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Pengaruh Pemberian Bacillus sp. Terhadap Kinerja Pertumbuhan, Kadar Lemak, dan Kolesterol Daging Ayam Broiler Ichsan, Muhammad
Buletin Peternakan Vol 28, No 3 (2004): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 28 (3) Agustus 2004
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1496

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PENGARUH PEMIMPIN PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP ORGANISASI PEMBELAJARAN DAN MANAJEMEN PENGETAHUAN SERTA IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP KINERJA TIM PEKERJA PENGETAHUAN (K-WORKERS) PADA INSTANSI KEUANGAN Ichsan, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Economics and Bussiness Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui bagaimana; pemimpin pengetahuan, organisasi pembelajaran, manajemen pengetahuan, dan kinerja tim pekerja pengetahuan, serta menganalisis pengaruh pemimpin pengetahuan terhadap organisasi pembelajaran dan manajemen pengetahuan, serta implikasinya terhadap kinerja tim pekerja pengetahuan pada instansi keuangan di Sulawesi.Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan ilmu Manajemen Sumberdaya Manusia dan Perilaku Organisasi. Jenis penelitian adalah descriptive dan verificative dengan metode penelitian descriptive dan Explanatory Survey. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui kuesioner, wawancara dan observasi lapangan. Metode penarikan sampel dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Stratified Proportional Random Sampling. Sampel penelitian ini adalah tim pada instansi keuangan di Sulawesi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif dan analisis structural equation modeling (SEM)Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: indikator-indikator dari pemimpin pengetahuan, organisasi pembelajaran, manajemen pengetahuan dan kinerja tim pekerja pengetahuan umumnya dinilai rendah dan kurang baik oleh para pekerja pengetahuan yang bermakna bahwa variabel-variabel penelitian kurang berjalan dengan baik pada instansi keuangan di Sulawesi. Hasil pengujian statistik diketahui pemimpin pengetahuan mempunyai pengaruh terhadap organisasi pembelajaran dan manajemen pengetahuan. Pemimpin pengetahuan berpengaruh terhadap kinerja tim pekerja pengetahuan. Organisasi pembelajaran berpengaruh terhadap manajemen pengetahuan. Sedangkan manajemen pengetahuan pengaruhnya tidak signifikan terhadap kinerja tim pekerja pengetahuan pada instansi keuangan di Sulawesi.
Pengaruh fase bulan dan pasang surut terhadap kemunculan pari manta (Manta alfredi) di Perairan Karang Makassar, Taman Nasional Komodo Nusa Tenggara Timur Ichsan, Muhammad; Iriana, Dulmi’ad; Yusuf Awaluddin, Muhammad
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): August 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/depik.2.2.749

