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KAJIAN POTENSI HUTAN MANGROVE PARIT BELIDA DAN PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR EKOSISTEM Kahar, Adi Pasah
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Seminar Nasional XI Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

Abstract - This research is conducted because of the limited information of mangrove forest in Parit Belida and the damage caused by the lack of society awarness. Based on the preliminary research, those are due to the irrelevant prior knowledge  and information transfer. Mangrove forest in Parit Belida provides facts on the ground and biological object materials which are relevant with the topic of ecosystem. It has various plants and animals with special morphology, various types of adaptation, and the physical characteristics of the mangrove forest itself.  However those can not be directly applied to the learning process. It needs to be processed into functional materials which allows the students to understand the concept of the fact presented in the teaching materials. The R&D method was used to obtain teaching material  initiated with preliminary study, composing draft, development, validation and program implementation. As Curriculum 2013 said that teaching learning process should develop character education and scientific approach for students, the concept and the attitude of the students towards the awarness of mangrove forests can be improved by involving them actively and innovatively. The development of teaching materials based on the facts and potency of local mangrove forest could create the conservation characteristic of students Keywords : mangrove forest in Parit Belida, teaching material, conservation characteristic
PENERAPAN BAHAN AJAR EKOSISTEM MANGROVE BERBASIS POTENSI LOKAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SIKAP PEDULI LINGKUNGAN SISWA Kahar, Adi Pasah
DIDAKTIKA BIOLOGI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Biologi Vol 2, No 1 (2018): DIDAKTIKA BIOLOGI
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan sikap peduli lingkungan menggunakan bahan ajar berbasis potensi lokal berupa ekosistem. Penelitian menggunakan metode kuasi eksperimen dengan 1 kelompok pretest dan posttest. Sampel penelitian adalah sebanyak 100 siswa kelas X SMA dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling, terdiri atas 36 siswa SMAN 1 Sambas, 32 siswa SMAN 3 Bengkayang dan 32 siswa SMA Bawari Kota Pontianak. Data yang diperoleh berupa data kualitatif (wawancara dan observasi) dan data kuantitatif (angket sikap peduli lingkungan dengan menggunakan skala Likert). Peningkatan sikap peduli lingkungan siswa dilihat dari nilai N-Gain yang diperoleh melalui nilai skala sikap sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan bahan ajar ekosistem. Hasil perhitungan N-Gain (0,32) termasuk kategori sedang. Kesimpulan hasil penelitian bahwa penerapan bahan ajar ekosistem mangrove berbasis potensi lokal dapat meningkatkan sikap peduli lingkungan siswa. The aim of this research was to improve the environmental awareness attitude using teaching materials based on the local potential of ecosystem. This research was conducted by using the experimental quasi method with one group pretest-posttest experimental design. Sample of this research was 100 students of class X senior high school (SMA) using purposive sampling technique, and consisted of 36 students of SMAN 1 Sambas, 32 students of SMAN 3 Bengkayang and 32 students of Bawari Pontianak. The obtained data were qualitative data (interview and observation) and quantitative data (questionnaire about environmental awareness attitude by using Likert scale). The improvement of students environmental awareness attitude was known from the N-Gain values obtained through the attitude scale values before and after using the ecosystem teaching materials. The result of N-Gain calculation (0.32) was medium category. The conclusion of this research was the teaching materials based on local potency can improve students’ environmental awareness attitude.
ANALISIS LITERASI DIGITAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI MELALUI PROYEK VIDEO AMATIR BERBASIS POTENSI LOKAL PADA MATA KULIAH EKOLOGI TUMBUHAN Kahar, Adi Pasah
Pedagogi Hayati Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Pedagogi Hayati Jurnal ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi : Literasi dan kearifan Lokal d
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji

