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Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Fisik Rumah dan Karakteristik Wilayah Sebagai Determinan Kejadian Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sentani Kabupaten Jayapura Provinsi Papua Christian Ayomi, Andreas; Setiani, Onny; Joko, Tri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

Background: Lung Tuberculosis is caused by pathogen bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and has infected a third of the world population. The incidence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in industrialized countries for the last 40 years indicates that prevalence rate is very small, whereas 95% of the sufferers in developing countries are approximately 8 million people. They are infected by Pulmonary Tuberculosis with 3 million of death rate per year. Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Indonesia according to WHO (1999 and 2004), is as many as 583,000 cases: 140,000 for death and 13/100.000 people are new patients. Papua province in 2007 has the number of new patients with smear Basil (BTA) (+) amounting 1535 patients, more than half of the patients are those who are between 15-45 years of age or equal to 933 cases. If such a condition continues, Papua Province will lose productive human resources. Methods: This research was aimed to determine risk factors of physical environment in housing and regional characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in the working area of Public Health Centre, Sentani, Jayapura Regency, Papua Province. Type of the study was an observational study with case control approach. Subjects of the research were 106 respondents, consisting of 53 cases and 53 controls. Statistical analysis was done by Chi-square test, the relationship of risk factors with the occurrence of tuberculosis (by using univariate and bivariate analysis), and then multivariate analysis with logistic regression test. Results: The result of bivariate analysis showed that there is a relationship between factors type of house (p = 0,031), natural lighting (p = 0.004), the existence among of direct sunlight (p = 0.020), house ventilation (p = 0.020), bedroom ventilation (p = 0.003),  humidity of bedroom (p = 0.000), temperature of bedroom (p = 0.000), house density  (0,004), and type of house floor (0.001), whereas the result of multivariate analysis shows that risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis is bedroom ventilation (OR = 16.949), temperature of bedroom (OR = 8.913), and type of house floor (OR = 4.575), and as protective factor is house ventilation (OR = 0.036). Conclusions: In this research, all of variables studied have significant relationships and 3 variables which are risk factors for the occurrence of tuberculosis, namely, bedroom ventilation, temperature of bedroom, and type of house floor.   Key words: Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Environmental Characteristics, Regional Characteristics.
Kondisi Dan Upaya Strategi Penanganan Sanitasi di Kota Batam Joko, Tri; Fikri, Elanda
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Latar Belakang : Seperti pada umumnya yang terjadi di kota-kota lainnya di Indonesia, masalah air limbah dan sanitasi di Kota Batam belum mendapat perhatian yang cukup memadai dari pemerintah kota. Pesatnya pertumbuhan ekonomi, yang diiringi dengan peningkatan jumlah penduduk dengan laju pertumbuhan penduduk 12%/tahun memberikan dampak positif maupun negatif terhadap kenyamanan lingkungan dan berakibat pada kawasan kumuh dan pencemaran, ditambah dengan karakteristik Kota Batam yang merupakan daerah dengan struktur tanah bauksit (sifat impermiabel), menyebabkan air limbah yang dibuang oleh warga batam ke drainase kota tidak dapat terurai dan terserap oleh tanah, sehingga akan menambah beban pencemaran air baku pada waduk. Implikasinya terjadi peningkatan kasus (water born disease) setiap tahunnya. Metode : Metode penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif yang dilakukan untuk mengetahui gambaran atau deskripsi tentang suatu keadaan secara objektif. Hasil : Dari hasil penelitian terdapat 3 Kecamatan yang menjadi area beresiko tinggi terhadap masalah sanitasi di Kota Batam, yaitu Kecamatan Batu aji, Lubuk Baja dan Bengkong. Strategi dalam penanganan masalah ini adalah Jangka pendek : meningkatkan PHBS di area beresiko tinggi, jangka menengah : mengupayakan untuk membangun IPLT di wilayah Kecamatan Batam Kota dan melakukan revitalisasi Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) Batam Center yang sebelumnya dialihfungsikan menjadi Instalasi Pengolahan Limbah Tinja (IPLT). Jangka Panjang : mengupayakan sistem perpipaan pada zona/kawasan yang mencemari waduk. yaitu Kecamatan Sekupang dan Kecamatan Batu Aji yang mencemari Waduk Sei Harapan dengan sistem pengelolaan secara Shallow Sewer, dan Kecamatan Sagulung yang mencemari Waduk Tembesi (waduk ini masih dalam konstruksi) dengan sistem pengelolaan secara Conventional Sewerage. Kata kunci :  area beresiko, cemaran,  limbah domestik, strategi sanitasi.