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Abstract. Karang Makassar is known as Manta point which is located in the Komodo National Park, Indonesia. This location is one of the habitat for manta ray. This research was conducted to find out the relationship between the appereance of manta ray with lunar pattern and tidal cycle. Observation data was collected from September to October 2012. Photo ID method was used to assess the number of manta ray appeareance. Lunar pattern data was obtained from USNO NAVY database, and tidal cycle was obtained from WX Tide Prediction Server. The result shows that from 20 dives, the highest average number of manta rays appearance was during full moon by 9,8 individual per dive. Meanwhile, during half moon and new moon were only 3 individual appearances per dive. On the other hand, based on tidal cycle, the highest manta rays appeareance was found during rising by 6,5 individual per dive, on falling by 4,4 individual per dive, and the lowest on slack by 3,4 individual per dive. We suggest that the best time for seeing manta rays in this location is during full moon and raising time.  Keywords: Manta rays; Lunar patterns; Tidal cycle; National Komodo Park  Abstrak. Perairan Karang Makassar, dikenal sebagai Manta Point yang berada di Taman Nasional (T.N.) Komodo, Indonesia. Lokasi ini merupakan salah satu habitat bagi pari manta. Penelitian kali ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kemunculan  pari manta dengan fase bulan dan pasang surut. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada bulan September – Oktober 2012. Metode Photo ID dipergunakan untuk menhitung jumlah individu kemunculan pari manta. Sedangkan untuk data fase bulan diperoleh dari USNO NAVY berupa persentasi cahaya bulan, sedangkan untuk pasang surut didapatkan dari WX Tide Prediction Server. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa dari 20 kali penyelaman, rata-rata kemunculan tertinggi terjadi saat fase bulan penuh sebesar 9,8 individu per penyelaman. Pada bulan setengah jumlah kemunculan paling sedikit yaitu 3 kemunculan per penyelaman, sama dengan fase bulan baru yaitu 3 kemunculan per penyelaman. Sementara itu berdasarkan pola pasang surut, diperoleh rata-rata jumlah individu tertinggi yang muncul yaitu pada pada saat pasang sebanyak 6,5 individu per penyelaman, saat surut sebesar 4,4 individu per penyelaman, sedangkan pada saat kendur paling sedikit  yaitu sebesar 3,4 individu per penyelaman. Kami menyarankan bahwa waktu yang terbaik untuk melihat pari manta di lokasi ini adalah pada saat bulan penuh dan saat pasang.Kata kunci: Pari Manta; Fase Bulan;  Pasang Surut; Taman Nasional Komodo
Molecular pathogenesis of preeclampsia: microRNA hypothesis Andalas, Mohd.; Harapan, H.; Mudhakir, Diky; Ichsan, Muhammad; Pedroza, Natalia C.; Laddha, Saurabh
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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The discovery of micro RNA (miRNA) in 1993 by Ambros and colleagues has a huge influence in pathogenesis theory, diagnosis and treatment approach of some diseases. Some studies have conducted to seek the association alterations of miRNA expression to incidences and severity of preeclampsia (PE). We have reviewed some studies that conducted to seek the association of miRNA and PE and we discussed the role of various miRNAs in PE pathogenesis. In summary, we have shown that many researchers have given evident that the different placental and plasma miRNA expression is associated with PE. Some studies also identified the novel candidate of miRNAs (and their pathways) that may be of etiologic relevance in the pathogenesis of PE. Base on review, specific miRNA have a role to down regulate of anti apoptosis genes, regulate angiogenics growth factors such as angiogenin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) B (VEGF-β), cysteine-rich 61 (CYR61), Placental growth factor (PlGF) and VEGF-A that have a role in angiogenesis. miRNA also have a role in  survival, migration, and capillary tube formation of HUVEC by targeted of c-kit. Some miRNAs target genes that participate in immunologic dysfunction, cell adhesion, cell cycle, and signaling. miRNA also have a roles in endothelial cell response to hypoxia, cell differentiation, and survival. A miRNA influence calcium signaling through negative regulations of the calmodulin-coding mRNAs, Mef2a and Gata4, mainly in smooth muscle cells that contribute to PE pathogenesis. These investigations provide novel targets for further investigation of the pathogenesis of PE and these differential miRNAs may be potential markers for the diagnosis and provide a potential therapeutic target for PE. Further investigations on posttranscriptional regulation in PE to evaluate biologic effects of identified miRNAs (including confirmations of miRNA and target gene interactions) are needed
Demokrasi dan Syura: Persepektif Islam dan Barat Ichsan, Muhammad
SUBSTANTIA Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Ar-raniry Banda Aceh

