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Sudibia I Ketut
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Beberapa Strategi Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Kabupaten Karangasem, Provinsi Bali I Ketut, Sudibia; AAIN, Marhaeni
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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Karangasem is one of Bali’s regency that has relatively high level of poverty. In year of 2007 and 2009 the proportion of poor people in the regency was 8.95 and 6.37 percent respectively, while in Bali Province the numbers were only 6.63 and 4.88 percent in the same periods. Poverty problem in Karangasem is also indicated by Human Development Index of 66.06 in 2009, which was the lowest index in Bali Province. Based on these facts, the problem of this research would be: what are the appropriate development policy strategies to alleviate poverty level in Karangasem Regency? Karangasem is purposively selected as the research location because it has the lowest human development index in Bali. Samples are taken by accidental sampling with poor households as the respondents. Ninety respondents are distributed evenly to three sub-districts namely Karangasem, Manggis, and Abang. The three sub-districts have fulfilled requirements to become development corridor in Bali Province, which consists of tourism, agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishery. Next, data are collected through a structured interview and observation, while analysis is done descriptively by using frequency distribution and cross tabulation. Based on data analysis and discussion of the results, there are two strategies of poverty alleviation that could be done. Firstly, cluster one is strategy for the really poor households with low level of education. With the limitation in economic and social ability, job opportunities through putting out system should be provided to these kinds of households. They are given opportunities to produce goods for certain companies. Thus, three parties are involved: the poor people, the company, and the government (in this case, is Ministry of Industry and Trade, and Ministry of Labor. Secondly, cluster two is strategy for poor people that enforce labor to become self-entrepreneur to increase their income. For entrepreneur households, it is suggested to develop their business into micro, small, and medium enterprises in order to increase sales. This strategy uses quality improvement approach in production, marketing, and funding process. The cluster 2 strategy is a partner-based model of rural community empowerment.
MENGGALAKKAN PROGRAM TRANSMIGRASI MELALUI PENINGKATAN PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH I Gde, Nitiyasa; I Ketut, Sudibia
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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During the Dutch colonial government, migration activity which was known as colonization was done since 1905. This program had been continued up towards the World War II, then also during independence era which is then called transmigration. Although transmigration has been carried out for a long time, its objective to relocate population from Java to the other part of Indonesia is still relatively low. Java Island which covers an area of 7 percent of Indonesia’s land is populated by about 57 percent of total Indonesia’s population (Population Census 2010). In the past, transmigration policy tended to be demographic centric, which migrated people from densely to sparsely populated areas. To eliminate demographic centric image, it is necessary to reorient the transmigration policy to be more regional development based. There are four targets of regional development: (a) to develop new villages by building integrated transmigration settlement in one development area; (b) to develop a hinterland of existing growth centers; (c) to improve less developed villages by increasing population and developing the infrastructures; and (d) to develop transmigration society and local people through improving society self-supporting skills. During the decentralization era, there are at least three policy steps that should be done, including (1) to control inflow of migrants in terms of number of social economic characters and potential conflicts with local people; (2) to group integrated migrants from various ethnic and prepare skilled migrants in each group and location; and (3) to plan infrastructure development, such as roads, bridges, irrigation, clinic, sport centers, and other facilities which are not seem to be exclusive for certain location.
