Jamili Jamili
Jurusan Biologi, FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara 93232 Hp.085241767959, jamili66@yahoo.com

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Struktur dan Komposisi Mangrove di Pulau Kaledupa Taman Nasional Wakatobi, Sulawesi Tenggara Jamili, Jamili; Setiadi, Dede; Qayim, Ibnul; Guhardja, Edi
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 14, No 4 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis, menguraikan struktur, dominasi vegetasi mangrove, zonasi, dan permudaan alami di Pulau Kaledupa Taman Nasional Wakatobi. Sampling vegetasi menggunakan metode transek garis dan metode plot. Data vegetasi mangrove diperoleh melalui pengamatan dari setiap plot. Untuk strata pohon, tiang dan sapihan, parameter yang diamati meliputi nama spesies, jumlah individu masing-masing spesies, dan ukuran diameter batang setinggi dada. Sedangkan untuk strata semai dihitung jumlah cacah individu masingmasing spesies. Data periode dan tinggi penggenangan pada saat air pasang, diukur pada  plot pengamatan setiap hari selama 30 hari. Dominasi vegetasi mangrove ditentukan dengan parameter nilai penting, zonasi dengan parameter kerapatan relatif, dan permudaan alami vegetasi  mangrove dianalisis  dengan menggunakan nilai kerapatan total semai setiap plot pengamatan. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa komunitas mangrove di Pulau Kaledupa pada strata pohon didominasi oleh spesies Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, strata tiang didominasi oleh spesies Rhizophora mucronata, dan pada strata sapihan dan semai didominasi oleh spesies Ceriops tagal. Zonasi  mangrove di Pulau Kaledupa terdiri atas empat  zona, yaitu Zona R. mucronata, R. apiculata, Ceriops tagal, dan C.decandra. Tinggi penggenangan air laut merupakan faktor pengendali terjadinya zonasi mangrove di Pulau Kaledupa. Spesies C.tagal dan C.decandra memiliki tingkat permudaan alami baik, sedangkan spesies R. mucronata, R.apiculata, B.gymnorrhiza, Xylocarpus granatum, Sonneratia alba, dan Avicennia marina memiliki permudaan secara alami rendah. Kata kunci: Vegetasi mangrove, zonasi, struktur, komposisi  This research was aimed to describe the structure, dominance of mangrove vegetation, zonation,  and natural regeneration at Kaledupa Island of Wakatobi National Park. Sampling of vegetation used line transect and plot methods.  Data of mangrove vegetation was obtained through observation of each plot at all growth phases (trees, poles, sapling and seedling) covering species name, number of individual of each species, and size of the breast height diameter of stem. Data of water inundation at high tide was measured at each observation plot. Observation was conducted for 30 days. Dominance of mangrove vegetation was determined by importance value parameter, zonation by relative density parameter and natural regeneration by seedling density. Results of this research found that mangrove community at Kaledupa Island at trees stratum were dominated by species Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, poles stratum was dominated by species Rhizophora mucronata, and at sapling and seedling stratum were dominated by species Ceriops tagal. Mangrove zonation at Kaledupa Island consisted of four zones, that are R. mucronata, R. apiculata, C. taga, and C. decandra zone. Height of seawater inundation is controlling factor of formation of mangrove zonation at Kaledupa Island. Species C. tagal  and C. decandra had high level of natural regeneration, while species R.mucronata, R. apiculata, B. gymnorrhiza, Xylocarpus granatum, Sonneratia alba, and Avicennia marina had low natural regeneration. Key words : mangrove, zonation, structure, composition
STUDI KARAKTERISTIK MIKRO-HABITAT BURUNG MALEO (Macrocephalon maleo) PADA KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI (TNRAW) SULAWESI TENGGARA Jamili, Jamili; Analuddin, Analuddin; Rudia, Adi Parman Parman
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Bodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of the bird nestingmicrohabitat hole Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) in National Parks Aopa WatumohaiSwamp, Southeast Sulawesi . Data were collected on the savanna region block MempahoForest and savanna region Pampaea , by using descriptive method to determine the depth,temperature, pH and substrate nesting holes were found during the study . To determine thecomposition of the vegetation around the nesting hole , using roaming with 10 meters toexplore the area around the hole nesting and record the type of vegetation found. Vegetationtypes have been known to direct scientific name recorded in the field. While the type ofvegetation that is unknown scientific name, a swab or documentation then be describedfurther in the Laboratory of Ecology and Natural Sciences Taxonomy Halu Oleo Universitywith reference to the book (FLORA by Steenis, et al., 1997). The results showed the depthof hole nesting birds Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) in the study area is 50-60 cm,temperature 28o-32oC, and soil pH of 5.9 - 7. Maleo bird nesting substrate type is dominatedby sand. Types of vegetation found around the hole nesting nesting is Melastoma sp. andKirinyuh (Eupathorium sp.), while the type of vegetation that is a place to find food andshelter includes a thorn Bamboo (Bambusa spinosa), Rao (Dracontomelon mangiferum),Banyan (Ficus spp.), Tamarind (Aleurites molucana), Caesalpinia pulcherrima, forest Mango(Mangifera sp.), Kuia (Alstonia scolaris), Nona (Metrosideros petiolata), and Bitti/Kulipapo(Vitex sp.). Total current Maleo birds encounter is as much one of the males and femaleslaying eggs on the location of the savanna region Pampaea Resort Langkowala SwampNational Park area of Rawa Aopa Watumohai Southeast Sulawesi .Keywords : Characteristics microhabitat, Bird Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), Rawa AopaWatumohai National Park Southeast Sulawesi.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG PADA AREAL PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI KECAMATAN BESULUTU KABUPATEN KONAWE SULAWESI TENGGARA Ahmad, Sitti Wirdhana; Jamili, Jamili; Mustang, Mustang
