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ISOLASI BAKTERIOFAG SPESIFIK Pseudomonas sp. DA1 DARI BIOFILM PADA SISTEM PENGISIAN AIR MINUM ISI ULANG.

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 5 No. 3 Juli 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

The social demand for drinking water increases both in urban and rural areas. The state encourages the development of Industrial Water Supply Depot (DAM) refills. problems occurred is no standard method for treating drinking water is sterileand lack of government supervision. This raises the issue of sanitation that is the presence of pathogenic bacteria that form biofilms in drinking water refill system. One of the bacterial pathogen is Pseudomonas. Bacteria Pseudomonas at refill drinking water can cause infections in the digestive tract. This study aims to find specific bacteriophage isolates of biofilm samples to infect bacteria Pseudomonas sp. on refill drinking water system. Isolation host Pseudomonas done in 2 ways dilution and filtration and grown on selective media Pseudomonas Isolation Agar. Isolates obtained were then characterized by gram staining and Kligler Iron Agar (KIA) test. Isolation of bacteriophages of biofilm done by bacteriophage amplification and filtration to obtain filtrate bacteriophage I and II. Test performed by using the host's infection Pseudomonas sp. DA1, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella sp. (LIPI’s collection). The results showed that the drinking water refill depot contained positive isolates of Pseudomonas is Pseudomonas sp. DA1 and obtained isolate specific bakteriofag that can infect Pseudomonas sp. DA1. Bacteriophage titer calculation results on each sample at 3,0 x 105 PFU/ml in drinking water depot, 3,3 x 107 PFU/ml in the water product, and 9 x 107 PFU/ml water sources. Keyword: refill drinking water systems, biofilms, Pseudomonas sp DA1, bacteriophage

Characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Gastrointestinal Tract of Cemani Chicken and Their Potential Use as Probiotics

Media Peternakan - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 37, No 3 (2014): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to screen and characterize lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from gastrointestinal (GI) tract of Cemani chicken, one of Indonesian local chicken and to investigate their potential use as probiotics. LAB were isolated from GI tract using MRSA and GYPA media and incubated anaerobically. Selected LAB were determined their probiotic properties with several assays. Identification of selected LAB was based on 16S rDNA sequences, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Ninety five bacteria  were isolated and characterized as lactic acid bacteria (Gram positive, catalase negative, non sporeforming and acid producing). Twenty four isolates of LAB demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli JCM 1649 and Salmonella enteritidis B2586, and three selected isolates, i.e. CCM011, CSP004, and CVM002 showed the highest inhibition activity. The isolates had characters of high cell surface hydrophobicity and inter-isolate coaggregation ability of LAB, high survival at low pH, high  phytase and protease activity (but no amylase and lipase activity), weak coaggregation with pathogen and no resistance to the examined antibiotics. The isolates were identified based on sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene as Lactobacillus salivarius, however, each isolate had different profiles of sugar fermentation. Therefore the three LAB isolates had potential application as probiotics for chicken. Key words: Cemani chicken, gastrointestinal tract, lactic acid bacteria, probiotic

Characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Gastrointestinal Tract of Cemani Chicken and Their Potential Use as Probiotics

Media Peternakan - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 37, No 3 (2014): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to screen and characterize lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from gastrointestinal (GI) tract of Cemani chicken, one of Indonesian local chicken and to investigate their potential use as probiotics. LAB were isolated from GI tract using MRSA and GYPA media and incubated anaerobically. Selected LAB were determined their probiotic properties with several assays. Identification of selected LAB was based on 16S rDNA sequences, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Ninety five bacteria  were isolated and characterized as lactic acid bacteria (Gram positive, catalase negative, non sporeforming and acid producing). Twenty four isolates of LAB demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli JCM 1649 and Salmonella enteritidis B2586, and three selected isolates, i.e. CCM011, CSP004, and CVM002 showed the highest inhibition activity. The isolates had characters of high cell surface hydrophobicity and inter-isolate coaggregation ability of LAB, high survival at low pH, high  phytase and protease activity (but no amylase and lipase activity), weak coaggregation with pathogen and no resistance to the examined antibiotics. The isolates were identified based on sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene as Lactobacillus salivarius, however, each isolate had different profiles of sugar fermentation. Therefore the three LAB isolates had potential application as probiotics for chicken.Key words: Cemani chicken, gastrointestinal tract, lactic acid bacteria, probiotic

