Articles

ELITE TRADISIONAL DALAM PERGUMULAN SISTEM RELIGIO POLITICAL POWER Joebagio, Hermanu
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 22, No 2 (2012): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v22i2.2118

Abstract

This study was aimed to describe: (1) the relation among political groups in the system of religio political power, (2) the political system when dealing with foreign trade organization (VOC), and also (3) the political system encouraging vertical mobility of the Javanese society. This research employed historical methods, and the data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Meanwhile, the reconstruction of historiography greatly regarded diachronic and synchronic aspects. The results of this study showed that religio political power was produced by the process of Islamization. In that political system, there was equality of position between the rulers and the ulama. The ulama as a representation of the people, bring about the consequence that all public policy must be approved by them. Political system is equal to ‘descending of power’. This political system underwent a political change when the central government moved to rural Java, that is changed into nomadism and schizophrenia, because of the strong subordination and repression to the ulama and the opposition groups. The political violence would not build vertical mobility of Javanese people both in education and economic development. Furthermore, this system would face difficulty when deling with the strategy of ex-nihilo by VOC. Key words: religio political power, Islamization, the ulama, ex-nihilo, vertical mobility  Studi ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan: (1) relasi antar kelompok politik dalam sistem religio political power, (2) sistem politik itu ketika berhadapan dengan organisasi dagang asing, dan (3) sistem politik itu memacu mobilitas vertikal masyarakat Jawa. Riset ini menggunakan adalah metode sejarah, dan pengumpulan data melalui sumber primer dan sekunder. Sementara itu rekonstruksi sejarah utamakan segi diakronik dan sinkronik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem religio political power adalah hasil dari proses Islamisasi. Dalam sistem politik itu terdapat kesejajaran kedudukan antara penguasa dan ulama. Ulama sebagai representasi rakyat memiliki konsekuensi setiap kebijakan publik perlu mendapat persetujuan ulama. Sistem politik mempunyai bentuk yang sama dengan descending of power. Sistem politik ini mengalami perubahan ketika pusat pemerintahan berpindah di pedalaman Jawa, yakni menjadi nomadisme dan schizophrenia, karena kuatnya represi terhadap ulama dan kelompok oposisi. Kekerasan politik itu tidak akan membangun mobilitas vertikal masyarakat Jawa, baik bidang pendidikan maupun pembangunan ekonomi. Bahkan akan menghadapi kesulitan ketika berhadapan dengan strategi ex-nihilo VOC. Kata kunci: religio political power, Islamisasi, ulama, ex-nihilo, dan mobilitas vertikal    
Pengembangan Modul Berbasis Portofolio dengan Model Enrichment untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Berpikir Asri, Sangkin Mundi; Joebagio, Hermanu; Djono, Djono
978-602-7561-566
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Pendidikan

