Cut Nur Ichsan
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Respon Aplikasi Dosis Kompos dan Interval Penyiraman pada Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Ichsan, Cut Nur; Nurahmi, Erida; Saljuna, Saljuna
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 2 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 2 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan dosis kompos dan interval penyiraman yang tepat untuk bibit kelapa sawit. Dosis kompos terdiri dari 1, 1.5, dan 2 kg/polibeg yang berisi media tanam campuran kompos dan tanah andisol dengan berat total 5 kg/polibeg. Interval penyiraman terdiri dari 1, 2, dan 3 hari sekali dengan penyiraman sebanyak 1 liter air. Dosis kompos berpengaruh terhadap pertambahan diameter pangkal batang bibit kelapa sawit umur 30, 60, 90 HST, luas daun umur 30, 60, dan 90 HST, panjang akar umur 90 HST. Pertumbuhan tinggi bibit kelapa sawit terbaik pada dosis kompos 1,5 kg/polibeg. Interval penyiraman berpengaruh terhadap tinggi bibit kelapa sawit umur 30,60 dan 90 HST, pertambahan luas daun umur 30 HST, panjang akar umur 90 HST, dan pertambahan diameter batang bibit kelapa sawit umur 90 HST. Pertumbuhan bibit kelapa sawit terbaik terdapat pada interval penyiraman 3 hari sekali. Terdapat interaksi antara dosis kompos dan interval penyiraman terhadap tinggi bibit kelapa sawit umur 60 HST, pertambahan diameter pangkal batang bibit kelapa sawit umur 30 HST dan diameter pangkal batang bibit kelapa sawit umur 90 HST. Pertumbuhan bibit kelapa sawit terbaik terdapat pada dosis kompos 2 kg/polibeg yang disiram 3 hari sekali. Terdapat kecenderungan makin tinggi dosis kompos dalam media tanam, semakin tahan bibit sawit dengan interval penyiraman yang lebih panjang.Response of Compost Dosage and Watering Interval on Growth of Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) SeedlingABSTRACT. The objective of the study to determine the effective of compost dosage and watering interval on growth of oil palm seedling. Dosage of compost consist of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 kg/polyibag and watering interval: every day, every 2 days, and every 3 days, watering with 1 liter of water for every seedeling with 5 kg soil/polybag. The result showed that compost dosage had signifficant effect on increasing of stem diameter palm seedling at 30, 60,90 after planting, broad of leaf at 30, 60, 90 after planting, length of root 90 days after planting, weight of fresh biomass, 90 days after planting. Growth of palm seedling best at 1.5 kg compost/polybag. Watering interval had significan effect on hight of palm seedling at 30, 60 and 90 days after planting, increasing of broad of leaf at 30 days after planting, length of root at 90 days after planting. The best growth of palm seedling found at watering interval every 3 days. There were significant interaction between compost dosage and watering interval on hight of palm seedling at 60 days after planting, increasing of palm stem diameter at 30, and 90 days after planting the best growth of palm seedling found at treatment combination 2 kg compost/polibeg and every 3 days watering interval.
Respon Kedelai Kultivar Kipas Putih dan Wilis pada Kadar Air Tanah yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Ichsan, Cut Nur; Hayati, Mardhiah; Mashtura, Syarifah Putri
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 1 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 1 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Response of Soybean Cultivars Kipas Putih and Wilis to Soil Moistureon Growth and YieldABSTRACT. The research has been made to explain relationship between soil moisture and the growth and yield of soya bean variety Willis and Kipas Putih. Block randomized design with factor type 2x4 and three repetition has use to analize the effect of soil moisture on those variety. The parameter use in this research were hight of the plan, plan growing rate, number of pod, length of the root, drying biomassa, and dry seed per plan. The research result showed that variety have very significant difference on high of plan 45 days after planting and dry biomassa per plan , have significant difference on growing rate after 45 after planting, number of pod, and has unsignificant difference on high of the plan 14 and 28 after planting, growing rate 28 and 56 days after planting, number of pods,length of the root, and dry seed per plan. Variety willis gives better grow and yield than Kipas Putih. Soil moisture has very significant differency on high of the plan 14 and 28 after planting and growing rate 28,45,56 after planting, number of regume per plan, number of filling pods per plan, length of the root, and weight of dry seed per plan. Field capacity level of soil moisture gives growth and yield better than others. Relationship between variety and soil moisture is very significant on hight of the plan 45 days after planting, growth and yield the best showed by variety Willis and field capacity level of soil moisture.
