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TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES AND PROFITABILITY OF RICE FARMING UNDER DIFFERENT ECOSYSTEMS IN SUMATRA, INDONESIA: A STUDY OF THREE VILLAGES IN KOMERING IRRIGATION AREA Jahroh, Siti; Fujimoto, Akimi
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2007): Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics Journal
Publisher : Departemen Agribisnis, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

contribution of rice production in Java to the total production in the country has decreased, it has become difficult to depend on Java alone in order to achieve rice self-sufficiency. Thus, extensification program outside Java can be one of the solutions.Based on the questionnaire survey conducted in three villages in Komering Irrigation area in Sumatra, this paper clarified the technological changes in rice farming from rain-fed to irrigated rice field. The future shift of technology from rain-fed to irrigated rice farming will not face many difficulties, since farmers under the rain-fed ecosystem have adopted modern technology, commonly practiced under the irrigated ecosystem, except for direct seeding. By the development of irrigation infrastructure and technology, the productivity has increased and farmers under the newly-irrigated and well-irrigated ecosystems could earn net income double and triple than that of farmers under the rain-fed ecosystem. In addition, because of the stable water supply, farmers were able to diversify their rice fields by cultivating vegetables and raising fish. Thus, land use diversification is needed to be further investigated.
Farmers’ Preference in Facing the Production Risk of Red Chili in Cianjur District Wibisonya, Irawan; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 18 NO 2 2019
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

One indication of the risk is fluctuations in production yield. Chili as a superior competitor is the most vulnerable to fluctuations in production. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the risk of production and farmers' policies on the risk of production. This research used purposive sampling with 66 farmers sampel size. This research used Just and Pop models which were analyzed using regression analysis and analysis of farmer relationships with utility function models. The results reflected that land area, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and labor can increase the yield of chili. While the area of land, seeds, fertilizers, labor and planting seasons can increase the risk of chili production. Most farmers have risk takers compared to the potential for chili production.
ANALISIS VOLATILITAS HARGA DAGING SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING AYAM BROILER DI INDONESIA Burhani, Fadila Jzuqynova; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Abstract

