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Journal : Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia

Perbandingan keanekaragaman spesies dan kelimpahan arthropoda predator penghuni tanah di sawah lebak yang diaplikasi dan tanpa aplikasi insektisida Herlinda, Siti; Waluyo, Waluyo; Estuningsih, S. P.; Irsan, Chandra
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2008): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Studies on soil-dwelling predatory arthropods were carried out in lowland areas of South Sumatra, with objectives to analyze the species diversity and abundance of the predatoryarthropods inhabiting fields applied by synthetic insecticide, bioinsecticide, and without insecticide application. The predatory arthropods were sampled using pitfall traps. Indices of diversity and community similarities were applied to analyze the data. Results indicated that the arthropods inhabiting field without insecticide application had the highest diversity and abundance compared to other treatments. Predatory community similarities between those on the field without insecticide application and applied by bioinsecticide were higher compared to the fields applied by synthetic insecticide.
Analisis kemiripan komunitas artropoda predator hama padi penghuni permukaan tanah sawah rawa lebak dengan lahan pinggir di sekitarnya Effendy, Effendy; Hety, Usna; Herlind, Siti; Irsan, Chandra; Thalib, Rosdah
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2013): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

There are approximately 1.4 million hectares of swampy area in South Sumatera, but only 12% of those are being used as farm and plantation.   The purpose of this research was to investigate the similarity of arthropod community inhabiting swampy rice field and its surrounding area. This research was conducted in South Sumatera Province covering regency of Musi Banyuasin and Palembang. Four types of swampy area were selected from each location, i.e. rice field, thicket, bush, and swampy land inhabited by broad-leaf weeds. Pitfall trap used to collect arthropod and it installed at five different times. i.e. 15 days before rice planting, one month, two months, and three months after planting, and 15 days after harvest time. The result showed that relative abundance of predatory arthropod dwelling soil in rice field was 95.03%, and habitat surrounding rice field was 95.12–97.21%. The level of similarity of arthropod species between rice field ecosystem and its surrounding area ranged from 0.73 to 0.84.   Thus, the surrounding area of rice field probably can be used as catchment area of predatory arthropod and other pests during planting season.
Studi keberadaan hiperparasitoid dalam mempengaruhi perilaku imago parasitoid pada kutudaun, Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Irsan, Chandra
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2008): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Study Hyperparasitoid Existing Affected to Adul Parasitoid Behavior on Aphid, Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae). In general, hyperparasitoid is needed for establishing food and chain webs, but in contrary, it could become a limiting factor in existing biological control program. An observation to aim positive impact of hyperparasitoid existence has been carried out. Chili plant, Capsicum annuum, Aphis gossypii, Trioxys sinensis parasitoid and Aphidencyrtus sp. were used in this observation. Results showed that hyperparasitoid existence assisted parasitoid distribution. Parasitoids were placed with hyperparasitoids enhanced parasitoid distribution or dispersion two times farther compare to without hyperparasitoids. It was concluded that dispersal behaviour of hyperparasitoid adult was a parasitoid adult’s response to avoid its suppression by the hyperparasitoid and also increase parasitoid’s searching ability.
Bioesai bioinsektisida Beauveria bassiana dari Sumatera Selatan terhadap kutu putih pepaya, Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara De Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Herlinda, Siti; Darmawan, Komang Agus; Firmansyah, Firmansyah; Adam, Triani; Irsan, Chandra; Thalib, Rosdah
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

In fresh swamp areas of South Sumatra, papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) could cause severe damage to young papaya trees and decreased the fruit quality. The objective of this research was to bioassay test of the bioinsecticide Beauveria bassiana againts nymphs of P. marginatus. B. bassiana was conducted on rice medium. The bioinsecticide was formulated using dried compost, compost gram, paddy ash, paddy bran, woody powder, paddy bran mixed with woody powder, compost enriched with Trichoderma virens. Controls used were sterile water (control 1) and isolate of B. bassiana (control 2). Results showed that conidial viability of B. bassiana on control 2 was the highest (46.33%). The viability of control 2 was not significantly different from the formulations with carrier of the paddy bran, the paddy bran mixed with woody powder, and the compost enriched with T. virens. The highest nymph mortality (82.86%) was found on formulation of compost enriched with T. virens and was significantly different from other treatments. The lowest visibly (73.48%) occured on formulation of paddy ash, and was significantly different from other treatments. Mortality on control 1 on average was 29.52%, whereas control 2 averaged of 75.71%. The shortest median lethal time (LT50) (3.55 days) was found on formulation of compost enriched with T. virens but the longest one (3.73 days) occured on the formulation of paddy ash. Overall, the most effective bioinsecticide was the formulation of compost enriched with T. virens.