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Abstract

The purpose of this study to know the degree of digital literacy of the students teacher towards video project based on local potency in West Borneo. This study uses descriptive qualitative methods. The subjects of the study was taken by using systematic sampling technic. The technic of collecting data uses the indirect communication, observation, and direct communication. Collecting data uses observation sheet, and dialogue sheet. The technic of data analysis uses descriptive statistical analysis. The result of the study shows that the degree of the digital literacy of the students is high. It means that the students can use computer (71%) and the ability to use internet (63%). The degree of the digital literacy of the students is moderate. It means that the percentage of the students who can use internet to find biology information only (61%), the percentage of reading biology books via internet only (58%), and to spread and to criticize biological information (58%). The degree of digital literacy is regarded low. This can be seen from having social net to inform about biology (8%) and to distinguish the sources eithen valid or invalid (8%), the ability to find information about biology (3%), and the ability to produce media to spread information of biology (5%). Based on the result get, can be concluded that the degree of digital literacy of students are medium level.  
Morphology and Anatomy Characteristic of Pisang Awak (Musa paradisiaca cv. Awak) in West Kalimantan Sunandar, Ari; Kahar, Adi Pasah
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.11258

Abstract

Indonesia is the origin and center of diversity of banana. One of an edible banana in Indonesia is Pisang Awak (Musa paradisiaca cv. Awak ). In West Kalimantan, the ripe Pisang Awak has been processed into sale (dried banana). The aims of this research were to describe the morphological and anatomical character of Pisang Awak in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. In this study, Pisang Awak were collected from Padang Tikar I village, Batu Ampar Sub-district, Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan. Morphological characterizations were conducted by following the instruction on Descriptors for Banana (Musa spp.) from IPGRI. The root, leaf blade, and petiole were fixed in FAA solution. Root, leaf, and petiole anatomy preparats were made by paraffin method. The lamina of Pisang Awak consisted of adaxial epidermis, two hypodermis layers, two palisade layers, spongy layer, bundle sheath cell, abaxial epidermis, laticifer. The petiole of Pisang Awak composed of three tissue systems, i.e., epidermis layer, parenchyma tissue and vascular tissue. The root of Pisang Awak consists of two epidermis layers, parenchyma and vascular cylinder. In the future, morphological and anatomical character in Pisang Awak could be applied as the basis of information for breeding programs of banana cultivars and classification.
Pemanfaatan Potensi Lokal Sebagai Pondasi Konstruktivisme Guru Biologi Kabupaten Kubu Raya Mewujudkan Learning Biology Problem Orientation Kahar, Adi Pasah; Damayanti, Kiki
Al-Khidmah Vol 1, No 1 (2018): AL-KHIDMAH (Agustus)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.678 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/al-khidmah.v1i1.1001

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The Community service program conducted at Biology Lesson Group Dicussion Kubu Raya aimed to enhance teachers use local potency in their environment especially in their school for learning biology problem orientation. In lerning process at class, teachers always use media or textbook from publishers and less constructivism for their students. Therefore it was required to give a training for teachers to improve their skills and knowledge about use local potency for the learning process based on constructivism for learning biology problem orientation. This program had been followed by 21 teachers. The method used focus group discussion, lecturing, discussing, demonstrating, eksploration, and presenting the teacher’s task in lesson plan for biology learning process use local potency in their environment. This community service program gave the positive impact for the teachers because the results showed that they had new knowledge and skills to make a learning biology problem orientation based on constructivism use local potency.
KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN ANATOMI PISANG DIPLOID DAN TRIPLOID Sunandar, Ari; Kahar, Adi Pasah
Scripta Biologica Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1327.229 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.sb.2018.5.1.718

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Indonesia is the center of origin of bananas, and also the center of diversity with approximately more than 325 banana cultivars were found in Indonesia. The anatomical feature is essential as a basis for classification as well as the morphological feature. This research aimed to describe the morphological and anatomical characteristics of diploid Musa balbisiana and triploid Musa paradisiaca 'Kepok' bananas. Morphological characterizations were conducted according to the IPGRI descriptors for bananas (Musa spp.). Musa paradisiaca 'Kepok' was collected from Pontianak West Kalimantan and Musa balbisiana was collected from Nipah Panjang village Kubu Raya district West Kalimantan. The root, petiole, and leaf were dissected from banana samples for anatomical preparation. The microscope slide was prepared using paraffin method, stained with 1% safranine and 1% alcian blue. The anatomical characteristics of root and petiole of diploid Musa balbisiana and triploid Musa paradisiaca 'Kepok' were considerably similar. The difference between diploid and triploid banana leaf anatomy was the number of hypodermal layers. These sort of anatomical characterization could be applied as a reference for banana cultivars breeding.
MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SAVI BERBANTU MACROMEDIA FLASH BERBASIS LESSON STUDY TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 7 SUNGAI RAYA ., Rimalastari; Kurniawan, Arif Didik; Kahar, Adi Pasah
JURNAL BIOEDUCATION Vol 4, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOEDUCATION
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.8 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/525

