Articles

Pengaruh peer education dan audio-visual diskusi interaktif terhadap kemampuan kognitif penyelesaian masalah kehamilan tidak diinginkan Juwartini, Dwi; Ismail, Djauhar; Emilia, Ova
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 10 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (379.723 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.12415

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Effects of peer education and interactive group discussion on cognitive ability in dealing with unwanted pregnancy PurposeThis study aimed to determine the effectiveness of peer education methods and interactive discussions through audiovisual media on cognitive ability change in solving the problem of unwanted pregnancy.MethodsThis quasi-experimental study used a randomized control trial design involving 99 students. The instrument used was a questionnaire, with the module method of peer education and interactive discussions through audiovisual media, agency and facilitator.ResultsAdolescent reproductive health education after considering living with family consistently had a significant effect on increasing the average value of cognitive ability to solve the problem of unwanted pregnancy. Living with family can predict the cognitive ability of teenagers in solving the problem of unwanted pregnancy by 15%.ConclusionInteractive discussions through audiovisual media and peer education modules enhance adolescents’ cognitive ability to solve unwanted pregnancy problems, and are significantly influenced by family factors.
Dampak Stimulasi Kognitif Disertai Pemberian Garam Beriodium Tiga Bulan terhadap Kecukupan Iodium, Kualitas Lingkungan Pengasuhan dan Perkembangan Kognitif Balita di Daerah Endemik GAKI Latifah, Leny; Ismail, Djauhar; Gamayanti, Indria Laksmi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT International Child Development Steering Group stated that inadequate cognitive stimulation and IDD were two of four risk factors of child developmental failure in developing countries. There were no research found on the impact of cognitive stimulation combined with iodine intervention on child development status. The aim of this study is measuring the effect of parenting based cognitive stimulation combined with low dose salt intervention (30 ± 5 ppm) on child iodine status, home quality of care, and child cognitive development. This was a quasi experimental research, pre test post test with controlled group design, conducted in Pituruh, Purworejo district. The subjects was 76 children 4-5 years old with his mother. Home quality of care data taken with HOME questionnaire, iodine intake indicator taken with Urinary Iodine Excretion, and child cognitive development measured with WPPSI (Weschler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligent). Intervention was done in three months.There was no difference on UIE level between intervention and control group before and after the intervention (p>0.05), with the UIE mean in the level of above requirement (254 μg ± 130 μg/L). There was no significant difference in prevalence of insufficient and excessive iodine status before and after the intervention. Result of the analysis on quality of care showed that intervention group showed higher score in home quality of care in the aspects of language stimulation (p<0.05), learning materials (p<0.05), and variety of experience (p<0.05). The enhancement of cognitive development in intervention group was better than in control group, in the aspects of non verbal (p<0.05) and general (p<0.05) cognitive development, and not significant in verbal cognitive development (p>0.05). Three months low dose iodized salt intervention (30 ± 5 ppm) had not changed iodine intake status in under five years old children. Parenting based cognitive stimulation enhanced the aspects in maternal quality of care related to quality of home stimulation relevance with child non verbal cognitive development. It was suggested to optimized maternal parenting quality to enhance child cognitive development in IDD areas. Future research should extend the time of intervention to evaluate the impact of the intervention on child verbal cognitive development, iodine intake and also thyroid status. Keywords: cognitive stimulation, iodized salt, iodine status, cognitive development, under five years children. ABSTRAK International Child Development Steering Group menyebutkan stimulasi kognitif tidak memadai dan GAKI sebagai dua dari empat faktor risiko utama kegagalan perkembangan anak di negara berkembang. Belum diketahui dampak kombinasi intervensi gizi iodium dan stimulasi perkembangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak stimulasi kognitif berbasis pengasuhan disertai intervensi garam beriodium 30 ± 5 ppm terhadap peningkatan status iodium, kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan, dan perkembangan kognitif anak. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Pituruh, Kabupaten Purworejo terhadap 76 anak 4-5 tahun beserta ibunya. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan kuasi eksperimental pre test post test with control group design. Pengambilan data kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan dengan HOME, kecukupan iodium dengan EIU, dan kemampuan kognitif anak diukur dengan WPPSI (Weschler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligent). Intervensi dilakukan selama 3 bulan. Tidak ada perbedaan tingkat EIU kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol sebelum dan sesudah intervensi (p>0.05), dengan rerata EIU lebih (254 μg ± 130 μg/L). Perubahan proporsi status defisien dan ekses iodium belum menunjukkan perubahan signifikan. Hasil analisis kelompok intervensi menunjukkan skor lebih tinggi dalam kualitas lingkungan pengasuhan pada aspek: stimulasi bahasa (p<0.05), materi belajar (p<0.05), dan variasi pengalaman (p<0.05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata peningkatan kelompok eksperimen lebih baik daripada kelompok kontrol pada kemampuan kognitif non verbal (p<0.05), dan umum (p<0.05). Tidak signifikan pada kemampuan kognitif verbal (p>0.05). Intervensi garam beriodium 30 ± 5 ppm tiga bulan belum mengubah status kecukupan iodium balita. Stimulasi kognitif pengasuhan meningkatkan aspek-aspek kualitas pengasuhan ibu yang relevan dengan peningkatan kemampuan kognitif anak. Disarankan untuk mengoptimalkan program peningkatan kualitas pengasuhan sebagai daya ungkit kemampuan kognitif anak di daerah endemik GAKI, memperpanjang waktu intervensi untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh intervensi pada kemampuan kognitif verbal dan status iodium anak dengan mengukur indikator kadar hormon tiroid. Kata kunci: stimulasi kognitif, HOME, garam beriodium, balita, kemampuan kognitif.
Perceived Parental Monitoring on Adolescence Premarital Sexual Behavior in Pontianak City, Indonesia Suwarni, Linda; Ismail, Djauhar; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Adiyanti, MG
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 4, No 3: September 2015
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v4i3.8702

