Ignatius Ismanto
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik – Universitas Pelita Harapan, Karawaci-Tangerang, Banten E-mail: ign.ismanto@uph.edu

Published : 2 Documents
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Perubahan Ekonomi Global dan Tantangan bagi Indonesia [Global Economic Change and Challenges for Indonesia]

Verity: Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional (International Relations Journal) Vol 8, No 16 (2016): July - December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Pelita Harapan

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Abstract

The shifting of global political-economy since early 1990s has been followed by the expansion of regional economy cooperation forum establishment, such as: NAFTA (North America Free Trade Area), EFTA (European Free Trade Area) and APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation). Indonesia, together with the other South East Asia countries who join ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asia), is also actively involved in engaging regional economy cooperation forums, such as: ASEAN-China FTA, ASEAN-India FTA, ASEAN-Jepang Economic Partnership, ASEAN Regional Economi Partnership (ARCEP). The establishment of those economic regionalism is apparently a strategy in responding economical globalization. Indonesia’s involvement in those regional economy cooperations has increased its national commitment, both in going through economical liberization as well as in building its national economy competitiveness. This research describes Indonesian political challanges in responding the dynamic changes of that global economy.

Perubahan Politik dan Rent Seeking Activities [Changes in Political and Rent-Seeking Activities]

Verity: Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional (International Relations Journal) Vol 9, No 17 (2017): January - June 2017
Publisher : Universitas Pelita Harapan

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Abstract

The economic crisis that hit Indonesia both in mid-1980s and 1997 has allowed Indonesia to liberalize its economy. Economic liberalization has promoted a deeping of Indonesia’s economic integration into the global capitalist economy. The economic crisis in 1997 not only challanged the economy. The crisis also caused a flourishing of political change: the delegitimizing of an authoritarian regime, the spreading of political liberalization, and the burgeoning of democratization. Decentralization has been adopted as a deepening instrument in promoting democracy. Political pressure for curbing rent seeking activities has been articulated along with the country’s changing economy. Ironically, political liberalization that overhauled the authoritarian structure and power has failed to keep rent seeing activities in check. Rent seeking activities have institutionalized following the country’s changing economy and, therefore, they have been vulnerable to corruption.