Juniastuti Juniastuti
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine/Airlangga University, Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya.

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CORRELATION OF ROUTINE URINE CULTURE AND STONE CULTURE TO POST-OPERATIVE SIRS Indrawan, Taufik; Hardjowijoto, Sunaryo; Soebadi, Doddy M.; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Budiono, Budiono
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 21, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

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Abstract

Objective: This study evaluated the correlation between preoperative urine culture and intraoperative stone culture and the impact of stone culture findings on post-operative systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Material & Method:Patients with kidney stones who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) from February to May 2012 were prospectively analyzed. A pre-operative urine culture was obtained in the morning before the operation, fragmented stone collected were cultured in Departement of Microbiology. Patients were monitored closely in the postoperative period for signs of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Results:A total of 33 patients underwent PCNL and examined for urine cultures, stone culture and postoperative SIRS, 15 (45.45%) patients with positive urine culture, 18 patients (54.54%) with positive stone culture but only 1 patient (3.03%) had same pathogen (p = 0.629). Ten patients (55.6%) with positive stone cultures had evidence of systemic inflammatory respose syndrome postoperatively. The calculated stone culture value for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 100%, 65.2%, 55.6%, and 100%. Preoperative hydronephrosis (p = 0.003) and operative time (p = 0.001) are identified as the key risk factors for SIRS after PCNL.Conclusion: Positive stone culture are better predictors for SIRS after PCNL. Stone culture examination is an essential in directing the proper antibiotic therapyin patients with SIRS after PCNL.  Keywords: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), urine culture, stone culture, systemic inflammatory response syndrome after PCNL.
The Prevalence of Human Immunodefiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) Subtypes and Transmission Method among HIV/AIDS Infection Patient in Tulungagung, East Java Indonesia Ardianto, Achmad; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Witaningrum, Adiana Mutamsari; Qushay, M.; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rahayu, Retno Pudji; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Utomo, Budi; Lusida, Maria Inge; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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The rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. There are some factors which have influenced the spreading of this epidemic in Indonesia, such as the poor awareness to avoid unsafe free sex attitude and the sharing of needles and syringes among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The sexual transmission of HIV has also apparently increased in Tulungagung. Commercial sex workers play a significant role in the spread of HIV in Tulungagung. People in Tulungagung have worked at other countries as Indonesian migrants. This condition can cause the increase number of HIV-1 case and the possibility of genetic variation (subtype) HIV-1 in Tulungagung. This research is aimed to analyze the subtype and to determine estimation of transmission mode on infected patient of HIV-1 and AIDS who came to Seruni clinic Dr. Iskak hospital in Tulungagung. 40 HIV?AIDSpatients were interviewed to determine the subtype and the transmission mode. The results showed that 14 of 40 plasma samples (35%) were successfully to amplified and sequenced. OverallCRF01-AE wereidentified as predominant subtype among HIV/AIDS patients in Tulungagung. Based on individual information, 31 of 40 subjects (77%) were heterosexual transmission.
HEPATITIS B SEROLOGY PROFILES ON CHILDREN AGED 1–13 YEARS OLD IN SUMENEP, MADURA Putera, Edward M; Marcia, Dian; Firdarini, Itja; Amin, Mochamad; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Purwono, Priyo B; Utsumi, Takako; Lusida, Maria I
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which was acquired during perinatal or childhood would promote hepatocellular carcinoma with even higher percentage than that which was acquired during adult age. That is why HBV represents a serious public health threat for children. HBV vaccination has been integrated into national expanded programme on immunization (EPI) since 1997. The aimof they study is to investigate the prevalence of HBV among children who were born after 1997 in Sumenep. Material and Methods: a total of 102 children who were born after 1997 were enrolled in this study. All children were admitted in the Emergency Room and Pediatric Ward of dr. H. Moh Anwar General Hospital for some reasons. Written informed consents were obtained from parents/guardians of all the children. Study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committees. All of these cases were examined for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody to HBsAg (Anti-HBs), and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (Anti-HBc). Result and Discussion: Overall, 6 (5.88%) of 102 samples were positive for HBsAg, 51 (50.00%) of 102 samples were positive for anti-HBs, and 49 (48.04%) of 102 samples were positive for anti-HBc. All the children were born after 1997. Conclusion: HBsAg rate is still high even after universal vaccination program, acquired protective antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigen were sufficient, but there is a suspicion for occult hepatitis B infections (OBI). A further study to confirm OBI is needed.
HEPATITIS B SEROLOGY PROFILES ON CHILDREN AGED 1–13 YEARS OLD IN SUMENEP, MADURA Putera, Edward M; Marcia, Dian; Firdarini, Itja; Amin, Mochamad; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Purwono, Priyo B; Utsumi, Takako; Lusida, Maria I
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.893 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v3i2.202

