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Journal : Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan

BISNIS KELUARGA MANGKUNEGARAN Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Wasino, Wasino; Suyahmo, Suyahmo; Joebagio, Hermanu
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 24, No 1 (2016): Ekonomi (Bisnis) Islam
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.999 KB) | DOI: 10.21580/ws.24.1.975

Abstract

The history of economic development of Javanese community has experienced a very unique dynamic. In the XV and XVI centuries, trading tradition has been done by Javanese community along the north coastal of Java. But, the trading tradition getting dimmer in line with the strategy of economic centralization carried out by Sultan Agung prohibiting the people to trade in foreign countries. In the XIX century, that’s econdition is change, Mangkunegara IV restore the entrepreneurial tradition through various strategies. In addition, to restoring the entrepreneurial tradition of Javanese society, Mangkunegara IV also broke the old tradition of kepriyayinan (Javanese aristocrate) to want to do business, not just live in pleasure as breeds nobility or gentry class. Therefore, reviewing to the business strategy of Mangku­negaran IV becomes important, as part of the history of economic develop­ment Javanese community. By using the historical method and a multi­dimensional approach, through a variety of primary sources such as Mangku­negara IV literature, the study found that the Mangkunegaran IV’s business strategy conducted by building a centers of sugar cane farm and modernization of sugar factories on a large scale, so as to obtain additional revenue for the Mangkunegaran IV family. The successfull of his business, demonstrates to the Javanese nobility that he was a king who had a strong entrepreneurial spirit.***Sejarah perkembangan ekonomi masyarakat Jawa mengalami dinamika yang sangat unik. Pada abad XV dan XVI, tradisi berdagang telah dilakukan oeh masyarakat Jawa di sepanjang pantai utara Jawa. Akan tetapi tradisi tersebut se­makin meredup seiring adanya strategi sentralisasi ekonomi yang dilakukan oleh Sultan Agung yang melarang rakyatnya berdagang ke manca negara. Pada abad XIX, Mangkunegara IV mengembalikan tradisi wirausahawan tersebut melalui berbagai strategi. Selain itu, Mangku­negara IV juga mendobrak tradisi “kolot kepriyayinan” Jawa agar mau melakukan bisnis, bukan hanya hidup dalam ke­senangan sebagai trah bangsawan. Karena itu, mengkaji strategi bisnis keluarga Mangkunegaran IV menjadi penting, sebagai bagian dari sejarah perkembangan ekonomi masyarakat Jawa. Dengan metode penelitian sejarah dan pendekatan multidi­mensional, melalui berbagai sumber primer seperti karya-karya sastra Mangkunegara IV, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa strategi bisnis keluarga Mangkunegaran IV dilakukan dengan membangun pusat-pusat perkebunan tebu dan modernisasi pabrik gula secara besar-besaran, sehingga memperoleh pen­dapatan tambahan bagi praja. Kesukses­an bisnis ini menunjukkan kepada para bangsawan Jawa bahwa dia adalah seorang raja yang memiliki jiwa entrepreneur­ship yang kuat.
Co-Authors Abdul Aziz Adi Prayitno Akhmad Arif Musadad Akhmad Musadad, Akhmad Alfi Hafidh Ishaqro, Alfi Hafidh Alifia, Latifah Nur Andang Firmansyah Anjar Mukti Wibowo, Anjar Mukti Ariningtyas, Ristiana Eka Asri, Sangkin Mundi Bhisma Murti Budiyono Budiyono Chairany Fitriah Didik Gunawan Tamtomo Djono Djono Dono Indarto Dwi Setyawan Endang Sri Wahyuni Esti Dwi Wardayati Esti Nurhayati, Esti Fredyastuti Andryana Herman J Waluyo Izzatul Fajriyah, Izzatul Jamil, Robit Nurul Jati, Linda Puspita Kabosu, Mario Yosef Leo Agung, Leo Maria Lodika Long, Maria Lodika Muhammad Azmi, Muhammad Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal Naharani, Adrestia Rifki Nunuk Suryani Nur Fatah Abidin, Nur Fatah Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif Nurpratiwi, Hany P, Eti Poncorini Pangestu, Ninil Dwi Pawito -, Pawito Prasetya, Hanung Pratiwi, Hany Primus Tanesi, Primus Putri, Anak Agung Alit Kirti Estuti Narendra Putriningrum, Eva Rahardjo, Setyo Sri Ratna Herna Purnamawati, Ratna Herna Ratnaningsih, Titin Reka Seprina, Reka Renny Pujiartati, Renny Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Rita Benya Adriani Saiful Bachri Sariyatun Sariyatun Sasmita, Gusti Garnis Sintawati, FR. R. Dewi Astika Indah Sintawati, FR.R. Dewi Astika Indah SRI ASTUTIK Sugeng Basuki, Sugeng Sulahyuningsih, Evie Sunardi Sunardi Supanti Supanti, Supanti Surasmini Surasmini, Surasmini Surgawi, Titis Surgawi, Titis Susanto Susanto Sutarto, Agus Sutimin, Leo Agung Suyahmo Suyahmo, Suyahmo Tri Utami Triyanto, Jefri Rieski Umi Hartati, Umi Warto Warto Wasino Wasino Wibowo, Subekty Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satria Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satriya Windiarti Dwi Purnaningrum Yusinta Tia Rusdiana