Survey and Detection of Pectobacterium atrosepticum in Major Potato-Growing Areas in Central Java Province, Indonesia Ismiyatuningsih, Ismiyatuningsih; Joko, Tri; Hartono, Sedyo
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.11654

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Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a seasonal shrub-tuber crop originated from sub-tropical area. Soft-rot is one of the most important diseases of potato. It can be caused by Pectobactorium atrosepticum, a pathogen within a status of quarantine plant pest A1 type I in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to know the incidence of potato soft rot disease and to detect P. atrosepticum in major potato-growing areas in Central Java Province by applying the serology method using DAS-ELISA technique. Survey of soft rot disease was carried out in some regencies in Central Java Province, i.e. Magelang, Banjarnegara, Wonosobo and Karanganyar. The field survey of potato plant in all the regencies indicated symptoms of stem rot which was black in color (blackleg) and foul-smelling, with disease incidence of about 10–90%. The laboratory testing showed that by applying DAS-ELISA method, P. atrosepticum was detected in samples collected from Pandean and Bagongan villages, district of Ngablak,Regency of Magelang, Central Java Province.
Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Melalui Model Pembelajaran Children Learning In Science (CLIS) pada Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Mirit Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 Joko, Tri
RADIASI: Jurnal Berkala Pendidikan Fisika Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Vol.3.No.2. September 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika

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Intisari – Latar belakang penelitian ini adalah rendahnya kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Hal tersebut tampak pada sikap siswa yang cenderung pasif dan menyebabkan kemampuan berpikir yang dimiliki siswa hanya bersifat hafalan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis melalui model pembelajaran Children Learning in Science (CLIS) pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Mirit tahun pelajaran 2012/2013. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) dengan subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas VIII E SMP Negeri 1 Mirit yang terdiri dari 32 siswa yang terdiri dari 18 siswa putra dan 14 siswa putri. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan metode tes, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dengan teknik persentase. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sebelum menerapkan model CLIS, kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa hanya 44,06. Kemudian meningkat menjadi 52,50 pada siklus I atau mengalami peningkatan 19,15%. Pada siklus II kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa mencapai 76,56 atau mengalami peningkatan 73,76% dibanding pra penelitian tindakan kelas. Jadi penerapan model pembelajaran Children Learning in Science (CLIS) dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa kelas VIII  SMP Negeri 1 Mirit tahun pelajaran 2012/2013, khusunya pada pelajaran IPA.   Kata kunci: kemampuan berpikir kritis, CLIS
Hubungan Kandungan Mineral Calcium, Magnesium, Mangaan Dalam Sumber Air Dengan Kejadian Batu Saluran Kemih Pada Penduduk Yang Tinggal di Kecamatan Songgom Kabupaten Brebes Wahap, Sandy; Setiani, Onny; Joko, Tri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.523 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.166 - 171

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Background : Urinary tract stones is a common urinary tract disease in the world and occurs primarily in peopleliving around the mining of limestone, or areas with high hardness of water. Based on the results of the types of water sources by the number of respondents who examined 34 samples showed that the calcium levels e” 100 mg / liter of 4 people (11.8%), mangaan levels e” 0.5 mg / liter of 15 people (44.1 %), whereas the Magnesium levels e” 30 mg / liter of 14 people (41.2%).The purpose this study was to determine the association between mineral content of calcium , magnesium, mangaanin the water with the incidence of urinary tract stones on community the living in the karst area Songgom districBrebes regency.Methode : The study design was a case-control study. With the population of the whole community in SonggomBrebes regency. Sampling using random sampling techniques. The number of 68 people. Data obtained from interviews with respondents, and examination of urine and water resources.Result: The results showed there was a significant association between length of stay with the incidence of urinary tract stones with the results of statistical analysis stating the value of p = 0.015 and OR = 3.833 with 95% CI = 1.403 <OR <10.4770. There was a significant association between the consumption of water per day with the incidence of urinary tract stones with the results of statistical analysis showed that value of p = 0.028 and OR = 3.429 with 95% CI = 1.255 <OR <9.370. There was a significant association between levels of magnesium (Mg) with the incidence of urinary tract stones with the results of statistical analysis with value of p = 0.0001 and OR = 6.67 with 95% CI = 2.35 <OR <18.92.From the results of multivariate analysis, dominant variables as the cause of the incidence of urinary tract stones are long lived with the OR = 3.893, and the consumption of water per day with a value of OR = 3.487.Conclusion : The conclution of the research is concluded as the cause of occurrence of urinary tract stones is thelength of stay and the consumption of water per day.Key words : urinary tract stones, water resources, length of stay,Songgom distric.