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which was acquired during perinatal or childhood would promote hepatocellular carcinoma with even higher percentage than that which was acquired during adult age. That is why HBV represents a serious public health threat for children. HBV vaccination has been integrated into national expanded programme on immunization (EPI) since 1997. The aimof they study is to investigate the prevalence of HBV among children who were born after 1997 in Sumenep. Material and Methods: a total of 102 children who were born after 1997 were enrolled in this study. All children were admitted in the Emergency Room and Pediatric Ward of dr. H. Moh Anwar General Hospital for some reasons. Written informed consents were obtained from parents/guardians of all the children. Study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committees. All of these cases were examined for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody to HBsAg (Anti-HBs), and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (Anti-HBc). Result and Discussion: Overall, 6 (5.88%) of 102 samples were positive for HBsAg, 51 (50.00%) of 102 samples were positive for anti-HBs, and 49 (48.04%) of 102 samples were positive for anti-HBc. All the children were born after 1997. Conclusion: HBsAg rate is still high even after universal vaccination program, acquired protective antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigen were sufficient, but there is a suspicion for occult hepatitis B infections (OBI). A further study to confirm OBI is needed.
THE PREVALENCE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFIENCY VIRUS-1 (HIV-1) SUBTYPES AND TRANSMISSION METHOD AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTION PATIENT IN TULUNGAGUNG, EAST JAVA INDONESIA Ardianto, Achmad; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Witaningrum, Adiana Mutamsari; Qushay, M.; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rahayu, Retno Pudji; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Utomo, Budi; Lusida, Maria Inge; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.969 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i5.305

Abstract

The rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. There are some factors which have influenced the spreading of this epidemic in Indonesia, such as the poor awareness to avoid unsafe free sex attitude and the sharing of needles and syringes among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The sexual transmission of HIV has also apparently increased in Tulungagung. Commercial sex workers play a significant role in the spread of HIV in Tulungagung. People in Tulungagung have worked at other countries as Indonesian migrants. This condition can cause the increase number of HIV-1 case and the possibility of genetic variation (subtype) HIV-1 in Tulungagung. This research is aimed to analyze the subtype and to determine estimation of transmission mode on infected patient of HIV-1 and AIDS who came to Seruni clinic Dr. Iskak hospital in Tulungagung. 40 HIV?AIDSpatients were interviewed to determine the subtype and the transmission mode. The results showed that 14 of 40 plasma samples (35%) were successfully to amplified and sequenced. OverallCRF01-AE wereidentified as predominant subtype among HIV/AIDS patients in Tulungagung. Based on individual information, 31 of 40 subjects (77%) were heterosexual transmission.
High Prevalence of Occult Hepatitis B Infection (OBI) and its Molecular Characteristics among Pregnant Women in Surabaya, Indonesia MEILANI, MEILANI; UTSUMI, TAKAKO; JUNIASTUTI, JUNIASTUTI; AMIN, MOCHAMAD; SOETJIPTO, SOETJIPTO; HAYASHI, YOSHITAKE; LUSIDA, MARIA INGE
Microbiology Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2653.61 KB) | DOI: 10.5454/mi.10.1.1