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ABSTRAKModel pembelajaran yang digunakan guru biologi selama ini adalah model konvensional dengan metode ceramah.Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahuiperbedaan dan pengaruh model pembelajaran SAVI berbantu macromediaflash berbasis lesson study terhadap motivasi belajar siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 7 Sungai Raya. Bentuk penelitian yang digunakan adalah Quasy Exsperimental Design dengan rancanganNonequivalent Control Group Design.Penentuan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil uji-t data signifikansi yaitu 0,034 < 0,05menunjukan terdapat perbedaan motivasi belajar siswa yang diajar menggunakan model pembelajaran SAVI berbantu macromedia flash dengan siswa yang diajar menggunakan metode ceramah berbantuan macromediaflash. Berdasarkan perhitungan Effect Size, model pembelajaran SAVIberbantu  macromedia flash berbasis lesson study terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA pada materi rangka dan otot memberikan kontribusi terhadap persentasi peningkatan motivasi belajar sebesar 79,4 %. Hal ini menunjukan model pembelajaraan SAVI berbantu macromedia flashberbasis lesson study terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran IPA siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 7 Sungai Rayadengan nilai Effect Size (ES) 1,9  (kategori tinggi).Kata Kunci: SAVI, macromedia flash, lesson study, motivasi belajar. ABSTRACTBiology teacher still used conventional model and method in learning process.The aims of this research to difference and determined the effect of SAVIteaching modelassisted by MacromediaFlash-based lesson study on eighth grade of SMP (junior high school) N 7 Sungai Raya students motivation to learn.The research design used experiment design with nonequivalent control group design. Sampledetermination used purposive sampling technique. T-test results of significance is 0,034 < 0,05 showed that there were differences ofstudents' learning motivation that taught by using SAVIteaching model assisted by macromedia flash with the students taught by using lecturing method assisted macromedia flash.Based on the calculation of effect size, SAVI teaching model assisted by Macromedia Flash-based lesson study on the students’ learning motivationin science subjects onskeletonand muscles material; it had contributed to increase the percentage of the students’ learning motivation which was79.4%. It indicated that SAVI- learning method assisted by Macromedia Flash-based lesson study onstudents learning motivation of in science subjects for eighth grade students of SMP N 7 Sungai Raya with the value of the effect size (ES) 1.9 (high category).Key words: SAVI, Macromedia Flash, Lesson Study, Learning Motivation  
ANALISIS PENGETAHUAN AWAL CALON GURU BIOLOGI TERHADAP POTENSI LOKAL EKOSISTEM MANGROVE KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA Kahar, Adi Pasah; Yuniarti, Yuniarti
JURNAL BIOEDUCATION Vol 6, No 1 (2019): JURNAL BIOEDUCATION
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (768.575 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/bio.v6i1.1413