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In this globalization era, the term of democracy has been part of political? culture in Muslim society, which unintentionally hindered the term of syura as? Muslim political reference. In fact, that democracy and syura are two different? concepts in Islamic discourses. The concept of democracy, which is understood,? developed and introduced by West to Muslim, is not very applicable in Muslim? world. It is because the whole concept of western democracy unlikely relevant with? Quran and Prophet Tradition. Western democracy, for instance, positions people as? the owner of the highest sovereignty. It means that whatever the people?s words, they? will be treated as a truth, although they might be wrong. While syura, as Muslim? political reference, perceives Allah as the owner of the highest sovereignty.? Humankind is commanded to apply the concept. If Muslims are going to apply any political will, they must firstly consult to the Quran and Sunnah whether the will is? applicable or not.Abstrak: Kata demokrasi di era globalisasi dewasa ini sudah membudaya dan? dipraktekkan dalam kehidupan masyarakat muslim, sehingga kata syura yang? merupakan acuan umat Islam dalam menjalankan kehidupan dalam masyarakat? hampir dilupakan. Padahal antara demokrasi dan syura terdapat perbedaan dalam? kajian Islam. Demokrasi yang dipahami dan dikembangkan oleh dunia barat kepada? dunia Islam tidak semuanya dapat diterima dan diterapkan di dunia Islam, karena? banyak hal yang terkadang tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan-ketentuan yang telah? digariskan dalam al-Qur?an dan Sunnah Rasulullah Saw. Misalnya kalau demokrasi? yang dipahami barat kedaulatan tertinggi berada di tangan rakyat, apa yang dikatakan? oleh rakyat itulah yang benar walaupun terkadang hal tersebut tidak benar. Sedangkan? dalam Islam, kedaulatan tertinggi berada di tangan Allah Swt, manusia hanya? diberikan amanah untuk melaksanakannya saja. Bila ada hal-hal yang ingin? dilakukan, maka harus dikembalikan kepada al-Qur?an dan Sunnah untuk mengetahui? ketentuan apakah boleh dilaksanakan ataupun tidak.
MODAL SOSIAL DI DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN KOMUNITAS (Studi Tentang Komunitas Motor Vespa Uvorable Di Pekanbaru) Ichsan, Muhammad; ", Jonyanis
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 2 (2015): WISUDA OKTOBER 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This study describe about the maintain social capital in community vespa uvorable Pekanbaru. Maintaining social capital in the community can be seen through some of the indicators of which is the notion of social capital, social capital in a community, the elements of social capital, the norm in social capital and social networks.The study population was a member of the community joined in uvorable vespa motorcycle community in Pekanbaru. Sampling method used in this study is proportionate stratified sampling techniques and data analysis used is descriptive and qualitative analysis.Data was collected by using questionnaires, interviews and documentation. The theory used is the Social Group Theory and Theory of Social Capital. This study aims to determine the history of the formation of uvorable vespa community, to know what their purpose in forming a community of Vespa unvorable well as to determine the existence of a community of Vespa uvorable Results from this study is that the members of the community joined in Pekanbaru uvorable vespa community have one thought and one purpose the same that they vespa motor fans and they do not want the motor vespa they use now become old items no longer used because of the rapid developments in automotive technology. They want to be recognized by the community with the community joined in a Vespa, the Vespa community uvorable Pekanbaru.Keyword : Social Capital, Social Network, Vespa Community Uvorable in Pekanbaru
PERAN WANITA TANI TERHADAP KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN DI KECAMATAN SIMPANG TIGA KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR Ichsan, Muhammad; Sofyan, Sofyan; Zakiah, Zakiah
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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 Abstrak; Kemiskinan dan ketahanan pangan merupakan dua fenomena yang saling berkaitan, bahkan dapat disebut sebagai hubungan sebab akibat. Dengan demikian dapat dikatakan bahwa keadaan ketahanan pangan yang rentan dapat menjadi sumber kemiskinan, sebaliknya kemiskinan dapat menyebabkan seseorang tidak memiliki ketahanan pangan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi ketahanan pangan rumah tangga wanita tani, mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi ketahanan pangan pada tingkat rumah tangga wanita tani dan mengetahui peran wanita tani terkait pendapatan dan pendidikan dalam ketahanan pangan rumah tangga di Kecamatan Simpang Tiga Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rumah tangga responden dengan kategori kurang pangan sebesar 45% dan rumah tangga kategori rawan pangan sebesar 55%. Nilai PPH rumah tangga respoden adalah 58,6 menunjukkan tidak seimbangnya mutu gizi rumah tangga responden. Peran wanita tani dalam ketahanan pangan rumah tangga kurang terlihat dikarenakan rendahnya pendapatan dan rendahnya tingkat pendidikan wanita tani. Variable yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap tingkat ketahanan pangan adalah pendapatan kepala keluarga. Sementara faktor lainnya seperti pendidikan wanita tani, pendapatan wanita tani dan jumlah anggota keluarga tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan.Abstract; The Role of Female Farmers on Food Security Poor Households at Simpang Tiga District in Aceh Besar Regency                     Poverty and food security are the two phenomena that are linked each other, it is also called a causal relationship. It can be said that vulnerable food security condition are the source of poverty, in the other hand, poverty could  cause a person does not have a food security.This study aims to determine the condition of household food security of women farmers, to know the factors which influence food security at the women farmers household level and to know the role of women farmers related to income and education in household food security in Simpang Tiga District Aceh Besar Regency. The results show that the household respondents with less food category by 45% and household food insecurity category by 55%. PPH value of household respondents was 58.6, this  indicates an imbalance in the nutritional quality of the respondents household. The Role of women farmers in household food security is less visible due to low income and low educational levels of women farmers. The head of  households income is significant variable that influence the level of food security is. While the educational factors, income of women farmers, and number of household members is not significant.
Nilai Nutrisi Pakan Ayam Ras Petelur yang Dipelihara Peternak Rakyat di Pulau Lombok Asnawi, Asnawi -; Ichsan, Muhammad; Haryani, Ni Ketut Dewi
JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Sains Teknologi & Lingkungan
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jstl.v3i2.17

