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Pengaruh Penambahan Omafac Improved dalam Ransum Ayam terhadap Produksi dan Kualitas Telur Kamal, Muhammad
Buletin Peternakan Vol 11, No 1 (1987): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 11 (1) Maret 1987
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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THE RELATIONS BETWEEN URBAN PARKS AND PERSONAL WELL-BEING IN BRISBANE, SOUTH-EAST QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA Công Trí, Hoàng; Thanh Hùng, Nguyễn; Kamal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 44, No 1 (2012): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The positive impacts of urban parks on human health have been analysed in many studies,but nearly none of them provide a suitable method to explain quantitatively the satisfactionand dissatisfaction of park uses on personal health. Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) wasemployed to examine individually well-being spirit in relation to the changes of quality ofparks and the joyfulness on access to parks. This study aims to find answers for questions‘why and where are people happy or unhappy with their health in connections to urbanparks?’ The data for Brisbane area were extracted from the quality of life survey in South-East Queensland, Australia. 70% data was used for learning model parameters; the rest wasfor model testing. The generated model had 73.17% accuracy, and it was imported to ArcGISfor constructing probabilistic maps. Due to the high density of sample points, InverseDistance Weighted (IDW) interpolation was chosen to illustrate the probable happiness andunhappiness on personal health. The result shows that quality of urban parks controlledstrongly the fulfilment of personal health. Local governors can successfully enrich the qualityof urban lives by improving the quality of parks in some specific regions.
SUB-PIXEL IMAGE CLASSIFICATION OF HYPER-SPECTRAL DATA FOR VEGETATION AND SOIL MAPPINGIN SEMI-ARID ENVIRONMENT Kamal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 41, No 2 (2009): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The HyMap hyper-spectral data was used to classify photosyntheticvegetation (PV), non-photosynthetic vegetation (NPV), and exposed soils in a semiaridsavannah environment of McKinlay, northern Queensland, and Australia. Thisstudy aimed to understandhow effective the sub-pixel classificationapproach appliedon hyper-spectral data to distinguish the vegetation and soil features in semi-aridenvironment. In contrast to the per-pixel approach this approach treats the pixelvalue as reflectance sum of its composite features, and shows its componentabundance. The most commonly used sub-pixel classification technique was used inthis research, namely Linear Spectral Unmixing (LSU). End members were used asthe input class, and the result was compared with the standard maximum likelihoodclassification (MLC) using post-classification comparison method The result of thisstudy shows that LSU produced a patchy distribution of classes throughout theimage. The brown soil tends to be over-estimated with respect to other classes. PVfeatures were relatively well-mapped compare to other classes. NPV features haveproblem with domination of exposed soil reflectance. This is equivalent to theprevious studies result that background soil dominates the spectral reflectance inthis environment. According to the qualitative accuracy assessment, LSU hashigher accuracy in representing PV and NPV compare to the traditional MLCclassification.
Dry Matter Accumulation, Seed Yield and Calcium (Ca) Content of Several Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Cultivars Grown under Different Shade Levels Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista Vol 11, No 3 (2007): Volume 11 Nomor 3 Desember 2007
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Akumulasi Bahan Kering, Hasil Biji dan Kandungan Kalsium (Ca) Beberapa Varietas Kacang Tanah yang Ditanam pada Tingkat Naungan BerbedaABSTRAK. Akumulasi bahan kering dan serapan kalsium (Ca) memiliki peranan yang sangat penting dalam proses pembentukan hasil kacang tanah. Intensitas cahaya rendah menjadi salah satu kendala utama dalam pengembangan kacang tanah sebagai tanaman sela pada lahan perkebunan, sehingga sangat dibutuhkan varietas kacang tanah toleran naungan. Pemahaman yang lebih baik terhadap proses yang terlibat pada adaptasi tanaman terhadap naungan dapat membantu dalam perakitan. varietas-varietas kacang tanah toleran naungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi akumulasi bahan kering, komponen hasil dan serapan kalsium (Ca) serta keterkaitannya dengan penurunan hasil pada kondisi naungan. Perlakuan disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan dua taraf, yaitu 0% dan 50%, sedangkan faktor kedua berupa varietas kacang tanah yang terdiri dari Gajah, Jerapah, Mahesa, Panter dan Sima. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa penurunan akumulasi bahan kering akibat naungan 50% paling besar terjadi pada akar, sedangkan penurunan akumulasi bahan kering terkecil terjadi pada batang kacang tanah. Varietas sima pada naungan 50% menunjukkan penurunan produksi bahan kering, hasil biji dan kandungan kalsium (Ca) yang relative kecil dibandingkan varietas Gajah. Penurunan serapan Ca pada kondisi naungan mungkin dimediasi oleh peningkatan kelembaban relative (RH). Tampaknya ada keterkaitan antara kepekaan terhadap naungan dengan tingkat serapan kalsium (Ca) kacang tanah.
