Nurul Indarti
Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Does Knowledge Stickiness Affect a Firm’s Innovation Capability? Empirical Evidence From Indonesian Furniture SMEs Indarti, Nurul
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 14, No 1 (2012): January - April
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the relationship between knowledge stickiness and a firm’s innovation capability in the context of developing countries, i.e., Indonesia. The main research question addressed by this study is: does knowledge stickiness affect a firm’s innovation capability? Using data from 100 small- and medium-sized furniture enterprises (SMEs), the study finds that product innovations are predominant over process and organizational ones. However, incremental innovations are often more preferred than radical ones. This study also finds that the firms absorb knowledge from various sources to undertake innovations. Buyers, Internet, and suppliers are the significant sources, for sensory, coded, and theoretical knowledge. Buyers are also the main source of a great extent of various knowledge domains related to product, process, and organizational innovations. In general, the furniture firms do not pay considerable attention to planning stages when introducing innovations, as indicated by the fact that not all innovations are preceded by initiatives, except for really new processes and organizational innovations whose impact on the firms’ revenue is less visible. Out of four dimensions of knowledge stickiness used in this study, three of them (i.e., knowledge interconnectedness, sensory knowledge, and coded knowledge) are proven to have significant impact on a firm’s innovation capability. We find, knowledge interconnectedness and coded knowledge have a positive impact, while sensory knowledge influences a firm’s innovation capability in a negative direction. All in all, this study provides empirical evidence that knowledge stickiness has a significant impact on a firm’s innovation capability (explains 36% of total variance).
Business Location and Success: The Case of Internet Café Business in Indonesia Indarti, Nurul
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 6, No 2 (2004): May-August
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This research aims to examine the relationship between business location decision and business success. The case is Internet café business in Indonesia. This research is addressed to answer these main questions: (1) what factors do underlie location decision for an Internet café business?; and (2) does location decision determine success of Internet café business? A field research is conducted to answer these questions.Factor analysis applied to 17 location factors reveals five underlying dimensions of business location decision. They are centrality, business environment, business venue, cost, and labor. Based on responses from 93 Internet cafés in three locations (i.e. Yogyakarta, Surabaya, and Lombok), the author finds that favorable location of business is positively related to business success. More specifically, a regression analysis reveals that availability of utilities, proximity to schools/universities and security affect business success in a positive direction, while proximity to highways, being in commercial center affect in a negative direction. The independent variables explain 23 percent of total variance.
DETERMINANTS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION: The Case of Norwegian Students Indarti, Nurul; Krinstiansen, Stein
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 5, No 1 (2003): January-April
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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This paper aims to identify determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among young people. The empirical basis is Norwegian students, while an objective is also to create a basis for comparative studies among different economic and cultural contexts. Independent variables in the study include demographic factors and individual background, personality traits, and contextual elements like access to capital and information. The individual perceptions of self-efficacy and instrumental readiness are the variables that affect entrepreneurial intentions most significantly. Age, gender and educational background have no statistically significant impact. Generally, the level of the entrepreneurial intentions among Norwegian students is relatively low, which may be explained by social status and economic remuneration of entrepreneurs compared with employees in the Norwegian context.
Knowledge as a Critical Resource in Innovation among Small Furniture Companies in Indonesia: An Exploration Geenhuizen, Marina van; Indarti, Nurul
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 7, No 3 (2005): September-December
Publisher : Master of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The furniture industry makes a significant contribution to the Indonesian economy but is exposed to an intensifying competitive environment and to emerging shortages of raw material. These circumstances have prompted small furniture manufacturers in the district of Jepara to undertake several types of innovation. It appears that of all first ranked innovations, product innovation is the largest category. In the overall pattern of innovations, market innovation and logistics innovation are also important, a situation that can be explained by the typical character and current circumstances of the furniture industry in this area. The innovation process concerned mainly relies on traditional knowledge sources, namely in-house learning-by-doing and experimentation, and buyers (customers). However, the manufacturers show willingness to use other knowledge sources in the near future, particularly more formal and globally oriented ones, such as exhibitions, research institutions, and the Internet. What tends to hamper such progress is that the manufacturers’ capability to access these knowledge sources is limited by financial obstacles and to a smaller extent by complexity and language obstacles. The paper concludes with a few policy recommendations and potential directions of future research. One of the policy recommendations aims at a combination of the traditional way of knowledge generation through in-house learning-by-doing and experimentation with knowledge from modern and formal sources.
INTENSI KEWIRAUSAHAAN MAHASISWA: STUDI PERBANDINGAN ANTARA INDONESIA, JEPANG DAN NORWEGIA Indarti, Nurul; Rostiani, Rokhima
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 23, No 4 (2008): October
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Survey towards 332 students from three different universities in three different countries (Indonesia, Japan and Norway) shows that entrepreneurial intentions among the students and the influencing factors differs across countries. The main objective is to compare the impact of different economic and cultural contexts. Results reveals that selfefficacy influence entrepreneurial intention among Indonesian and Norwegian students.Instrumental readiness and working experience become key factors that influence entrepreneurial intention among Norwegian students. Educational background becomes akey factor that influence entrepreneurial intention among Indonesian students, in the opposite direction. Need for achievement, age and gender have no statistically significant impact. However, they only explain 28.2 percent, 14.2 percent, and 24.8 percent (R2) of the total variance of the entrepreneurial intention for Indonesia, Japan and Norway respectively. This study is expected to be inputs for universities, government institutions, and policy makers so that can stimulate and encourage entrepreneurship spirit.Keywords: entrepreneur intention, needs for achievement, self efficacy, instrumental readiness
PROFIL DAN MOTIVASI ENTREPRENEUR WANITA DI YOGYAKARTA* Indarti, Nurul; Wulandaru, Diah Retno
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 18, No 4 (2003): October
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This study aims to describe entrepreneurial motivation of women entrepreneurs in Yogyakarta. Previous studies paid great attention to the idea that people are motivated to use their jobs as mechanisms for satisfying their needs.Research that explored gender issue is still growing debate in the area of management. This study questions how four psychological needs influence women entrepreneurs. Survey approach was conducted to answer such research questions.This study uses 96 respondents representing 63% response rate.Findings revealed that young women entrepreneurs were strongly motivated by achieving performance, followed by affiliation, autonomy and dominance. It also showed that women entrepreneurs had lower need for affiliation and higher need for dominance than women employees had. This results imply that recognition or appreciation and adequate resources should be available to support women entrepreneurs to fulfill their needs for achievement and to exercise their leadership style.Keywords: women entrepreneur, motivation, need for achievement, need for affiliation, need for autonomy, need for dominance.
APAKAH LOKASI MENENTUKAN KESUKSESAN BISNIS? KASUS BISNIS APOTEK DI YOGYAKARTA DAN SURAKARTA Indarti, Nurul; Wahyudi, Erlisetya; Chandra, Ramelan
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 20, No 1 (2005): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

