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Aktivitas Manusia dan Distribusi Banteng (Bos Javanicus D’alton 1832) di Taman Nasional Alas Purwo

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan

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Abstract

This study aims to comprehend whether human activities contribute to the presence of banteng (Bos sundaicus d’Alton 1836) in the Alas Purwo National Park (APNP). We laid continuous strip line transects from centre of human activities to the direction of core area of APNP. Three locations were selected: Sadengan grazing area, Giri Salaka Hinduism praying area, and Kutorejo village; representing low to high human disturbance respectively. We collected both direct and indirect presence of banteng as well as human activities within 20 metre strip lines with 10 metre width. Data were compiled each 100 metres and analyzed with means comparison to observe difference among locations. Correlation analyses were used to assess the relation between distance from centre of human activities, human activities and banteng presence. Regression analysis was used when  significant correlations found. Our non parametric test showed that human disturbances are significantly different among sites (Kruskal Wallis Test; df 2 = 6.220, p< 0.05). In similar tendency but different manner, it is showed that the different levels of human disturbance conveyed significant difference in number of banteng’s tracks (Kruskal Wallis Test; df 2 = 18.888, p< 0.05). The distance from centre of human activities is negatively related to number of human tracks (Spearman rho; r2= -0.307 N= 64, p<0.05*) and also to number of banteng’s tracks (Spearman rho, r2= -0.728 N= 30, p<0.05**). The regression analysis showed that number of human tracks explained 18.6% of total variation on number of Banteng’s tracks, while distance from centre of human activities explained 59%.  Keywords: Human activities, animal distribution, Banteng

PERLINDUNGAN RUANG JELAJAH BANTENG DALAM KESENJANGAN SISTEM KAWASAN KONSERVASI DI KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI PROPINSI JAWA TIMUR

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan

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Abstract

Protected areas hold an important role in biodiversity protection. However, various biodiversity are still unprotected in the existing protected areas system. This paper explains the protected areas system gap forbanteng (Bos javanicus) home range in the south area of Banyuwangi district and options of its fulfillment. This research was done in area between Meru Betiri National Park and Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi District, East Java. Study was done using gap analysis, developed by Scott et al. (1987). Banteng home range area was mapped and overlayed with protected area distribution using ArcGis 10.1. Public policy and market mechanism related to area protection and biodiversity was reviewed to perceive opportunity to protect banteng home range areas outside of existing protected areas. Banteng home range also consisted area outside Alas Purwo National Park and Meru Betiri National Park. Evidence of banteng presence could be seen in KPH Banyuwangi Selatan concession and settlement area. In Banyuwangi district spatial plan of 2012-2032 protection areas allocation is advanced from the protected areas, but are still not enough to protect banteng homerange. The HCVF scheme based on market mechanism are more potential to protect banteng home range in areas between Alas Purwo National Park and Meru Betiri National Park.

Perilaku dan Jelajah Harian Orangutan Sumatera (Pongo abelli Lesson, 1827) Rehabilitan di Kawasan Cagar Alam Hutan Pinus Jantho, Aceh Besar

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan

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Abstract

Adaptation mechanism of reintroduced Sumatran Orangutan is crucial information for successful rehabilitation program. The main objective of this research was to investigate daily behaviors and range ofeight rehabilitated Orangutans in the reintroduction station of Nature Reserve Pine Forest Jantho, Aceh Besar. Data collection was conducted through instantaneous sampling to explore daily behavior and range. The daily activities data were grouped based on ethogram by adopting the standard of Orangutan‘s data collection. The result showed that the proportion of daily behavior of Orangutan Sumatera are 47.32 % resting, 37 % feeding, 14.75 % moving, 0.52 % social interaction and 0.41% nesting activities. There was no different behavior between sex classes and duration of rehabilitation. The average daily range of all focal individuals is 0.7-26.2 ha. Previous interaction with humans, especially during early developmental period, may affect in behaviour of rehabilitated Orangutan Sumatera and probably also influence the adaptation success in the wild.Keywords: reintroduction, primates, protected areas, wildlife conservation.Intisari Mekanisme adaptasi dari Orangutan Sumatera yang direintroduksi merupakan informasi yang sangat penting bagi kesuksesan program rehabilitasi. Tujuan utama penelitian ini untuk mengeksplorasi perilaku dan jelajah harian dari Orangutan Sumatera rehabilitan di stasiun reintroduksi Orangutan Sumatera kawasan Cagar Alam Hutan Pinus Jantho, Aceh Besar. Metode yang digunakan adalah Instantaneous sampling. Data perilaku dalam penelitian ini dikelompokkan berdasarkan ethogram yang mengadopsi dari Standar Pengambilan Data Orangutan. Perilaku harian yang dilakukan Orangutan Sumatera rehabilitan meliputi tiga perilaku utama yaitu istirahat (47,32 %), makan (37 %), bergerak (14,75 %), sosial (0,52 %) dan bersarang (0,41 %). Sebagian besar perilaku Orangutan rehabilitan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan masa reintroduksi. Rata-rata daya jelajah hariannya dari semua individu Orangutan yang diamati berkisar antara 0,7 sampai 26,2 ha. Interaksi dengan manusia pada masa sebelumnya, khususnya pada periode perkembangan Orangutan, dapat mempengaruhi perilaku Orangutan dan mungkin dapat mempengaruhi kesuksesan dalam beradaptasi dengan kondisi di alam.Katakunci: perilaku, Orangutan, daya jelajah harian, cagar alam Jantho