IDENTIFIKASI JENIS PIGMEN DAN UJI POTENSI ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK PIGMEN BAKTERI Rhodococcus sp HASIL ISOLASI DARI SEDIMEN SUMBER AIR PANAS GEDONG SONGO

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 6 No. 4 Oktober 2017
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Pigments are the coloring agents commonly used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. This compound has the ability as antibacterial, anticancer, antibiotic and antioxidant. Pigment can be obtained synthetic and natural, natural pigments can be produced by plants, animals and microbes, one of which microbes is Rhodococcus sp. This study was conduct to identify the pigment found in Rhodococcus sp and measure the antioxidant activity of pigment produced by Rhodococcus sp. Growth and pigments production Rhodococcus sp was  grown on NB (Nutrient broth) medium with 96 hours incubation. This Growth was measured by dry weight cell. Identification of pigment using Thin Layer Chromatography and spectrophotometer UV-Vis. Measured of antioxidant activity Rhodococcus sp pigment using Carotene Bleaching methods. The results of pigments obtained from the identification by separation of pigment samples by thin layer chromatography resulted in 2 fractions on silica gel plate GF 250 with Rf values of 0.75 and 0.90. and analysis of UV-Vis spectrophotometers obtained optimum wavelengths 395 and 420 nm is beta-carotene pigments. Rhodococcus sp pigment measured its antioxidant activity with carotene bleaching method with the antioxidant activity value 51,24%.Keywords: Pigment, Rhodococcus sp, Pigment identification, antioxidant activity

DETEKSI MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) PADA PASIEN RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN METODE MALDI-TOF MS DAN MULTIPLEX PCR

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 6 No. 4 Oktober 2017
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Methicillin Resistant Staplylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus which has been resistant to methicillin antibiotics and β-lactam group. The mechanism of MRSA resistance occurs because the Staphylococcus aureus produces Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP2a) encoded by the mecA gene that has low affinity to methicillin. Nowadays, MRSA is tested by resistance test using Oxacillin 1 ug. This method requires pure isolate and bacterial culture, so that the results can be seen in 5 days. To find a rapid and precise diagnostic technique for detecting MRSA, mecA gene detection utilizing PCR multiplex technique as the alternative diagnostics. This study aims to find a quick and precise alternative diagnostic technique for MRSA examination, which is utilizing MALDI-TOF MS and multiplex PCR technique.Keywords: MRSA, Staplylococcus aureus, MALDI-TOF MS, Multiplex PCR.

KOMUNITAS RHIZOBAKTERIA TANAMAN TEH DENGAN APLIKASI FORMULA BIOIMUNIZER (Chryseobacterium Sp DAN Bacillus Sp) BERDASARKAN GEN 16S rRNA

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 5 No. 4 Oktober 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Commodity of tea (Camellia sinensis) has an important role in the national economy, especially in the field of agro-industries. Based on data obtained from the Directorate General of Plantation, the tea plant productivity declined over the last few years. This is due to the pest attack which result in decreasing the productivity of the tea plant. Increased crop productivity of tea have been done, such as the use of herbicides and insecticides, but until now there is very little effort to increase the production of tea plants by the use of biological agents. Chryseobacterium sp and Bacillus sp are rhizobacteria in tea rhizosphere that could potentially be used as a biocontrol agent (bioimmunizer). The purpose of this study is to determine the community rhizobacteria in tea soil with the addition of bioimmunizer based on 16S rRNA gene using T-RFLP technique. The method used in this research is T-RFLP technique (Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) using enzymes Msp I and Rsa I. The calculated value are relative abundance, Shannon diversity index (H '), evenness index (E), and dominance index. The results of this study indicate that soil samples with the addition of bioimunizer consisting of Arthrobacter sp, Bacillus sp, Actinobacteria, and Chryseobacterium sp.Keyword: T-RFLP, Chryseobacterium sp, Bacillus sp

KOMUNITAS BAKTERI RHIZOSFER TEH MELALUI APLIKASI BIOIMUNIZER (Chryseobacterium sp. dan Alcaligenes sp.) DENGAN METODE TERMINAL RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM (T-RFLP)

