autism in health promotion.

Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pembangunan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat

MediaTor (Jurnal Komunikasi) Vol 2, No 1 (2001): “Publish or Perish!”
Publisher : Pusat Penerbitan Universitas (P2U) LPPM Unisba

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Abstract

Peran penyuluhan pembangunan mengalami gelombang pasang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutannya. Hal itu dipengaruhi oleh paradigma pembangunan yang dianut oleh negara dan komunitas di dalamnya. Kuatnya tuntutan peranserta masyarakat sipil dan pilihan pembangunan yang memihak rakyat, menuntut penyuluhan pembangunan menyesuaikan paradigma keilmuannya yang berorientasi pada sasaran penyuluhan atau pemberdayaan masyarakat sasaran. Pemberdayaan masyarakat tidak lain adalah usaha memotivasi dan memberi dorongan kepada masyarakat agar mampu menggali potensi dirinya dan berani bertindak memperbaiki kualitas hidupnya, melalui cara, antara lain, pendidikan untuk penyadaran dan pemampuan diri mereka. Penyuluhan pembangunan sebagai bidang ilmu terapan, secara metodologis harus menyesuaikan dan mengembangkan prinsip-prinsip dan langkah-langkah teknis-metodologis bagi pengembangan program penyuluhan tersebut.

Stimulation Model Growth And Language Development Of Children Autism In Health Promotion

Health Notions Vol 2, No 8 (2018): August
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a developmental disorder caused organic brain damage, difficulty communicating verbal, nonverbal. Need supervision and parental attention. The stimulation helps stimulate the brain to produce hormones in its development. Purpose: (1) analyze the internal factors, external influence growth and language development of children with autism (2) analyze the relationship between nutritional status and the growth and language development of children with autism (3) analyze the effect of stimulation of the growth and development of the language development of children with autism (4) formulate a model of growth stimulation and language development of autistic children in health promotion. Method: This type of research was a research and development (R&D), with quasi experimental method, time series design. The study was conducted in 7 autism school in Yogyakarta. The total sample of 90 children with autism. Conducted in November 2015 and April 2016. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and Ods Ratio, Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon. Results: (1) internal factors (postnatal) and external (race) affecting growth and language development of children with autism, (2) there was a relationship with the nutritional status of growth and language development of children with autism p

A MODEL OF EMPOWERMENT OF A POOR COMMUNITY BASED ON SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY WITH ISLAMIC VALUES

Dirosat : Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Dirosat Islamiah Al-Amien Prenduan

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Abstract

Empowering the poor is the responsibility of all members of society, not just the government. Muslims, as the majority in Indonesia, should play a significant role in poverty alleviation. Zakat, infak and sedekah (ZIS), in the teachings of Islam, is not just worship because, if managed properly, it can be a solution to poverty. To date, the management of ZIS as a mechanism for change in society has not been optimal due to various factors, one of which is a poor management model. Therefore, this article presents a model of empowerment of the poor based on social responsibility with the integration of Islamic values. This article is based on research conducted at Yayasan Solo Peduli Umat. The research data are obtained from the managers of Solo Peduli, beneficiaries and other parties involved. The results of this study indicate that the integration of Islamic values with the concept of social responsibility can maximize the empowerment of the poor. An empowerment model is created to increase the number of entrepreneurs who diligently worship and have noble morality (akhlaqul karimah), increase the independence and welfare of the poor, ensure the continuity of network-based businesses between musthik and muzaki/ donatur, and provide sustainable donations to be used as capital for social transformation