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The potency of plankton as natural food for hard-lipped barb larvae (Osteochilus hasselti C.V.) Pratiwi, Niken Tunjung Murti; Winarlin, .; Frandy, Yuki Hana Eka; Iswantari, Aliati
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

Plankton is aquatic organism that can be utilized as natural food. Hard-lipped barb is one of herbivorous fish that most of its life using plankton as its food source. Growing phytoplankton in pond can be conducted by providing nutrient source, such as fertilizing.  In this study, we examined the growth of hard-lipped barb larvae related to the existence of natural food in different fertilized ponds.  Four types of fertilizer were applied i.e. 100% organic fertilizer (PO), mixing of 85% organic and 15% inorganic fertilizer (PCa), mixing of 60% organic and 40% inorganic fertilizer, and 100% inorganic fertilizer (PA). Hard-lipped barb larvae were put into ponds after fertilizing process. Plankton was observed in ponds and larval intestines (Index of Preponderance and Ivlev Index). The growth of hard-lipped barb larvae was also observed. The result showed that larvae tend to utilize phytoplankton from the class of Bacillariophyceae and zooplankton in the early of its life. Utilizing plankton with those compositions as natural food in the early period generates a good growth performance.  The best performance of growth was shown by larvae in PA treatment which utilized most on zooplankton in the early period. Key words: fertilizer, natural food, hard-lipped barb, plankton   ABSTRAK Plankton merupakan organisme akuatik yang dapat digunakan sebagai sumber pakan alami. Ikan nilem merupakan salah satu jenis ikan herbivora yang hampir sepanjang hidupnya memanfaatkan plankton sebagai sumber makanannya. Cara untuk menumbuhkan fitoplankton di kolam adalah dengan menyediakan sumber nutrien, di antaranya melalui pemupukan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mempelajari tingkat pertumbuhan larva ikan nilem berkaitan dengan keberadaan pakan alami yang ditumbuhkan pada media dengan jenis pupuk berbeda. Dalam penelitian ini diterapkan empat jenis pupuk berbeda, yaitu 100% pupuk organik (PO), campuran 85% pupuk organik dan 15% pupuk anorganik (PCa), campuran 60% pupuk organik dan 40% pupuk anorganik, dan 100% pupuk anorganik (PA).  Larva ikan nilem ditebar di kolam setelah proses pemupukan. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap keberadaan plankton di kolam dan di usus (Indeks Preponderance dan Ivlev).  Di samping itu juga dilakukan pengamatan pertumbuhan larva.  Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa fitoplankton dari kelas Bacillariophyceae dan zooplankton banyak dimanfaatkan oleh larva di awal hidupnya.  Pemanfaatan plankton dengan komposisi tersebut sebagai pakan alami di awal masa pemeliharaan menghasilkan pertumbuhan yang baik.  Larva dengan pertumbuhan yang paling baik ditunjukkan oleh perlakuan PA yang memanfaatkan zooplankton lebih besar di awal masa pemeliharaan. Kata kunci: ikan nilem, pakan alami, plankton, pupuk
Komposisi Fitoplanton dan Status Kesuburan Perairan Danau Lido, Bogor-Jawa Barat Melalui Beberapa Pendekatan Pratiwi, Niken TM; Hariyadi, Sigid; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Iswantari, Aliati
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Danau Lido merupakan perairan yang banyak dimanfaatkan untuk berbagai aktivitas manusia yang akan memberimasukan bahan organik dan anorganik ke perairan. Masukan tersebut dapat meningkatkan kandungan nutrienperairan. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan berubahnya status kesuburan perairan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmengetahui komposisi fitoplankton dan menduga status kesuburan perairan Danau Lido melalui beberapa pendekatan.Komposisi fitoplankton di stasiun KJA dan non-KJA relatif sama. Proporsi dan kelimpahan tertinggiberasal dari kelompok Bacillariophyceae, terutama dari genus Melosira sp. Status kesuburan berdasarkan parameteryang diolah dengan menggunakan pendekatan TSI, TRIX, dan Indeks Nygaard menunjukkan bahwa perairan DanauLido memiliki status kesuburan eutrofik. Indeks Nygaard masih relevan dan dapat diterapkan dalam penentuanstatus kesuburan perairan.Kata kunci: Danau Lido, Indeks Nygaard, status trofik, TRIX, TSI