Aktivitas Manusia dan Distribusi Banteng (Bos Javanicus D’alton 1832) di Taman Nasional Alas Purwo

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.431 KB)

Abstract

Human Activities and Distribution of Banteng (Bos Javanicus D’alton 1832) in Alas Purwo National ParkThis study aims to comprehend whether human activities contribute to the presence of banteng (Bos sundaicus d’Alton 1836) in the Alas Purwo National Park (APNP). We laid continuous strip line transects from centre of human activities to the direction of core area of APNP. Three locations were selected: Sadengan grazing area, Giri Salaka Hinduism praying area, and Kutorejo village; representing low to high human disturbance respectively. We collected both direct and indirect presence of banteng as well as human activities within 20 metre strip lines with 10 metre width. Data were compiled each 100 metres and analyzed with means comparison to observe difference among locations. Correlation analyses were used to assess the relation between distance from centre of human activities, human activities and banteng presence. Regression analysis was used when  significant correlations found.Our non parametric test showed that human disturbances are significantly different among sites (Kruskal Wallis Test; df 2 = 6.220, p< 0.05). In similar tendency but different manner, it is showed that the different levels of human disturbance conveyed significant difference in number of banteng’s tracks (Kruskal Wallis Test; df 2 = 18.888, p< 0.05). The distance from centre of human activities is negatively related to number of human tracks (Spearman rho; r2= -0.307 N= 64, p<0.05*) and also to number of banteng’s tracks (Spearman rho, r2= -0.728 N= 30, p<0.05**). The regression analysis showed that number of human tracks explained 18.6% of total variation on number of Banteng’s tracks, while distance from centre of human activities explained 59%.  

SELEKSI HABITAT LUTUNG JAWA (Trachypithecus auratus E. Geoffroy SaintHilaire, 1812) DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI )

Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam Vol 11, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan

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Abstract

Penurunan populasi lutung jawa (Trachypithecus auratus  E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812) yang disebabkan oleh perburuan dan degradasi habitat membutuhkan penangangan konservasi sesegera mungkin. Upayakonservasi dapat dilakukan secara efektif dan efisien, jika kebutuhan satwa tersebut diketahui. Untuk itu, perlu dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik habitat yang disukai lutung jawa di level area jelajah dan tapak mikro. Penelitian dilakukan di Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi. Metode penelitian adalah dengan analisis vegetasi pada tingkat pohon dan tiang di plot yang tersedia, yang disusunsecara sistematis (metode systematic sampling, jarak antar plot 300 m) dengan intensitas sampling 0,45% serta pada plot yang digunakan, yang diidentifikasi dengan metode pencarian dengan sampling.Uji Chi-kuadrat dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi terjadinya seleksi habitat. Regresi logistik dilakukan untuk memprediksi variabel yang memengaruhi probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik habitat yang diseleksi lutung jawa di level area jelajah adalah: berada pada ketinggian 1.500-2.000 m dpl, kelerengan lebih dari 45%, LBDS pohon tinggi, pohon pakan melimpah dan jauh dari gangguan manusia. Berdasarkan analisis regresi logistik, probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa  meningkat dengan semakin meningkatnya LBDS pohon, jumlah pohon pakan, ketinggian dan jarak dari gangguan. Probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa  semakin menurun jika jumlah pohon semakin banyak dan jauh dari sungai

