Isroli Isroli
Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian, Universitas Diponegoro

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KADAR HEMOGLOBIN, HEMATOKRIT, DAN ERITOSIT BURUNG PUYUH JANTAN UMUR 0-5 MINGGU YANG DIBERI TAMBAHAN KOTORAN WALET DALAM RANSUM Hidayat, Wahyu; Isroli, Isroli; Widiastuti, RR Endang
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Volume 2, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar hemoglobin, hematokrit, dan eritrosit burung puyuh jantan umur 0-5 minggu yang diberi tambahan kotoran walet dalam ransum. Materi yang digunakan dalam Penelitian ini adalah 200 ekor burung puyuh jantan umur 1 hari dengan bobot hidup rata-rata 7 gram. Pakan yang digunakan disusun pakan setandar dan ditambah kotoran walet sebanyak 3%, 6%, 9%, dan 12%. Kandang yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah kandang ”koloni” , terbagi menjadi 20 unit dengan ukuran 40×34×26 cm3 per unit untuk 10 ekor puyuh. Rancangan percobaan yang dipergunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan yang digunakan adalah T0= ransum tanpa kotoran walet; T1= ransum mengandung 3% kotoran walet; T2= ransum mengandung 6% kotoran walet; T3= ransum mengandung 9% kotoran walet; T4= ransum mengandung 12% kotoran walet. Parameter yang diamati adalah kadar hemoglobin, hematokrit dan eritrosit. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penambahan kotoran walet dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap rataan parameter yang diukur, dimana rata-rata yang diperoleh T0, T1, T2, T3 dan T4 berturut-turut untuk hemoglobin masing-masing adalah 9; 9,825; 8,825; 7,325; 6,625 (mg/dl) . hematokrit adalah 23,5; 23,5; 23,25; 24 dan 22,75 (%). Eritrosit adalah 3,013; 3,275; 2,900; 2,513 dan 2,210 (j/ml). Simpulan dari penelitian ini, penggunaan kotoran welet dalam ransum sampai tingkat 12% tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar hemoglobin, hematokrit, dan eritrosit.Kata kunci : Burung puyuh; Kotoran walet; Status kesehatanABSTRACTThis research was obtained to investigate the level of hemoglobin, hematokrit, and eritrosit of male quails of 0 – 5 weeks old which is supplemented by swallow filth on ration. Materiall were used on this research are 200 1 day old of male quails (average body weight is 7 gram). The ratiatia used standard ra as feed and swallow filth as supplementation. The quails are kept on “colony” cage, which is separate into 20 units (the size is 40×34×26 cm). Each unit is consistay 10 quails. This research used completely random design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were arranged below: T0 = control (ration without supplementation) T1 = ration + 3% of swallow filth T2 = ration + 6% of swallow filth T3 = ration + 9% of swallow filth T4 = ration + 12% of swallow filth Parameter were observed are level of hemoglobin, hematokrit and eritrosit. The rescelt shown that suplementation of swallon fith didn’t inflected the parameters. The average of hemoglobin level for T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively is 9; 9,825; 8,825; 7,325; 6,625 (g/dl). The average of hematokrit level is 23,5; 23,5; 23,25; 24 and 22,75 (%). The average of eritrosit level is 3,013; 3,275; 2,900; 2,513 and 2,210 (j/ml). The conclusion of this research show that the used of swallow filth supplementation on ration up to 12% didn’t affect on hemoglobin, hematokrit, and eritosit level of male quails.Keywords : Quails; Swallow filth; Lead state
PERFORMANS DARAH KAMBING PERANAKAN ETTAWA DARA YANG DIBERI RANSUM DENGAN TAMBAHAN UREA YANG BERBEDA Yanti, Elisa Gebi; Isroli, Isroli; Suprayogi, Teguh Hari
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Volume 2, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kegunaan pemberian tambahan urea dalam ransum terhadap performans darah yaitu eritrosit, hemoglobin serta hematokrit. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 1 Oktober sampai 30 Desember 2013 di UPTD Pembibitan Ternak dan Hijauan Makanan Ternak Singosari Malang. Materi yang digunakan adalah kambing PE fase dara sebanyak 12 ekor dengan bobot badan 15-17 kg; ransum berupa pakan hijauan dan konsentrat. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tiga ransum dengan tambahan urea yang berbeda, sebagai 3 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan : 1) ransum ditambah urea 0,9% (T1); 2) ransum ditambah urea 2,16% (T2); 3) ransum ditambah urea 3,42% (T3). Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap. Parameter yang diamati adalah konsumsi data BK, kadar Hemoglobin, jumlah eritrosit dan kadar eritrosit darah diuji dengan menggunakan uji analisis varians dan dilanjutkan dengan uji beda nyata terkecil (BNT). Hasil penelitian menunjukan rataan konsumsi BK ransum harian masing-masing adalah T1 622,7 g/ekor/hari; T2 655,3 g/ekor/hari dan T3 569,2 g/ekor/hari (P<0,05). Rataan jumlah eritrosit masing-masing adalah T1 2,9 sel/µl; T2 2,54 sel/µl dan T3 2,3 sel/µl (P<0,05). Rataan kadar hemoglobin masing-masing adalah T1 10,2 g/dl; T2 9,6 g/dl; dan T3 9,1 g/dl. Rataan`nilai hematokrit masing-masing T1 31,1%; T2 24,1%; dan T3 22,6%. Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa pemberian ransum dengan tambahan urea yang berbeda pada kambing PE fase dara ternyata mempengaruhi konsumsi Bahan Kering ransum dan jumlah eritrosit. Penambahan urea tidak mempengaruhi kadar hemoglobin dan nilai hematokrit darah.Kata Kunci : Kambing , urea , hemoglobin, eritrosit, hematokritABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to study the effect of differences of urea level of ration on performance in particular blood erythrocytes, hemoglobin and hematocrit of Ettawa grade ewes. The experiment was carried out in October 1st – December 30th 2012 in Singosari, Malang regency. The material used was 12 heads of ettawa ewe weight 15-17 kg, feed of ration forage and concentrates. The treatment in this study were three rations with different levels of urea ; 1) ration plus urea 0,9%; 2) ration plus urea 2,16%); 3) ration plus urea 3,42%. This study used experimental design CRD (completely randomized design) with LSD. Parameters observed were feed intake, hemoglobin, number of erythrocytes and hematocrit levels. The results of the analysis of a variety shows, that addition urea in the ration significally affect feed intake consumption and the number of erythrocytes, but did not affect the levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit. The conclusion that can be drawn from the above study is that administration of rations with different addition of urea in ettawa ewe has affect the average of consumption and the number of erythrocytes.Keywords : goat, urea, hemoglobin, eritrosit, hematokrit
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK KUNYIT (Curcuma domestica) TERHADAP KADAR AIR, PROTEIN DAN LEMAK DAGING AYAM BROILER Estancia, Kafaah; Isroli, Isroli; Nurwantoro, Nurwantoro
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak kunyit terhadap kadar air, protein dan lemak pada daging ayam broiler. Penelitian dilakukan dari bulan November - Desember 2011 di Fakultas Peternakan, Laboratorium Teknologi Hasil Ternak Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 5 perlakuan yaitu tanpa ekstrak kunyit (T0), pemberian ekstrak kunyit 100mg/kgBB/hari (T1), pemberian ekstrak kunyit 200 mg/kgBB/hari (T2), pemberian ekstrak kunyit 300mg/kgBB/hari dan pemberian ekstrak kunyit 400 mg/kgBB/hari, masing-masing 4 ulangan dan setiap unit terdiri dari 3 ekor. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah kadar air, protein dan lemak daging ayam broiler. Hasil penelitian didapatkan untuk perlakuan T0, T1, T2, T3, dan T4 berturut-turut rata-rata kadar air 74,75 %; 75,48 %; 75,98 %; 74,98 % dan 75,38 %. Persentase rata-rata kadar protein 19,31 %; 18,7 %, 19,4 %, 19,91 % and 19,89 %. Presentase rata-rata kadar lemak adalah 0,89 %; 0,81 %; 1,96 %; 0,88 %; 1,28 %. Pemberian ekstrak kunyit (Curcuma domestica) tidak berpengaruh terhadap kadar air, protein dan lemak daging ayam broiler.Kata Kunci : ekstrak kunyit, daging ayam broiler, kadar air, protein, lemakABSTRACTThis study aims to determine the effect of turmeric extract addition on the water, protein and fat levels of broiler chicken meat. The study was conducted from the month of November - December 2011 Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Agriculture, Laboratory of Livestock Technology Faculty of Animal Husbandry in the and Agriculture University of Diponegoro. The design of the study is a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments that is without turmeric extract (T0), 100 mg/kg (T1), 200 mg/kg (T2), 300 mg/kg (T3) and 400 mg/kg (T4) body weight per day, each one 4 replications and consist 3 chickens. The parameters observed were water, protein and fat levels. Treatment T0, T1, T2, T3, and T4 each having average for water level 74.75 %, 75.48 %, 75.98 %, 74.98 % and 75,38 %. Percentage average for protein level 19.31, 18.7 %, 19.4 %, 19,91 and 19.89 %. Percentage average for fat level 0.89 %, 0.81 %, 0.96 %, 0.88 % and 1.28 %. Extract of turmeric (Curcuma domestica) no effect on level water, protein and fat meat of broiler chicken.Key words : turmeric extract, broiler chickens meat, water, protein, fat