Beef consumption needs of Indonesian  population tends to increase with the increasing number of the population and public awareness of the importance of animal protein. Meanwhile the price of beef and broiler meat are fluctuative. The value of volatility describes how much the level of risk that will be faced in the future. Fluctuations in the price of beef and broiler meat can be caused by  the unequilibrium of supply and demand.  The objectives of this research are (1) to identify the price volatility forecasting models of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, (2) to identify factors that affect the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, and (3) to identify alternative strategies related to the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This research used secondary data with the  time series form in the period of February 2003 to February 2013. In this research ARCH-GARCH was used to analyze the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This analysis showed that the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia would be smaller. Factors that affect the price volatility of beef in Indonesia are the price volatility of previous period and the price variance of the previous period. While the factors that affects the price volatility of broiler meat in Indonesia is the amount of price volatility in the previous period.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN KUOTA IMPOR TERHADAP PERMINTAAN KARET ALAM INDONESIA OLEH NEGARA CHINA Syaffendi, Muhamad Ridho; Rifin, Amzul; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia is once country with an open economy, trade is one way to get the source of income for the country. therefore, Indonesian trying to be a exporters some excellent products, especially in the area of ​​rubber plantations. This study aims to look and identify the impact of the adoption quota production of natural rubber to Indonesia and other major rubber producing countries in the ASEAN region, in this study using a rubber commodity time series data to be analyzed quantitatively through descriptive models and quantitative models. Deskritptif model used is multiple linear regression model. the results of this study demand for natural rubber imports from ASEAN countries China is influenced by several variables that the price of natural rubber, synthetic rubber prices , income per capita , exchange rates , and dummy variables. Judging from the competitiveness of Indonesias natural rubber can not compete in terms of price with natural rubber Thai state, due to Indonesias natural rubber are substitutes for natural rubber Thailand, while for Malaysia, Indonesias natural rubber relationship is complementary.
ANALISIS DAYASAING DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS KOPI INDONESIA Narulita, Sari; Winandi, Ratna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JAI Vol 2 No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia is the third largest coffee exporter in the world after Vietnam. In addition to be used as an export commodity, coffee is also grown in the country. In todays era of trade globalization, competition is getting tougher conditions, where individual countries to open their markets to each other. Based on that need to be analyzed competitiveness and the development of Indonesian coffee agribusiness. Competitiveness analysis is performed by means of comparative advantage analysis of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and a competitive advantage with Porters Diamond theory approach. The results showed that Indonesian coffee has a competitive advantage both comparative and competitive. The analysis used to generate agribusiness development strategy is the SWOT analysis tool (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats). Strategy resulting from the analysis is more directed to the technical aspect and cultivation.
Efisiensi Produksi Kakao Fermentasi pada Perkebunan Rakyat di Bali dengan Pendekatan Stochastic Frontier Rinaldi, Jemmy; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Kabupaten Tabanan adalah sentra produksi kakao di Bali yang sebagian besar adalah perkebunan rakyat dengan produktivitas kakaoyang dihasilkan semakin rendah. Daerah ini juga pernah menerapkan proses fermentasi biji kakao dengan harapan dapat meningkatkanpendapatannya, tetapi teknologi tersebut mulai ditinggalkan oleh petani. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) menganalisis faktorfaktoryang mempengaruhi produksi biji kakao di Bali, (2) menganalisis efisiensi produksi biji kakao yang dihasilkan petani di Balidengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, dan (3) menganalisis pendapatan usahatani kakao dengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasipada perkebunan rakyat di Bali. Jenis data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer yang diperoleh dengan metode survei menggunakankuesioner. Responden dalam kajian ini sebanyak 100 orang petani kakao yang terbagi menjadi 40 orang petani kakao yang tidakmelakukan fermentasi dan 60 orang yang melakukan fermentasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan pendekatan stochastic frontiermenggunakan alat analisis front 4.1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang berpengaruh positif terhadap peningkatanproduksi kakao adalah tenaga kerja, pestisida dan luas lahan, sedangkan faktor yang berpengaruh negatif adalah umur tanaman.Produksi kakao di tingkat perkebunan rakyat telah efisien dilakukan, tetapi proses pengolahan biji kakao dengan teknologi fermentasimemiliki tingkat efisiensi yang lebih kecil dibandingkan tidak difermentasi. Tingkat pendapatan usahatani kakao per hektar per tahundengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi Rp. 5.014.877,44 lebih besar dibandingkan tidak menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, yaituRp. 4.654.809,24. Penerapan teknologi fermentasi pada proses pengolahan biji kakao dapat meningkatkan pendapatan petani.Kata Kunci: Kakao, efisiensi produksi, stochastic frontier, teknologi fermentasiTabanan District is a cocoa production center in Bali by which the crops are mostly grown in small-scale and low in productivity as well. In this areafarmers had implemented fermentation process of cocoa beans to increase their income, although the technology was left. The objectives of this studywere: (1) to analyze the factors affecting the production of cocoa beans in Bali, and (2) to analyze efficiency of cocoa production by farmers in Bali,and (3) to analyze cocoa farm income for the farmers having implemented the fermentation technology. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 100cocoa farmers consisting of 60 farmers having implemented the fermentation technology and 40 farmers did not. Front 4.1 analysis was employed inorder to estimate the stochastic frontier production. The results showed that factors like labor, pesticides and land area had positive correlation inincreasing of cocoa production. In contrast, plant age had the negative correlation. In general small-scale cocoa farmers were efficient. In addition,the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to be less efficient compared to farmers who did not implement the technology.However, the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to have higher income of Rp. 5.014.877,44 being high compared tothose who did not implement the technology of Rp 4.654.809,24. The implementation of fermentation technology in cocoa beans could increasefarmers’ income.
REAKTUALISASI TEORI HUKUMAN DALAM HUKUM PIDANA ISLAM Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Hukum Islam Volume 9, Nomor 2, Desember 2011
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

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Abstract

In any study of the criminal law is considered the most important aspect is the study of punishment that will be imposed on offenders. Therefore, a proportionate and contextual understanding of the philosophy of punishment in the study of Islamic criminal law becomes very important to be discussed in depth. Here the location of significance of this paper, namely to re-understanding (renewal) of Islamic criminal law doctrine that while this is often 'marginalized' because it is inhuman, cruel and ruthless. Two important aspects in the theory of punishment (aspects of compensation/retribution and aspects of deterrence) to be the main focus in the discussion of this paper.
ANALISIS VOLATILITAS HARGA DAGING SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING AYAM BROILER DI INDONESIA Burhani, Fadila Jzuqynova; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