This study aims to identify location factors of pharmacy business and their associationwith business success. Respondents of survey are 82 pharmacy businesses in Yogyakartaand Surakarta. Regression analysis reveals that there are five location factors that havesignificant relationship with business success. These factors are proximity to main road,proximity to hospital/clinics, availability of business venue, proximity to housing, and beingin business centre. Altogether these factors explain 49.8% of total variance. In addition tofavourable location, other factors are also identified to be important in the pharmacybusinesses. These factors include complete assortment of medicines, affordable prices,relationship with doctors, and customer service related factors.Keywords: location factor, business success, pharmacy business.
FACTORS AFFECTING ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS AMONG INDONESIAN STUDENTS Indarti, Nurul
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 19, No 1 (2004): January
Publisher : Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengindentifikasi factor-faktor penentu intensikewirausahaan (entrepreneurial intention) mahasiswa Indonesia. Empat variabelindependen digunakanl untuk memprediksi intensi kewirausahaan. Keempat variabeltersebut adalah kebutuhan akan pencapaian (need for achievement), lokus kendali (locus of control), efikasi diri (self-efficacy), dan kesiapan instrumen (instrumental readiness).Menggunakan 130 sampel, penelitian menemukan bahwa dari variabel-variabel tersebut,efikasi diri dan kesiapan instrumen mempengaruhi intensi kewirausahaan secarasignifikan, sedangkan lokus kendali dan kebutuhan akan pencapaian tidak mempunyaipengaruh terhadap intensi secara signifikan. Secara keseluruhan, semua variabel bersama-sama hanya dapat menjelaskan 23.6% dari variansi total. Selanjutnya, variabel demografis (umur, jender, pendidikan, dan pengalaman kerja) tidak mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap intensi kewirausahaan. Secara umum, penelitian menemukan bahwa intensi kewirausahaan mahasiswa Indonesia tidak terlalu tinggi (rata-rata= 4.46 dari 7; dan simpangan baku=1.39). Hal ini dapat diinterpretasikan bahwa mahasiswa Indonesia sedikit lebih menyukai menjadi entrepreneur daripada bekerja di perusahaan.Kata-kunci: entrepreneurial intention (intensi kewirausahaan), need for achievement,locus of control, self-efficacy, instrumental readiness, Indonesia.
THE EFFECT OF KNOWLEDGE SOURCES ON INNOVATION CAPABILITIES AMONG RESTAURANTS AND CAFÉ BUSINESSES IN INDONESIA Utami, Tri Lestari Wahyuning; Indarti, Nurul; Sitalaksmi, Sari; Makodian, Nuraksa
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 32, No 1 (2017): JANUARY
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.855 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.16503

