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Gambaran Beberapa Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Insidensi Diare pada Balita Di RSU Saraswati Cikampek Periode Bulan Juli 2008

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 9, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Diarrhea in Indonesia is potential to be epidemic; its morbidity is high and it may cause death and malnutrition in infants and toddlers. In 2006, 41 districts of 16 provinces in Indonesia reported the incidents of diarrhea epidemic in their area. At Cikampek Saraswati General Hospital, diarrhea was the fourth highest disease in 2007 and children of 1-4 years old were the highest risk group. The aim of this research is to describe the respondents’ education, economic level, knowledge, attitudes, behavior, toddler’s nutrition, personal hygiene, as well as the provision of clean water, environmental sanitation, and health facilities that have affected the incidents of diarrhea in Cikampek Saraswati General Hospital. This study uses descriptive methods, the cross-sectional research design and 46 questionnaire items as the research instruments. The participants of this research were mothers or guardian mothers with children aged between 1-5 years old suffering from diarrhea and being registered as patients in Cikampek Saraswati General Hospital in July 2008. The incidental samples were 104 people. The findings showed that the education, economic level, knowledge, behavior, toddler’s nutrition, personal hygiene, and environmental sanitation of the respondents were still poor, while the attitudes of the respondents, the provision of clean water, health facilities in the residence of respondents were already good.

Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Tutor PBL dengan Kemampuan Membimbing Mahasiswa untuk Mencapai Tujuan Pembelajaran

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 9, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is one of several methods applied in current medical education. PBL tutors are expected to have the competency of a good facilitator so that they can guide the students to achieve their learning objective. This study aims to identify the correlation between the knowledge, attitude and behavior of PBL tutors and their competency in guiding students to achieve their learning objective. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Medical Faculty of Maranatha Christian University in July – November 2007. Respondents were all the tutors who had joined a tutor training. The questionnaires used in this study were set by modifying “the characteristics of a good tutor” developed by Queen University. The data were collected in July – August 2007 and analyzed by using STATA 6.0 program. Of the 87 tutors who had completed the training, 11 tutors were excluded from this study because they had never been assigned as a  PBL tutor.  Multivariate analysis with linier regression was conducted on 76 samples. The final model revealed that the tutors’ ability in giving feedback could increase their competency in guiding students to achieve their learning objective (CR=0.46; 95%CI=0.26-0.66). Another factor that could increase the tutors’ competency was their ability to clarify the learning objective (CR=0.3; 95%CI=-0.18-0.58). The tutors’ ability in giving feedback and clarifying the learning objective had been the factors that could increase their competency in guiding students to achieve their learning objective.

Prevalensi Kanker Kolorektal di Rumah Sakit Immanuel Bandung Periode Januari 2005 ─ Desember 2007

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 8, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy. In Indonesia, colorectal cancer is on the sixth position of ten malignant cancers mostly suffered. The data from the Health Department show the prevalence 1.8 per 100,000 population. The aim of this study was to describe some data concerning colorectal cancer recorded at Immanuel Hospital Bandung. The data include prevalence, gender, age, job based distribution, the highest predilection of colorectal cancer, the stadium in which  patients came to hospital, and the therapy that was given. This retrospective study is a descriptive observational study with a cross sectional design upon the data of colorectal cancer patients taken from their medical records at Immanuel Hospital Bandung from January 2005-December 2007. The obtained data were studied within May-June 2008. The  colorectal cancer patients at Immanuel Hospital Bandung during that period were 63 people. The study has showed an increasing number of colorectal cancer patients each year, women (57.1%) affected more than men (42.9%). The age of the group of the highest incidence of colorectal cancer was between 61-70 years old (23.8%). Colorectal cancer was found much among housewives (27.0%). The highest predilection of colorectal cancer happened in the rectum (34.9%). A lot of patients came to the hospital at stadium B (30.1%). A lot of patients did the operation of colostomy (25.4%).

Efek Serbuk Biji Kopi Robusta (Coffea robusta Lindl. Ex de Willd) terhadap Waktu Penutupan Luka pada Mencit Jantan Galur Balb/C yang Diinduksi Aloksan

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 8, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Wounds  caused by uncontrolled DM may result in gangrene, which risks an amputation. Free radical in people having DM is higher than that in normal people. Robusta coffee contains antioxidant chlorogenic acid and antibacterial Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) that can reduce free radical and kill bacteria Staphylococcus. Therefore, this kind of coffee is expected to have a capacity to heal  wounds faster. This study is to examine the effect of Robusta coffee seed powder on the healing time of the wounds of Alloxan induced male mice. The research is a  true experimental prospective study using Random Complete Design with comparative characteristic. The experimented animals were 27 male mice having DM caused by Allegan. On day 17 the glucose level of the mice was checked and measured. The mice were divided into three 9-mouse groups. An 8-mm slice was made on the right thigh skin of each mouse. The first group was treated with Robusta coffee seed powder, the 2nd (compared)  group with Povidone Iodine 10% given topically every day and the 3rd (control) group was not treated. The wound closing time was measured until all the mice’s wounds were perfectly closed (in days). The data analysis used one way ANOVA and continued with Tukey HSD Test (a=0.05). The result showed  that the average closing time of the wounds of the first, 2nd, and 3rd groups was subsequently 4.67, 3.78, and 6.22 days. The wound closing time of the first group was significantly shorter than that of the control group (p=0.131). The study concludes that Robusta coffee seed powder has shortened the wound closing time of the Alloxan induced male mice.

