Nina Indriyawati
Nursing Department, Polytechnic Health Ministry of Semarang

Published : 12 Documents
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Perilaku Pencegahan Infeksi oleh Pemberi Jasa Salon (Kapster) di Wilayah Kota Semarang Infection Prevention Behavior of Salon Service Giver in Region Semarang Municipality

Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 5, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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Abstract

ABSTRAKPenyakit infeksi menempati urutan teratas penyebab kesakitan dan kematian di negara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Indonesia timur merupakan daerah yang paling tinggi penyebaran infeksinya. Infeksi hepatitis B, merupakan penyebab kematian pada urutan ke sembilan di Indonesia. Penyebab penyakit infeksi itu adalah fasilitas kesehatan yang kurang memadai, perilaku seks yang tidak aman dan tidak bertanggungjawab, bergantian menggunakan jarum pada pengguna narkoba, dan perilaku pemberi jasa salon yang kurang memahami upaya pencegahan infeksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku pencegahan infeksi kapster di wilayah Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan Cross sectional, dengan variabel bebas umur, pendidikan, pengetahuan, sikap, sarana prasarana, dukungan atasan, dan sikap teman. Variabel terikat adalah perilaku dalam pencegahan infeksi. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh kapster di kota Semarang (502 orang). Sampel sebanyak 50 orang kapster diambil dengan purposive sampling. Analisis data univariat menggunakan distribusi frekuensi, untuk analisis bivariat menggunakan chi square dan analisis multivariat menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ada hubungan antara umur dengan perilaku pencegahan infeksi, pendidikan dengan perilaku pencegahan infeksi, sikap teman dengan perilaku pencegahan infeksi. Variabel pengetahuan, sikap, dukungan atasan dan sarana pra sarana tidak berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan infeksi. Hasil analisis multivariat terhadap umur, pendidikan dan sikap teman menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap perilaku pencegahan infeksi adalah sikap teman dengan nilai p = 0,0002 dengan OR 45,5. Pemilik salon disarankan untuk menyediakan alat-alat salon yang dipakai sesuai dengan kebutuhan/jumlah pelanggan, dan mengajarkan pada kapster untuk selalu melakukan upaya pencegahan infeksi seperti menggunakan schort, sarung tangan dan lain-lain agar tidak tertular penyakit infeksi oleh pelanggan.ABSTRACTInfectious disease ranks first in the cause of morbidity in the developing countries including Indonesia especially in the eastern part of Indonesia. One of the leading infectious disease is hepatitis B that ranks ninth in the most leading cause of death. There are various cause of the spread of the disease including lack of understanding in the infection measures including by the service giver of salon. Infection prevention behavior was caused by its service salon. The purpose of this study was to know the behavior in preventing infection of salon service giver in Semarang municipality. The study was a cross sectional study, the independent variables were age, education, knowledge, attitude, infrastructure, supervisor support, and attitudes of service giver friend. While the dependent variable was the behavior in the infection prevention measures. The sample was 50 salon service giver conducted with a purposive sampling method. The data analysis used chi-square and logistic regression. The result showed that there was a relationship between age, education, service giver friend and infection prevention behavior, but there was no relationship between knowledge, attitude, infrastructure, supervisor support and infection prevention behavior. The most influencing factor in infection preventing behavior was partner support of salon service giver (p=0,0002;OR =45.5). It is recommended that salon owner provide tools used in accordance with the requirements/number of customers and make sure that to always take steps to prevent infections such as using schort, gloves.

EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRESSIVE MOBILIZATION LEVEL I AND II ON HEMODYNAMIC STATUS AND DECUBITUS ULCER RISK IN CRITICALLY ILL PATIENTS

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 6 (2017): November-December 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Patient immobility remains to be one of the primary causes of pressure ulcers. Therefore, mobilization is necessity for patients being treated in the intensive care unit. However, the occurrence of pressure ulcers is not only dependent on the mobilization, but also depents on the bed itself and the type of mattress. This study used the same mattress and bed and compared the effectiveness of progressive mobilization with regular mobilization. Objective: This study aims to examine the effectiveness of progressive mobilization level I and II on hemodynamic status and decubitus ulcer risk in critically ill patients.Methods: This was a quasy experimental study using repeated measure design. There were 40 respondents selected using purposive sampling, which 20 respondents assigned in each group. A Braden scale was used to measure the risk of decubitus ulcer. Paired t-test and repeated measures anova were performed for data analysis.Results: Paired t-test showed that there was a significant difference of systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, MAP, heart rate, and Braden score after given intervention with p-value <0.05. However, repeated anova test showed that diastolic pressure had p-value >0.05, thus could not be continued to post-hoc test. The progressive mobilization of level I and II in critical patients can stabilize systolic pressure (52.46%), stabilize MAP (58.43%), stabilize heart rate (68.99%), and reduce the risk of decubitus (55.03%) for 7 days of recurrent intervention.Conclusion: The progressive mobilization of level I and II can reduce the risk of decubitus and stabilize the patient's hemodynamic status in critical patients.

