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PENGARUH PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH (PAD), DANA ALOKASI UMUM (DAU), DANA ALOKASI KHUSUS (DAK) TERHADAP TINGKAT KEMANDIRIAN DAERAH PADA PEMERINTAH DAERAH KABUPATEN KOTA DI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH Kustianingsih, Nurafni; Muslimin, Muslimin; Kahar, Abdul
Katalogis Vol 6, No 6 (2018)
Publisher : Katalogis

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Abstract

This study aims to determinate and analyze simultanoes and partia influeence of local revenues, general allocation funds, and special allocation funds on districts/towns independency level in central sulawesi province. Sample consist of 11 district/towns in Central Sulawesi Province that selected through purposive sampling method. Method of study in descriptive verificative and analyzed with multiple liner regressions. The result shows that local revenues, general allocation fund simultaneously have significant and positive influence on district/towns independency level in Central Sulawesi Province; partialy, local revenues has significant and positive influence on districts/towns independency level in Central Sulawesi Province; partially, general allocation funds and special allocaqtion funds have significant and negative influence on district/towns independency level in Central Sulawesi Province.
ANALISIS PELAKSANAAN BANTUAN SOSIAL PADA PENYANDANG MASALAH KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL (PMKS) DI KABUPATEN SIGI Machfudz, Machfudz; Palampanga, Anhulaila M.; Kahar, Abdul
Katalogis Vol 6, No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Katalogis

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The study focuses on analyzing the implementationof social assistance in the social assistance agency/board and its benefits to people with social welfare problems (PMKS) in Sigi District. Type of study is qualitative. Data collecting method includes interview, observations, and conclusion. The implementation of social assistance during 2015-2016 equals to Rp. 4. 474. 426. 700. Social assistance by Social Agency to handle 8 PMKS equals to Rp. 1. 624. 926. 700 or 36%. While the implementatin of social assistance is more in The Agency of Financial and Regional Asset, they only handle 3 PMKS worth Rp. 2.849.500.000 or 64%. There is a budget difference of Rp. 1.224.573.300. On the other hand, these institutions own different assignments in social welfare as stated in Law No. 11/2009 about social welfare. Of a total of Rp. 2.177.879.600 the amount of funds used for social assistance in Sigi in 2015-2016 only Rp. 1. 871. 379. 600 or 86% perceived benefits in the form of goods, while Rp. 300. 500. 000 or 14% in the form of money. Although the implementation of the social assistance in Sigi District is not as much as the funds in the Agency of Financial and Regional Asset, the social assistance budget ini Sigi is more beneficial for the PMKS.
KRITIK BERBASIS TEORI DINAMIKA SPIRAL ATAS TIPOLOGI KONSEP SISTEM PENGENDALIAN MANAJEMEN Kahar, Abdul; Paranoan, Selmita
Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Jurusan Akuntansi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstrak: Kritik Berbasis Teori Dinamika Spiral atas Tipologi Konsep Sistem Pengendalian Manajemen. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkonstruksi sebuah model tipologi sistem pengendalian manajemen. Paradigma post-positivistik digunakan untuk mendapatkan pemahaman sistem pengendalian pada perusahaan PT Hadji Kalla. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi adaptasi, internalisasi, dan konvergensi nilai-nilai antara nilai-nilai Hadji Kalla dan Toyota. Nilai-nilai kearifan lokal suku Bugis-Makassar seperti: sipakatau, Getteng, mappakalabbi’, assamaturu, sipatuo-sipatokkong dapat ditemui pada PT Hadji Kalla, sementara nilai-nilai kearifan bangsa Jepang seperti: kaizen, jidoka, heijunka, hoshin, genchi gembutsi dapat diidentifikasi pada Toyota. Internalisasi nilai-nilai kearifan siri na pesse ke dalam konsep pengendalian manajemen merupakan konstruksi model sistem pengendalian manajemen holistik.Abstract: Spiral Dynamics Theory-Based Criticism Typology Management Control Systems Concepts. This study aims to construct a typology model of management control systems. Post-positivism paradigm was used to find the meaning of management control system on PT Hadji Kalla (HK). The result shows the adaptation, internalization, and convergence between HK’s and Toyota’s values in the practices. The values of local Bugis-Makassar wisdom such as sipakatau, Getteng, mappakalabbi, assamaturu, sipatuo-sipatokkong can be found in the HK’s values, while the Japanese’s wisdom like: kaizen, jidoka, heijunka, hoshin, genchi gembutsi can be identified as Toyota’s. Internalizing the values of siri na pesse wisdom into the management control system concept become a holistic management control system construction.
PENGARUH PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH DAN DANA PERIMBANGAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI PADA KABUPATEN/KOTA DI SULAWESI TENGAH Fauzan, Muhammad; Amir, Andi Mattulada; Kahar, Abdul
Katalogis Vol 6, No 6 (2018)
Publisher : Katalogis