Efek Pajanan Timbal terhadap Infertilitas Pria

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 8, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Industrial and technological advances have brought a great benefit in human life, but these also bring negative effects to human and environment. Several toxic agents often influence human health, one of them is lead which give toxic effect on male reproductive  system. Lead can cause male infertility through two main mechanisms. First, lead reduces the mannose receptors so that the sperms are unable to conduct the acrosome recation, or cause premature acrosome reaction. Secondly, lead competes with zinc in binding protamine, as the result, it will interfere the chromatin stability of the sperms which are closely related to  male fertility.   

Descriptive Study on Skin Prick Test in Allergy Clinic Immanuel Hospital Bandung Indonesia

Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 1, No 6 (2017)
Publisher : Maranatha Christian University

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Abstract

Allergy is a change of reaction or bodys defense response to substances that are actually harmless. An estimated 10-20% of the population had been or are suffering from the disease. The purpose of this study was to thoroughly observe allergic patients on Allergy Clinic Immanuel Hospital Bandung from January 2013–January 2014 based on allergen, clinical sign, age and gender. This study use descriptive methods with retrospective data retrieval from medical record. We gathered 206 skin prick test (SPT) results and found that the highest incidence of allergy was between 31-40 years (22.33%), 64.54% were women, 43.20% of patients with dermatitis as the major clinical signs, 70.59% of patients allergic to house dust mite as a common environmental allergens, 24.84% of patients allergic to shrimp as the most common food allergens. In conlusion, allergic patients with SPT positive common at the age of 31-40 years, women, Dermatitis as a major clinical signs. The most common environmental allergens that cause allergy was house dust mite. The most common food allergens that cause allergy was shrimp.Keywords: allergy, dermatitis, Immanuel Hospital Bandung, skin prick test

Descriptive Study on Skin Prick Test in Allergy Clinic Immanuel Hospital Bandung Indonesia

Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 1, No 6 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Allergy is a change of reaction or bodys defense response to substances that are actually harmless. An estimated 10-20% of the population had been or are suffering from the disease. The purpose of this study was to thoroughly observe allergic patients on Allergy Clinic Immanuel Hospital Bandung from January 2013–January 2014 based on allergen, clinical sign, age and gender. This study use descriptive methods with retrospective data retrieval from medical record. We gathered 206 skin prick test (SPT) results and found that the highest incidence of allergy was between 31-40 years (22.33%), 64.54% were women, 43.20% of patients with dermatitis as the major clinical signs, 70.59% of patients allergic to house dust mite as a common environmental allergens, 24.84% of patients allergic to shrimp as the most common food allergens. In conlusion, allergic patients with SPT positive common at the age of 31-40 years, women, Dermatitis as a major clinical signs. The most common environmental allergens that cause allergy was house dust mite. The most common food allergens that cause allergy was shrimp.Keywords: allergy, dermatitis, Immanuel Hospital Bandung, skin prick test

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIOR OF PARENTS TO THE METHOD OF UPBRINGING CHILDREN WHO HAVE DOWN SYNDROME IN SLB-C TUNAS HARAPAN KARAWANG

Journal of Medicine & Health Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

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Abstract

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by an excess of third chromosome in the 21st pair of chromosomes that causes the number of chromosomes to be 47. The method of parenting is a way of caring, nurturing and educating, therefore parents should have knowledge, attitude and good method of behavior parenting. The highest prevalence of Down syndrome is in West Java, which is around 50.90%. The aim of the research is to recognize the level of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of parents to the method of upbringing children who have Down syndrome in SLB-C Tunas Harapan Karawang. The research method used in this research is descriptive, cross sectional design with research instrument in the form of questionnaire containing 30 questions. Research subjects were all parents of Down syndrome children in SLB-C Tunas Harapan Karawang with 52 respondents. The result of the research is 90,4% of respondents have good knowledge, 98,2% of respondents have good attitude, and 96,1% of respondents have good behavior. The conclusion of this research is the level of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of parents who have Down syndrome children in SLB-C Tunas Harapan Karawang generally is good.     Keywords: down syndrome, parents, upbringing