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Produksi Serasah Mangrove di Pesisir Tangerang, Banten Aida, Gilang Rusrita; Wardiatno, Yusli; Fahrudin, Achmad; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem plays an important role in contributing the organic matter from litter produced which is amajor link of the food web in mangrove ecosystem. The research was conducted to estimate litterfall production ofmangroves in Tangerang coastal area. The structure and composition of the mangrove ecosystem consists ofAvicenia marina, Avicenia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, and Sonneratia caseolaris with density and diameter ofmangrove trees about 3 23 tress/100 m2 and 4.8 38.2 cm, respectively. The results of station groupings based onthe structure and composition of mangrove with environmental parameters showed the highest production oflitterfall generated by group II (station 4; consists of Avicenia marina and Rhizophora mucronata), followed bygroup III (station 6; consists of Sonneratia caseolaris) and group I (station 1, 2, 3, and 5; of Avicenia alba, Aviceniamarina, and Rhizophora mucronata). Litterfal production of group II reached 3.86 ± 0.22 g/m2/day, followed by groupIII and group I (3.63 ± 2.2 g/m2/day and 2.88 ± 0.99 g/m2/day, respectively). Overall, the total production of litterfallper day in the coastal area reached 3.45 g/m2/day with leaf as the main component (>80%), followed by twigs andreproductive organs.Keywords: coastal area, litterfall, mangrove ecosystem, Tangerang
Coral Settelment on Concrete Artifical Reefs in Pramuka Island Eaers, Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta and Management Option Aziz, Arif Miftahul; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Zamani, Neviaty Putri; Subhan, Beginer
Journal of Indonesian Coral Reefs Vol 1, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Coral Reefs

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Abstract

Latest stage development of recruit coral community in concerete artificial reefs were observed for nine months (from October 2009 to July 2010) by visual cencus and underwater photography methods. Amounts of 10 units of concrete artifical reef deployed in Pramuka Island waters and Gosong Pramuka in 2011 were used as an objects in this reseacrh. As a comparation, the conditios of coral coverand reef fishes in natural reef were observed by line intercept transcet, visual census, and underwater photography methods. In order to measure coral coberage area  we used a ImageJ 1.42q software. In march 2010, amounts of 457 coral colonies from 21 genera and 216 coral colonies from 16 genera were found on artifical reefs surface in Station 1 (Pramuka Island) and Station 2 (Gosong Pramuka) respectively. Number pf recruit coral colonies was dominated by genus Porites. Pocillopora, and Chypastrea. In july 2010, the precentage of coral cover on cencrete artifical refs reaches 41.46 ±13.37% (±SD) in Station 1 and 20. ±6.08% (mean ±SD) in Station 2, while the percentage of coral coverage on natural reefs were 23.14% and 40.43% in Station 1 and 2 respectively. Genus Porites become the most dominant genus in both of stations in terms recruit coloby abudance and percent cover. This result shows that concrete artificial reefs can effectively use to create new habitat of corals, coral fishes and other biota particularly in degraded coral reefs ecosystem.
Produksi Serasah Mangrove di Pesisir Tangerang, Banten Aida, Gilang Rusrita; Wardiatno, Yusli; Fahrudin, Achmad; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (710.796 KB)

Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem plays an important role in contributing the organic matter from litter produced which is amajor link of the food web in mangrove ecosystem. The research was conducted to estimate litterfall production ofmangroves in Tangerang coastal area. The structure and composition of the mangrove ecosystem consists ofAvicenia marina, Avicenia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, and Sonneratia caseolaris with density and diameter ofmangrove trees about 3 23 tress/100 m2 and 4.8 38.2 cm, respectively. The results of station groupings based onthe structure and composition of mangrove with environmental parameters showed the highest production oflitterfall generated by group II (station 4; consists of Avicenia marina and Rhizophora mucronata), followed bygroup III (station 6; consists of Sonneratia caseolaris) and group I (station 1, 2, 3, and 5; of Avicenia alba, Aviceniamarina, and Rhizophora mucronata). Litterfal production of group II reached 3.86 ± 0.22 g/m2/day, followed by groupIII and group I (3.63 ± 2.2 g/m2/day and 2.88 ± 0.99 g/m2/day, respectively). Overall, the total production of litterfallper day in the coastal area reached 3.45 g/m2/day with leaf as the main component (>80%), followed by twigs andreproductive organs.
Pengaruh Laju Eksploitasi Terhadap Keragaan Reproduktif Ikan Tembang (Sardinella gibbosa) di Perairan Pesisir Jawa Barat Ernawati, Yunizar; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 6, No 3 (2010): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.394 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v6i3.3146