STUDI KOMPARATIF FERTILITAS PENDUDUK ANTARA MIGRAN DAN NONMIGRAN DI PROVINSI BALI I Ketut, Sudibia; I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan; AAIN, Marhaeni; Rustariyuni, Surya Dewi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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The population growth rate of the Bali Province over the period of 2000 - 2010 was 2.14 percent per year; it indicates the highest rate that was ever reached in the history of population census in Bali. Even this figure is far above the national average of 1.49 percent per year for the same period. One of the demographic components considered as the major effect on the population growth rate is the tendency of the increasing number of migrants coming to Bali. But on the other hand, it also occurred (1) an increase in the fertility rate of the population, which was indicated by an increase in TFR of Bali Province from 1.89 into 2.14 live births per woman of fertile age during the period of 2000-2010, and (2) a younger  age of the first marriage of women from 23.1 years old (in the Population Census of year 2000) into 22.4 years old (in the Population Census of  2010). Even the more surprising fact is shown by the recent findings of the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012 which mentions the size of the TFR of Province of Bali is 2.3 births per woman of fertile age (Central Bureau of Statistics of Bali Province, 2013).  77 In connection with the situation above, the specific objectives of this study were to (1) calculate the amount of the       rate of fertility of the migrant and non-migrant population, (2) analyze the factors that cause differences in the fertility rate of non-migrant and migrant population, (3) analyze the participation of migrant and non-migrant population in the Family Planning/ Birth Control program (KB), and (4) analyze the norms of family size of migrant and non-migrant population. To answer the above research objectives, the study was carried out in two areas, namely in Badung Regency with the highest growth rate in Bali (4.62 percent per year) and in Denpasar with a population growth rate of 4.00 percent per year. In this study, 300 respondents of fertile age couples were involved, with details of 150 respondents of migrant population and 150 respondents of non-migrant population. The sampling of respondents of migrants and non-migrants were taken by using the convenience sampling approach. An important finding in this study is (1) the average of final parity of migrants (the group of women aged 45-49 years) is 2.50 and 2.32 for those of non-migrants, (2) the higher average of final parity of migrants compared to non- migrant is determined by the younger age of first marriage, shorter duration of breastfeeding, lower participation in the family planning  program, lower educational level, as well as the lower proportion of the working women, (3) the lower use of contraception among migrants than the non-migrants, and (4) ideal number of children among the migrants range between 1-6 children, while non-migrants between 1-5 children.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MENURUNNYA USIA KAWIN PERTAMA DI PROVINSI BALI I Ketut, Sudibia; I G A, Manuati Dewi; I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan
PIRAMIDA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL PIRAMIDA
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This research aimed to explore the factors that influence the age at first marriage of women in Bali. It is importantand urgent to carry out given the results of Indonesia Demographic Health Survey of 2007 and 2012 that showedan increase in the total fertility rate of Bali’s population from 2.1 to 2.3 per woman of reproductive age during the2007-2012 period. Even the more crucial thing was the increase in the fertility rate that in fact occurred in theyounger age group (15-19), which was from 18 to 48 per 1000 women during the period of 2007-2012. This conditionindicates that lately early marriage tended to increase.This research was conducted in three areas, namely Bangli, Gianyar and Denpasar. The selection of these threeregions is based on the structure of the economy, with the following details: (1) Bangli represents a region withthe economic structure that largely oriented towards Primary Sectors, (2) Gianyar represents a region with nearlybalanced economic structure between Primary and Non-Primary Sectors and (3 ) Denpasar represents the area witheconomic structure of Tertiary Sectors (services). In each region, it was selected four villages (except in Denpasarthat was for five villages), and the selection of villages was done randomly. Furthermore, of all selected villages, itwas chosen as many as 600 respondents randomly. Respondents were the wifes of the couples who got marriedwithin the last five years (2009-2013). The data collection was conducted by using structured interviews, and dataanalysis technique used was multiple linear regression.Important conclusions obtained from the research were (1) the respondents’ education, access to mass media, thevalue of assets of the parents, and the working status, respectively had a positive effect on the age at first marriage;(2) the number of family members, the habit of parents encourage their children to get married at the youngerage, and the better treatment of parents of boys than girls would negatively affect the age at first marriage (3) theknowledge about early marriage did not affect the age at first marriage; and (4) the respondents who were marriedbecause of “MBA” (married by accident), their first age of marriage were younger than those who got married notbecause of “MBA”. Furthermore, based on the above findings, it can be suggested the following recommendations(1) the improvement education for women; (2) poverty alleviation; (3) the expansion of employment opportunitiesfor women; and (4) BKKBN as the Family Planning Coordinating Agency which have already introduced a programof GenRe / Generation Planning in several educational institutions and religious organizations needs to be enhancedthe coverage and increased the intensity of the activities.