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PROBIOTIK SEBAGAI ADITIF PAKAN TERHADAP KADAR KOLESTEROL, HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (HDL) DAN LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (LDL) DALAM DARAH AYAM KAMPUNG Suryo, Heinrich; Yudiarti, Turrini; Isroli, Isroli
Animal Agricultural Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Animal Agricultural Journal

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Probiotik adalah suplemen pakan mikrobia yang bermanfaat bagi ternak untuk menjaga keseimbangan mikrobia di dalam usus. Pemberian probiotik dapat menjaga keseimbangan komposisi mikrobia dalam saluran pencernaan ternak sehingga meningkatkan daya cerna bahan pakan dan menjaga kesehatan ternak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengukur kadar kolesterol, HDL dan LDL darah ayam kampung yang diberi aditif pakan probiotik. Penelitian ini menggunakan Day Old Chick (DOC) ayam kampung sebanyak 200 ekor dengan bobot badan awal rata-rata 33,58 ± 0,8 gram, antikoagulen, EDTA, Vacuntainer, Centrifuge. Probiotik yang digunakan yaitu jenis kapang dan pakan gasal memiliki kandungan energi termetabolit 2750,000 kkal, protein kasar 20,900 %, lemak 6,260 %. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan, masing-masing unit percobaan 20 ekor. Perlakuan yang diterapkan pada penelitian ini adalah tanpa penambahan dosis probiotik (T0), dengan tambahan dosis probiotik 0,25 g probiotik / 100 g pakan (T1), 0,50 g probiotik / 100 g pakan (T2), 0,75 g probiotik / 100 g pakan (T3). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan probiotik dalam pakan ayam kampung berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap kadar HDL, LDL, dan Kolesterol. Rerata kadar HDL masing-masing perlakuan T0, T1, T2, dan T3 berturut-turut adalah 41,440; 45,920; 48,440 dan 50,400 mg/dl. Rerata kadar LDL masing-masing perlakuan T0, T1, T2 dan T3 berturut-turut adalah 78,089; 70,550; 45,677; dan 47,011 mg/dl. Rerata kadar Kolesterol masing-masing perlakuan T0, T1, T2 dan T3 berturut-turut adalah 163,529; 160,000; 132,941; dan 131,764 mg/dl. Simpulan penelitian adalah pemberian probiotik mampu meningkatkan kadar HDL, menurunkan kadar LDL dan Kolesterol darah ayam kampung. Hasil yang paling baik pada perlakuan taraf 0,75 g/100 g (T3).Kata kunci : Probiotik, ayam kampung, kolesterol, HDL, LDL.ABSTRACT Probiotic is a supllement feed mikrobia which beneficial for cattle to keep mikrobia balance in gut. Giving probiotic can keep the composition mikrobia in digestive tract of cattle to increase the power of gastrointestinal tract and keep healty of cattle. The aims of research was to measure the levels of cholesterol, HDL and LDL in blood of indigenous chicken with given as probiotics feed additive. This study used Day Old Chick (DOC) of 200 chicken with initial body weight of an average of 33.58 ± 0.8 grams, antikoagulen, EDTA, Vacuntainer, Centrifuge. Probiotics used which are the kind of mold. The composition of basal feed are metabolizable energy (ME) 2750 kcal, 20.9% crude protein, 6.260% fat. Experimental design used was completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments with 5 replicates, each experimental unit 20. The treatment was dose of probiotic T0 without probiotics addition, applied 0.25 g probiotic / 100 g (T1), 0.50 g probiotic / 100 (T2), 0.75 g probiotic / 100 g (T3). The results showed that addition of probiotics affected (P <0.05) to the levels of Cholesterol, HDL, LDL. The average HDL levels each treatment T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 41,440; 45,920; 48,440 and 50,440 mg/dl respectively. The average LDL levels each treatment T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 78,089; 70,550; 45,677; and 47,011 mg/dl respectively. The average Cholesterol levels each treatment T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 163,529; 160,000; 132,941; and 131,764 mg/dl respectively. The emelutions the addition of probiotics increased levels of HDL, decreased levels of LDL and cholesterol in indigenous chickens.Key words: probiotics, indigenous chicken, Cholesterol, HDL, LDL