Abstract

To conduct innovation, firms absorb and utilise internal and external knowledge. This study examines the effect of internal and external knowledge, in terms of the breadth and depth of knowledge sources, on a firm’s innovation. The breadth of knowledge sources refers to the amount of knowledge sources used within the firm. The depth of knowledge sources is the amount of knowledge sources intensively used by the firm. This study is aimed at answering the following questions. a) What knowledge sources are mainly used? b) What type of innovation is frequently conducted? c) What are the effects of the breadth and the depth of knowledge sources on the innovation capabilities among Indonesian restaurants and cafés? The resource-based view and resource dependency theory are used to understand the role of internal and external knowledge on innovation within a firm.We distributed a semi-structured questionnaire to 101 owners/managers, using a purposive, in several cities in Indonesia, such as Bandung, Denpasar Bogor, Malang, Yogyakarta and other cities in East Java. The results show that the Indonesian restaurants and cafés utilised external knowledge sources more often than internal ones. The firms produce more incremental product innovations than radical ones. The depth of the internal knowledge sources has a positive significant impact on the firms’ innovation capabilities, which supports the previous studies. Meanwhile, the breadth of the internal knowledge sources is found not to have a significant effect on innovation. Additionally, the effects of the breadth and depth of the external knowledge sources on the innovation capabilities are also insignificant.
UNDERLYING FACTORS OF ATTITUDE AND INTENTION TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE SHARING AMONG EMPLOYEES: THE CASE OF THE HOTEL BUSINESS IN AMBON, INDONESIA Luturmas, Join Rachel; Indarti, Nurul
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business Vol 31, No 3 (2016): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.645 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jieb.23178

Abstract

Studies into knowledge sharings’ attitudes and intentions, in the context of the hotel industry, have received relatively little attention. This current study is intended to fill that void and contribute to the existing discussion of knowledge sharing studies of hotel businesses. The main objective of the current study is to examine: 1) the effect of extrinsic motivation, absorptive capacity, channel richness and sense of self-worth on people’s attitude towards knowledge sharing, and 2) the effect of people’s attitudes towards knowledge sharing and the intention to share knowledge. The study mainly uses the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) as the point of departure to understand the attitude and intention of knowledge sharing. It also proposes six hypotheses. We conducted a survey among 300 employees from various hotels in the city of Ambon, Indonesia. The data are tested using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) techniques. The findings substantiate theoretical discussions and previous studies. The extrinsic motivation, absorptive capacity, and in-role behaviour have a positive effect on the attitude towards sharing knowledge. In addition, the attitude to knowledge sharing has a positive influence on the intention to share knowledge. Meanwhile, the effect of channel richness and the sense of self-worth on the attitude to knowledge sharing are not supported. The study also provides suggestions for hotel businesses to offer extrinsic rewards and improve their employees’ skills in order to enhance the employees’ absorptive capacities.