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AbstrakSalah satu tujuan pembelajaran Matematika di Indonesia adalah agar peserta didik memperoleh berbagai bekal dalam menghadapi tantangan di era global. Oleh karena itu, kemampuan pemahaman dan penalaran ditekankan dalam perkembangan proses berpikir. Bahan ajar tentunya diperlukan untuk menjembatani materi agar tersampaikan ke peserta didik dengan tepat sesuai tujuan pembelajaran.Oleh karena itu, bahan ajar yang tepat diperlukan dalam pembelajaran Matematika, salah satunya adalah modul portofolio berbasis Enrichment. Tujuan penelitian ini memuat tiga persoalan. Tujuan pertama adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi pembelajaran Matematika di SMP Negeri Surakarta saat ini. Tujuan kedua adalah untuk mengetahui pengembangan modul pembelajaran portofolio dengan model Enrichment untuk meningkatkan kreativitas berpikir. Tujuan ketiga adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan modul pembelajaran portofolio dengan model Enrichment dapat meningkatkan kreativitas berpikir.Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah  penelitian pengembangan.Instrumen yang digunakan dalam peneitian ini adalah lembar penilaian ahli materi, bahasa dan media terhadap bahan ajar, angket tanggapan siswa dan tes hasil belajar. Setelah bahan ajar dibuat selanjutnya divalidasi oleh tim ahli. Validasi dilakukan oleh dua ahli materi, ahli bahasa, dan ahli desain. Setelah media divalidasi dan direvisi, maka selanjutnya dilakukan uji coba pengguna yaitu pada uji coba kelompok kecil dan kelompok besar. Berdasarkan hasil ujicoba tersebut, bahan ajar kembali direvisi jika kembali ditemukan kelemahan. Selanjutnya dilakukan tahap implementasi bahan ajar pada siswa kelas IXdi salah satu SMP Kota Surakarta. Kata kunci: modul cetak; portofolio; enrichment; kreativitas berpikir
Exclusive Breast Feeding Management: Qualitative Study on Working Mothers in Kalibawang District, Kulon Progo Yogyakarta Putriningrum, Eva; Joebagio, Hermanu; P, Eti Poncorini
Journal of Health Policy and Management Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Background: Coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Kalibawang, Kulon Progo, Yogyakartawas 688 in mothers (69.8%)in 2015, which mean did not reach intended target set by Health Ministry of 80%. One of the factors that can affect the failure of exclusive breast feeding is the flurry of mother andstart working. This study was aimed to investigate the exclusive breast feeding lactation management of qualitative study on working mother.Subject and Methods: This was a qualitative study, conducted in Yogyakarta, in July-September 2016. A total of 12 mothers with breast feeding and start working and 4 midwives who came from four Posyandu in Kalibawang. The data collected using the in-depth interviews, observation, document, and the data analyzed was using interactive analysis Miles and Huberman.Results: The result showed that knowledge management of lactation nursing mothers on mother and started working pretty well. Lactation management socialization barriers still prevailing lack of consciousness of mothers against the practice of lactation management because of lack of support from family, while the barriers experienced by mothers and started working in the lactation management do was the lack of opportunity is flushed and the unavailability of facilities in the workplace, as well as the existence of the syndrome of exclusive breastfeeding for less.Conclusion: the implementation of lactation management on mom and started the work influenced factor, there is cake and family support. Mothers tagline enhanced his motivation for coming to the meeting heldby the Clinics in order to be knowledgeable about lactation management can better yet so that the scope of exclusive breast feeding can match target. belonging to the Ministry of health.Keywords: lactation management, exclusive breastfeeding, working mothersCorrespondence: Eva Putriningrum. School of Health and Sciences, STIKes Jenderal Ahmad Yani, Yogyakarta.Journal of Health Policy and Management (2016), 1(1): 13-19https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpm.2016.01.01.03
BABAD PRAYUT : ANALISIS PSIKOLOGI DAN JARINGAN POLITIK ABAD KE – 1 Joebagio, Hermanu
MIIPS Vol 7, No 2 (2008): Jurnal MIIPS
Publisher : MIIPS

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ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research to tries to analyze the Babad Prayut, especially to analyze psychology and political network of the elites of Jawa against the political and economic changed in the 18th Century. The data were collected by primary and secondary sources of history. The primary sources was Babad Prayut, Serat Wulangreh, and Suluk Mas Nganten. The secondary sources was results of research of the 18th Century. The technique used to analyze the data was historical analysis. The result of analysis shows that: (1) in the reign of Sultan Agung, the kratons of Java were at times themselves leading agents of Islamisation, reconciliation between Javanese culture and Islamic piety, and put the large kinship by weddings; (2) that political thinking produced to legitimation, and political legitimation are determine of interpersonal trust, civic engagement, and political engagement. The third factors are symbolization of political system; (3) political change occurred in the death of Sultan Agung were many of aristocrats to prefer to collaboration with the Dutch colonial; (4) that situation make the muslim leaders took opposition. They put his self as cultural broker, merchant princes, and counter elite.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SAT (SELF-ASSESSMENT TEACHER) APPLICATION TO IMPROVE TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONALISM Sintawati, FR. R. Dewi Astika Indah; Joebagio, Hermanu; Agung, Leo
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Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Teachers are educational staff who have the main duty to educate, teach, train, and guide students to have readiness to face increasingly fierce global competition with other nations. Hence, the position of teachers as professionals is urgently important in the realization of the vision and mission of learning especially in the educational aspect where the teachers can fulfill their duties. Teachers require particular attention from the government and society, ultimately the government regulates the improvement of the quality of teachers or teachers nationally through Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System. The “TPA” (Teacher Performance Assessment) system is still implemented conventionally which gives tremendous influence on teacher professionalism. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of SAT applications (Self-Assessment Teacher) to improve the teachers’ professionalism. This research uses quantitative methodology with independent t test using control class and experiment class as research samples. The result of this research revealed that a computer based SAT (Self-Assessment Teacher) application containing component of assessment which are personality competence, pedagogic competence, professional competence, social competence and result of assessment recap could maximally increase professionalism of teachers. The results indicated that the application was utilized effectively in improving the professionalism of teachers. In the application effectiveness test, it is known that the average value obtained by the experimental class is 82,9178, and that average value is higher than the control class 61,6363. This application is designed using the Dephi programming language and MySql database. The results of the teacher's performance appraisal can be viewed directly by the assessor and also the teacher with the login their user name and password in order to know the value of each competitor and the follow-up, and also the overall “TPA” recap value to the value used for the teacher's “PAK” (Credit Score Assessment).
MEMBACA POLITIK ISLAM PASCA REFORMASI Joebagio, Hermanu
AGASTYA: JURNAL SEJARAH DAN PEMBELAJARANNYA Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : IKIP PGRI MADIUN