Abstract

ABSTRACTEffect of Exploitation Rate on Reproductive Performance in Goldstripe Sardinella (Sardinellagibbosa) in West Java Coastal Waters. The research objective was to explore the effect ofexploitation rate on reproductive performance of goldstripe sardinella (Sardinella gibbosa).Three sites located in West Java coasts were selected representing coastal areas adjacent tothe Indian Ocean (Palabuhan Ratu), Java Sea (Blanakan), and Sunda Strait (Labuan), for fishcollection during May-July 2009. Fish samples were collected and the length was measuredprior to sex determination, observation on gonad morphology as well as gonad maturitydetermination, examination on fecundity and eggs diameter, and protein content analysis.Estimation on exploitation rate (E) was calculated based on length data performance fromwhich the result was correlated with reproductive parameters including the length at firstmaturity, fecundity, eggs distribution and diameter, and protein content analysis. By sitesbasis, variation in E was consistently shown only by eggs protein content in which the lowerthe E estimation the higher the protein contents. However, in response to E, there wereinconsistencies shown by the length at first maturity, fecundity, and eggs diameter. Suchinconsistencies are thought to be associated with population structure of matured female, andvariability in the habitat conditions which determines the magnitude of fish stock.Key words: Sardinella gibbosa, exploitation rate, reproductive performance
REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY OF THE RED BIGEYE (Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier, 1829) IN PALABUHANRATU BAY, INDONESIA Jabbar, Meuthia Aula; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Boer, Mennofatria; Suman, Ali; Suyasa, I Nyoman
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 24, No 1 (2018): (June) 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (889.494 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.24.1.2018.25-36

Abstract

The reference point of reproductive biology play an important roles in developing a baseline information for fishery management. Different waters will provide different overview of fisheries related to its biological aspects. The red bigeye (Priacanthus macracanthus) is one of economically important demersal fish species in Indonesia. To support the biological status of this species, a regular field observation were carried out during May 2016 to April 2017 in Palabuhanratu bay, south of West Java. The objective of this study is to estimate the spawning season and potential reproductive stages including to evaluate how the key management related to the species and its gear selectivity. Numbers of red bigeye (Priacanthus macracanthus) specimen was collected from bottom gillnetter and hand liner. Basic information related to length-weigth, bio-reproduction (maturity) were collected regularly to determine GSI, Fecundity and its impact of fishing (Lc, Lm) to evaluate the recent stock status. The result showed sex ratio no significant differences between males and females except in September to December. The growth pattern indicated negative allometric. The predicted of spawning seasons were around June-July and December-January. Mean of fecundity was estimated to be 230,000 ± 178,000 eggs. Management keys were obtained i.e. length at first maturity (Lm) value was to be 21.9 cm TL which is smaller than length at first capture (Lc) 22.4 cm TL for bottom gill netter and 23.1 cm TL for average fishes caught by hand liner. Therefore it is recommended to close the waters in the bay area during the spawning period. In the case of catch, it is important to apply the precautionary approach with emphasizes to the size of fish allowed to be captured more than the Lm value (above 21.9 cm TL). 
HUBUNGAN PANJANG-BERAT, KEBIASAAN MAKANAN, DAN REPRODUKSI IKAN KAKAP MERAH (Lutjanus gibbus: Famli LUTJANIDAE) DI PERAIRAN SELATAN BANTEN Prihatiningsih, Prihatiningsih; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Kurnia, Rahmat; Suman, Ali
BAWAL Widya Riset Perikanan Tangkap Vol 9, No 1 (2017): (April, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (639.42 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/bawal.9.1.2017.21-32