Pengaruh Frekuensi Pemberian Pakan dan Periode Pemberian Pakan Terhadap Hematologis Ayam Buras Super Umur 3 – 12 Minggu Abdullah, G. D.; Suprijatna, E.; Isroli, Isroli
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Penelitian ini dilakukanuntuk mengetahui hematologipada ayam buras super yang diberi perlakuan frekuensi pemberian pakan dan periode pemberian pakan. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu252 ekor anak ayam buras super unsex dengan rata – rata bobot badan 37,88  1,98 g (CV : 5,02%). Penelitian menggunakan pakan komersial dari PT Charoen Pokphand, periode starter B11S dan periode finisher B12S. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan split plot dengan main plot 3 frekuensi pemberian pakan dan sub plot 3 taraf periode pemberian pakan dengan 4 ulangan sehingga menggunakan 36 unit percobaan, masing-masing unit percobaan berisi 7 ekor. Perlakuan yang dilakukan adalah : faktor F frekuensi pemberian pakan (1x/hari, 2x/hari, 3x/hari) dan faktor Pperiode pemberian pakan (14 jam, 16 jam, dan 18 jam). Data penelitian yang diperoleh kemudian di analisis ragam menggunakan uji F dengan taraf 5% dan dilanjutkan uji Duncan untuk data yang berbeda nyata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan periode berpengaruh nyata (p<0,05) terhadap kadar glukosa darah, terdapat pengaruhinteraksi  antarafrekuensi pemberian pakan dengan periode pemberian pakan (p<0,05) terhadap rasio H/L, tidak ada pengaruh interaksi (p<0,05) frekuensi dan periode pemberian pakan serta masing masing faktor tidak berpengaruh terhadap hemoglobin, eritrosit dan leukosit.Kata Kunci : Frekuensi, Periode, Hematologi, Ayam Buras Super
Efek Pemberian Tepung Kunyit Pada Kondisi Hematologis Burung Puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica L) Saat Masa Produktif Dan Non produktif Rahayu, Catur; Isroli, Isroli; Saraswati, Tyas Rini
JURNAL ANATOMI FISIOLOGI Vol 22, No 1 (2014): Volume XXII, NOMOR 1, MARET 2014
Publisher : JURNAL ANATOMI FISIOLOGI

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Productivity of livestock with chemical additives becoming obsolete, now developed, from natural herbal additives such as turmeric contains curcumin is efficacious as antihepatotoksik enthelmintik, antiedemik, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant and effective fat metabolism in the body. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of turmeric powder as a feed supplement in feed quail with different delivery periods to optimize tissue function in order to carry out metabolism and maintain the physiological functions of tissues seen from the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels. This study used 30 female quails (Cortunix cortunix japonica) in similar age groups divided into 3 treatment groups namely P0 (not given turmeric), P1 (group fed turmeric as non productive age the age of 210 days) and P2 (group turmeric was given before the age of non-productive until age 14 -240 days). Quail were decapitated at the age of 240 days and taken blood in tubes containing EDTA venojack. Examination of the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin using a counting chamber method and the method of Sahli done on the same day to ensure the validity of data. Research results showed that administration of turmeric in non-productive age (age 210 days) could potentially increase the amount of hemoglobin and the number of erythrocytes (P &lt;0.05), compared with quail fed turmeric since 14 days and control treatments. The average number of erythrocytes P0, P1, and P2, respectively 3,285; 4.7; 2,729 and Mean hemoglobin levels P0, P1, and P2, respectively 12.27; 15.0; 13.5. It is concluded that administration of turmeric in the non produktrif potentially increase cell metabolism is marked by an increase in the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin count.