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Inadaquate parental monitoring is widely recognized as a risk factor for the development of child and adolescent conduct problems, including early premarital sexual behavior. Previous studies examining parental monitoring have largely effect to adolescents premarital sexual behavior. Parental monitoring is the most important and effective factor to prevent early adolescents sexual activity. This paper examines the role of perceived parental monitoring in adolescent’s premarital sexual behavior (study on Adolescent’s Junior High School in Pontianak). A cross-sectional study and proportionated random sampling was conducted among 402 adolescents of junior high school at six subdistricts in Pontianak. SEM analyses was conducted using SMART-PLS. Result of path analysis revealed that parental knowledge (r = 0.389) and parental-adolescence relationship (r = 0.334) had a strong influence on parental monitoring. Then, parental monitoring had a significant indirect relationship with adolescent premarital sexual behavior through attitudes about premarital sexual (path coefficient = 0.063), and attitudes about premarital sexual and intention to sexual behaviour (path coefficient = 0.03). Parental monitoring can act as protective factor in early adolescent premarital sexual behavior. Therefore, risk reduction interventions with adolescents should include their parents to learn about monitoring skill and develop skill that will allow them to buffer negative influences.
PERILAKU MENCUCI TANGAN DAN KEJADIAN KECACINGAN PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN PETANAHAN KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Muthoharoh, Siti; Ismail, Djauhar; Hakimi, Muhammad Hakimi; Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, STIkes M
JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