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Krisis multidimensi 1997-1998 yang ditandai dengan kenaikan mata uang dollar antara Rp.10.000 hingga Rp.15.000/dollar berakibat hancurnya fundamental ekonomi Indonesia. Kondisi ini menjadi triggered Muslim Islam untuk membangun orientasi-orientasi Islam politik.Islam politik dan politik Islam berbeda dalam pemaknaannya. Islam politik merupakan perjuangan kelompok Muslim garis keras untuk mendapatkan dimensi kekuasaan, dan ketika dimensi kekuasaan telah teraih, al-Qur’an, al-Hadits, dan Fiqh sebagai philosophische grondslag. Sementara itu politik Islam merupakan perjuangan meraih kekuasaan politik dengan menggunakan simbol Islam sebagai basis recruitmentmassa.Ketika kekuasaan dapat diraih, mereka menggunakan Pancasila sebagai philosophische grondslag. Karena itu perkembangan Islam politik pada awal reformasi sangatlah kuat, tetapi selama lima belas tahun pasca reformasi justru orientasi Islam politik menjadi sangat radikal, dan orientasi politik mereka mengikuti pola politik yang bersifat “teror”.Melihat kondisi partai politik Islam pasca reformasi yang begitu lebar variannya, dan ada kecenderungan elit politik partai politik Islam belum 100 persen menjadikan Pancasila sebagai philosophische grondslag dapat memicu rendahnya partisipasi pemilih. Partai politik Islam yang banyak variannya itu ada gagasan untuk menyederhanakan. Keberhasilan Soeharto menyederhanakan partai politik dalam tiga mainstream sosial-demokrat (Golkar), nasionalis (PDI), dan Islam (PPP) sangat baik. Bila tiga mainstream itu dihidupkan kembali dalam bentuk baru, dan diletakkan pada fase lima belas tahun reformasi, maka partisipasi pemilih terhadap partai politik Islam berbanding lurus dengan kekuatan pemilih mayoritas.
POLITIK SIMBOLIS KASUNANAN Joebagio, Hermanu
Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Desember
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17977/sb.v9i2.5000

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Abstrak. Para Sunan telah kehilangan kekuasaan sosial politik maupun ekonomi,namun mereka dapat menggunakan kekuasaannya. Hal ini diwujudkan dalampermainan simbol-simbol politik, yang lazim disebut politik simbol. Hampir semuaelit aristokrat Jawa memainkan politik simbolis, terutama setelah raja-raja diVorstenlanden kehilangan wilayah konsentris mereka. Begitu pula kondisi yangdihadapi oleh Pakubuwana X. Otoritas yang dia miliki justru diolah dan dialihkanmenjadi kekuatan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Pemberdayaan itu ditafsirkan sebagaisimbol publik. Dalam politik simbolis terdapat dua unsur yang saling terkait, yaknisimbol personal dan simbol publik. Kedua simbol itu memungkinkan masyarakat luasuntuk mengakses informasi melalui perspektif politik maupun ekonomi. Kesempatanitu akan menumbuhkan kesadaran kritis.Kata-kata kunci: politik, simbol, Kasunanan, Pakubuwana XAbstract. The Sunans had lost their political-social and their economical-socialpower, however they could still use their power. This is represented by producing thepolitical-symbol, well-known as the symbolic politics. All Javanese aristocratic elitesplayed the symbolic politic, mainly after the kings of Vorstenlanden losed theirconsentric areas. In addition, Pakubuwana X had the same condition. He changedand transformed his authority into the power of people’s empowerment. Theempowerment could interpreted as public symbol. The symbolic politic divided intopersonal and public symbol. Both symbols might lead people to access informationthrough political and economic perspectives. The chance would grow up the criticalawareness.Keywords: politic, symbol, Kasunanan, Pakubuwana X
STUDI PENDAHULUAN PENGEMBANGAN APLIKASI SMARTPHONE SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH Azmi, Muhammad; Joebagio, Hermanu; Suryani, Nunuk
Vidya Karya Vol 31, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Vidya Karya