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 5 No. 4 Oktober 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Types of bacteria from the rhizosphere communities actually have been developed as bioimunizer but their consistency is still need further experiment about indigenous bacteria associated with rhizosphere of plants. This study aims to identification on the tea plant rhizosphere bacterial communities which in previous studies has been infected with E. vexans Massee and given bioimunizer as well as the checking existence Chryseobacterium sp. and Alcaligenes sp. The result research showed that communities of bacteria on control samples obtained through culturing Bacillus sp. (51.91%), Acidobacteria bacterium (39.42%) and Actinobacteria sp. (8.66%). Control sample through metagenom obtained Gemmatimonas aurantiaca (5.80%), Bacillus sp. (42.55%), Acidobacteria bacterium (23.45%) and Actinobacteria sp. (28.20%). Communities of bacteria in the samples treated by culturing obtained Gemmatimonas aurantiaca (3.58%), Bacillus sp. (30.76%), Pseudomonas sp. (5.55%) Acidobacteria bacterium (13.94%) and Actinobacteria sp. (46.16%). Communities of bacteria in the samples treated by metagenom found Bacillus sp. (10.66%), Acidobacteria bacterium (4.22%), Actinobacteria sp. (5.48%), Uncultured bacterium (1.49%), Alcaligenes sp. (36.95%) and Chryseobacterium sp. (46.82%). The existence of Alcaligenes sp. and Chryseobacterium sp. show consistency bioimunizer composition is applied. Communities of bacteria on metagenom have diversity and evenness level higher than the culturing approach. Keywords: bacterial communities, T-RFLP, Chryseobacterium sp., Alcaligenes sp.

PENDIDIKAN ANAK MENURUT ZAKIAH DARADJAT

POTENSIA: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Education is process that leads people to the good life and the uplifting of humanity in accordance with the basic capabilities (nature) and the his teaching ability (external influences). True education is that provides the opportunity for openness to influences from the outside world and the development of the student themselves. The purpose of  education is expected to from the persoality of a person into human beings with the pattern of taqwa to Allah SWT. Where the purpose of education is essentially that can humans in line with the incident. And aims to gain the solvation of the world and the hereafter. With the exixtence of education is expected to produce human beings who have a good personality in outword and inward who are able to devote charity and deeds to seek pleasure Allah. Education in the family has a strategic role and very decivise achievement of the quality of human resources. Implementation of family education is not just arolw as a routine and natural executor but acst as a responsible manager in laying a founation, weight direction and patterns of child life

DETEKSI GEN tlh DAN tdh PADA Bakteri Vibrio parahaemolyticus DARI AIR TAMBAK UDANG VANNAME (Litopenaeus vannamei) DI KABUPATEN REMBANG

Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 6 No. 3 Juli 2017
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is hallophilic gram-negative bacteria that live as natural inhabitant in aquatic environment. All Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain known to have thermolabile hemolysin encoded by tlh gene as species marker. Thermostable direct hemolysin encoded by tdh gene is responsible for regulating one of the virulence factors in Vibrio parhaemolyticus. The aim of this research is to detect tlh gene and tdh gene from water of vanname shrimp’s aquaculture in Rembang regency. Colonies of green-blueish bacteria grew from the isolation of  vanname shrimp’s aquaculture water in CD-VP media which is identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The isolated bacteria is specifically identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteria by the detection of tlh gene. Molecular analysis shows tdh negative result that indicates tdh gene is not present in the isolated bacteria. Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolate were cultured in Wagatsuma agar for the tdh gene confirmation test that showed Kanagawa negative result, in which indicated that V. parahaemolyticus did not produce thermostable direct hemolysin. Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolate did not show any virulence factors to initiate host colonization in the aquatic environment. Keywords: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, tdh gene, tlh gene

IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN BUPATI NOMOR 38 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG IZIN USAHA PASAR MODERN DAN PASAR TRADISIONAL DI KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

JURNAL REVIEW POLITIK Vol 4 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Politik Islam Fakultas Ushuluddin, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

This research explores the role of Sidoarjo government in regulating the guidance and supervision of the management of traditional and modern markets. The reaserach uses descriptive-qualitative approach and attempts to answer two main questions, are:first, how is the implementation of the decree num­ber 38 year 2012, concerning the business license of traditional and mo­dern markets? Second, are there any infringements of the license committed by mo­­­dern markets’ owners? The study has indicated that, in the implementation of local government’s regulations, there has been always a strong influence of the modern market. approval of the location permit has been always colored by gratification. Second, there are infringements of the decree committed by the owner of the modern markets with the absence of information dissemination to the small stallsas well as money politics shared to the citizens as their compensation.