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The Research aims to test and analyze simultaneous and partial influences of local revenue and equalization funds on the economic growth in regencies/cities in Central Sulawesi. Population consist of 13 regencies/cities in Central Sulawesi. By using purposive sampling method, there are 11regencies/cities that meet the requirements the study. Data used is secondary data that ranges 4 year period from 2012-2015. Research method is descriptive with verificative approach. Analysis tool is multiple regression analysis. The study finds that local revenue, equalization funds, and economic growth in regencies/cities in Central Sulawesi show positive increases from year to year. Regression analysis shows that local revenue and equalization funds simultaneously have positive and significant influence on the regencies/cities in Central Sulawesi; local revenue has positive and significant on regencies/cities economic growth, while equalization funds has positive but insignificant influence on regencies/cities economic growth in Central Sulawesi.
Dinamika Etnis Dalam Proses Politik Lokal Daerah (Studi Kasus Pemilihan Bupati dan Wakil Bupati Kabupaten Toli-Toli Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah Tahun 2010) Kahar, Abdul; Qodir, Zuly
Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 2, No 3: October 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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This study aims to explain the Bugis ethnic considerations in the Legislative Elections of 2014 in Toli-Toli. This studyused qualitative methods (qualitative research) and in-depth interviews (deep interview) to the resource persons whoare considered able to answer related to problems that intended by the author. based on the data captured, it can beconcluded that the instrumentation of local identities such as ethnicity plays an important role in determining thecandidates to be selected. It has become a phenomenon of the present era, but in this study, the author presents dataon the ethnic Bugis ethnic immigrants in Toli-Toli, but the procession of legislative elections, ethnic Bugis is able toshow its existence. On behalf of the social and economic similarities, the election of the candidate of the group into themajor. Human Resources should be the guarantee of someone who was worthy to be their representative in thelegislature become a factor not taken into account by people of ethnic Bugis ethnic krena only see the similarity ofidentity. As for the recommendation of the author that the local government as the supreme authority needs tosocialize through social activities which contains items essential to living together in the frame of unity without distinguishingone another, as well as community leaders of ethnic Bugis as people in by society should regardless ofkeberpihakannya, in that it has always adhered to a single diversity diversity.
Pengaruh pH Terhadap BOD, TSS, Dan VFA Pada Pengolahan LindiDalam Bioreaktor Anaerobik Kahar, Abdul; Martaningtyas, Megahapsari; widiarti, Budi nining; Meicahayanti, ika
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan" 2017: PROSIDING SNTKK
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan"

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Abstract

Leachate is a liquid waste resulted from physical, biological and chemical decomposition of landfill waste. Leachate contains complex dissolved organic and anorganic substrate which are biodegradable and nonbiodegradable.Anaerobictreatmentprincipallyutilizesanaerobicbacteriainordertodegradethedissolvedorganicsubstance. Anaerobic treatment is very sensitive towards the substrate cocentration and pH. The objective of this research is to decide the pH effect on the BOD, TSS and VFA at leachate treatment in anaerobic bioreactor. This research used anaerobic bioreactor with the volume of 160 L. Anaerobic treatment carried out for 21 days, at pH ambient, 7.2 and 8.0. Microorganisms used comes from cow rumen and leachate with a ratio of 1:3 and filtered to take the extract. Collecting data and BOD, TSS and VFA analysis were done every two days. The results showed that the pH effect to the decrease BOD, TSS, and VFA at leachate treatment in anaerobic bioreactor. Anaerobic bioreactor performance optimum at pH 7.2, with the reduction of BOD and TSS was 80.29% and 74.08% respectively,andthe range of VFA productionwas 91.15-185.25 mg/L.  
PENAMBAHAN TANDAN KOSONG KELAPA SAWIT UNTUK MENINGATKAN PRODUKSI BIOGAS PADA PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH SECARA ANAEROBIK Kahar, Abdul; Aisya, Ira; Sari, Waya Wulan
Purifikasi Vol 14 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v14.i1.5