Abstract

Perinatal transmission is the predominant mode of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission in countries where HBV infection is endemic. Newborns of HBV infected mothers have a high risk (up to 90%) of chronicity through perinatal transmission. HBsAg serology screening has been recommended to pregnant women, to prevent perinatal HBV infection. However, at present HBV DNA can be detected in serum with negative HBsAg (OBI - occult hepatitis B infection). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) in pregnant women in Surabaya, Indonesia and its virological characteristics. A total of 50 HBsAg-negative and anti-HBc-positive sera were tested for anti-HBs and HBeAg. HBV DNA was isolated from these samples, analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. HBV DNA was detected in 9 (18%) samples, based on part of the S gene sequence. HBV/B3-adw2 was found predominant in 7 (77.7%) samples, HBV/B9-ayw1 in 1 (11.1%) sample, and HBV/C7-adrq+ in 1 (11.1%) sample. Three samples had mutations (Q129H, T131N, M133S, T140I, T126I) in the ‘a’ determinant region, which may play a role in the undetectability of the virus by the common HBsAg detection kit. The prevalence of OBI in pregnant women from Surabaya is high, but still in line with the general population in Asia. Application of anti-HBc antibody or HBV DNA detection in screening would be very beneficial and prevent perinatal transmission from OBI pregnant women.
GENOTIPE DAN SUBTIPE VIRUS HEPATITIS B PENDERITA YANG TERINFEKSI KRONIK AKTIF Mastutik, Gondo; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rohman, Ali; Amin, Mochamad; Setiawan, Poernomo Boedi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL LABORATORY Vol 20, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : PERHIMPUNAN DOKTER SPESIALIS PATOLOGI KLINIK INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24293/ijcpml.v20i2.1077

Abstract

Chronic activivity of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection can lead to liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. The objective of thisstudy was to know by analyzing the distribution of HBV genotypes and subtypes from hepatitis B patients suffering from chronic activehepatitis B infection in Surabaya. The HBV genotypes were determined by comparing the S gene sequences to those kept in the GeneBank. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by means of the unweighted-pair group method using arithmetic averages. Furthermore,the subtypes were deduced based on the prediction of amino acid residues 116 to 183 of HBsAg on multiple sequences alignment withClustalW2. This study involved 20 sera obtained from patients suffering chronic active hepatitis B infection. After PCR and sequencing,it was found that 13 samples could be used for sequence analysis. The results showed that all sequences were clustered into HBV genotypeB. The subtype adw2 was identified from 12 of 13 sequences, whereas one (1) belonged to ayw1. The subtype adw2 is most prevalent inIndonesia, namely in the islands of Sumatra, Java, South Kalimantan, Bali, Lombok, Ternate, and Morotai, while ayw1 is found in theislands of Nusa Tenggara and Moluccas. Based on this study, it was found that the patients with HBV subtype adw2 were from Surabaya, whereas with ayw1 was from Nusa Tenggara. It can be concluded that the HBV infected patients with chronic active hepatitis B inSurabaya have the genotype B with subtype adw2 which was originally from Surabaya, whereas, ayw1 was a patient originally fromNusa Tenggara.
RAGAMAN GENETIK GEN POLIMERASE VIRUS HEPATITIS B PADA PASIEN HEPATITIS B KRONIK DENGAN PENGOBATAN TELBIVUDIN Mastutik, Gondo; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rohman, Ali; Amin, Mochamad; Setiawan, Poernomo Boedi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY AND MEDICAL LABORATORY Vol 21, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : PERHIMPUNAN DOKTER SPESIALIS PATOLOGI KLINIK INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24293/ijcpml.v21i2.1097

Abstract

Infection caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is still a major global health problem and can cause liver cirrhosis and hepatocellularcarcinoma as well. Telbivudine is one among the drugs used to treat the disease routinely. However, using this drug in a long term therapymight cause mutations in HBV polymerase gene that decreases the effectiveness of the therapy. Here with the researchers report the geneticvariations of the gene isolated from telbivudine-which is used treated chronic hepatitis B patients in Surabaya, Indonesia. The blood serawere collected at Dr. Soetomo hospital from 10 telbivudine-treated and 10 untreated chronic hepatitis B patients. The DNA viral wasisolated and purified from each serum. Sequence polymerase gene at nucleotides 455 to 796 was amplified by PCR, and then analyzedbio informatically to determine their mutation profile. This study revealed a point mutation in HBV25 sample at nucleotide A1525G thatgives rise to I509V modification. Such mutation is also observed in a sequence that is available in Gen Bank with an accession numberAY641562. Additionally, the researchers found point mutations A1554G, T1593C, and C1629T in HBV25 sample and a point mutationA1554G in HBV20 sample. However, these mutations are silent. To conclude, the mutation in HBV polymerase gene among telbivudinetreatedchronic hepatitis B patients in Surabaya is known as A1525G.