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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ABSTRACTThis research aims to know the diversity and apportionment’s of bird on oils palm plantation acreage at Besulutu area Konawe Regency South-east Sulawesi. This research was done at oils palm plantation area PT. Mega Utama Tani on September until October 2015. This research constitutes explorative research. In this research the researcher made three stations with the reason that each station has distinctive. The data of Bird was taking by use IPA (Indices Punctual Abundance method). IPA (Indices Punctual Abundance) method is bird watch method to be accounted deep given time range that at compounds by transects method of lines Transects line. Base on observational result, it was found as much 17 bird geneses with totaled bird individual 722 one most deep groups 7 ordo and 14 families. Shannon Wieners diversity index I-III alternately each of 1,99, 1,96, 2,30. Bird diversity on station I and II Includes in low category, meanwhile III. Station comprises category be, apportionment Pielous index I-III alternately each of 0,72, 0,79, 0,83. Base acquired apportionment point on three stations, the apportionment of these three stations is categorize as high.Keyword : Bird, Oil Palm Plantation, Diversity, Apportionment
DISTRIBUSI VERTIKAL GASTROPODA PADA MANGROVE Rhizophora apiculata DI TELUK KENDARI Muhsin, Muhsin; Jamili, Jamili; Hendra, Hendra
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to know the vertical distribution of gastropoda at the mangrove Rhizophora apiculata in the Kendari Beach. Method whice isusingin research is transect line. The six transects lines and 20 quadrates 20x20 m for tree, 10x10 m for pole, 5x5 m for boundary pole, ang 2x2 m for seedling. Two samplings of mangrove tree, pole, boundary pole and seedling were chosen each quadrat for observation. The numbers of species and individuals of gastropods were counted in each organ of mangrove samplings (roots, stems, and leaves organs). The parameters of vertical distrubution of gastropods were analyzed including frequency and abundance. The results of this study showed that there exists 8 species of gastropods at the mangrove samplings in Kendari Beach, where seven species found at site I and III, whereas six in found at site II. Species of Littorina scabra showed as the heighest frequency value at all site is 0,75. Therefore, the Littorina scabra are the common snails in this region, bacause they were found at all site in Kendari Beach. The abundance of gastropods in the mangrove sampling was found to be high at roots and has the lowest at leaves. The species of Littorina scabra at all vegetative organs of mangrove samplings in the Kendari Beach and suggesting is widest distribution.Keywords : Gastropods, Abundance, Vertical Distribution, Bay of Kendari.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS SERANGGA PADA KOMUNITAS MANGROVE DI PULAU HOGA KABUPATEN WAKATOBI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA Suriana, Suriana; Jamili, Jamili; Rahman, Rahman
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Bodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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The aims of this research were determine diversity and evenness index of insect atHoga Island Wakatoby Regency. This research used the mehtod of squared plot. It is wasmade 3 pieces purporsively line transect direct shoroline cut mangrove communities startfrom the most advanced (seaward) direction behind. Each transect plots observations weremade on the left and the right along the transects line. The diversity index and evennessindex was determined using Shanon-Wiener. The result showed that, there were 4 orders ofinsects which consist of 7 families and 13 genera. The highest diversity index (H’) of inscetswas found at Osbornia clodonata stand (0.25), while it was the lowest at Xilocarpusgranatums stand (0.14). Evenness index (E) of insect among has significance different all ofmangrove stands, namely a stand Bruguiera gymnorrizha (0.09), Pemphis accidula (0.07),Osbornia clodonata (0.12) and Xilocarpus granatum (0.07).Keywords : Diversity, Insects, Mangrove Community, Hoga Island
EKSPOR KARBON DARI SERASAH DAUN MANGROVE DI TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI Analuddin, Analuddin; Jamili, Jamili; Pratama, Dafid
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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ABSTRACTMangrove ecosystems are highly productive and contribute as sources organic carbon and nutrients. The present study was aimed to determine export of of carbon from R. mucronata and C. tagal mangrove leaf litter at Rawa Aopa Watumohai National (RAWN) Park. Litterfall sampling of mangrove at RAWN Park was done by purposive sampling method. Carbon content was analyzed using ash method. The export value of carbon and nitrogen was estimated. The results showed that monthly export of organic carbon by mangrove C. tagal (14,36 g C/ m2/month) was higher than R. mucronata (12,02 g C/m2/month. Therefore, R. mucronata and C.tagal play important role as source of carbon and support the coastal ecosystem productivity.Keywords : Mangrove Forest, Leaf Litter, Carbon Export, RAWN Park.
STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI GASTRPODA DI PADANG LAMUN PADA PERAIRAN PANTAI LANERE DESA BATUAWU KABUPATEN BOMBANA SULAWESI TENGGARA Jamili, Jamili; Muhsin, Muhsin; Nafilah, Nafilah
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Keragaman dan Bioteknologi
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

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ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to know the structure and composition of gastropods in seagrass beds in Coastal Waters Lanere Batuawu Village District of South Kabaena. This study was conducted in April to June 2014.The population of this study are all individuals of each type of gastropods were to be found in the study area, the sample of this study is the whole individual types of gastropods contained in the observation plots. The method used in this study was The Line Transect with the placement of plots semi subjective based on the condition of seagrass. The observations were made on 5 transects. The distance between transects were 50 and each transects contains 10 plots.The structure and composition was analyzed quantitatively by determining density, relative density, frequency, relative frequency, Important Value Index, Diversity Index (H), and Evenness Index (E). The result of this study showed that found 27 species of gastropods in whole transects. The Shannon-Wienner estimated index was 1,360 to 1,924 and The Evennes Index was 0,494 to 0,583. Important Value Index highest gastropods were Hebra corticata, Nassarius coronatus and Plicarcularia thersites. Keywords : Gastropods, Structure, Composition, Diversity, Evenness, Seagrass
Karakter Kesuburan Tanah di Lahan Pertanian Bekas Perladangan Berpindah Herlina, Riska; Karimuna, La; Kilowasid, Harjoni; Santiaji Bande, La Ode; Hasid, Rachmawati; Jamili, Jamili
Berkala Penelitian Agronomi Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.724 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpa.v7i1.6968

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Karakter kesuburan tanah di lahan pertanian bekas perladangan berpindah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat fisik dan kimia tanah dari lahan pertanian bekas perladangan berpindah di Kabupaten Muna Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan menggunakan metode plot sebanyak 8 plot yang diletakkan secara acak pada lahan bekas perladangan berpindah dengan mengambil sampel tanah pada masing-masing plot untuk dilakukan analisis mengenai sifat fisik dan kimia tanah. Sifat fisik tanah meliputi tekstur tanah dan kimia tanah meliputi pH tanah, N-total, P-tersedia, C-Organik, KTK, Ca dan Mg. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di desa Katobu, Wakontu di Kecamatan Wadaga dan Laboratorium Jurusan Ilmu Tanah Universitas Halu Oleo dari bulan Juli sampai bulan Oktober 2017. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa hasil analisis laboratorium mengenai tekstur tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah di desa Katobu untuk plot 1 dengan tekstur liat berpasir, plot 2 dan 3 dengan tekstur lempung, plot 4 sampai 8 dengan tekstur debu. Sedangakan untuk tekstur tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah di desa Wakontu untuk plot 1 dengan tanah bertekstur liat, plot 2 sampai plot 8 dengan tekstur debu. Hasil analisis mengenai sifat kimia tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah dari desa Katobu untuk pH rata-rata tahah yaitu 6,64, N-Total rata-rata yaitu 0,242 %, P-Tersedia rata-rata 2,593 ppm, KTK rata-rata yaitu 27,516 cmol/kg, C-Organik rata-rata yaitu 0,756 %, Ca rata-rata yaitu 16,544 cmol/kg dan Mg rata-rata yaitu 16,544 cmol/kg. sedangkan untuk sifat kimia tanah dari lahan bekas
Keanekaragaman Tanaman Pekarangan Dan Pemanfaatannya Untuk Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan Di Kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan Feriatin, Feriatin; Boer, Dirvamena; Jamili, Jamili
Berkala Penelitian Agronomi Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (749.955 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpa.v5i2.7561

