Articles

DAMPAK KEPEMILIKAN LAHAN PADI SAWAH TERHADAP EFISIENSI TEKNIS DAN EFISIENSI LINGKUNGAN DI KABUPATEN ROKAN HULU Defidelwina, Defidelwina; Jamhari, Jamhari; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Widodo, Sri
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Land ownership, technical and environmental efficiency are interrelated aspects one another which influences the sustainability of farming. This study aims to estimate the impact of land ownership on the technical and environmental efficiency of wetland rice farming in the Rokan Hulu Regency. Data obtained from interviews with 100 farm households, and analyzed using the translog stochastic frontier production function estimated by the maximum likelihood method. This production function includes conventional and detrimental input (Nitrogen). The results showed that the average technical efficiency of farming was 84.8%. Meaning that farmers can increase their technical efficiency by 15.2%. While the average of environmental efficiency is 23.7%. It is recommended to farmers to reduce their detrimental inputs by 76.3%. The technical efficiency of landowners was lower than the tenant or sharing farmers. Otherwise, the environmental efficiency of landowners higher than tenant or sharing farmers.
SUPPLIER STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SUPPLIER NETWORK PHASE RICE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN SOUTH SUMATRA bidarti, agustina; Hadi Darwanto, Dwidjono; Hartono, Slamet; Jamhari, Jamhari
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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This study aims to identify the mapping, measure performance, and analyze problems in the structure of rice supply chain management on the supplier network phase in South Sumatra. Afterward, the result of this study is used as the basic consideration to improve the rice supply chain performance on indicators that have problems. Data collection was conducted by direct interview, questionnaire, and observation. This study used descriptive qualitative and several analysis tools as the data such as Supply Chain Operation Reference Model (SCOR), Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Objective Matrix (OMAX) and Traffic Light System (TLS). According to the rice supply chain mapping on supplier network phase, there are three rice supply chains. Based on the interview, the farmers’ main problem as the main producers of the rice supply chain in South Sumatra is the limitation of unhusked rice price information in harvesting in the financial flow of rice supply chain. Based on the weighting result by OMAX scoring system, the total index value is 7.28, or in the yellow category which means that the performance of LICM rice- industry company in South Sumatra has not achieved the expected performance in terms of rice supply chain even though the result is close to the pre-determined target.
KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN AGROWISATA PADI SAWAH TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PADA BERBAGAI KATEGORI DESA WISATA handayani, sugiharti mulya; Jamhari, Jamhari; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Mulyo, Jangkung Handoyo
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Tourist village as a new trend of tourism that has been growing rapidly in Yogyakarta. Based on attractiveness, accessibility, facilities, community empowerment, marketing and promotion, institutional, and human resources, tourist villages are devided into growing, developing and developed categories. Wetland rice agrotourism offers attractions in tourist village that leads to increasing income of the perpetrators (main actors, supporting actors, and managers). This descriptive research aimed to compare agro-tourism perpetrators’s income contribution to household income in various categories of tourist village in Yogyakarta. This research was purposively conducted in Gabugan, Pancoh and Pentingsari Village as representation of grow, developed, and advanced tourism villages. The result depicted that the contribution of wetland rice agrotourism to household income of all agro-tourism actors was low in all tourism village categories. This indicates that the wetland rice agro-tourism has not contributed significantly in supporting the domestic economy of the perpetrators. The results of the study show that the advanced tourism villages have a higher contribution of income compared to developing and growing tourism villages.
Performance of Village Unit Co-Operatives in Yogyakarta Special Region: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach Siregar, Abi Pratiwa; Jamhari, Jamhari; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

This study assessed the performance of 32 village unit co-operatives (KUD) in Yogyakarta Special Region during 2011 to 2012. The efficiency level of the KUD were evaluated by employing the data envelopment analysis and multiple regression analysis using panel data to determine the factors affecting efficiency level. Efficiency analysis was decomposed into three dimensions to explore possible sources of inefficiency. According to Marwa and Aziakpono (2016), the first dimension was technical efficiency, which explored the overall effectiveness of transforming the productive inputs into desired outputs compared to the data-driven frontier of best practice. The second dimension was pure technical efficiency, which captured managerial efficiency in the intermediation process. The third dimension was scale efficiency, which explored whether KUD were operating in an optimal scale of operation or not. The results found that the average scores are 64%, 92%, and 68% for technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency respectively in 2011, while in 2012 the average scores are 57%, 94%, and 60% for technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency. Factors having significantly positive impact on several measures of efficiency are incentive and dummy variables (agriculture inputs and hand tractor). Accounts receivable only has positive relationship to pure technical efficiency. On the other hand, rice milling unit and electricity services have negative impact with several measures of efficiency.
Analysis of Rice Price Trend and Vertical Integration of Rice Market in Indonesia Kusumaningsih, Asih; Jamhari, Jamhari; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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The aims of this study were (1) to determine the trend of retail rice price in Indonesia and the price of grain at the farmer level in Indonesia and (2) to identify the vertical integration of the rice market in Indonesia. The monthly data of retail rice price and the price of grain at the farmer level (price of harvested dried grain at the farmer level) in Indonesia during January 2008 - January 2016 were used in this study. The least squares method was applied to determine the trend of prices, while Co-integration Model of Engle-Granger and ECM was used to estimate the vertical integration of Indonesian rice market. The results indicated that both types of prices had an upward trend. In the analysis of the vertical integration of rice market in Indonesia, there was a long-term balance relationship and short-term equilibrium relationship.
In the Center of Meaning: Ziarah Tradition in Java Jamhari, Jamhari
Studia Islamika Vol 7, No 1 (2000): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