Dinamika Sel Heterokis Anabaena azollae dalam Media Tumbuh dengan Konsentrasi Nitrogen Berbeda Murti Pratiwi, Niken Tunjung; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Hariyadi, Sigid; Nursiyamah, Siti; Sulaiman, Goran Suryanti Afifah; Iswantari, Aliati
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACTAnabaena azollae is an heterocyst Cyanophyceaean as symbiont of Azolla sp. Anabaena azollae is able to fix N2 from atmosphere and transform it into ammonium by its heterocyst cell. This research was conducted to study the influence of different concentration level of nitrogen to the dynamic of Anabaena azollae heterocyst cell. Research was conducted by observing heterocyst cell and variation nitrogen concentration in growing media in 21 days. In each sampling of Azolla sp., heterocyst observation was conducted for every 1000 cells in Anabaena azollae filament colonies. Result showed that media with 0 mg/L nitrogen has the highest number of heterocyst cell. In early observation, there was increasing of ammonium concentration in media 0 mg/L and 5 mg/L. Media without nitrogen addition has generated the highest number of heterocyst cell.Keywords: Anabaena azollae, Azolla sp., heterocyst
Fluks Bentik dan Potensi Aktivitas Bakteri Terkait Siklus Nitrogen di Sedimen Perairan Mangrove Pulau Dua, Banten Iswantari, Aliati; Wardiatno, Yusli; Pratiwi, Niken T.M; Rusmana, Iman
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 1 (2014): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Mangrove ecosystem has important role as source of nutrient particularly nitrogen in coastal area. Nitrogen (N) is alimiting factor in marine and coastal area. The aim of this research was to study benthic fluxes and potency ofbacterial activity in sediment of mangroves area, related to nitrogen cycle. This research was conducted in floodedmangroves area in Pulau Dua. The sediment and overlying water was sampled using sediment core sampler.Experimental treatment for flux analysis and sediment-slurry were conducted in three hours. Nutrient of NH3-N,NO2-N, and NO3-N and abundance of nitrifier, denitrifier, DNRA, and ammonifier were analyzed. The resultsshowed that the abundance of anaerobic bacteria was higher than aerobic bacteria. The dominance of bacterialgroups found in sediment was ammonification bacteria. The highest nutrient concentration in sediment was NH3-N. Benthic fluxes value showed higher NH3-N tends to release from the sediment to water than NO2-N and NO3-N. Generally, mangrove sediment in Pulau Dua has higher potency ofbacterial activity (Vmax and Km) in NO3reduction by anaerobic bacteria than NH3 oxidation by aerobic bacteria.Keywords: bacteria, benthic fluxes, mangrove, potency of bacterial activity, sediment
Kajian Aspek Ekologis dan Daya Dukung Perairan Situ Cilala Pratiwi, Niken T.M.; Hariyadi, Sigid; Ayu, Inna Puspa; Iswantari, Aliati; MZ, Novita; Apriadi, Tri
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACTEcological aspect (morphometry, a complexity of community structure, trophic state, and carrying capacity) are one of basic information to build comprehensive management concept of aquatic ecosystem, as Lake Cilala.  The concept was addressed to develop ornamental fish floating cage and natural fishery activity.  Lake Cilala is a longwise shape small lake with maximum length, average width, and average depth as 1141 m, 161 m, 2.67 m respectively.  Lake Cilala has various genera of phytoplankton and zooplankton, 8 genera of benthos, 5 genera of aquatic plants, and 12 fish species including planktivore, herbivore, and carnivore fishes.  Those organisms established food chains, by grazing and detritus food chain.  The trophic state of Lake Cilala was categorized as middle to heavy eutrophic level by Trophic State Index (TSI).  The carrying capacity analysis of Lake Cilala is 130 tons/year. It is resulted a possibility to increase ornamental fish floating cage to 165 units from 300 existed units. Furthermore, the carrying capacity for natural fish was reached 3.77 tons/year. Keywords: carrying capacity, food chain, lake fisheries, small lake management, trophic state