Beef consumption needs of Indonesian  population tends to increase with the increasing number of the population and public awareness of the importance of animal protein. Meanwhile the price of beef and broiler meat are fluctuative. The value of volatility describes how much the level of risk that will be faced in the future. Fluctuations in the price of beef and broiler meat can be caused by  the unequilibrium of supply and demand.  The objectives of this research are (1) to identify the price volatility forecasting models of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, (2) to identify factors that affect the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, and (3) to identify alternative strategies related to the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This research used secondary data with the  time series form in the period of February 2003 to February 2013. In this research ARCH-GARCH was used to analyze the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This analysis showed that the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia would be smaller. Factors that affect the price volatility of beef in Indonesia are the price volatility of previous period and the price variance of the previous period. While the factors that affects the price volatility of broiler meat in Indonesia is the amount of price volatility in the previous period.
KELAYAKAN USAHA TERNAK DOMBA DENGAN INTRODUKSI PAKAN SILASE DAUN SINGKONG (Kasus di Desa Petir, Kecamatan Dramaga Kabupaten Bogor) Khandari, Sabila Mumtaz; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 5, No 2 (2015): FA VOL 5 NO 2 SEPTEMBER 2015
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

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Abstract

The majority of sheep farmers in Indonesia are small-scale ones who use grass which depends on weather as the feed. Petir Village is one of the villages in Bogor Sub-district where the sheep farmers raise their sheep traditionaly. Cassava leaf silage can be an alternative of good quality feed. Introduction of cassava leaf silage can affect the feasibility of livestock business. This study aimed to analyze the feasibility of sheep farming in terms of financial and nonfinancial aspects of introducing cassava leaf silage. Feasibility of non-financial aspects were analyzed using the legal, markets and marketing, management, technical, social, and environmental impact aspects. Whereas feasibility of financial aspects were analyzed using the feasibility criterias Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net Benefit-Cost Ratio (Net B/C), Gross Benefit-Cost Ratio (Gross B/C), and Payback Period. By introducing cassava leaf silage, the results of market and marketing, social, and environmental aspects showed that the business was feasible. Meanwhile, the result of financial analysis on the condition of introducing cassava leaf silage feed was not feasible for any business scale. Cassava leaf silage was not feasible when done individually so the formation of farmer groups can be a solution. In addition, farmers need information and training related to the implementation of cassava leaf silage to sheep.
REINTERPRETASI PRINSIP KAFĀ’AH SEBAGAI NILAI DASAR DALAM POLA RELASI SUAMI ISTRI Jahroh, Siti
Al-Ahwal: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam Vol 5, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Symptoms of domestic violence that occurs in marriage is due to the absence of equality or what is often called kafa>’ah in the fiqh al-muna>kah}ah between the prospective husband and wife. In this case the position of husband to wife is not equal, either in economic, social, education, culture, race/ethnicity, ancestry or religious level. Husband’s position which is not equivalent (as kufu>’) with his wife or vice versa, often triggers dispute between the two. Ongoing dispute, then followed by hurting words, beatings or physical abuse, irresponsible behavior, don’t meet the economic or biological needs, marry again, and even can also lead to a sadistic action or killing. In this perspective the author considers that if the value embodied in the kafa>‘ah concept is understood correctly and properly, it’ll actually give a positive chance to prevent domestic violence crime especially in the context of the relationship between husband and wife.[Gejala Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT) yang terjadi dalam perkawinan, salah satunya disebabkan tidak adanya kesetaraan atau yang sering disebut dalam fiqh al-munâkahah dengan istilah kafa>’ah antara calon suami dengan calon istri. Dalam hal ini posisi suami dengan istri yang tidak setara, baik setara secara ekonomi, sosial, pendidikan, kultur, ras/suku, keturunan maupun tingkat keberagamaan. Posisi suami yang tidak setara (se-kufu’) dengan istrinya ataupun sebaliknya, sering kali memicu perselisihan di antara keduanya. Perselisihan yang terus-menerus, kemudian diiringi dengan kata-kata yang menyakitkan, tindak pemukulan atau penganiayaan fisik, perilaku yang tidak bertanggung jawab, tidak memenuhi kebutuhan ekonomis atau biologis, kawin lagi, bahkan dapat pula menjurus pada tindakan sadisme dengan menyengsarakan atau menghilangkan nyawa. Dalam perspektif inilah penulis memandang bahwa nilai yang terkandung dalam konsep kafa>’ah jika dipahami dengan tepat dan benar sebenarnya berpeluang positif untuk menangkal tindak kejahatan KDRT terlebih dalam konteks relasi antara suami dan istri.]