UJI VIABILITAS DAN VIGOR BENIH BEBERAPA VARIETAS PADI (Oryza sativa L.) YANG DIPRODUKSI PADA TEMPERATUR YANG BERBEDA SELAMA KEMASAKAN Ichsan, Cut Nur
Jurnal Floratek Vol 2, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Test of Viability and Seed Vigor of Several Rice Varieties Produced in Difference Temperaturs During Ripening Stage Cut Nur Ichsan ABSTRACT Research concerning effect of variety and temperature at ripening stage on viability and seed vigor has been conducted in seed technology laboratory of Agriculture Faculty, SyiahKualaUniversityfrom March 2004 until August 2004. The aim of the research was to evaluate seed viability and vigor of seed due to variety and ripening temperature. A factorial completely randomized design was used in this research. The rice varieties used were  cisantang, kalimas, ciherang, widar and IR 64. The temperatures of ripening stage were : 27-32 oC  and 30-38 oC. Observed variables were  growth potency, germination rate, growth speed, growth uniformity, germination time for 50 % seed, dry weight of normal seedling.  Result showed that variety and ripening stage temperature did not have significant effect on viability and vigor of rice seed.   
Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Tumpangsari Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) dan Bawang Merah (Allium esculentum L.) melalui Kobinasi Jarak Tanam dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Hayati Ichsan, Cut Nur; Halimursyadah, Halimursyadah; Susanti, Elisa
Jurnal Agrista Vol 15, No 2 (2011): Volume 15 Nomor 2 Agustus 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRACT. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan efektivitas jarak tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk hayati terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman tumpang sari tomat dan bawang merah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jarak tanam berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman pada 10 dan 55 HST, jumlah buah dan bobot total tanaman tomat. Terdapat interaksi antara jarak tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk hayati terdapat tinggi tanaman pada 55 HST, rata-rata bobot buah per tanaman tomat. Tanaman tomat tertinggi pada 55 HST dijumpai pada perlakuan jarak tanam 60cmx60cm tanpa pemberian pupuk hayati memberikan dan jarak tanam 70cmx60cm dengan pemberian pupuk hayati sebanyak 2% memberikan rata-rata bobot buah tomat tertinggi.Growth and Yield of Intercropping Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) and Onion (Allium esculentum L.) due to Different Spacing and Concentration of BiofertilizerABSTRACT. The objective of study were to determine the effective row-spacing and concentration of biofertilizer on growth and yield of intercropping tomato and onion. The result showed that the row spacing have significant effect on height of tomato tree at 10 and 55 DAP, amount of fruit and total weight of per tomato plant. Their were significant interaction between row spacing and concentration of biofertilizer on height at 55 DAP and average weight of fruit per plant of tomato. The row spacing 60 cm x 60 cm and 0% of biofertilizer gave the highest height of tomato tree at 55DAP and row spacing 70 cm x 60 cm with 2% biofertilizer gave heaviest average of weight of tomato fruit per plant.
Perbandingan penampilan fisiologis padi genotipe lokal dan nasional untuk mengatasi kekeringan Ichsan, Cut Nur; Gamal, Ihsan; Nurahmi, Erida; Erida, Gina; Irfan, Irfan
Jurnal Floratek Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Physiologycal Performance Comparison of Rice from Local and National Genotype to Overcome Drought ABSTRACT. Rice (Oryza sativa) is a major food commodity in the world that affected by global warming. It can be seen from crop harvest failure due to drought in many parts of the world. It is necessary to promote Land Race which has adapted to specific conditions, this is to strengthen national seed systems. This study aimed to compare the character of national varieties with local varieties that allow for superior varieties such as Cirata, Inpari 7, Ciherang, IR 64, Situ Patenggang, Situ Bagendid, Limboto and Towuti as a control and compare with 11 local genotypes (Rom Mokot, Pade Mas, Salah Manyang Ru, Bo Santeut, Si Gupai, Si Kuneng, Pade Barcelona, Sanbei, Ramoes, Si Puteh and Si Tandun) were germinated in a solution of PEG 6000 2,5% (25 grams / liter of solution). The results showed that local genotype have characters that can match with the national release varieties in the benchmark vigor reflected in germination rate, simultaneity germination and T50. Local genotype Sitandun, Si Puteh, Ramos, Sanbe, Pade Barcelona, Bo Santeut, Si gupai and Pade Mas reached 50% germination even faster than the national release varieties except Towuti and Limboto. For simultaneity germination, local genotypes Pade barcelona and Sanbe equal to Towuti, Ciherang and Inpari 7. For germination rate, local genotype Pade Mas, Pade Barcelona, Sanbe, Ramos, and Siputeh equal to Towuti, Inpari 7, Ciherang and Situ Patenggang.
