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Saptono Iqbali
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STUDI KASUS GELANDANGAN – PENGEMIS (GEPENG) DI KECAMATAN KUBU KABUPATEN KARANGASEM Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

This research meant to get imago about demographic charateristik and economic social and patternbehavior of gepeng ( loiterer and beggar) especially coming from Muntigunung and Pedahan, Sub-Province Karangasem. This imago addressed to compile program solution of gepeng effectively and efesienby paying attention to potency and constraint solution of gepeng.Result of research indicates that behavior of loiterer and beggar to grow naturally and throughrational idea. Development of behavior of gepeng) is divided to to become three periods, that is beforemount Agung erupts ( 1963), after mount Agung erupts ( 1963 - 1970), and after 1980 an. Initially publicdoes barter activity, then pass into beggar as result of urban community do not want to receive goodsbrought and better gives money as pity taste.Seen from demography characteristic, mostly doing activity of gepeng is mothers and children andgenerally they pertained productive labour and children pertained baby and is including school age .Education of family gepeng in general low and condition of its the economics better relative compared todoing no activity gepeng.Wisdom solution of gepeng is with interest races rural development. Its the strategy is exploit opportunitywhich there have, develops potency owned and as possible lessens the constraints, all can touchrequirement of material and spiritual.
PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend ofagricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased inits size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged theexistence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was knownsince Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agriculturalproductivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not beeasily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation ofrecent agricultural debelopment programs.The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on ricefarming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development oftourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms laborused and farming performance.This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourismarea. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper,kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor andinputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income.This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper? sbargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the generalopinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract.Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistentwith enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points ofowners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon theallocation of farm inputs.
PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993 periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend of agricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased in its size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged the existence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was known since Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agricultural productivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not be easily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation of recent agricultural debelopment programs. The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on rice farming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development of tourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms labor used and farming performance. This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourism area. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper, kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor and inputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income. This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper? s bargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the general opinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract. Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistent with enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points of owners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon the allocation of farm inputs.