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Abstract:  This study aimed at describing the usage of smartphone and internet in the community of college students which can be the basic on the development of an application. This qualitative-descriptive study was conducted through interviews with teacher staff and surveys with 54 students of History Education Study Program in the Teacher Training and Educational Sciences Faculty. The study result shows that: (1) 47 students (87%) owned Smartphone of their own, while the rest of the students as much as 7 persons (13%) do not have Smartphone, (2) 42 students (87%) stated that they  have Smartphone which connected to internet all the timet, while the rest of the students as much as 6 persons (13%) stated the vice versa, (3) Smartphone application which can be developed is the multi-platform semi-online application with  HTML5 base.   Key words: smartphone, history learning media, and multi-platform Abstrak:  Penelitian ini berusaha untuk menggambarkan tentang penggunaan smartphone dan internet di kalangan mahasiswa yang dapat dijadikan dasar dalam pengembangan sebuah aplikasi. Penelitian kualitatif-deskriptif ini dilakukan melalui wawancara dengan staf pengajar dan survei terhadap 54 orang mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Sebelas Maret. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) terdapat 47 orang (87%) telah memiliki smartphone pribadi, sedangkan sisanya sebanyak 7 orang (13%) tidak memiliki smartphone, (2) terdapat 42 orang (87%) menyatakan bahwa mereka memiliki smartphone yang selalu terhubung dengan internet setiap saat, sedangkan sisanya sebanyak 6 orang (13%) menyatakan tidak, (3) Aplikasi smartphone yang dapat dikembangkan adalah aplikasi multi-platform semi-online berbasis HTML5.   Kata kunci: smartphone, media pembelajaran sejarah, dan multi-platform
PEMIKIRAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN KELUARGA MANGKUNEGARAN Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal; Wasino, Wasino; Suyahmo, Suyahmo; Joebagio, Hermanu
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 26, No 2 (2016): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v26i2.6697

Abstract

According to the historical event of the Mangkunegaran dinasty said that of entrepreneurship is more striking than the Mataram kingdom such as Kasunanan Surakarta and Kasultanan Yogyakarta Reign. From the time  Mangkunegaran I until Mangkunegara IV were successful in plugging the power base of the civil economy proves that the civil Mangkunegaran as one kingdom in Kejawen in the field of entrepreneurship is more advanced than in other Javanese kingdoms. For that reason , this study wanted to find the root network entrepreneurial thinking Mangkunegaran as the focus of the study . This study takes the subject of Mangkunegara thought starting Mangkunegaran I until Mangkunegaran IV. The purpose of this study was to analyze in depth network thought what are strongly held by Sri Mangkunegara I until IV in developing civil entrepreneurial base . The research method used is the historical multidimensional method. The result in this study is that the success of the civil Mangkunegaran in building economic power is highly correlated with entrepreneurial thinking of Mangkunegaran. The thought of Mangkunegara I to IV into civil spirit in building the ethos of entrepreneurship as well as the existence of the family and the kingdom . Although it is epistemological, each kings who ruled  differently .Secara historis keberadaan Praja Mang-kunegaran yang unggul dalam bidang kewirausahaan memang lebih maju dari pada kutub-kutub kerajaan Mataram lainnya seperti Kasunanan Surakarta dan Kasultanan Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini ingin mendalami dasar pemikiran kewirausahaan Mangkunegaran. Penelitian ini mengambil fokus pemikiran kewirausahaan Mangkunegaran yang bersumber pada ajaran filosofis Mangkunegara I sampai IV. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis secara mendalam pemikiran dan nilai-nilai filosofis yang di pegang teguh oleh Sri Mangkunegara I sampa IV dalam mengembangkan basis kewirausahaan praja. Metode penelitian yang dipakai adalah metode sejarah dengan pendekatan multidimensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesuksesan Praja Mangkunegaran dalam membangun kekuatan ekonomi sangat berkorelasi dengan pemikiran filosofis ajaran leluhur Mangkunegaran. Pemikiran filosofis dari Mangkunegara I sampai IV menjadi spirit praja dalam membangun kewirausahaan serta eksistensi trah dan kerajaannya. Walaupun secara epistimologis, masing-masing raja yang memerintah mengaktualisasikannya secara berbeda-beda.    
Penilaian Pembelajaran Sejarah Konstruktivistik: Pendekatan Critical Discourse Analysis Abidin, Nur Fatah; Joebagio, Hermanu; Sariyatun, Sariyatun
Yupa: Historical Studies Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : History Education Department, Mulawarman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/yupa.v1i1.13