Agronomic Performance of Green Beans (Vigna radiata L.) Grown under Different Shade Levels Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista 2008: Edisi Khusus Nomor 1 November 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Penampilan Agronomi Tanaman Kacang Hijau yang Ditanam Pada Tingkat Naungan BerbedaABSTRAK. Intensitas cahaya rendah akibat adanya naungan merupakan salah satu kendala utama dalam pengembangan tanaman pangan sebagai tanaman sela pada areal perkebunan. Pemahaman yang lebih baik terhadap karakter agronomi tanaman pangan pada kondisi naungan sangat membantu dalam pengelolaan tanaman pangan sebagai tanaman sela secara produktif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi penampilan agronomi beberapa varietas kacang hijau pada tingkat naungan berbeda. Perlakuan disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan dua taraf, yaitu 0% dan 50%. Faktor kedua berupa varietas kacang hijau yang meliputi Merpati, Parkit, Walet, Jelatik, Betet, Kenari, dan Perkutut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa naungan 50% secara nyata menurunkan jumlah daun, akumulasi bahan kering, hasil biji dan indeks panen. Pada kondisi naungan 0% dan 50%, jumlah polong, jumlah biji dan indeks panen secara nyata tetap berkolerasi positif dengan hasil biji tanaman kacang hijau. Tampaknya, jumlah polong, jumlah biji, dan indeks panen juga menjadi karakter agronomi penentu hasil kacang hijau pada kondisi naungan.
The Tolerance of Several Genotypes of Upland Rice to Shading at Different Growth Stages Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista Vol 11, No 1 (2007): Volume 11 Nomor 1 April 2007
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Toleransi Beberapa Genotip Padi Gogo terhadap Naungan pada Fase Pertumbuhan BerbedaABSTRAK. Keberhasilan pengembangan padi gogo sebagai tanaman sela pada areal perkebunan tanaman karet sangat tergantung pada tingkat toleransinya terhadap naungan. Metode penyaringan yang tepat dan akurat sangat membantu dalam penyediaan padi gogo toleran naungan dalam jumlah banyak. Dua set penelitian telah dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi apakah toleransi padi gogo terhadap naungan selama fase vegetatif memiliki konsistensi dengan naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif). Perlakuan pada penelitian 1 dan 2 disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan menggunakan paranet hitam dua taraf yaitu 0% dan 50%, sedangkan faktor kedua berupa genotip padi gogo yang meliputi Jatiluhur, B9048C, TB177E, Batutegi, Kalimutu, dan Limboto. Naungan diberikan selama fase pertumbuhan vegetatif dan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif). Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa genotip Jatiluhur, B9048C, TB177E, Batutegi secara konsisten menunjukkan hasil lebih tinggi daripada genotip Kalimutu dan Limboto baik pada naungan selama fase vegetatif dan naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman. Padi gogo yang toleran terhadap naungan selama fase vegetatif juga menunjukkan toleransi terhadap naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif).
Remote Sensing and GIS for Surface Water Resources in Rawa Biru – Torasi Merauke Papua Hartono, Hartono; Meteray, Barano SS; Farda, Nur Mohammad; Kamal, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 20, No 1 (2006): July 2006
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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The research describe about surface water ecosystem study in Merauke Papua by using multisource and multistage remote sensing data which was splitted into two parts based on the study areas. First, it is for micro scale spatial analysis focusing on the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, while the second is for macro scale spatial analysis for Transfly ecoregionin the floodplain areas of Merauke. Multispectral approach was adopted for Landsat image analysis, followed by field survey on the selected areas. Auxilary data used are maps, secondary documents in order to improve understanding of the areas. Interview and discussion with related institutions (Wasur National Sanctuary, Potable Water Services, Internal Affairs Government, Forestry Service) accordingly were carried out. The research result showed that remote sensing imagery are usefull for surface water resources study. Physical condition of the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, vegetation analysis by using multitemporal data, wetland type, hydrological process in the floodplain were presented. Rawa Biru watershed as a resource for drinking water supply environmentaly decreased considerably due to the species invasion, with successively dominated by hydrophilla, tebu rawa, rumput pisau, dan Mellaleuca and sedimentation took place in the main body of swamp. Upper part of the watershed is actually included in the Papua New Guinea, in long water resources development scheme, it need administratively belong to one recharge areas for the watershed.