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi jenis, struktur dan indeks keanekaragaman tanaman  serta pola pemanfaatan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan  di kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuadrat. Data dianalisis secara kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Data kuantitatif adalah struktur vegetasi yang meliputi densitas, densitas relatif, frekuensi, frekuensi relatif, dominansi, dominansi relatif, nilai penting dan indeks keanekaragaman sedangkan data yang dianalisis secara kualitatif meliputi deskriptif komposisi tanaman dan pola pemanfaatan tanaman dilahan pekarangan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi jenis tanaman yang terdapat di lahan pekarangan  kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan diperoleh sebanyak 25 famili dari  44 jenis tanaman, dimana 22 jenis tanaman tahunan dan 22 jenis tanaman musiman. Untuk struktur vegetasi tanaman yang diusahakan pada lahan pekarangan di kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan ditinjau dari segi nilai penting tertinggi untuk tingkat pohon ditunjukkan oleh spesies Cocos nucifera yaitu 201,85 % terdapat pada desa Wambona sedangkan nilai terendah ditunjukkan oleh spesies Eugenia aquea Burm. F, yaitu 5,54 % terdapat pada desa Wakorumba. Untuk tingkat tihang nilai tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh spesies Theobroma cacao L. yaitu 125,55 % sedangkan nilai terendah yaitu spesies Syzygium malacensis dengan nilai 7,12 % terdapat pada desa Wambona. Tingkat sapihan nilai tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh spesies Carica papaya L. yaitu 103,59 % terdapat pada desa Bakealu sedangkan nilai terendah  spesies Tamarindus indica L. dengan nilai 3,38 % terdapat pada desa Wakorumba. Untuk tingkat semai nilai tertinggi ditunjukkan oleh spesies Cocos nucifera 83,33 % terdapat pada desa Bakealu sedangkan nilai terendah ditunjukkan oleh spesies Nephelium lappaceum yaitu 5,85 % terdapat pada desa Wakorumba. Indeks keanekaragaman tanaman didesa Wakorumba, Pure, Bakealu, Wambona dan kelurahan Labunia tergolong sedang, terkecuali pada tingkat sapihan desa Bakealu tergolong rendah. Pola pemanfaatan tanaman yang diusahakan pada lahan pekarangan oleh penduduk di kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan yaitu sebagai sumber karbohidrat (18,18 %), sebagai sumber protein (11,36 %), sumber vitamin (45,45 %), sumber mineral (22,73 %) dan pemanfaatan sebagai sumber lemak (2,27 %).Kata kunci:   Komposisi Tanaman Pekarangan, Struktur Vegetasi, Indeks   Keanekaragaman, Pola Pemanfaatan
Sistem Pengelolaan Kaindea Berbasis Kearifan Lokal di Desa Tanjung Tiram Kecamatan Moramo Utara Konawe Selatan Bahari, Bahari; Bahrun, Andi; Jamili, Jamili
Berkala Penelitian Agronomi Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.141 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpa.v5i2.7560

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat pengetahuan dan sistem pengelolaan kaindea masyarakat etnis Muna serta manfaat ekonomi dan ekologis kaindea di Desa Tanjung Tiram Kecamatan Moramo Utara Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di lokasi pertanian kaindea di Desa Tanjung Tiram, Kecamatan Moramo Utara, Kabupaten Konawe Selatan, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Rancangan penelitian ini dilakukan dengan penarikan contoh narasumber dan pengumpulan data. Narasumber yang diplih adalah masyarakat etnis Muna yang bermukim di Desa Tanjung Tiram, berdasarkan pertimbangan faktor-faktor demografi penduduk berdasarkan usia dan pengetahuan tentang kaindea. Data yang dikumpulkan terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer dikumpulkan dari pengamatan di lapangan dan hasil  wawancara dengan responden. Sedangkan data sekunder dikumpulkan dari lembaga/instansi yang ada kaitannya dengan penelitian ini seperti Kantor Kecamatan, Kantor Bupati, Dinas pertanian Kabupaten, Balai Rehabilitasi Lahan dan Konservasi Tanah. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui studi orientasi, eksplorasi, dan konfirmasi. Variabel penelitian ini meliputi variabel bebas, yaitu gambaran umum kawasan penelitian dan sejarah terbentuknya kaindea oleh etnis Muna; dan variaber terikat yang terdiri dari janis-jenis tanaman kaindea dan pemanfaatannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari berdasarkan kearifan lokal. Data-data yang diperoleh ditabulasi selanjutnya dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil pengamatan menggambarkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan dan pendidikan masyarakat etnis Muna masih tergolong rendah, dan sistem pengelolaannya masih secara tradisional. Produk dari kaindea dapat memberi manfaat ekonomi bagi peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat serta menjaga keseimbangan ekologi pada lokasi penelitian.Kata kunci :  Kaindea, kearifan lokal