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Abstract

Children are the nation’s investment. The future quality of a nation is determined in the children’s current quality. The prevalence of worm infestation in Indonesia is quite high between 60-80% and especially attacks on elementary school children. A long term worm infestation can reduce health that impairs the ability to learn. Risk factors of worm disease include poor environmental sanitation, education level, socio-economic conditions, and health habits such as bowel movement in any places, lack of awareness in hand washing, no footwear as well as geographical conditions. Objective: To know the relationship of hand washing behavior with the incidence of worm on elementary school students in Petanahan Sub-District Kebumen District. The research was observational analytic with a cross sectional design. Sampling was done with a two-level clustering method. The sample size was 213 elementary school students in Grades 3, 4, and 5 that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data was collected using a questionnaire and the results of laboratory tests. Hypothesis testing used chi-square with p <0.05 and 95% Confidence Interval. Data analysis used univariable, bivariable, and multivariable. There was a relationship between worm infestation and hand washing behavior seen from the results that the students who did not wash their hands and were positive with worm infestation were 66 students or 59.46%, while the students that performed hand washing and were negative with worm infestation were 72 students or 70.59%. Statistical test result was significant seen from the p value of 0.0001 and the prevalence ratio of 2.02 (95% CI 1.44 to 2.83). Hand washing behavior on elementary school students of Petanahan District, Kebumen, showed that 52.11% of the students did not wash their hands. There was a relationship between hand washing and worm infestation on elementary school students of Petanahan Sub-District, Kebumen District.   Keywords: hand washing behavior, the incidence of worm infestation
HUBUNGAN RIWAYAT MENONTON AUDIO VISUAL DENGAN USIA MENARCHE PADA SISWI DI SLTP KECAMATAN KEBUMEN KABUPATEN KEBUMEN TAHUN 2011 Indriyastuti, Hastin Ika; Hakimi, Muhamad; Ismail, Djauhar; Pediatric Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, STIkes Muhammadiyah Gom
JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

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Abstract

One of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to improve maternal and child health. To improve maternal health starts from adolescent health to women of childbearing age. An important aspect of adolescent girls’ health is reproductive health, which is characterized by the occurrence of menarche (first menstruation). Menarche is influenced by many factors, such as factors of race, ethnicity, genetic, social, economic, medicine, health, and audio visual equipment. The effects of global information (audiovisual media) which is more accessible will lure children and teenagers to adopt bad habits such as watching blue films, pornographic VCDs, porn internet access, and porn scene via mobile. The aim of this research is  to determine the relationship of the history of watching audiovisual to age of menarche among junior high school female students in Kebumen Sub-district of Kebumen District. A cross sectional survey design was used in this study. The Population was VII grade female students of 5.050 who had experienced menarche in the Junior High School Subdistrict Kebumen District Kebumen. Sampling methods use two-level clustering method. The first stage level at random cluster sample selection and the second level is a simple random elementary unit. Samples were obtained as many as 214 students selected at random proportionate sampling at each school. Data was collected through questionnaires, measurements of weight and height scales by meter. The data analysis by Chi Square test and used to know best models by logistic regression test. The results show that  mean age of menarche was 11.8 years. Most of the students (58.4%) had a history of watching audio-visual equipment. There was a significant relationship of a history of watching audio-visual (p 0.001; RP = 2.57, 95% CI = 1.68 to 3.94), socioeconomic (p 0.0001; PR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.25 to 2.49) to the age of menarche. There was no significant relationship between chronic disease (p 0.918) and nutritional status (p 0.448) and the age of menarche. The history of watching an audio-visual was associated with age of menarche, and had 5.14 times more likely than girls who never watched any audio-visual equipment. There needs to be education about reproductive health for adolescents and supervise the use of audio-visual media in accessing porn movies.   Keywords: Audio Visual, menarche, Adolescent
Sanitasi, infeksi, dan status gizi anak balita di Kecamatan Tenggarong Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Abeng, Andi Tenri; Ismail, Djauhar; Huriyati, Emy
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 10, No 3 (2014): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.992 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.18867