Hubungan Faktor-Faktor Lingkungan Fisik Rumah dengan Kejadian Pneumonia pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Jatibarang Kabupaten Brebes Padmonobo, Heru; Setiani, Onny; Joko, Tri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.92 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.194 - 198

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Background : Pneumonia is the leading killer of children under the age of five years (Toddlers) in the world. In theworld, from 9 million deaths of more than 2 million children under five die every year due Toddler pneumonia orequal to 4 Toddler dies every minute of it. Jatibarang health center in the working area of 2009 there were 709cases of children suffering from pneumonia and increased to 747 in 2010. On the other hand a healthy housecoverage is only 36.40%.Methode : The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical environmental factorswith the incidence of pneumonia at children under five years on PHC Jatibarang Brebes.This was an observational study with case control study design. The subjects were divided into two groups: case and control groups with 74 subjects in each group. Variables examined in this study were physical enviroment factors in housing with pneumonia on children under five years. Data was collected by interview, observation and measurement. Analysis of data using univariate analysis, bivariate with Chi-square and multivariate with logistic regression.Result : The result of bivariate analysis indicated that there was a correlation between the incidence ofpneumonia in children under five years with type of wall, type of floors, natural lighting, residential density, areaventilation, insulation kitchen, humidity room and toddler room temperature. With Odds Ratio (OR) in order:3.034 (p = 0.003); 2.635: 2.202: 2.234: 2.218: 2.517: 2.872 and 3.390. The results of logistic regression test showed that there was a significant association between the incidence of pneumonia in infants with room temperature, type of walls, spacious rooms with ventilation and humidity in sequence OR 4.380; 2.753; 2.734, and 2.671.Conclusion : The conclusion of this research indicated that the type of wall, type of floors, natural lighting,residential density, area ventilation, insulation kitchen, humidity room and toddler room temperature a riskfactor for pneumonia among children under fiveKeywords: Physical Environment of house, pneumonia, children under five years
POTENSI KELUARGA DALAM PENDIDIKAN HOLISTIK BERBASIS KARAKTER PADA ANAK USIA DINI Ekosiswoyo, Rasdi; Joko, Tri; Suminar, Tri
Edukasi No 2 (2010): Edukasi
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Tujuan  penelitian  ini  adalah  (1)  mendeskripsikan  dan menganalisis  potensi  keluarga  untuk  menstimulasi  perkembangan anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter;  (2)  mendekripsikan  dan menganalisis  perkembangan  apresiasi  nilai-nilai  fundamental  anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter;  (3)  menemukan  model  konseptual hubungan  potensi  keluarga  dengan  perkembangan  nilai  fundamental anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter.  Penelitian  ini  menggunakan metode  pendekatan  kualitatif,  pengumpulan  data  dengan  teknik wawancara  mendalam,  dokumen  dan  observasi.  Untuk  menjamin keabsahan  data  digunakan  teknik  triangulasi  sumber  dan  teknik triangulasi  metode.  Hasil  penelitian  menunjukkan  bahwa  potensi keluarga  dalam  bentuk  pengasuhan  anak  usia  dini  berbeda-beda berdasarkan  kategori  seting  wilayah,  status  sosial,  etnis,  dan  agama.  Pola  pengasuhan  anak  dalam  keluarga  juga  mengalami  perbedaan mulai dari permisif, otoritatif, dan authoritarian. Kata Kunci: potensi keluarga; pendidikan holistik; berbasis karakter; anak usia dini