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This essay describes the beliefs and practices associated with the notion of ziarah in a single community, that of Bayat, a small district (kecamatan) in Klaten between Yogyakarta and Surakarta. There are some of terms from Bayat in this text, because it is revealing to consider how key terms have been used within their culture of origin. In elucidating ziarah practices and its interpretations, visitors in Bayat refer to the cultural contexts with which they are familiar. The logic of ziarah thus reflects visitors everyday life experiences. Applying vernacular terms used in Bayat entails taking this cultural context into consideration.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i1.716
Javanese Islam: The Flow of Creed Jamhari, Jamhari
Studia Islamika Vol 9, No 2 (2002): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

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In this article, popular Islam meaning Islam that is practiced and interpreted in accordance with local context is considered to be "the true Islam". To reach this ultimate religious goal, one may proceed through various ways of understanding Islam. These differences may indicate the level of religious understanding one has reached. On the other hand, they may demonstrate the many ways to grasp the truth of religious understanding. The emergence of various religious orientations with their different ways of understanding Islam indicates the ongoing process connecting Islam in Java with the wider context of Islam as a whole. This means that the different interpretations in Java are part of the global debate in Islam.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i2.665
Contribution of Agricultural Sector Towards Regional Income Inequality of Sumatera Economic Corridor Juhandi, Dany; Irham, Irham; Jamhari, Jamhari
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Finding of previous studies shows that Sumatera Economic Corridor is categorized as the highest income inequality. The Indonesian goverment enacts MP3EI (Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development) program to promote equitable development where each economic corridor owns strategic economic sector. The objective of this study is to analyze the contribution of agricultural sector on income inequality in Sumatera Economic Corridor (SEC) using a weighted coefficient of variation. We use secondary time series data of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), number of population, and per capita income of a time range between 2002 and 2013. Data analysis shows that agricultural sector has the least contribution on income inequality. Consequently, goverment policy should be focusing on the development of agricultural sector in Sumatera Economic Corridor
EL NINO, LA NINA, DAN PENAWARAN PANGAN DI JAWA, INDONESIA Utami, Arini Wahyu; Jamhari, Jamhari; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 12, No 2 (2011): JEP Desember 2011
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Paddy and maize are two important food crops in Indonesia and mainly produced in Java Island. This research aimed to know the impact of El Nino and La Nina on paddy and maize farmer’s supply in Java. Cross sectional data from four provinces in Java was combined with time series data during 1987-2006. Paddy supply was estimated using log model, while maize supply used autoregressive model; each was estimated using two types of regression function. First, it included dummy variable of El Nino and La Nina to know their influence into paddy and maize supply. Second, Southern Oscillation Index was used to analyze the supply changing when El Nino or La Nina occur. The result showed that El Nino and La Nina did not influence paddy supply, while La Nina influenced maize supply in Java. Maize supply increased when La Nina occurred.
Dampak Penggunaan Varietas Unggul terhadap Distribusi Pendapatan Petani Jagung di Kalimantan Barat Kusrini, Novira; Irham, Irham; D., Dwidjono H.; Jamhari, Jamhari
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 7, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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The objectives of the study are (1) to analyze the household’s income structure of corn farmers based on variety types and land holdings and (2) to see the relation between income distribution and land holding and types of variety. Data analyzed in the study were collected from two main corn-producing districts during the planting seasons of 2007/2008. Results of the study show that share of income from farm business to the total households’ income is relatively high, i.e., shares of income from corn farming based on variety type varied from 44 to 87 percent in Sinar Tebudak and 49 to 87 percent in Pangmilang. Distribution of corn farming income for all types of variety is more balanced than that of total households’ income due to variation in non-farm income. The study also indicates that there is a positive correlation in all variety types between total households’ income and land holding. The use of superior variety could improve distribution of corn farming income and distribution of households’ income. Implications of the study are (1) enhancing non-farm employment in rural areas is essential to improve households’ income; (2) implementing land reform is one of the instruments to create a better distribution of land holding and income distribution in rural areas; and (3) improving supporting inputs and facilities like water irrigation, fertilizer, pesticide, credit and agricultural extension service for the corn farmers are essential in order to improve income distribution in the study area.Keywords: variety type, income distribution