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Penelitian evalusi nilai nutrisi pakan ayam ras petelur di Pulau Lombok telah dilakukan. Penelitian menggunakan metode survey yang berlokasi di empat Kabupaten di Pulau Lombok yaitu Kabupaten Lombok Barat, Lombok Tengah, Lombok Timur dan Lombok Utara. Pada masing-masing Kabupaten diambil 4 peternak ayam ras sebagai sampel  dan dianalisa di Laboratorium Nutrisi Makanan Ternak Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Mataram. Data dianalisa dan ditabulasi kemudian dipresentasikan dalam bentuk diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua peternak ayam ras petelur menggunakan jagung, dedak padi, dan konsentrat sebagai ransum dasar berturut-turut sebesar 43 %±8.13, 22%±3.93, dan 33%±4,83. Campuran pakan tersebut mengandungan protein sebesar 17.21% ±1.23, energi metabolis 2753 ± 63.78, lemak kasar dan serat kasar sebesar 4.03% ±0,2  dan 6.29 % ±0.46, Ca dan P sebesar 3.61% ±0.53 dan 0.51% ±0.03. Rata-rata produksi telur, konsumsi pakan, bobot telur, tebal kerabang dan nilai HU ayam ras di Pulau Lombok berturut-turut sebesar 56%±8.68, 114±31,25 g.ekor-1.hari-1. 61.71±2.49 g. 0.39±0.03 mm dan 90.16±4.33.  Komposisi nutrisi ayam ras petelur tersebut sudah memenuhi Standar Nasioanal Indonesia (SNI), akan tetapi produksi telur masih rendah.Kata Kunci : Mineral, konsentrat, Vitamin ABSTRACT The research of evaluation of nutrient value of laying hens which rearing by farmer in Lombok Island was conducted. Using surveys methode in four locations in Lombok Island i.e. West Lombok, Central Lombok, East Lombok, and North Lombok and four farmers sample of each. Data was analyzed in loboratorium animal nutrition Faculty of Animal Husbandry Mataram University. Data was analized and tabulated and than descriptive presented. The result show that, all of the farmer in Lombok Island use rice bran, maize, and commercial feed as elementary ration with 43%±8.13, 22%±3.93, and 33%±4.83 respectively, in addition, all farmers use feed supplements such as vitamins or mineral. Nutrition value of ration are 17.21% ±1.23 protein, 2753±63.78 metabolizeble energy, 4.03% ±0,2  extract ether and  6.29%±0,46 fibers, Ca and P are 3.61 % ±0.53 and 0.51%±0.03. Average eggs production, feed consumption, egg weight, shell thickness, and Haught Unit (HU) are 56%±8.68, 114±31,25 g.ekor-1.hari-1. 61.71±2.49 g, 0.39±0.03 mm, and 90.16 ±4.33. It can be concluded that nutrient composition of laying hens in Lombok Island according to Indonesian Standard Feed, however, eggs production and quality still low.Key words: Vitamine, concentrate, nutrient
Student Project Management With Project-Based Learning: A Preliminary Study in The Polytechnic Malaysia Sadrina, Sadrina; Lassim, Mohammad Mohd.; Ichsan, Muhammad
CIRCUIT: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Teknik Elektro Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : PTE FTK UIN Ar-Raniry