KEMAMPUAN TAWAS DAN SERBUK BIJI ASAM JAWA (Tamarindusindica) UNTUK MENURUNKAN KADAR COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) PADA LIMBAH CAIR LAUNDRY Dewi, Galuh Candra; Joko, Tri; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Laundry wastewater contains varying levels of suspended solids, salts, nutrients, organic matter and pathogens that arise from clothes, detergent and fabric softener.The content of organic matter (COD) caused decline amount ofoxygenin the waterand affected toaquaticbiota. One of waste water treatment that can be done is by coagulation flocculation. The purpose of this research was to know the ability of coagulant alum and tamarind seeds powder with a variety of doses to reduce levels of COD. This experiment was true experimental research by pretest posttest with control group design. Total sample as much as 36 samples i.e. 30 sample treatment and 6 control.The result of Two Way Anova test with a significant p-value &lt; 0.05 indicated that variation dose (p = 0,036) gave the difference in levels of COD while the type of coagulant (p = 0,669) had no differencelevels ofCOD.The average of COD levelsbeforetreatmentwas292,95mg/l,529,18 mg/l and 460,52mg/l. The optimum dose coagulant on alum and tamarind seeds powder was 2.5 grams, respectively the levels of COD became 193,0 mg/l and 188,72 mg/l. Meanwhile, the average percentage of COD level reduction with the addition alum was 55,05% while tamarind seed powder was 54,21%. The ability of alum and tamarind seed powder was not effective yet to reduce COD levels because the result were still above the standard quality based on Perda Provinsi Jawa Tengah No. 5 Tahun 2012. Therefore, need advance treatment to handle waste water.Keywords: Laundry, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Alum, Tamarind Seed Powder
The Association Between Physical Environmental Condition Of House With The Pneumonia On Children Under Five Years At Working Area Pati I Public Health Center Subdistrict Pati Regency Luvita Sari, Eka; Suhartono, -; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Background: Pneumonia is inflammation and swelling of lung tissue  infection caused by inhalation of foreign particles or radiation. In 2012-2013, there were 1.096 pneumonia cases on children under five years at Pati regency. I Pati Public Health Center had the highest pneumonia cases on children under five years with total 524 cases. One of risk factor that influence pneumonia incidence on children under five years was physical environmental condition of house. This study aimed to determine the association between physical environmental condition of housing with pneumonia incidence on children under five years. Method: It was the explanatory research observational with case control approach. The sample in this research was children ages 12-59 months with pneumonia and take a medicine Pati I Public Health Center on September 2012-August 2013. Data collecting through survey used questioner, observation and direct measurement at field. Data analytical used Chi-Square statistic examination and the risk with Odds Ratio (OR). Result: The result showed significant association with  room of density (p=0,000; OR=9,804), house of temperature (p= 0,010; OR= 12,571) natural lighting of house (p=0,000; OR=6,588), house of humidity (p=0,005; OR=8,734), room of humadity (p=0,001; OR=11,862) While house of density (pvalue= 0,609; OR=3,143), type of walls (p value = 0,053; OR=5,375), type of floors(p =0,064; OR=8,105), ventilation wide (p= 0,833; OR=0,836),  room of  temperature (p = 0,072; OR=4,000), dan natural lighting of room (p= 0,0091; OR=6,588)  did not show significant association. Conclusion: This study concludes that the need to improve the physical condition of the home environment, especially the habit of opening the window and healthy home ventilation standards