PERILAKU KOPING PADA LANSIA YANG MENGALAMI PENURUNAN GERAK DAN FUNGSI

Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Maret 2017
Publisher : Intuisi : Jurnal Psikologi Ilmiah

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Abstract

Abstrak. Menua adalah suatu kondisi yang pasti terjadi pada setiap orang. Kondisi ini ditandai dengan terjadinya banyak penurunan baik secara fisik, maupun psikis. Terjadinya penurunan ini akan membuat lansia melakukan koping terhadap penurunan yang terjadi pada diri mereka. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi secara mendalam mengenai bentuk-bentuk perilaku koping pada lansia yang mengalami penurunan gerak dan fungsi. Adapaun metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara langsung terhadap 4 orang lansia yang ada di desa guwosari Bantul DIY. Hasil yang diperoleh dalam penelitian adalah secara umum lansia yang menjadi subjek dalam penelitian ini mengalami 2 permasalahan, yaitu fisik dan psikis. Pertama, permasalahan fisik; stroke, nyeri dari pinggang menjalar ke kaki, sering kesemutan pada kaki dan tangan, darah tinggi, sering pusing, pola tidur terganggu, dan kolestrol. Adapun perilaku koping yang dilakukkan lansia untuk mengatasi permasalahan fisik tersebut adalah; Planful problem solving, Distancing, Self-control, dan Positive reappraisal. Kedua, permasalahan  psikis, yaitu; merasa kesepian dan sedih. Adapun bentuk koping yang mereka lakukan; Seeking social support, Escape-avoidance, dan Positive reappraisal. Secara garis besar perilaku koping lansia yang mengalami penurunan gerak dan fungsi dapat dikelompokkan menjadi 2 bentuk; (1) Problem focused copying, dengan bentuk; Planfull problem solving,  Seeking social support, Positive reappraisal  dan  (2) Emotion focused copying dengan bentuk ; Distancing, Self control, Escape  avoidance.Abstract. Aging is a condition that must happen to everyone. This condition is characterized by the occurrence of many decline both physically, and psychologically. The decrease will make the elderly to cope against the decline that occurred to them. The purpose of this study was to explore in depth the forms of coping behaviors in elderly decreased motion and function. The methods used in this study is a direct interview to four elderly people in the village of Bantul DIY Guwosari. Results obtained in the study were generally elderly people who become subjects in the study had two problems: physical and psychological. First, the physical problems; stroke, pain radiating to the leg of the waist, often tingling in the feet and hands, high blood pressure, dizziness, disturbed sleep patterns, and cholesterol. The elderly coping behaviors undertaken to overcome the physical problems are; Planful problem solving, distancing, self-control, and Positive reappraisal. Second, psychological problems, namely; feel lonely and sad. The forms of coping that they did; Seeking social support, Escape-avoidance, and Positive reappraisal. Broadly speaking elderly coping behavior decreased motion and function can be classified into two forms; (1) Problem focused copying, with the form; Planfull problem solving, seeking social support, Positivereappraisal and (2) Emotion focused copying the shape; Distancing, self control, avoidance Escape.

SELEKSI HABITAT LUTUNG JAWA (Trachypithecus auratus E. Geoffroy SaintHilaire, 1812) DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI )

Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam Vol 11, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan

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Abstract

Penurunan populasi lutung jawa (Trachypithecus auratus  E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812) yang disebabkan oleh perburuan dan degradasi habitat membutuhkan penangangan konservasi sesegera mungkin. Upayakonservasi dapat dilakukan secara efektif dan efisien, jika kebutuhan satwa tersebut diketahui. Untuk itu, perlu dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik habitat yang disukai lutung jawa di level area jelajah dan tapak mikro. Penelitian dilakukan di Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi. Metode penelitian adalah dengan analisis vegetasi pada tingkat pohon dan tiang di plot yang tersedia, yang disusunsecara sistematis (metode systematic sampling, jarak antar plot 300 m) dengan intensitas sampling 0,45% serta pada plot yang digunakan, yang diidentifikasi dengan metode pencarian dengan sampling.Uji Chi kuadrat dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi terjadinya seleksi habitat. Regresi logistik dilakukan untuk memprediksi variabel yang memengaruhi probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik habitat yang diseleksi lutung jawa di level area jelajah adalah: berada pada ketinggian 1.500-2.000 m dpl, kelerengan lebih dari 45%, LBDS pohon tinggi, pohon pakan melimpah dan jauh dari gangguan manusia. Berdasarkan analisis regresi logistik, probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa  meningkat dengan semakin meningkatnya LBDS pohon, jumlah pohon pakan, ketinggian dan jarak dari gangguan. Probabilitas kehadiran lutung jawa  semakin menurun jika jumlah pohon semakin banyak dan jauh dari sungai