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh penambahan tandan kosong kelapa sawit pada reaktor anaerobik terhadap produksi biogas limbah cair kelapa sawit. Bahan penelitian berupa limbah cair kelapa sawit, kotoran sapi dan variasi penambahan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (TKKS) 1%, 3% dan 5% dengan 2 kali ulangan dan waktu fermentasi selama 70 hari. Percobaan dilakukan dengan sistem batch dalam reaktor anaerobic, pada temperatur psychrophilic (27°C) dan temperatur. Mesophilic (37°C) dan kapasitas reaktor adalah 300 mL, dengan  volume campuran sebanyak 210 mL yang berisi: a) LCKS, dan b) LCKS dengan tambahan kotoran sapi dengan rasio 1:2 (v/v). Reaktor anaerobik terhubung ke penampung untuk menghitung produksi biogas, yang diamati setiap hari selama 50 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi biogas tertinggi adalah pada limbah cair kelapa sawit, kotoran sapi, TKKS 5% sebesar 872,5 mL. Penambahan TKKS memberikan pengaruh terhadap produksi biogas limbah cair kelapa sawit pada hari ke 1-24. Penambahan TKKS yang optimal yaitu pada penambahan TKKS 5 %. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan produksi biogas pada temperatur mesophilic lebih besar daripada produksi biogas pada temperatur psychrophilic. The objective of research is to know the effect of empty fruit bunches in anaerobic reactor of palm oil mill effluent (POME) of biogas production. Research materials are this form of palm oil mill effluent, cows manure with a variation of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) addition of 1%, 3% and 5% with two replications and 70 days fermentation. The experiment was conducted in a batch system with the anaerobic reactor. It was conduct, at  temperature psychrophilic (27°C) dan temperature mesophilic (37°C), with reactor capacity is 300 mL, and the volume of mixture is 210 mL which is contains: a) POME  and b) POME with additional cow manure with the ratio of 1:2 (v/v). Anaerobic reactor was connected to the collector to calculate production of biogas. It was observed in every day during 50 days. The results showed that biogas production is highest in palm oil mill effluent, cow manure, EFB 5% is 872.5 mL. The addition of EFB give effect of palm oil mill effluent biobiogas production on days 1-24. The addition of empty fruit bunches which are optimal in the addition of 5 %. The results showed the biogas production at temperature mesophilic more hight than temperature psychrophilic.
PENGARUH ASSESMEN PORTOFOLIO DAN USIA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN KEAKSARAAN BAGI WARGA BELAJAR KEAKSARAAN FUNGSIONAL Kahar, Abdul
Jurnal Ilmiah Visi Vol 5 No 2 (2010): VISI PTK-PNF
Publisher : Direktorat Pembinaan Guru dan Tenaga Kependidikan, Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Masyarakat bekerjasama dengan Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21009/JIV.0502.4

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The objective of the research is to know the differences in reading and writing achievement between non-formal participants with conventional evaluation and those with portfolio evaluation treatment and between those of 15 years age or under and those of above 15 years age or above, and the interaction type of evaluation and age variable. The design of this research used Factorial Experiment 2X2. Research population covered all of those who learnt at Community Learning Activities Center in Makassar. Eighty respondents were selected by multi stage random sampling. Data on reading and writing learning achievement were obtained using a test and analyzed using descriptive statistic analysis and inferential analysis with Multivariate Analysis of Variants (two-way MANOVA). The research conducted in 2005 indicates that there are significant differences in reading and writing achievement between non-formal participants with conventional evaluation and those with portfolio evaluation treatment and between those of 15 years age or under and those of above 15 years age or above. These findings imply that in implementing functional literacy program, the application of different evaluation models to different age group need to be considered.
PENDIDIKAN IBADAH MUHAMMAD HASBI ASH- SHIDDIEQY Kahar, Abdul
TAWAZUN: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Vol 12, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Islam,Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (262.571 KB) | DOI: 10.32832/tawazun.v12i1.1902