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Abstract

Finishing the project are the main task for last semester students in Polytechnic. They do the project in order finishing the syllabus without any improving skills for their future work in industry. The common educational system has improved the quantity of graduate but not the quality. Many industrial department dissatisfied with the workforce less of soft skills although they have enough hardskills in their field. Technical and vocational education has given an opportunity for students to develop their interested in technical and vocational program. Project Based Learning (PjBL) is one the various learning based on student oriented learning. Project-Based Learning is a student-centered learning approach based on the principles of constructivism to enhance students’ learning and creativity by solving a real-world problem. The purpose of this study was to asses the project management system by using Project-Based Learning. This study was held at Mechanical Engineering department at Polytechnic Kota Bharu, Malaysia. We used a set of questionnaire and observation into this research. We found Project-Based Learning are suitable for student project management. PjBL has improve students softskill such as communication skills, work in team, solving problem and creative. Futher application of this study will lead to the development of Project-Based Learning implement in other institution to improve student management project.
Perbedaan Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Belief Siswa Antara Siswa yang Diberi PMR dengan PBM Ichsan, Muhammad
JURNAL TEMATIK Vol 6, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Tematik
Publisher : JURNAL TEMATIK

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jt.v6i3.4539

Abstract

Peneltian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1) perbedaan rata-rata  peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah antara siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR dan PBM; (2) perbedaan rata-rata  peningkatan belief (keyakinan) siswa antara siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR dan PBM; (3) peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa antara yang diajarkan dengan PMR dan PBM; (4) peningkatan belief (keyakinan) siswa antara siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR dan PBM. Penelitian berbentuk Pre Experimental Design dengan desain penilitian Two Group Pretest-Posttest. Intrumen dalam penelitian ini yaitu tes kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan angket belief siswa. Adapun analisis data menggunakan uji-t dan gain score. Dari hasil penelitian menunnjukkan : (1) terdapat perbedaan kemampuan pemecahan masalah, siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR lebih baik daripada dengan PBM, hal ini berdasarkan nilai thitung (=0,001) sehingga terdapat perbedaan karena sig (2-tailed) < 0,05 dan thitung bernilai positif; (2) terdapat perbedaan belief (keyakinan) siswa, siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR lebih baik daripada dengan PBM, hal ini berdasarkan nilai thitung(=0,001) sehingga terdapat perbedaan karena sig (2-tailed) < 0,05 dan thitung bernilai positif; (3) Peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR lebih tinggi dari PBM, hal ini berdasarkan gain score; (4) peningkatan belief (keyakinan) siswa yang diajarkan dengan PMR lebih tinggi dari PBM, hal ini berdasarkan gain score.Kata kunci: pecahan, pendekatan matematika realistik, kemampuan pemecahan masalah, belief siswa, pembelajaran berbasis masalah