Infection Prevention Behavior of Salon Service Giver in Region Semarang Municipality

Sains Medika Vol 5, No 2 (2013): July-December 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

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Abstract

Infectious disease ranks first in the cause of morbidity in the developing countries including Indonesia especially in the eastern part of Indonesia. One of theleading infectious disease is hepatitis B that ranks ninth in the most leading cause of death. There are various cause of the spread of the disease includinglack of understanding in the infection measures including by the service giver of salon. Infection prevention behavior was caused by its service salon. Thepurpose of this study was to know the behavior in preventing infection of salon service giver in Semarang municipality. The study was a cross sectionalstudy, the independent variables were age, education, knowledge, attitude, infrastructure, supervisor support, and attitudes of service giver friend. Whilethe dependent variable was the behavior in the infection prevention measures. The sample was 50 salon service giver conducted with a purposive samplingmethod. The data analysis used chi-square and logistic regression. The result showed that there was a relationship between age, education, service giverfriend and infection prevention behavior, but there was no relationship between knowledge, attitude, infrastructure, supervisor support and infectionprevention behavior. The most influencing factor in infection preventing behavior was partner support of salon service giver (p=0,0002;OR =45.5). It isrecommended that salon owner provide tools used in accordance with the requirements/number of customers and make sure that to always take steps toprevent infections such as using schort, gloves.

The Differences of early detection Upper Respiratory Infection (ISPA) by using MTBS Standard and MTBS Flashcard at Kota Semarang Public Health

Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to analize differences of early detection upper respiratory infection by using MTBS standard and MTBS flashcard at kota Semarang Public Health. Research design used comparison study with cross sectional design. 16 nurses/midwiferies ware taken for sample. Instruments used MTBS standard and MTBS flashcard. Quesionair was used for identify the level of knowledge about upper respiratory infection and MTBS that have already validited by expert.The result of the study shows that the level of knowledge about upper respiratory infection and MTBS are at category good (100% and 94%, respectively). Based on the content, there were no different eatherMTBS flashcard or MTBS standard (88%). There were found differences in the attractive designs, 14 respondents (88%) were more interest in MTBS flashcard than MTBS standard. MTBS flashcard (94%) was more efective for early detection upper respiratory infection than MTBS standarad (44%). The time was used for detect upper respiratory infection was different. The mean of time used for MTBS flashcard was 4 minutes (SD=1.2) and MTBS standard was 7 minutes (SD=3.1).

The Needs of Parents Who Have in Hospital Child

Jurnal LINK Vol 8, No 3 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

The research aim is to identify the needs of parents who have child in hospital. The research is descriptive. 30 parents who have child in Hospital ware involved in this reseaearch. Quesionaire about the needs of family was used ti cillect tha data. Descriptive statistic was used to analyse. The result shows that the most needs for parents are secure that have good medical care (Mean 3.37 ± SD 0.49), have to consult about child health progress (Mean 3.77 ± SD 0.43), get information about the result soon (Mean 3.97 ± SD 0.18), consult with doctor (Mean 3.73 ± SD 0.45), the medical team can understand parents’ feeling (Mean 4.00 ± SD 0.00). and permitted to stand by their child (Mean 3.93 ± SD 0.25).

Quick Blood Volume (Qb) and Ultra Filtration Ureum at Haemodialysis Patient

Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Mei 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

This study to determine the effect of the quick blood volume (Qb) to the process of ultrafiltration hemodialysis urea in action research is a Quasi experiment research with pre and post test desaign. The number of samples in this study were 54 people. Data processed by Anova test one path to find the differences between RRU and also know the difference decreased levels of blood urea between the three treatment groups are setting Qb 150, 175 and 200 ml/min. ANOVA test RRU significance value (p: 0.26) and the significance of decreased levels of blood urea (p: 0.52) which means there is no significant difference in the value of RRU and also decreased levels of blood urea between the three treatment groups are setting Qb 150, 175 and 200  ml /min.