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru biologi terhadap potensi lokal ekosistem mangrove. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analisis deskriptif. Data uji pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru disajikan dalam bentuk persentase untuk mengetahui tingkat pemahaman konsep secara keseluruhan. Uji pengetahuan awal tentang hutan mangrove berupa soal yang berbentuk pilihan ganda berjumlah 5 soal dengan tiga tingkatan, yaitu pertanyaan dan pilihan, alasan, dan tingkat keyakinan. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa semester 5 Pendidikan Biologi berjumlah 23 Orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan seluruh mahasiswa mengalami miskonsepsi pada tiap soal dengan persentase yang berbeda-beda, miskonsepsi paling besar terjadi pada pertanyaan terkait unsur paling penting dalam kehidupan mangrove sebesar 39% dan paling kecil pada pertanyaan terkait definisi hutan mangrove sebesar 13%. Dibutuhkan proses pembelajaran terkait potensi lokal untuk meminimalisir miskonsepsi pada mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Kata kunci: Mangove, Pengetahuan Awal, Potensi Lokal
EFEKTIVITAS BUKU TIGA DIMENSI PADA SUB MATERI KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS DI KELAS X SMA Kahar, Adi Pasah
JURNAL BIOEDUCATION Vol 3, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOEDUCATION
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.647 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/189

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat efektivitas buku tiga dimensi melalui pemanfaatan hasil penelitian analisis fitoplankton di Parit Belida, Kabupaten Kubu Raya berdasarkan hasil penilaian 14 orang guru biologi di Kota Pontianak. Hasil validasi pakar pembelajaran Biologi, buku dinyatakan layak, untuk selanjutnya digunakan dalam pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan buku tiga dimensi sangat efektif atau 85,64% dan semua guru menyatakan tertarik menggunakan buku tiga dimensi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa buku tiga dimensi sangat efektif digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran pada sub materi keanekaragaman jenis di kelas X SMA.Kata Kunci : Buku Tiga Dimensi, Media Pembelajaran, Efektivitas
PENGEMBANGAN PETUNJUK PRAKTIKUM BIOLOGI BERBASIS INKUIRI TERBIMBING PADA MATERI SISTEM PENCERNAAN ., Mislia; Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Kahar, Adi Pasah
JURNAL BIOEDUCATION Vol 4, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOEDUCATION
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.267 KB) | DOI: 10.29406/516

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ABSTRAK Tidak adanya buku petunjuk praktikum yang jelas dapat menyulitkan siswa dalam pelaksanaan praktikum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan petunjuk praktikum biologi berbasis inkuiri terbimbing pada materi sistem pencernaan kelas XI SMA Negeri 5 Pontianak yang dapat digunakan sebagai bahan ajar praktikum. Model pengembangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah model pengembangan 4-D yang dimodifikasi meliputi tahap pendefiinisian (Define), perancangan (Design), dan pengembangan (Develop). Berdasarkan penilaian para ahli, nilai kevalidan hasil validasi ahli materi sebesar 3,87 artinya memenuhi kriteria kevalidan, ahli tampilan sebesar 4 memenuhi ktiteria kevalidan, dan ahli bahasa sebesar 3,6 kriteria valid sehingga petunjuk praktikum layak untuk digunakan. Nilai kepraktisan berdasarkan penilaian angket respon yang diberikan kepada siswa sebesar 82,291% pada uji coba awal dan pada uji coba utama respon yang diberikan oleh siswa sebesar 85,18% sehingga memberikan respon positif terhadap penggunaan petunjuk praktikum yang telah direvisi pada kegiatan praktikum biologi materi sistem pencernaan. Nilai keefektifan berdasarkan perbedaan nilai pretest dan posttest pada saat uji coba utama, 0,61 dengan kategori sedang.Kata Kunci: Inkuiri Terbimbing, Petunjuk Praktikum, Sistem Pencernaan ABSTRACTThe unavalability of the standardized lab instruction leads to the students’ problem in conducting lab activities. This study aimed at developing the guided- inquiry laboratory instruction in ‘Digestive System’ class at XI grade class of SMA Negeri 5 Pontianak. The development model used in this study was 4D model (Define, Design, Develop). The results of the validation experts (content, language, appereance) showed that the material /the content score was 3,87 which means that the product was valid, the material appereance was 4 (valid), and the language use was 3,6 (valid). Therefore, the lab instruction was considered proper to be used. The result of the questionnaire revealed that the respondents gave positive response to the validated product. It can be seen from the practicality score at the first (82,291%) and the second try out (85,18%). Similarly,the effectiveness score based on the main try out of pre and post tests was 0,61 (average category).Keywords: guided inquiry, lab instruction/manual, digestive system