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This paper discusses about the assessment in the historical learning based on the constructivism paradigm and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) approach. CDA approach consists of in-depth analysis, includes linguistic, social, and cultural analysis. Three related layers of a dynamic analysis compose the CDA: (1) analysis of the text, (2) analysis of the practice of discursive, and (3) analysis of social practices. In the context of the historical learning based on constructivism paradigm, the third layer used to assess the development of the system and the structure of the thinking of learners. CDA approach used to analyze and assess the work of learners. The work of learners that analyzed by the CDA approach is descriptive test. In the learning process, CDA needs a rubric based on the discourse analysis and the level of development of thinking learners. Based on the results of the research, the CDA used to assess the historical learning process, particularly in the constructivism paradigm. The learning assessment expected to be an alternative assessment, which is not only quantitatively assessing the student knowledge, but also to measure the development of the system and the structure of the thinking of learners.
Co-Authors Abdul Aziz Adi Prayitno Akhmad Arif Musadad Akhmad Musadad, Akhmad Alfi Hafidh Ishaqro, Alfi Hafidh Alifia, Latifah Nur Andang Firmansyah Anjar Mukti Wibowo, Anjar Mukti Ariningtyas, Ristiana Eka Asri, Sangkin Mundi Bhisma Murti Budiyono Budiyono Chairany Fitriah Didik Gunawan Tamtomo Djono Djono Dono Indarto Dwi Setyawan Endang Sri Wahyuni Esti Dwi Wardayati Esti Nurhayati, Esti Fredyastuti Andryana Harjanti, - Herman J Waluyo Izzatul Fajriyah, Izzatul Jamil, Robit Nurul Jati, Linda Puspita Jati, Linda Puspita Kabosu, Mario Yosef Leo Agung, Leo Lubis, Muhammad Novriansyah Maria Lodika Long, Maria Lodika Muhammad Akhyar Muhammad Azmi, Muhammad Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal Mundigdo, Ambar Musa Pelu Naharani, Adrestia Rifki Nunuk Suryani Nur Fatah Abidin, Nur Fatah Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif Nurpratiwi, Hany P, Eti Poncorini Pangestu, Ninil Dwi Pawito -, Pawito Prasetya, Hanung Prasetya, Hanung Pratiwi, Hany Primus Tanesi, Primus Putri, Anak Agung Alit Kirti Estuti Narendra Putriningrum, Eva Rahardjo, Setyo Sri Ratna Herna Purnamawati, Ratna Herna Ratnaningsih, Titin Reka Seprina, Reka Renny Pujiartati, Renny Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Riezal, Chaerol Rita Benya Adriani Saiful Bachri Sariyatun Sariyatun Sasmita, Gusti Garnis Sintawati, FR. R. Dewi Astika Indah Sintawati, FR.R. Dewi Astika Indah SRI ASTUTIK Sri Yamtinah Sugeng Basuki, Sugeng Sulahyuningsih, Evie Sunardi Sunardi Supanti Supanti, Supanti Surasmini Surasmini, Surasmini Surgawi, Titis Surgawi, Titis Susanti, Lany Susanto Susanto Sutarto, Agus Sutimin, Leo Agung Suyahmo Suyahmo, Suyahmo Tri Utami Triyanto, Jefri Rieski Umi Hartati, Umi Warto Warto Wasino Wasino Wibowo, Subekty Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satria Wijaya, Manggara Bagus Satriya Windiarti Dwi Purnaningrum Yusinta Tia Rusdiana