Abstract

Ikan kakap merah (L. gibbus) adalah jenis ikan demersal dari famili Lutjanidae yang bernilai ekonomis penting dan banyak tertangkap di Indonesia. Informasi tentang kebiasaan makan dan aspek reproduksi ikan kakap merah di Indonesia masih relatif sedikit. Selain itu, telah terjadi penurunan stok ikan kakap merah di Selatan Banten selama 6 tahun terakhir (2008-2013). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan panjang-berat, kebiasaan makan dan reproduksi ikan kakap merah.. Penelitian dilakukan selama 3 tahun (2013, 2015 dan 2016). Ikan contoh diambil dari hasil penangkapan ikan oleh para nelayan dengan alat tangkap pancing rawai dasar dan pancing ulur dengan mata pancing no 7-10 yang didaratkan di Binuangeun-Banten. Analisis fekunditas dilakukan di Laboratorium dengan metode gravimetrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan kakap merah jantan memiliki ukuran lebih panjang dibandingkan ikan betina, pola pertumbuhannya bersifat isometrik. Kebiasaan makan ikan kakap merah tergolong ikan karnivora dimana makanan utamanya adalah ikan dan kepiting (Portunidae). Nisbah kelamin jantan dan betina tidak seimbang yaitu 1: 1.53. Fekunditas berkisar 14.050–596.243 butir dengan rata-rata 170 869 butir, diameter telur berkisar 0,03–1,02 mm dan pola pemijahannya bersifat salin sebagian (partial spawner).The humpback red snapper (Lutjanus gibbus) is the family of lutjanidae which has important economic value in Indonesian capture fisheries. In addition, there has been a sharp decline on the population of  humpback red snapper in the Southern part of Banten during the last 6 years (2008-2013). This study aims to examine the growth function, food habits and reproductive biology of L. gibbus in the Southern part of  Banten Waters. Fish samples were collected for 3 years (2013, 2015 and 2016) both from fishing ground and landing places in Binuangeun-Banten, caught by handline and bottom longline. The fecundity analysis was performed in Laboratory by gravimetric method. The results showed that the average size of males of humpback red snapper was longer than females with the growth pattern was isometric. The food habits of humpback red snapper was classified as carnivorous fish in which the main food item consist of fish and crab (Portunidae). Sex ratio of males and females were unbalance by 1: 1.53. The fecundity ranges from 14.050-596.243 eggs with an average of 170.869 eggs. The humpback red snapper found as  partial spawner which eggs diameter ranged from 0,03 to 1,02 mm.
BIOLOGI REPRODUKSI IKAN BETOK (Anabas testudineus) DI PAPARAN BANJIRAN LUBUK LAMPAM,KABUPATEN OGAN KOMERING ILIR Prianto, Eko; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Muchsin, Ismudi; Kartamihardja, Endi Setiadi
BAWAL Widya Riset Perikanan Tangkap Vol 6, No 3 (2014): (Desember 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (417.232 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/bawal.6.3.2014.137-146

Abstract

Ikan betok (Anabas testudineus) adalah salah satu jenis ikan ekonomis penting yang dihasilkan dari perairan paparan banjiran. Penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengkaji beberapa aspek biologi reproduksi ikan betok di paparan banjiran Lubuk Lampam, Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir dilakukan pada bulan Nopember 2012-Oktober 2013. Sampel ikan ditangkap setiap bulanmenggunakan alat tangkap jaring dan bengkirai.Analisis data meliputi sebaran frekuensi ukuran panjang, nisbah kelamin, tingkat kematangan gonad, indeks kematangan gonad, ukuran pertamakali matang gonad, potensi reproduksi dan pola reproduksi. Jumlah sampel ikan betok yang diperoleh sebanyak 540 ekor, terdiri dari 187 ekor ikan jantan dan 353 ekor ikan betina, dengan kisaran panjang ikan betina antara 27-224 mm dan ikan jantan antara 48-243 mm. Rasio kelamin ikan jantan dan betina adalah 0,53 : 1. Tingkat kematangan gonad (TKG) ikan jantan dan betina yang paling banyak ditemui adalah TKG I dengan frekuensi tertinggi pada ukuran 116-132 mm dan 114-129 mmmasing-masing berjumlah 34 dan 33 ekor. Perkembangan tingkat kematangan gonad ikan betok dipengaruhi oleh perubahan tinggimuka air secara musiman. Indek kematangan gonad ikan jantan pada TKGIV berkisar 1,3-15,0%dan ikan betina berkisar antara 1,2 17,1%. Ukuran pertama kali matang gonad ikan betina adalah pada panjang total 160 mm dan ikan jantan pada panjang total 177 mm. Fekunditas ikan betok berkisar antara 224–182.736 butir dengan diameter telur berkisar antara 0,465-1,026 mmdengan pola pemijahan secara sebagian. Climbing perch, Anabas testudineus is a dominant commercial fish inhabit floodplain area of Lubuk Lampam, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency. A study aimed to investigate some aspects of the reproductive biology of climbing perch has been conducted at floodplain of Lubuk Lampam, Ogan Komering Ilir regency from November 2012 to October 2013. Fish sampling was conducted every month using nets and bamboo trap. The data analysis includes lenght frequency distribution, sex ratio, the gonado maturity, gonado somatic index, the size at first maturity, fecundity and reproductive patterns. Climbing perch sample amounted of 540 specimen compose of 187 males and 353 females, with the lenght frequency between 27-224 mm (female) and 48-243 mm (male). Sex ratio of the male and female of the climbing perch was 0,53 : 1. The gonado maturity of male and female are mostly at the first level with the highest frequency between 116-132 mm and 114-129 mm, equivalent to 34 and 33 specimen, respectively. The development of gonado maturity of climbing perch was influenced by seasonally of water level fluctuation. Gonado somatic index of maturity of male and female range 1.3-15.0% and 1.2 -17.1%, respectively. The size at the first maturity of the female was 160 mm lenght and of the male was 177 mm lenght. The fecundity ranges 224 to182,736 eggs with the egg diameter ranges 0.465-1.026 mm and the climbing perch was classified into partially spawner.
DISTRIBUSI, KELIMPAHAN DAN VARIASI UKURAN LARVA IKAN DI ESTUARIA SUNGAI MUSI Prianto, Eko; Nurdawaty, Syarifah; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis
BAWAL Widya Riset Perikanan Tangkap Vol 5, No 2 (2013): (Agustus 2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.78 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/bawal.5.2.2013.73-79