Penggunaan Polyethilen Glycol (PEG 6000) Untuk Mengetahui Vigor Kekuatan Tumbuh Benih Kedelai Hitam (Glycine max (L.) Merrill)) Pada Kondisi Kekeringan Z, khairani; Syamsuddin, Syamsuddin; Ichsan, Cut Nur
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Kedelai (Glycine max L. Merill) merupakan komoditas pangan utama setelah padi dan jagung yang menjadi komoditi prioritas dalam program Revitalisasi Pertanian. Kebutuhan kedelai ke depan akan meningkat seiring dengan kesadaran masyarakat tentang makanan sehat, produksi dalam negeri belum mampu memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat Indonesia. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan produksi kedelai hitam antara lain dengan ekstenfikasi pada lahan marginal, salah satu lahan marginal ialah lahan kering. Pengujian  respon  kedelai terhadap kekeringan dapat dilakukan dengan cara simulasi kondisi kekeringan menggunakan Polyethylen Glycol (PEG). Penggunaan PEG menyebabkan penurunan potensial air secara homogen sehingga dapat digunakan untuk meniru besarnya potensial air tanah. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial 5 x 4. Terdiri dari dua faktor, Faktor pertama yang diteliti ialah varietas yang terdiri atas, Varietas Mutiara 2, Mutiara 3, Detam 1, Detam 2. Sedangkan faktor kedua ialah konsentrasi Polyethylen Glycol (PEG) 6000. Kontrol 0%, 0,5%, 1,0%, 1,5%, 2,0%.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Konsentrasi PEG berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap vigor kekuatan tumbuh benih kedelai hitam pada tolok ukur indeks vigor, keserempakan tumbuh, T50, dan panjang akar, serta berpengaruh nyata pada tolok ukur kecepatan tumbuh. Konsentrasi PEG terbaik untuk kekuatan tumbuh benih adalah 1,0%.  Varietas  berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap vigor kekuatan tumbuh benih kedelai hitam pada tolok ukur potensi tumbuh maksimum, daya berkecambah kecepatan tumbuh relatif, T50, dan panjang akar. Serta bengaruh nyata pada tolok ukur keserampakan tumbuh. Varietas dengan vigor kekuatan tumbuh terbaik pada varietas Detam 2. Terdapat interaksi antara konsentrasi PEG 6000 dengan varietas terhadap vigor kekuatan tumbuh benih kedelai hitam pada tolok ukur panjang akar.  Interaksi terbaik terdapat pada varietas Mutiara 3 pada konsentrasi 0,5%.
Physiological Seed Performance of Local Aceh and National Release Variety of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) to Water Stress Ichsan, Cut Nur; Bakhtiar, .; Efendi, .; Sabarudin, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Global warming causes changes in rainfall patterns causing lack of water for cultivation (IPPC,2007). About 50% of the rice cultivation area in the world has water shortages which becomes limiting factors of production (Bouman, 2009), hence the need   early detection for drought- resistant varieties with seed physiological test. The experiment carry out at Laboratory Seed Technology and Industry of Agriculture Faculty Syiah Kuala University from April to June 2015. The  experiment in  split plot design 3X10 with 3  replication and  standing roll  wet paper germination method used. Amount of 2250 seed are used for physiological seed performance test. Water stress condition induced with PEG 6000 0%; 12.5%; 25%. Local genotype and national released variety of rice used in this experiment are Bo Santeut, Romokot, Sanbei, Pade mas, Aweuh, Inpari 16, IR 64, Situ Patenggang, and Towuti. Concentrations of Polyethilene Glicol 6000 (PEG 6000) have significant effect on all physiological parameter. Some local rice Aceh genotypes potentially to be cultivated on dry lands to cope water stress conditions.