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Background: Malnutrition is a public health problem commonly encountered in developing countries. Almost 50% of 10-11 millions of mortality among children under-fives caused by malnutrition that is preventable. District of Kutai Kartanegara is known as the most wealth of district in Indonesia, yet the wealth cannot automatically solve the problem of its people. Numerous efforts have been made to solve malnutrition problem yet the morbidity rate is still relatively high.Objective: The study aimed to identify an association between sanitation with infection and nutritional status of under five at Subdistrict of Tenggarong, District of Kutai Kartanegara.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. Samples consisted of 187 under fives of 7-60 months taken using proportional random sampling technique. Variable of sanitation was obtained from the interview with subjects using questionnaire and direct observation. Variable of infection was obtained from an interview with subjects and cross check at health centers. The dependent variable of nutritional status was based on anthropometric assessment using weight/height index. The bivariate analysis used Chi-Square and multivariate analysis used logistic regression.Results: The result of the statistical test showed there was a significant association between sanitation and infection (acute respiratory tract infection/ARI, diarrhea) of under fives (p<0.05). There was an association between ARI and diarrhea with wasted children (p<0.05).Conclusion: There was the significant association between sanitation, infection and nutritional status of under five at Subdistrict of Tenggarong District of Kutai Kartanegara.
Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Formal dan Hubungan Seksual Pranikah Remaja Indonesia Pinandari, Aggriyani Wahyu; Wilopo, Siswanto Agus; Ismail, Djauhar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 10 No. 1 Agustus 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (990.162 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v10i1.817

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AbstrakTransisi demografi kedua akan terjadi di Indonesia dan ditandai denganrevolusi seksual dan reproduksi. Masalah potensial di masa ini adalah peningkatan perilaku seksual pranikah, kehamilan yang tidak diinginkan,infeksi menular seksual dan penyalahgunaan obat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan reproduksi formal terhadap penundaan hubungan seksual pranikah pada remaja dan dewasa muda Indonesia. Penelitian potong lintang yang dianalisis sebagai kohort retrospektif menggunakan data Survei Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja Indonesia tahun 2012 (10.980 laki-laki dan 8.902 perempuan). Efek pendidikan kesehatan reproduksi formal terhadap penundaan perilaku hubungan seksual dianalisis menggunakan kurva kaplan meier, uji log-rank, dan uji chi square, sedangkan analisis multivariabel menggunakan regresi logistik. Semua tes menggunakan tingkat kepercayaan 95% dan nilai p = 0,05. Hasil analisis keberlangsungan berpantang melakukan hubungan seksual pranikah menunjukkan bahwa remaja yang tidak menerima atau hanya menerima salah satu dari materi pendidikan kesehatan reproduksi memiliki hazard ratio yang lebih besar (berturut-turut 1,55 ( CI= 1,32 – 1,82); 0,99 (CI=0,86 – 1,15) dan 2,26 (CI=1,43 – 3,56). Menerima informasi secara lengkap memberikan waktu berpantang yang lebih lama. Penyalahgunaan obat, merokok, minum alkohol, laki-laki, berusia 20 - 24 tahun dan miskin berpeluang lebih besar untuk melakukan hubungan seksual pranikah. Penerimaan informasi kesehatan reproduksi pada jenjang pendidikan formal dapat menunda terjadinya hubungan seksual pranikah.Formal Reproductive Health Education and Premarital Sexual Intercourseamong Indonesian TeenagersAbstractThe second demographic transition will occur in Indonesia and be markedby sexual and reproductive revolution. Potential problems in this era are the increase of premarital sexual behavior, unwanted pregnancy, sexual transmitted infection and drug abuse. This study aimed to examine the influence of formal reproductive health education to delay premarital sexual intercourse among Indonesian teenagers and young adults. Cross sectional study analyzed as retrospective cohort used data of Indonesian Teenage Reproductive Health Survey in 2012 (10,980 men and 8,902 women). Effects of formal reproductive health education to delay sexual intercourse behavior was analyzed using kaplan meier curve, log-rank test, and chi square test, meanwhile multivariat analysis used logistic regression. All tests used confidence interval 95% and p value = 0.05. Results of survival analysis of abstinence committing sexual intercourse showed that teenagers who didn’t receive or only receive one of reproductive health education materials had bigger hazard ratio (respectively 1.55 (CI=1.32 – 1.82); 0.99 (CI=0.86 – 1.15) and 2.26 (CI=1.43 – 3.56)). Receiving complete information gave longer abstinence time. Drug abuse, smoking, alcohol, men, aged between 20 – 24 years old and poor were more likely to commit premarital sexual intercourse. Receipt of reproductive health information at formal education level may delay the occurrence of premarital sexual intercourse.
Hubungan kejadian asfiksia neonatorum dengan perkembangan anak usia 6 – 24 bulan di RSUD Luwuk Kabupaten Banggai Sulawesi Tengah Taha, Inaya Dg; Herini, Elizabeth; Ismail, Djauhar
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 33, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (529.717 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.17051

