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Journal : Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral

Eksplorasi Endapan Hidrotermal di daerah Kasihan, Pacitan, Jawa Timur Asrafil, Asrafil; Idrus, Arifudin; Wintolo, Djoko
Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral Vol 18, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral
Publisher : Pusat Survei Geologi

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Abstract

This research aims to identify hydrothermal mineral deposits using geomagnetic methods. The geomagnetic method used to obtain anomaly of magnetic field intensity contrast. Furthermore, there is also been conducted taking and analysis samples of rock using petrography, ore microscopic and XRD. It is done to obtain mineralogical characteristics of hydrothermal mineral deposits that becoming the exploration target. The results showed that hydrothermal mineral deposits in research area was characterized by hydrothermal alteration of argillic (kaoline-illite), propylitic (calcite-chlorite) and skarn (quatrz-calcite-pyroxine/ clinopyroxine). Ore minerals are present of sulphide minerals such as pyrite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, covelit and oxide minerals such as hematite abundance. The existence of hydrothermal mineral deposits are associated with skarn type deposit. Zones of mineral deposits of metallic ores are characterized by a significant contrast magnetic anomalies with high magnetic field intensity higher than 110,31 nT on the total magnetic intensity anomaly and higher than 11,09 nT on the residual magnetic intensity anomaly, as the response from the presence of metal in the ore mineral enrichment of rock material.keywords : hydrothermal minerals, magnetic field anomaly, petrography, ore microscopic, XRD skarn, Kasihan
THE METAMORPHIC ROCK-HOSTED GOLD MINERALIZATION AT BOMBANA, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI: A NEW EXPLORATION TARGET IN INDONESIA Idrus, Arifudin; Fadlin, Fadlin; Prihatmoko, Sukmandaru; Warmada, I Wayan; Nur, Irzal; Meyer, Franz Michael
Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral Vol 22, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Sumber Daya Geologi
Publisher : Pusat Survei Geologi

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Abstract

Placer gold has been discovered in Bombana, SE-Sulawesi, Indonesia. The placer gold is not associated with volcanic rock-related gold deposits. This paper discusses the primary gold mineralization as the source of the placer gold. The placer gold is possibly derived from gold-bearing quartz veins hosted by Pompangeo Metamorphic Complex (PMC). Pyrite, chalcopyrite, cinnabar, stibnite and tripuhyite are present. Sheared, segmented vein varies in thickness from 2 cm to 2 m. The veins contain erratic gold in various grades from below detection limit (0.005 g/t) to 134 g/t. At least three generations of veins are identified. The first is parallel to the foliations, the second crosscuts the first generation of veins/foliations, and the third is of laminated deformed quartz+calcite veins at the late stage. The first veins are mostly massive to crystalline, occasionally brecciated and sigmoidal, whereas the second veins are narrower than the first and relatively brecciated. Gold grades in the second and third veins are relatively higher than that in first veins. Fluid inclusion study of quartz veins indicates abundant H2O-NaCl and a small amount of H2O-NaCl-CO2 inclusions. Temperature of homogenization (Th) and salinity of the first vein vary from 184.7 to 245.3 ºC and 5.26 to 9.08 wt.% NaCl eq., respectively. The second generation vein was originated at Th of 132.1-283.4 ºC and salinity of 3.55-5.86 wt.%NaCl eq., whereas the third generation vein formed at lowest Th varying from 114 to 176ºC and less saline fluid at salinity range between 0.35 and 4.03 wt.% NaCl eq. Gold is mainly identified in the form of 'free gold' among silicate minerals. Mineralogically, gold is closely related to cinnabar, stibnite, tripuhyite and possibly minor arsenopyrite. Metamorphogenic gold deposits would be the new target of gold exploration in Indonesia.Keyword: Gold mineralization, orogenic-type, Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Karakteristik Fluida Hidrotermal Endapan Emas Orogenik di Pegunungan Rumbia, Kabupaten Bombana, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Hasria, Hasria; Idrus, Arifudin; Warmada, I Wayan
Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral Vol 20, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral
Publisher : Pusat Survei Geologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.487 KB) | DOI: 10.33332/jgsm.geologi.20.2.111-117

Abstract

Recently, gold exploration activities  are not only focused along volcanic-magmatic belt but also starting to shift along metamorphicand sedimentary terrains. The purpose of this study is to analyses the characteristics hydrothermal fluids gold deposits t in the Rumbia Mountains, Bombana Regency, Southeast Sulawesi. There are three generations of veins identified including the first is parallel to the foliations, the second crosscuts the first generation of veins/foliations, and the third is of laminated deformed quartz+calcite veins at the late stage. Temperature of homogenization (Th) and salinity at Rumbia Mountain of the first vein vary from 220 to 355.30oC and 6.74 to 10.11 wt. % NaCl eq., respectively. The second generation vein was originated at Th of 157 to 255.50oC and salinity of 3.39 to 6.88 wt.%NaCl eq., whereas the third generation vein formed at lowest Th varying from 104.40 to 265.90oC and less saline fluid at salinity range between 0.18 and 6.30 wt.% NaCl eq. The result of temperature formation value correlation to the depth of the formation of orogenic gold deposits in Rumbia Mountain is indicated to form on sub-greenschist to greenschist facies at depth of about 4-8 kilometers and formation temperature between 104.40 - 355.30oC at zone epizonal and mesozonal. Based on characteristics fluids inclusion discussed above, the primary metamorphic-hosted gold mineralization type at Rumbia Mountain tends to meet the criteria of orogenic gold type.  Keyword : fluid iclusion, quartz veins, Rumbia mountain, orogenic gold deposits.