KARAKTERISTIK PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL JAMUR MERANG (Volvariella volvacea L.) PADA MEDIA TANAM DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK BIOGREEN YANG BERBEDA Ichsan, Cut Nur; Harun, Fuadi; Ariska, Nana
Jurnal Floratek Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The objectives of this study were to evaluate characteristics of growth and yield of Volvariella volvacea L in different growing media and concentration of Biogreen fertilizer.  Growing media consisted of rice straw and oil palm waste. Concentration of Biogreen fertilizer consisted of 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5%. The result showed that rice straw gave better growth and yield of the mushroom but the highest production of the mushroom was at oil palm media. Concentration of Biogreen at level 1.5% gave better growth and yield of the mushroom. The best combination for fresh mushroom numbers was rice straw and concentration 5% Biogreen fertilizer but the best combination for mushroom yield was oil palm waste  and concentration 5%  Biogreen. 
Effect of Organic Matters And Water Stress On Performance of Rice in Vegetative Phase Ichsan, Cut Nur; Nurahmi, Erida; Rochmad, Oktrya; Bakhtiar, Bakhtiar; Efendi, Efendi; Sabaruddin, Sabaruddin
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Drought become a major limiting factor in world cereal production. Various methods are used to solve this problem such as irrigation management by managing the soil moisture effectively for the  plants  to  grow  normally.  Another  way  to  improve  the  water  holding  capacity  with  the addition  of  organic  matter  in  soil.  Another  way  by  planting  drought  tolerant  rice  varieties. Drought-tolerant  rice  varieties  like  Inpago  8  with  various  doses  of  organic  matter  and  water stress at vegetative phase treatment done  to analyze  the  change of rice plant performance at the  vegetative  phase  of  the  rice  crop  due  to  drought  and  organic  matter  dose.    At  very  low water  content,  which  happened  repeatedly  during  the  vegetative  phase  causes  the  change  in root growth, plant height, length and width of rice leaf significantly
Uji Tanaman Padi Hasil Persilangan Varietas Lokal dengan IRBB-27 terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Ketahanan Hawar Daun Bakteri Nurdin, Nurdin; Bakhtiar, Bakhitar; Ichsan, Cut Nur
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak. Penurunan hasil produksi padi disebabkan beberapa faktor salah satunya adalah penyakit hawar daun bakteri (HDB). Penyakit HDB yang disebabkan oleh Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan dan ketahanan tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) hasil persilangan antara genotipe lokal dan IRBB-27 terhadap Hawar Daun Bakteri. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancang Acak Lengkap (RAL) non faktorial dengan perlakuan genotipe dan 5 taraf diulang sebanyak 5 kali sehingga  diperoleh 25 satuan percobaan. Setiap satuan prcobaan terdiri 3 tanaman sehingga total tanaman yang diamati yaitu 75 tanaman. Genotipe padi yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Sigupai, Sikuneng, IRBB-27, F1 (Sg/IRBB-27) dan F1 (Sk/IRBB-27). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa padi Sg/IRBB-27 dan Sk/IRBB-27 tahan terhadap hawar daun bakteri. Lesio terpendek dijumpai pada genotipe F1 (Sg/IRBB-27) yaitu 0,34 cm pada 14 HSI. Sedangkan persentase rata-rata intensitas serangan terendah dijumpai pada F1 (Sg/IRBB-27) yaitu 0,49 %. Tanaman Sg/IRBB-27 dan Sk/IRBB-27 lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan genotipe IRBB-27. Tanaman Sg/IRBB-27 dan Sk/IRBB-27 lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan genotipe IRBB-27. F1 (Sk/IRBB-27) memiliki rata-rata tinggi tanaman mencapai 145,93 cm, sedangkan F1 (Sg/IRBB-27) rata-rata tinggi tanaman 142,40 cm ini menunjukkan bahwa hasil kedua persilangan belum memiliki tinggi tanaman padi yang ideal yaitu 90-100 cm.