Abstract

Penelitian tentang distribusi, kelimpahan dan ukuran larva ikan dilakukan pada bulan Maret, Mei, Juni dan Oktober 2011. Stasiun pengambilan contoh meliputi Muara Delta Upang (stasiun 1), Muara Sungai Musi (stasiun 2) dan Pulau Payung (stasiun 3). Pengambilan larva pada siang hari menggunakan Bongo net yang berukuran mata jaring 250 µm. Hasil identifikasi diperoleh 13 famili ditinjau menurut musim, pada bulan Mei dan Oktober masing-masing diperoleh 7 famili, dan pada bulan juni sebanyak 3 famili. Kelimpahan larva ikan berkisar antara 9-46 ind/m3 dengan jumlah yang tertinggi (46 ind/m3) pada bulan Mei dan terendah pada bulan Juni (9 ind/m3). Larva ikan dari famili Gobiidae memiliki sebaran yang cukup luas baik spasial maupun temporal. Variasi ukuran larva ikan menurut famili setiap bulannya memiliki variasi ukuran yang hampir sama. Research about the distribution, abundance and size of fish larvae was conducted in March, May, June and October 2011. Sampling stations encompasses Delta Upang (station 1), Muara Sungai Musi (station 2) and Pulau Payung (station 3). Larvae taken during the daytime using a Bongo net with mesh size of 250 µm. Identification results obtained 13 families based on the season, in May and October respectively 7 families, and in June as many as 3 families. Abundance of fish larval around 9-46 ind/m3 with the highest number (46 ind/m3) in May and the lowest in June (9 ind/m3). Larvae of Gobiidae family have a large distribution on spatial and temporal. The variation in size of fish larvae by family on each month are the same. 
ASPEK REPRODUKSI IKAN BAUNG (Hemibagrus nemurus) DI PAPARAN BANJIRAN LUBUK LAMPAM KABUPATEN OGAN KOMERING ILIR Prianto, Eko; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Muchsin, Ismudi; Kartamihardja, Endi Setiadi
BAWAL Widya Riset Perikanan Tangkap Vol 7, No 3 (2015): (Desember 2015)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.594 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/bawal.7.3.2015.137-146