KADAR PROTEIN DAN BOBOT DAGING PUYUH SETELAH PEMBERIAN BAHAN TAMBAHAN PAKAN TEPUNG IKAN SWANGI DAN PERIODISASI WAKTU PEMBERIAN TEPUNG KUNYIT YANG BERBEDA PADA RANSUM Kartikayudha, W.; Isroli, Isroli; Suprapti, N H
JURNAL ANATOMI FISIOLOGI Vol 22, No 1 (2014): Volume XXII, NOMOR 1, MARET 2014
Publisher : JURNAL ANATOMI FISIOLOGI

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The objectives of this study were evaluate the dietary of swangi fish meal and turmeric powder on protein content and weight of of pectorales and femorales of quail meat.  Research was conducted based on 2x3 of factorial completely randomized design, in which the first factor was 2 levels of type diet, i.e. RA : standard diet; RB : 85% standard diet + 15% swangi fish meal, and the second factor was 3 levels of period time of turmeric powder addition, i.e. P0 : without turmeric powder; P1 : turmeric powder 54 mg/quail/day was given since quail age 210 days old for a month; P2 : turmeric powder 54 mg/quail/day was given since quail age 14 days old until the end of the observation (9 months old). The collected data were analyzed by analysis of variance. Duncan’s Multiple Range Test was performed for mean comparison with 95% significance levels. All statistical analysis were performed using SAS software version 9.0 for windows. The results showed that dietary swangi fish meal increased crude protein level in the pectorales dan femorales of quail meat, whereas different period time of turmeric powder addition also increased crude protein level in the pectorales dan femorales of quail meat. Dietary swangi fish meal and different period time of turmeric powder addition resulted in interaction effect on crude protein level in the pectorales dan femorales of quail meat, but they did not result interaction effect on weight of of pectorales and femorales of quail meat.
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN LIMBAH RUMPUT LAUT (Gracilaria verrucosa) TERHADAP STATUS HEMATOLOGIS PUYUH JANTAN UMUR 6 – 10 MINGGU (The Effect of Seaweed (Gracilariaverrucosa) Ungraded on Hematological Status of 6 – 10 Weeks Old Male Quails) Azizah, Ilmianisa; Isroli, Isroli; Suprijatna, Edjeng
Animal Agriculture Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Volume 4 Nomor 2 Tahun 2015
Publisher : Animal Agriculture Journal

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ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk  mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan tepung limbah rumput laut terhadap status hematologis (jumlah eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin, dan kadar hematokrit) puyuh jantan. Materi yang digunakan adalah puyuh jantan umur  6  minggu sebanyak 160 ekor, rata-rata bobot badan 120,92 ± 0,48 gram. Bahan pakan yang digunakan jagung kuning, bekatul, bungkil kedelai, tepung ikan, Poultry Meat Meal (PMM), premix, minyak kelapa, tepung rumput laut. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan dan tiap unit terdiri dari 8 ekor puyuh jantan. Perlakuan yang diberikan: Ransum mengandung (0%, 5%, 7,5%, dan 10% tepung rumput laut). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan berpengaruh nyata (P&lt;0,05) meningkatkan jumlah eritrosit dan kadar hemoglobin, tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar hematokrit. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah penggunaan tepung rumput laut hingga taraf 10% dalam ransum puyuh jantan, memperbaiki jumlah eritrosit dan kadar hemoglobin, serta tetap menjaga stabilitas volume hematocrit. Kata kunci : puyuh jantan; limbah rumput laut; status hematologis. ABSTRACT           The aim of this study was to know the effect of seaweed (Gracilaria verrucosa) ungraded on the hematological (number of erythrocyte, haemoglobin, and haematocrit) status of male quails. Material used were 160 birdsmales of quail, 6 weeks old, with average body weight of120.92 ± 0,48 g. Feed ingredients is yellow corn, rice bran, soybean meal, fish meal, Poultry Meat Meal (PMM), premix, coconut oil, and seaweed flour. Experimental designed was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replication. Each replication consisted of 8 birds.  The treatmentsapplied were: Feed containing (0%,5%,7.5% and 10% seaweed flour). The results indicate that seaweed flour gave significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on erythrocyte and haemoglobin, but not on haematocrit. The conclusion of this research show that seaweed flour filth supplementation on ration up to 10% can repaired number of erythrocyte and haemoglobin, and consistant stability of haematocrit. Keywords : male quail; seaweed by product; hematological status