Abstract

This research is focused on Muhammad Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy’s Thinking of Religious Education. Specifically in religious education resources, purpose, curriculum, method, evaluation, its relevance to Islamic education, these cases is an effort to find how is religious education concept in Islamic education contexts. To get the data, the writer used library research that founded sources of data from various readings either primer or secondary data. After researching data then it analyzed by using data analysis method (content analysis or istimbathiyah) to describe the real communication content objectively, systematically and quantitatively in getting resources of primer and secondary sources. The result of this research will find very ideal concept formulation, which has relation with religious education according to Muhammad Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy. The characteristic of this thinking will be appear well from various aspects such as; cognitive, affective, and piskomotoric. He said that religious education is an effort in giving awareness to human beings so that to obey in Allah. While the aim of religious education is to be ‘abid (Allah people) that obey him. In religious curriculum, he devided two kinds of religious, they are; mahdah and ghairu mahdah also there are two methods namely targhib and tarhib and the religious education is the last valuation of a human being, he changed or not his moral is very determined in doing worship, that is all depend on belonging knowledge and it will get in Islamic education. AbstrakFokus penelitian ini adalah pemikiran pendidikan Muhammad Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy mengenai landasan pendidikan ibadah, tujuan, kurikulum, metode, evaluasi dan relevansinya terhadap pendidikan Islam. Hal ini sebagai usaha untuk melihat bagaimana konsep pendidikan ibadah dalam konteks pendidikan Islam. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam mencari data pada penelitian ini adalah studi riset kepustakaan (library research) dengan tahapan pokok yang menelusuri sumber-sumber data dari berbagai bacaan baik yang bersifat primer maupun yang bersifat skunder. Setelah penelusuran data dilakukan, maka akan dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode analisis data (content analysis atau istimbathiyah), berupa pelukisan isi komunikasi yang nyata secara objektif, sistematik dan kualitatif terhadap bahan yang didapati dari sumber data primer dan skunder. Hasil penelitian ini akan menemukan formulasi konsep yang sangat ideal terkait dengan pendidikan ibadah menurut seorang ulama fiqh seperti Muhammad Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy. Karakteristik pemikiran ini akan terlihat baik dari segi kognitif, afektif, maupun psikomotorik. Muhammad Hasbi Ash Siddieqy mengatakan, pendidikan ibadah merupakan usah memberi kesadaran kepada manusia untuk taat kepada Allah. Sedangkan tujuan pendidikan ibadah adalah untuk menjadi ‘abid (hamba Allah) yang taat. Dalam kurikulum ibadah Hasbi membagi dua macam yaitu ibadah mahdah dan ghairu mahdah, metode juga Hasbi membentuk dua metode yaitu metode targhib dan tarhib adapun evaluasi ibadah merupakan penilaian akhir seorang hamba berubah atau tidaknya itu sangat ditentukan oleh ibadah yang dilakukan. Tentu semua itu juga tergantung ilmu yang dimiliki, dan ilmu akan didapatkan dalam pendidikan Islam.
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE-pH ON LIQUID PHASE MASS TRANSFER AND DIFFUSION COEFFICIENTS AT LEACHATE TREATMENT IN ANAEROBIC BIOREACTOR Kahar, Abdul; Warmadewanthi, IDAA; Hermana, Joni
Konversi Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Oktober 2018
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/k.v7i2.6501

Abstract

Abstract - Leachate contains complex dissolved organic and inorganic substrates that are biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Principally, anaerobic treatment utilizes anaerobic bacteria to degrade the dissolved organic matters. Anaerobic treatment is very sensitive towards the change of temperature and pH. This research used an anaerobic bioreactor with volume of 160L, with a ratio of leachate:biogas was 70:30. Seeding, acclimatization and leachate treatment were executed at temperature 35°C; pH ambient, temperature 45°C; pH ambient, temperature 35°C; pH 7.2 and temperature 45°C; pH 8.0. Based on this research, that there is dependency on mass of solutes organic substrate (COD) in the leachate, at all operating conditions of leachate treatment in anaerobic bioreactor. Hence, the organic substrate concentration (COD) will affect the VFA, the liquid phase mass transfer and diffusion of solute organic. Consequently, the higher the temperature-pH, the higher the liquid-phase mass transfer, but lower diffusion coefficients is. Keywords: anaerobic bioreactor, diffusion, leachate, liquid-phase mass transfer