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Latar Belakang: asfiksia neonatorum merupakan keadaan dimana bayi baru lahir tidak segera bernapas secara spontan dan teratur. Salah satu dampak jangka panjang yang mungkin disebabkan oleh asfiksia adalah gangguan perkembangan.Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara kejadian asfiksia neonatorum dengan perkembangan anak usia 6-24 bulan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Luwuk Kabupaten Banggai Sulawesi Tengah.Metode: Jenis penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional (potong lintang). Variabel bebas asfiksia neonatorum, variabel terikat perkembangan anak. Sampel penelitian adalah anak usia 6-24 bulan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Luwuk Kabupaten Banggai Sulawesi Tengah. Alat yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data perkembangan bayi dengan menggunakan lembar DDST II. Analisis data meliputi univariat yang menyajikan data gambaran frekuensi, bivariat menggunakan uji Chi-square, untuk mengetahui kekuatan hubungan antara variabel bebas dan variabel terikat menggunakan Ratio Pravelence (RP) dengan confidence interval (CI) 95%, dan multivariat dengan uji regresi logistik.Hasil: Kejadian asfiksia neonatorum berhubungan dengan perkembangan anak usia 6-24 bulan dengan nilai p sebesar 0,000 (<0,05). Anak yang mengalami asfiksia berisiko 2,11 kali mengalami perkembangan suspect dibandingkan dengan anak yang tidak mengalami asfiksia.Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan kejadian asfiksia neonatorum dengan perkembangan anak usia 6 -24 bulan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Luwuk Kabupaten Banggai Sulawesi Tengah.  
Hubungan Ibu Bekerja dengan Keterlambatan Bicara pada Anak Suparmiati, Aries; Ismail, Djauhar; Sitaresmi, Mei Neni
Sari Pediatri Vol 14, No 5 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp14.5.2013.288-91

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Latar belakang. Akhir-akhir ini, terjadi peningkatan jumlah ibu bekerja. Prevalensi keterlambatan bicara pada anak juga meningkat. Salah satu faktor risiko terjadinya keterlambatan bicara pada anak adalah faktor lingkungan termasuk ibu bekerja. Tujuan.Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ibu bekerja dengan keterlambatan bicara pada anak.Metode.Rancangan penelitian kasus kontrol, dengan jumlah sampel 45 anak pada kelompok kasus, dan 45 kelompok kontrol dengan matching sesuai umur dan jenis kelamin. Kriteria inklusi adalah anak usia 12 sampai dengan 36 bulan, yang mengalami keterlambatan bicara. Kriteria eksklusi adalah anak dengan gangguan pendengaran, global developmentan delay, retardasi mental, dan autisme. Hasil data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji statistik Chi-square.Hasil.Tidak ada hubungan antara ibu bekerja dengan keterlambatan bicara pada anak, dengan OR 1,93 (IK95%;0,81–4,58;p=0,13). Sedangkan faktor lain, yang diuji hanya faktor riwayat keluarga terlambat bicara, yang hasilnya bermakna dengan nilai OR 7,81 ( IK 95% 1,636 – 37,36; p=0,04).Kesimpulan.Tidak terdapat hubungan antara ibu bekerja dengan keterlambatan bicara pada anak. Terdapat hubungan antara riwayat keluarga terlambat bicara dengan keterlambatan bicara pada anak.
Hubungan Infantile Anorexia dengan Perkembangan Kognitif Husien, Faisal; Ismail, Djauhar; Sitaresmi, Mei Neni
Sari Pediatri Vol 14, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (BP-IDAI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/sp14.6.2013.379-83