Berat Karkas dan Lemak Abdominal Ayam Broiler yang diberi Tepung Jintan Hitam (Nigella sativa) dalam Ransum selama Musim Panas Salam, S.; Fatahilah, A.; Sunarti, D.; Isroli, Isroli
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

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This study aimed to determine the effect of the use of black cumin and antibiotics on carcassweight and abdominal fat of broilers during summer seasons. The material in this study were used 100 individuals unsex one-day old broiler strain CP 707, and the ration of broiler were added black cumin powder (BCP). The ration consisted of yellow corn, rice brand, soybean meal,palm oil, fish meal, calsium and top mix. The diet was protein energy with 22.91% protein and 2,994 kcal/kg for starter and 20,01% protein and 3.054kcal/kg for finisher. Experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design with 5 treatments (control, antibiotic without BCP, 2% BCP, 4%BCP and 6% BCP). Carcas weight and abdominal fat was measured on at 28 day of age. The resulted data was analysed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) with F test to know the effect of treatment, and when there were significant continous to Duncan multiple range test. The results showed that addition of black cumin (Nigella sativa) and antibiotics as a feed additive in ration cannot increase carcass weight and peesentase abdominal fat of broilers during summer seasons. level of black cumin 2-6% in the feed has the same ability to antibiotics against carcass weight and percentage of abdominal fat of broilers.Key words: Broiler, antibiotic, carcass weigth, abdominal fat
The Effect of Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) Extract on Water Holding Capacity, Cooking Loss, pH Values and Tenderness of Broiler Chicken Meat Negari, Indira Putri; Isroli, Isroli; Nurwantoro, Nurwantoro
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 16, No 3 (2014): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstract.  This study was aimed to determine the influences of turmeric extract supplementation on water holding capacity, cooking loss, pH value and tenderness of broiler chicken meat Data analysis was subject to completely randomized design 5 treatments namely T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4 containing non-turmeric extract, 100 mg/kgBW/day, 200 mg/kgBW/day, 300 mg/kgBW/day and 400 mg/kgBW/day, respectively. Each unit of experiment administered 3 heads with four replications. The results indicated no effect from turmeric extract supplementation on water holding capacity, cooking loss, pH value and tenderness of broiler chicken meat. The average treatments of T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 had water holding capacities of  39.86, 37.58, 36.41, 36.94, respectively; cooking losses of 26.00, 27.58, 27.57, 27.11, and 27.49%, respectively; tenderness of 1.97, 1.95, 1.63, 1.77 and 1.99 Nmm, respectively, and final Body weights of 1,618.5, 1,568, 1,692.5, 1,651.75 and 1,462 g/head, respectively. However, a highly significant influence was observed on the pH values of 6.46, 6.04, 6.21, 6.08 and 5.98. The results indicated that none of the turmeric extract supplementation increased water holding capacity, cooking losses, tenderness and body weight. Key words: broiler, cooking loss, pH values, tenderness, water holding capacity, turmeric Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak kunyit terhadap daya ikat air, susut masak, nilai pH dan keempukan daging ayam broiler. Manfaat penelitian yaitu tersedianya informasi ilmiah tentang ekstrak kunyit terhadap danging ayam broiler. Perlakuan yang diterapkan adalah T0 tanpa ekstrak kunyit, T1 100, T2 200, T3 300, dan T4 400 mg/kgBB/hari. Data analisis yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan dan 4 replikasi. Setiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 3 ekor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada pengaruh pemberian ekstrak kunyit terhadap daya ikat air, susut masak, dan keempukan daging ayam broiler. Rataan untuk perlakuan T0, T1, T2, T3, T4 pada Daya Ikat Air masing–masing 39,86; 37,58; 36,41; 36,94; 34,78%; susut masak 26,00; 27,58; 27,57; 27,11; 27,49%, keempukan 1,97; 1,95; 1,63; 1,77; 1,99 Nmm, dan bobot badan akhir 1.618,5; 1.568; 1.692,5; 1.651,75; 1.462g/ekor. Namun, memberikan pengaruh sangat nyata pada nilai pH 6,46; 6,04; 6,21; 6,08; 5,98. Hasil  menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak kunyit  tidak meningkatkan daya ikat air, susut masak, keempukan dan bobot badan. Kata Kunci : Broiler, Susut Masak, pH, Keempukan, Daya Ikat Air, Kunyit