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Journal : Jurnal Theologia

KAJIAN POSKOLONIAL GERAKAN PEMIKIRAN DAN SIKAP ULAMA PESANTREN TEGALSARI DALAM PUSARAN KONFLIK MULTIDIMENSIONAL DI JAWA (1742-1862) Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif; Joebagio, Hermanu; Djono, Djono
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 29, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2018.29.1.2434

Abstract

Abstract: Pesantren Tegalsari was one of the most influential religious-education institutions in Java during 18-19 century. Those years were the golden era of Pesantren Tegalsari which was known as an institution that produced “pujangga” (Javanese intellectuals) and the people of Tegalsari village was well known for producing high quality of dluwang (traditional paper). On the other hand, the 18-19 century itself was a time of turmoil, both socially and politically. Some events such as Geger Pacina (1742), Javanese Succession War III (1746–1755), Java War (1825-1830), and Cultuurstelsel (1830–1917) were crucial moments in the history of Indonesia, especially in Java. At this point, the ulema (Islamic scholars) of Pesantren Tegalsari played an important role. Thought and attitude movements of ulema (Islamic scholars) in Pesantren Tegalsari had determined the existence of the pesantren and the economic cycle of local commmunity. Historical research with post-colonial political approach was used to study the thought and attitude movement of ulama (Islamic scholars) in Pesantren Tegalsari during 1742–1862. The result of this research shows that Pesantren Tegalsari had a political line to not engage in practical politics. This political line was followed by all the leaders of Pesantren Tegalsari. As the result, Pesantren Tegalsari developed into an institution that produced poets and transformed into a place to seek legitimacy in social, academic, and politic.Abstrak: Pesantren Tegalsari merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan-keagamaan yang paling berpengaruh di Jawa abad 18-19. Tahun-tahun tersebut merupakan masa keemasan dari Pesantren Tegalsari yang dikenal sebagai lembaga pencetak pujangga (intelektual Jawa). Bagi masyarakat Desa Tegalsari sendiri, tahun-tahun itu adalah masa perekonomian yang dikembangkan sedang mengalami pertumbuhan yang pesat. Desa Tegalsari terkenal sebagai daerah penghasil dluwang (kertas tradisional) berkualitas tinggi yang diekspor ke berbagai daerah. Di sisi yang lain, abad 18-19 sendiri merupakan masa yang penuh dengan gejolak, baik secara sosial maupun politik. Beberapa peristiwa seperti geger pacina (1742), Perang Suksesi Jawa III (1746-1755), Perang Jawa (1825-1830), dan kebijakan tanam paksa (1830-1917) merupakan momen-momen krusial dalam perjalanan sejarah Indonesia, khususnya di pulau Jawa. Pada titik inilah ulama Pesantren Tegalsari, sebagai salah satu pimpinan lembaga pendidikan-keagamaan paling berpengaruh di Jawa abad 18-19 sekaligus tokoh panutan bagi masyarakat sekitar, memiliki peranan penting. Gerakan pemikiran dan sikap dari ulama Pesantren Tegalsari menjadi sangat menentukan eksistensi pesantren dan perputaran roda perekonomian masyarakat sekitar. Penelitian historis dengan pendekatan politik-poskolonial akan digunakan untuk mengkaji gerakan pemikiran dan sikap ulama Pesantren Tegalsari tahun 1742-1862. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Pesantren Tegalsari memiliki garis politik untuk tidak terjun dalam politik praktis. Garis politik inilah yang diikuti oleh semua pimpinan Pesantren Tegalsari. Hasilnya adalah, Pesantren Tegalsari berkembang menjadi lembaga pencetak pujangga dan menjelma sebagai tempat untuk men­cari legitimasi, baik secara sosial, akademik, maupun politik
PSYCHOHISTORY DALAM KAJIAN SELF-ESTEEM TEKS DEKLARASI NU 1983 TENTANG HUBUNGAN PANCASILA DAN ISLAM Jamil, Robit Nurul; Joebagio, Hermanu; Djono, Djono
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 29, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2018.29.2.2825

Abstract

Special concern on the sources of Islamic history contributes to the thoughts and identity of Indonesian Muslims. Muslim self-esteem can be formed from these historical sources. The formation of Muslim self-esteem gives the right decision so that it does not come out of the context of religion and humanity. The historical source used in this study is the text of the 1983 Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration (NU). The concept of Islam Nusantara (NU) 2015 is an implication of the values of the text of the declaration. The purpose of this study is to provide new insights regarding the 2015 NU's concept of Islam Nusantara by analyzing the historical sources of the text of the 1983 NU Declaration and exploring the values of self-esteem contained in the text of the declaration. The study used a qualitative method with psychohistory approach. This study produced two discussions: 1) The 2015 NU's concept of Islam Nusantara. 2) Psychohistory self-esteem in the historical source of the text of the 1983 NU Declaration. This study concluded that the conception of Islam Nusantara 2015 was mandated by the 1983 NU declaration, in its implementation provides Islamic self-esteem that can hinder the process of radicalization.
Co-Authors Abdul Aziz Adi Prayitno Akhmad Arif Musadad Akhmad Musadad, Akhmad Alfi Hafidh Ishaqro, Alfi Hafidh Alifia, Latifah Nur Andang Firmansyah Anjar Mukti Wibowo, Anjar Mukti Ariningtyas, Ristiana Eka Asri, Sangkin Mundi Bhisma Murti Budiyono Budiyono Chairany Fitriah Didik Gunawan Tamtomo Djono Djono Dono Indarto Dwi Setyawan Endang Sri Wahyuni Esti Dwi Wardayati Esti Nurhayati, Esti Fredyastuti Andryana Herman J Waluyo Izzatul Fajriyah, Izzatul Jamil, Robit Nurul Jati, Linda Puspita Kabosu, Mario Yosef Leo Agung, Leo Maria Lodika Long, Maria Lodika Muhammad Akhyar Muhammad Azmi, Muhammad Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal Naharani, Adrestia Rifki Nunuk Suryani Nur Fatah Abidin, Nur Fatah Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif Nurpratiwi, Hany P, Eti Poncorini Pangestu, Ninil Dwi Pawito -, Pawito Prasetya, Hanung Pratiwi, Hany Primus Tanesi, Primus Putri, Anak Agung Alit Kirti Estuti Narendra Putriningrum, Eva Rahardjo, Setyo Sri Ratna Herna Purnamawati, Ratna Herna Ratnaningsih, Titin Reka Seprina, Reka Renny Pujiartati, Renny Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Rita Benya Adriani Saiful Bachri Sariyatun Sariyatun Sasmita, Gusti Garnis Sintawati, FR. R. Dewi Astika Indah Sintawati, FR.R. Dewi Astika Indah SRI ASTUTIK Sugeng Basuki, Sugeng Sulahyuningsih, Evie Sunardi Sunardi Supanti Supanti, Supanti Surasmini Surasmini, Surasmini Surgawi, Titis Surgawi, Titis Susanto Susanto Sutarto, Agus Sutimin, Leo Agung Suyahmo Suyahmo, Suyahmo Tri Utami Triyanto, Jefri Rieski Umi Hartati, Umi Warto Warto Wasino Wasino Wibowo, Subekty Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satria Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satriya Windiarti Dwi Purnaningrum Yusinta Tia Rusdiana