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Latar belakang.Anak dengan gangguan makan dapat terjadi kekurangan asupan nutrisi bagi perkembangan sel saraf sehingga mengganggu perkembangan anak tersebut termasuk perkembangan kognitifnya. Infantile anorexiamerupakan salah satu bentuk gangguan makan yang ditandai penolakan makan secara menyolok, kehilangan nafsu makan yang khas, dan defisiensi pertumbuhan. Tujuan.Mengetahui hubungan antara infantile anorexiadengan perkembangan kognitif dan faktor lain yang dapat mempengaruhinya.Metode.Penelitian cross sectionaldengan besar sampel 80 anak. Kriteria inklusi adalah anak usia 12 sampai dengan 36 bulan yang mengalami masalah makaninfantile anorexia, orang tua bersedia mengikuti penelitian dan menandatangani informed consent. Kriteria eksklusi adalah anak dengan riwayat persalinan prematur, berat lahir rendah, dan asfiksia; anak dengan masalah susunan saraf pusat; anak dengan masalah cerna dan anak dengan penyakit oganik yang dapat mengganggu perkembangan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji statistik Spearman.Hasil.Secara statistik terdapat korelasi bermakna antara gangguan makan infantile anorexiadengan perkembangan kognitif anak dengan nilai p=0,021 (r=0,244; CI 95%=1,026-11,998). Faktor pendidikan ibu mempunyai korelasi yang bermakna dengan perkembangan kognitif nilai ( r= 0,322; CI 95%=3,385-15,159; p= 0,002).KesimpulanTerdapat korelasi positif antara infantile anorexiadan pendidikan ibu dengan perkembangan kognitif anak
Co-Authors Abdul Wahab Abeng, Andi Tenri Aggriyani Wahyu Pinandari, Aggriyani Wahyu Albayani, Melati Inayati Alnur, Rony Darmawansyah Antari, Anak Agung Ayu Windi Arief Priambodo, Arief Aries Suparmiati, Aries Asri Yuniastuti, Asri Damayanti, Dina Sulviana Dewi Rokhanawati, Dewi Djaswadi Dasuki Dwi Andayani, Dwi Dwi Ernawati Elsa Maimon, Elsa Emy Huriyati, Emy Eva Yuniritha, Eva Faisal Husien, Faisal Ferry Andian Sumirat, Ferry Andian Fx. Wikan Indrarto, Fx. Wikan hastin ika indriyastuti Herini, Elizabeth Herini, Elizabeth Siti Hikmah Hikmah I Gusti Ayu Trisna Windiani, I Gusti Ayu Trisna Indria Laksmi Gamayanti Irwansyah Irwansyah Juwartini, Dwi Kalis Joko Purwanto, Kalis Joko Kora, Firmina Th Kusumaningrum, Ratna Dewi Leny Latifah Linda Suwarni Madarina Julia Mariati, Titik Mei Neni Sitaresmi MG Adiyanti Mohammad Hakimi Mohammad Juffrie, Mohammad Muhamad Hakimi, Muhamad Muhammad Hakimi Muhammad Hakimi Hakimi, Muhammad Hakimi Mukminah, Mukminah Neti Nurani Ova Emilia Pinandari, Anggriyani Wahyu Probosiwi, Hardiana Retna Siwi Padmawati, Retna Siwi Rihul Husnul Juliyatmi Rina Triasih, Rina Rosmita Nuzuliana, Rosmita Siswanto Agus Wilopo Siti Muthoharoh, Siti Siwi P, Retna STIkes M Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, STIkes M STIkes Muhammadiyah Gom Pediatric Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, STIkes Muhammadiyah Gom Sumarni Sumarni Supiati Supiati Sutaryo Sutaryo SUWIJIYO PRAMONO Taha, Inaya Dg Tanjung, Fajar Sri Taufan Bramantoro, Taufan Toto Sudargo Tunjung Wibowo Udijanto Tedjosasongko, Udijanto Wanufika, Isna Warsiti Warsiti Yayi Suryo Prabandari Yulinar Wusanani, Yulinar