Aplikasi Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Di Kelurahan Tembalang Kota Semarang Af’idatul Himmah, Elzha; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Garbage is a classic problem for developing countries such as Indonesia, high population density and human activities lead to a growing amount of waste that is produced also increased and varied. The total population of around 47,763 souls Tembalang Village consists of 5,334 natives and newcomers. High number of population and environmental impacts of solid waste problems especially. Everyday TPS got a shipment exceeding 24 m3 of garbage containers. So that not all waste can be transported to the landfill. Based on data from Semarang City Health Office in 2012-August 2013 in the village Tembalang there were 43 cases of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. As for cases of diarrhea based on the data of Semarang City Health Office in 2012 to April 2013 there were 198 cases of diarrhea. This study aims to identify the application of integrated waste management in Sub Tembalang This study is a descriptive study using a qualitative approach to the collection of data through observation depth interview. Subjects taken by purposive sampling, a total of 8 people each RW is in the Village Tembalang, 2 officers garbage collector and three informants triangulation. Analysis of the data using interactive model analysis technique used is content analysis. These results are the source of waste generation from the activities of the household population and non- domestic activities. Operating technic is by shelter, the collection, and transportation. Organic waste processing activities carried residents from 8 RW 2 RW available (25%) and inorganic waste processing done PKK. Community participation in the form of retribution for the collection, sorting garbage, sewage treatment, and the provision of bins. The integration of waste management is a form of guidance, cooperation and partnership in supply/procurement of waste management facilities
Co-Authors - Suhartono Afini Yanu Nabila, Afini Yanu Andreas Christian Ayomi Anugrah Febrino Balwa, Anugrah Febrino Ariani Ariani Arif Wibowo Arivia Ulliaji, Arivia Arnita Ayu Kusuma, Arnita Ayu Asma Afifah, Asma Azmi Umi Anisyah, Azmi Umi Bacrudin Lain, Bacrudin Bariyadi Rifai, Bariyadi Bhary Kharis Subhiandono, Bhary Kharis BUDI SETIADI DARYONO Budi Waloyo, Budi Cavrina Ulita Sari, Cavrina Ulita Christanti Sumardiyono Citra Mayang Wardhika, Citra Mayang Denny Fathurahman, Denny Dyah Agustin Catur Putri, Dyah Agustin Catur Eka Luvita Sari Elanda Fikri Elzha Af’idatul Himmah F. S. Nugraheni S., F. S. Fattah, Nur Feriyandi Feriyandi, Feriyandi Fitra Ayu Minarti, Fitra Ayu Galuh Candra Dewi, Galuh Candra Hanan Lanang Dangiran, Hanan Lanang Handiyanti, Methy Haryudi Okta Sofiyanto, Haryudi Okta Heru Padmonobo Ika Mariska Ika Roostika Ismiyatuningsih, Ismiyatuningsih Lilik Suliswati, Lilik Mahfut Mahfut, Mahfut Mariyana Mariyana Mayang Puspita Sari, Mayang Puspita Miftahur Rohim, Miftahur Munir, Razak Mustafiroh Kasanah, Mustafiroh Nanda Kusumandari, Nanda Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nurjanah, Nanik Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Onni Setiani, Onni Onny Setiani Pratiwi Ika Noviarti, Pratiwi Ika Purnomo Purnomo Rasako, Rajid Fariz Rasdi Ekosiswoyo Restu Andri Setiyanto, Restu Andri Rifcha Rahmi Zahara, Rifcha Rahmi Rr Sarah Fadhilah Nafisa, Rr Sarah Fadhilah Safriansyah Safriansyah Sandy Wahap Savitri Rachmawati, Savitri Sedyo Hartono Sibarani, Saurma Mona Astrid Sinta Nugraheni Dewi, Sinta Nugraheni Siti Subandiyah Suhartono Suhartono SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI Suryanti Suryanti Susamto Somowiyarjo Suwito Suwito Tati Suharti Tatiek Dyah Wardani, Tatiek Dyah Tri Suminar Trianom, Bambang Triwidodo ARWIYANTO Ulfa Nurullita Utik Windari, Utik Wiwin Tipuk Dwi Astuti, Wiwin Tipuk Dwi Yadi Suryadi Yanuar Danaatmadja, Yanuar Yati Supriyati, Yati Yufita Dwi Chinta, Yufita Dwi Yuli Kristiawati, Yuli Yuliani Setyaningsih Yusniar Hanani Danudianti, Yusniar Hanani Yusniar Hanani Darundiati