The lack of counselling and passively case detection affecting the occurrance of grade 2 disability in Sampang Kamal, Muhammad; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

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ABSTRACTLeprosy is a chronic disease that affects the skin, peripheral nerves, even the other of body organs. This disease can also causing permanent disability that can affect to quality of life of sufferers. Sampang as the region with the highest average of PR in 2010-2014, it has leprosy grade 2 disability proportion which is 13%, in the other words that it is higher than the specified standard that is 5% or less. This study aimed to analyze the health service factors that affecting the occurrence of leprosy grade 2 disability. This study was an observational-analytic by using case control design. This study conducted in 8 administrative territory of community health center in Sampang. Sample were 33 type MB leprosy patients with grade 2 disability (case group) and 33 with grade 0 or grade 1 disability (control group). Sample has been taken by using simple random sampling technique. Data analysis was carried out simultaneously with multiple logistic regression. The results showed that the method of passive case detection (OR=7,005; 95% CI: 1,595-30,763), a very late diagnosis (OR=15,264; 95% CI: 1,469-158,594) ), lack of POD (OR=7,016; 95% CI: 1,574-31,274) and the lack of counselling (OR=8,241; 95% CI: 1,747-38,847) affecting the occurence of leprosy grade 2 disability. The conclusion that the passively case detection, a very late of diagnosis, the lack of POD and the lack of counseling affecting the occurrence of leprosy grade 2 disability at leprosy patients in Sampang. It is suggest to stakeholders to increase actively case detection, counselling.Keywords: disability, leprosy, case detection, counselling
CONTRIBUTIONS OF SEED PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERS OF VARIOUS SORGHUM GENOTYPES (SORGHUM BICOLOR [L.] MOENCH.) TO DAMAGED SEED INDUCED BY WEEVIL (SITOPHILUS SP.) DURING STORAGE Pramono, Eko; Kamal, Muhammad; Susilo, Franciscus Xaverius; Timotiwu, Paul Benyamin
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 1 (2018): MARCH, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Contributions of Seed Physical and Chemical Characters of Various Sorghum Genotypes (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench.) to Damaged Seed Induced by Weevil (Sitophilus sp.) During Storage. The percentage of damaged seeds due to feeding by Sitophilus sp. during storage varied among sorghum genotypes (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench.). Some researchers reported that the difference was influenced by the physical and chemical characters of the seed grains. This study aimed to determine the contribution of seed physical and chemical characters and their effect model on the percentage of damaged seeds due to weevil attack during storage. Measurement of damaged seeds was carried out on 34 sorghum genotypes after they were stored for four months under storage temperatures of 26 ºC and 18 ºC. Physical characters included seed hardness, weights of a thousand grains, pericarp thickness, and seed volume. Chemical characters of seeds included lipid, protein, carbohydrate, and tannin contents. Results of the study indicate that contribution of physical and chemical characters of sorghum seeds and their effect model on the percentage of damaged seeds due to weevil attack was different among storage under temperature of 26 ºC and under temperatures of  18 ºC.
Remote Sensing and GIS for Surface Water Resources in Rawa Biru – Torasi Merauke Papua Hartono, Hartono; Meteray, Barano SS; Farda, Nur Mohammad; Kamal, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 20, No 1 (2006): July 2006
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The research describe about surface water ecosystem study in Merauke Papua by using multisource and multistage remote sensing data which was splitted into two parts based on the study areas. First, it is for micro scale spatial analysis focusing on the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, while the second is for macro scale spatial analysis for Transfly ecoregionin the floodplain areas of Merauke. Multispectral approach was adopted for Landsat image analysis, followed by field survey on the selected areas. Auxilary data used are maps, secondary documents in order to improve understanding of the areas. Interview and discussion with related institutions (Wasur National Sanctuary, Potable Water Services, Internal Affairs Government, Forestry Service) accordingly were carried out. The research result showed that remote sensing imagery are usefull for surface water resources study. Physical condition of the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, vegetation analysis by using multitemporal data, wetland type, hydrological process in the floodplain were presented. Rawa Biru watershed as a resource for drinking water supply environmentaly decreased considerably due to the species invasion, with successively dominated by hydrophilla, tebu rawa, rumput pisau, dan Mellaleuca and sedimentation took place in the main body of swamp. Upper part of the watershed is actually included in the Papua New Guinea, in long water resources development scheme, it need administratively belong to one recharge areas for the watershed.