MEDICAL IMAGE COMPRESSION USING HYBRID METHOD OF SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION (SVD) AND DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM (DWT) TO INCREASE ITS EFICIENCY OF SAVING AND TRANSMITION

Jurnal LINK Vol 12, No 2 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

This study aim was to increase the compression ratio and find out how much memory could be saved but also maintaining the quality of the image. The study was quantitative-analytic used samples of simple random sampling. Singular Value Decomposition algorithm (SVD) is a mathematical method to decipher a single matrix by compressing into three smaller matrices of the same size by reducing the data in columns and rows. while Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is excellent in image energy concentrated on a small group of coefficients. It could also provide a combination of information about the frequency and scale resulting in a more accurate image reconstruction. Incorporation of these methods a compression system was lossy compression. The results of the compression process were carried out by compression rate calculation and MSSIM. The results of the study showed that compression system using a combination of SVD –DWT had a good performance. At Threshold_T = 15 and rank criteria _K = 4 generated the compression rate of 15.04% - 39.67%, or an average = 29.35% and MSSIM between 0.99 51,847 to 0.99 94 172 or average = 0.996219 with status almost close to 1, which mean the image of the original image compression and it could not be distinguished visual, it saved memory about 29.81%. It was better than DWT method tested in the same case with the result of the compression rate 28.85%.

PENGARUH LATIHAN SKIPPING TERHADAP PENINGKATAN CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH 10-12 TAHUN DI SDN PLUMBON 02 KECAMATAN SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG

Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 (2016): NOVEMBER 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Abstract

[THE INFLUENCE OF SKIPPING EXCERSICE TO INCREASED CARDIOVASCULAR ENDURANCE ON SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN 10-12 YEARS  IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PLUMBON 02 SURUH SUB –DISTRICT SEMARANG REGENCY] The current phenomena, many children and parents who ignore the importance of sports to physical fitness and endurance of the heart. Cardiovascular endurace which will both improve the working abilities of the child with greater intensity and longer without fatigue. The purpose of this research was to describe the influence of skipping exercise to increased cardiovascular endurance on school age children 10-12 years.The type of research used was pre-experimental research designs with one group pre-post test. The sample consists of 21 children of school age 10 – 12 years old. The entire sample was given skipping workouts as much as 8 times within 10 minutes of each meeting and implemented in the morning between 07.00 – 09.00 pm. The implementation of the pre-and post test-test using Rockport Walking Fitness Test to assess cardiovaskular endurance. The results of the analysis of simple paired t-test showed that there is a difference between data pre-and post test-test with p value = 0000. There was an influence of skipping exercise to increased cardiovascular endurance on school age children 10-12 years. 

PRAKTEK KERJA NYATA INTER PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATION (PKN-IPC) MAMPU MENINGKATKAN DERAJAT KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT

Jurnal LINK Vol 14, No 2 (2018): NOVEMBER 2018
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

PKN IPC sebagai proses pembelajaran dilapangan bagi mahasiswa dikolaborasikan dalam berbagai disiplin ilmu direncanakan secara sistematis dan terpadu berdasarkan permasalahan yang digali dari keluarga dan dirumuskan bersama keluarga. Program PKN IPC dengan tema, Pemberdayaan Kesehatan dan Gizi Keluarga Berbasis Potensi Lokal yang diharapkan dapat meningkatkan empati, kepedulian, kerjasama mahasiswa dari berbagai latar belakang keilmuan dengan pendekatan kolaboratif untuk peningkatan kualitas hidup keluarga dan masyarakat dan mendorong terciptanya learning community. Program PKN-IPC sebagai bentuk pengabdian masyarakat dilaksanakan untuk membantu menyelesaikan persoalan pembangunan kesehatan di daerah secara kolaboratif. Kegiatan ini terlaksana pada tanggal 2-21 Juli 2018 di 16 desa Kecamatan Bringin dan 9 desa Kecamatan Bancak, Kabupaten Semarang. Peserta berjumlah 432 mahasiswa dari 5 Jurusan dan didampingi oleh 25 dosen pembimbing lapangan. 

POLTEKKES KEMENKES SEMARANG WUJUDKAN GAYA HIDUP SEHAT MELALUI SOSIALISASI GERAKAN MASYARAKAT HIDUP SEHAT (GERMAS) DI JAWA TENGAH

Jurnal LINK Vol 15, No 1 (2019): MEI 2019
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Abstract

Meningkatnya kasus penyakit tidak menular (PTM) di Indonesia tentunya memerlukan penanganan yang membutuhkan biaya cukup besar dan tindakan perawatan yang optimal. Diperlukan upaya yang signifikan dalam mencegah PTM dengan mendorong produktifitas masyarakat yang baik secara sosial dan ekonomi. Pola hidup masyarakat yang cenderung kurang aktif, konsumsi rokok dan alkohol, obesitas serta kurangnya konsumsi sayur dan buah dapat menjadi risiko penyakit PTM. Keterlibatan pemerintah dalam menggalakkan upaya promotif dan preventif melalui gerakan masyarakat hidup sehat ini menjadi salah satu upaya yang mendorong masyarakat untuk memiliki gaya hidup sehat. Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang berpartisipasi dalam kegiatan germas ini sebagai penyelenggara yang melibatkan seluruh komponen, baik pemerintah pusat maupun daerah, sektor non-pemerintah dan masayarakat. Kegiatan germas ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kesadaran masyarakan akan pentingnya hidup sehat.