Fitri Indrawati
Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan Universitas Negeri Semarang

Published : 18 Documents
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Journal : Unnes Journal of Public Health

PERSEPSI PRIA DAN HUBUNGANNYA DALAM KEIKUTSERTAAN PROGRAM KB METODE OPERATIF PRIA DI KECAMATAN SEMARANG BARAT KOTA SEMARANG Febriani, Yulanda Datu; Indrawati, Fitri
Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 5 No 1 (2016): Unnes Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v5i1.9709

Abstract

Program KB nasional menargetkan keikutsertaan pria dalam MOP sebesar 29.825 pada tahun 2014. Namun pada kenyataannya baru memenuhi 19,68% dari total sasaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi pria mengenai KB MOP dan hubungannya dengan keikutsertaan Program KB MOP. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan teknik pengambilan informan purposive sampling. Informan terdiri dari 5 orang akseptor KB MOP, 2 orang petugas PLKB, dan 2 orang kader KB. Teknik pengambilan data yang digunakan berupa wawancara mendalam. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi data, sajian data dan verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua informan berpartisipasi dalam program KB MOP karena kondisi fisik istri informan yang tidak memungkinkan untuk menggunakan alat kontrasepsi. Informan berpersepsi bahwa dengan mengikuti KB MOP akan bermanfaat bagi keluarganya, dari segi kesehatan dan segi ekonomi. Informan menyatakan tidak mengalami hambatan apapun dalam mengikuti KB MOP baik dari segi larangan agama, pembiayaan, seksualitas, dan keluhan medis. Informan mendapatkan dukungan dari istri maupun kerabat mereka. The national contraceptive program targeting male contraceptive method in 2014 by 29.825 participation. But in fact, there was only fulfil 19,68% from total national target. The purpose of this research was to know the men’s perception about male contraceptive methode and its relation in men contraceptive program. This research was a qualitative research with purposive sampling technique. Informants for this research were 5 acceptors of vasectomy, 2 officer of PLKB, and 2 cadres. Data items were collected by indepth interview. Data items were analyzed by data collection, data reduction, data presentation and data verification. The result showed that all of informants agreed to involve in male contraception program or vasectomy because of their wife’s phisical condition who couldn’t have any female contraception. Informants were perceiving that their involvement on male contraception program would be beneficial for his family in health and economical reason. Informants didn’t have any problems in following vasectomy program from religious inhibition, costs, sexuality life, and medical condition. Informants got support from their spouse and families.
Correlated Factors on Performance of Tuberculosis Program Officers at Community Health Clinic in Increasing the Finding of New AFB Smear-Positive Cases Latifah, Meliana; Rahayu, Sri Ratna; Indrawati, Fitri
Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 7 No 1 (2018): Unnes Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v7i1.16705

Abstract

ABSTRACT Semarang regency had CDR issues under the national target. The activity of new cases finding determine the success of the tuberculosis eradication programs, so the process of find new AFB smear-positive cases by officers is crucial. The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to the performance of tuberculosis officers at the community health clinic in increasing the findingof AFB smear-positive new cases (case study in Semarang regency). This type of research is observational analytic, with the cross-sectional design involving 45 saturated samples. Data analysis used was chi-square test.  The results showed that factors related to the performance of tuberculosis programs officers were knowledge (p = 0.022), training (p = 0.001), double duty (p = 0.014), screening for active TB suspect (p = 0.038), motivation (0.040) and attitude (p = 0.011). While there was no correlation between years of service (p = 0.152), facilities (p = 0.154), and incentive (p = 0.121).     ABSTRAK Kabupaten Semarang memiliki permasalahan CDR di bawah target nasional. Kegiatan penemuan kasus baru menentukan keberhasilan program pemberantasan tuberkulosis, sehingga proses penemuan kasus baru BTA positif oleh petugas sangat menentukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kinerja petugas tuberkulosis puskesmas dalam meningkatkan penemuan kasus baru BTA positif (studi kasus di Kabupaten Semarang). Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional, dengan desain cross sectional yang melibatkan 45 sampel jenuh. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor yang berhubungan dengan kinerja petugas program tuberkulosis puskesmas adalah pengetahuan (p = 0,022), pelatihan (p = 0,001), tugas rangkap (p = 0,014), penjaringan suspek TB aktif (p = 0,038), motivasi (0,040), dan sikap (p = 0,011). Sementara tidak ada hubungan antara faktor masa kerja (p = 0,152), sarana (p = 0,154), dan insentif (p = 0,121).  
Factors Influencing the Reporting Time of Online-Based Recording and Reporting Systems in Public Health Center of Semarang City Kristian, Samuel; Indrawati, Fitri; Azam, Mahalul
Unnes Journal of Public Health Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Unnes Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v8i1.22748

Abstract

ABSTRACT            The target of timely reporting of SP3 online in Semarang City in the first quarter of 2017, amounted to 72% of Public Health Centers on time. Quarter II of 2017 was 62%. This is not in accordance with the target set by the Semarang City Health Office, which is 80%. The purpose of the study was to determine the factors that influence the timeliness of monthly SP3 reporting in Semarang City. This is an observational analytic research with case-control design. The sample set was 14 cases and 14 controls. The research instrument used was structured questionnaire. The results showed age factor (p value = 0.018; OR = 10.8), incentive (p value = 0.023; OR = 9.1), workload (p value = 0.008; OR = 13.4), leader support (p value = 0.008; OR = 15), supporting facilities (p value = 0.033; OR = 13) influenced the timeliness of SP3 reporting and years of service factor (p value = 0.7; OR = 1.8), computer skills (p value = 0.55; OR = 2.07), education (p value = 1; OR = 1.4), job training (p value = 0.5; OR = 2.07), and co-worker support (p value = 0.02; OR = 2.5) had no influence on the timeliness of SP3 reporting.  ABSTRAK Target ketepatan waktu pelaporan SP3 online Puskesmas Kota Semarang triwulan I tahun 2017, sebesar 72% puskesmas tepat waktu. Triwulan II tahun 2017 sebesar 62%. Hal ini tidak sesuai dengan target yang ditetapkan oleh Dinas Kesehatan Kota Semarang, yaitu 80%. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi ketepatan waktu pelaporan Sistem Pencatatan Puskesmas (SP3) Bulanan Kota Semarang.  Jenis penelitian adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan case control. Sampel yang ditetapkan sebesar 14 kasus dan 14 kontrol. Instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner terstruktur. Hasil menunjukkan faktor umur  (p value=0,018; OR=10,8),  insentif (p value=0,023; OR=9,1), beban kerja (p value=0,008 ; OR=13,4), dukungan pimpinan (p value=0,008; OR=15),  fasilitas pendukung (p value=0,033; OR=13)  mempengaruhi ketepatan waktu pelaporan SP3 dan faktor masa kerja (p value=0,7; OR=1,8), kemampuan teknik komputer (p value=0,55; OR=2,07), pendidikan (p value=1; OR=1,4), pelatihan kerja (p value=0,5; OR=2,07), dan dukungan rekan kerja (p value=0,02; OR=2,5) tidak mempengaruhi ketepatan waktu pelaporan SP3.