Semi-Commercial and Traditional Hunting of Baar Tribe in Riung, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara

Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 8, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program

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Abstract

ABSTRACTHunting is one of the aspects that influence number of wild animals. The article aims at describing semi-comercial and traditional hunting concept of Baar Tribe in East Nusa Tenggara as an alternative for wild animal conservation.  The data collection methods are guided interview, in-depth interview and participant observation. The findings show that in the semi-comercial and traditional hunting concept of Baar Tribe in East Nusa Tenggara, traditional wisdom is represented by hunting techniques and equipments. It is likely that rapid semi-commercial hunting conducted by certain members of Baar tribe causes sharp decline in the population of wild animals. On the other hand, annual traditional hunting which strictly follows traditional code of conduct can maintain Timor deer population in Timor.Keywords: hunting, population, semi-commercial, traditional, Timor deer

Menguatkan Kedaulatan Bangsa atas Keanekaragaman Hayati

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 9, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Menguatkan Kedaulatan Bangsa Atas Keanekaragaman Hayati

Perilaku dan Jelajah Harian Orangutan Sumatera (Pongo abelli Lesson, 1827) Rehabilitan di Kawasan Cagar Alam Hutan Pinus Jantho, Aceh Besar

Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 7, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Mekanisme adaptasi dari Orangutan Sumatera yang direintroduksi merupakan informasi yang sangat penting bagi kesuksesan program rehabilitasi. Tujuan utama penelitian ini untuk mengeksplorasi perilaku dan jelajah harian dari Orangutan Sumatera rehabilitan di stasiun reintroduksi Orangutan Sumatera kawasan Cagar Alam Hutan Pinus Jantho, Aceh Besar. Metode yang digunakan adalah Instantaneous sampling. Data perilaku dalam penelitian ini dikelompokkan berdasarkan ethogram yang mengadopsi dari Standar Pengambilan Data Orangutan. Perilaku harian yang dilakukan Orangutan Sumatera rehabilitan meliputi tiga perilaku utama yaitu istirahat (47,32 %), makan (37 %), bergerak (14,75 %), sosial (0,52 %) dan bersarang (0,41 %). Sebagian besar perilaku Orangutan rehabilitan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan masa reintroduksi. Rata-rata daya jelajah hariannya dari semua individu Orangutan yang diamati berkisar antara 0,7 sampai 26,2 ha. Interaksi dengan manusia pada masa sebelumnya, khususnya pada periode perkembangan Orangutan, dapat mempengaruhi perilaku Orangutan dan mungkin dapat mempengaruhi kesuksesan dalam beradaptasi dengan kondisi di alam.Katakunci: perilaku, Orangutan, daya jelajah harian, cagar alam Jantho Daily Behavior and Range of Rehabilitated Orangutan in the Hutan Pinus Jantho Nature Reserve, Aceh BesarAbstractAdaptation mechanism of reintroduced Sumatran Orangutan is crucial information for successful rehabilitation program. The main objective of this research was to investigate daily behaviors and range ofeight rehabilitated Orangutans in the reintroduction station of Nature Reserve Pine Forest Jantho, Aceh Besar. Data collection was conducted through instantaneous sampling to explore daily behavior and range. The daily activities data were grouped based on ethogram by adopting the standard of Orangutan‘s data collection. The result showed that the proportion of daily behavior of Orangutan Sumatera are 47.32 % resting, 37 % feeding, 14.75 % moving, 0.52 % social interaction and 0.41% nesting activities. There was no different behavior between sex classes and duration of rehabilitation. The average daily range of all focal individuals is 0.7-26.2 ha. Previous interaction with humans, especially during early developmental period, may affect in behaviour of rehabilitated Orangutan Sumatera and probably also influence the adaptation success in the wild.