Abstract

Ikan baung (Hemibagrus nemurus) merupakan salah satu jenis ikan ekonomis penting di perairan umum daratan Indonesia khususnya Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. Ikan ini memiliki nilai ekonomis penting untuk ikan konsumsi. Pada tahun 2004 hasil tangkapan ikan baung di Sumatera Selatan berjumlah 1.684,6 ton sedangkan pada tahun 2005 berjumlah 899,5 ton. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aspek reproduksi ikan baung di paparan banjiran. Lokasi penelitian di Lubuk Lampam Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir Provinsi Sumatera Selatan dimulai bulan Nopember 2012-Nopember 2013. Ikan sampel dikumpulkan dari hasil tangkapan nelayandan hasil tangkapan percobaan dengan menggunakan alat tangkap jaring insang (gill net), pancing (pole and line), bubu dan bengkirai (traps). Analisis datameliputi: nibah kelamin, tingkat kematangan gonad, indek kematangan gonad, ukuran pertama kali matang gonad, potensi reproduksi dan pola reproduksi. Sampel ikan baung berjumlah 384 ekor terdiri dari jantan dan betina masing-masing sebanyak 118 dan 266 ekor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nisbah kelamin ikan baung yang ditemukan dalam penelitian baung 0,44:1, yang menunjukkan nibah kelamin tidak seimbang. Nilai IKG ikan baung betina berkisar 1,8-14.3% sedangkan ikan baung 1,3-3,9%. Ukuran pertama kali (Lm) ikan yang matang gonad untuk baung jantan (232 mm) dan betina (332 mm). Rata-rata fekunditas ikan baung berjumlah 47.882+13.624 dengan pola pemijahannya adalah serempak.Baung (Hemibagrus nemurus) is one of the economically important fish species in Indonesiainland water, especially Ogan Ilir district. These fish have an important economic value as fish consumption. In 2004,production of baung in South Sumatra amount 1684.6 tons decreased to 899.5 tons in 2005. The aim of this research was to determine some aspects of reproductiveof green catfish in floodplain. The research location in a Lubuk Lampam floodplain Ogan Ogan Ilir South Sumatra began in November 2012-November 2013. Fish samples were collected by experimental fishing such gill nets, pole and line, traps. Data analysis includes sex ratio, level maturity, gonado somatic index, first maturity, reproductive potential and reproductive patterns. Green catfish samples have totally 384 specimen consist ofmales and females, 118 and 266 specimen, respectively. The results showed sex ratio of the male and female of green catfish was 0.44: 1, which shows the sex ratio isunbalanced. Gonado somatic index value of green catfish female ranged 1.8-14.3%while male was 1.3-3.9%. The size at the first maturity of the male and female of green catfish was 232 and 332 mm, repectively. Thefecundity average of green catfish range 47.882 + 13.624 and the spawning pattern of green catfish was classified into total spawner.
DAMPAK PEMUTIHAN KARANG TERHADAP EKOSISTEM TERUMBU KARANG PADA TAHUN 2010 DI PERAIRAN UTARA ACEH Muttaqin, Efin; Kamal, Mohammad Mukhlis; Hariyadi, Sigid; Pardede, Shinta; Tarigan, Sukmaraharja; Campbell, Stuart J
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 5, No 1 (2014): MEI 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.5.15-21

Abstract

Bulan April-Mei 2010 Perairan Andaman termasuk perairan Aceh mengalami kenaikan suhu permukaan air laut yang drastis. Kenaikan suhu permukaan air laut tersebut telah menyebabkan pemutihan karang di beberapa tempat di dunia, termasuk perairan utara Aceh. Survei pemutihan karang telah dilakukan untuk mengukur dampak pemutihan karang terhadap ekosistem terumbu karang yang meliputi, index pemutihan karang, tutupan karang keras dan kelimpahan ikan karang. Hasil survey menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari 35% karang keras yang memutih mengalami kematian. Genera karang yang mengalami tingkat kematian yang sangat besar adalah karang keras dari Genera Acropora dan Pocillopora. Pemutihan karang yang disertai dengan tingkat kematian karang yang tinggi telah menyebabkan penurunan tutupan karang keras di Perairan Utara Aceh secara signifikan bahkan di beberapa tempat tutupan karang dari Genera Acropora mengalami kematian sebesar 100%. Selain berdampak kepada penurunan tutupan karang keras, pemutihan karang pada tahun 2010 juga berdampak pada penurunan kelimpahan ikan karang terutama ikan karang pemakan polip karang (Corallivore) yang mengalami penurunan kelimpahan secara signifikan antara tahun 2009 dengan 2011 dan 2013. Data tersebut bisa disimpulkan bahwa, pemutihan karang pada tahun 2010 di Perairan Utara Aceh merupakan peristiwa yang paling parah yang pernah dilaporkan di Indonesia khususnya di Utara Aceh.