Rijanto Hutasoit
Loka Penelitian Kambing Potong, Sungai Putih PO BOX 1 Galang, Sumatera Utara

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POTENSI Indigofera sp. SEBAGAI PAKAN KAMBING: PRODUKSI, NILAI NUTRISI DAN PALATABILITAS Sirait, Juniar; Simanihuruk, Kiston; Hutasoit, Rijanto
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 1 No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2012.v01.i02.p06

Abstract

Indigofera sp. is a potential legume to use as goat feed. The aim of this research was to study morphology, nutritive value, and palatability of Indigofera sp. that planted on 0.4 ha area at 1x0.5m2 plant-spaced. The research has conducted in lowland-wet climate agro-ecosystem at Goat Research Institute in Sungai Putih, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia. The fresh legume Indigofera sp. which harvested at seven months age and Leucaena leucocephala were fed to goats at the same time on palatability study. Twelve Boerka-goats were used in this experiment with average body weight 11.86±1.5 kg. The animals were allocated randomly into individual cages. The study of Indigofera sp. palatability has conducted for two weeks by competition system using L. leucocephala as the comparative. Data of dry matter intake were analysed using t-test. The result of this experiment showed that Indigofera sp. had good growth with high production and nutritive value. Fresh and dry matter productions at first harvest were 52 and 11 t/ha, respectively. Leaves proportion (36.4%) was lower than stem (63.6%). Crude protein content of Indigofera sp. was quite high (24.17%) based on dry matter. The palatability of Indigofera sp. was relatively similar with L. leucocephala. There was no difference of dry matter intake between Indigofera sp. (187.38±29.69 g/h/d) and L. leucocephala (193.85±21.53g/h/d). It was concluded that Indigofera sp. was a-high production and nutritive value; potential for goat feed.
Preferences, digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristics of several mulberry species in goats Ginting, Simon Petrus; Tarigan, Andi; Hutasoit, Rijanto; Yulistiani, Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i3.1080

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate the preferences and nutritional qualities of four mulberry species (Morus cathyana, Morus nigra, Morus indica and Morus multicaulis) in goat diet. Foliages were fed to six adult Boer x Kacang goats in a cafetaria style for preference analyses. Nutritional qualities (feed intake, apparent digestibility, N balances, rumen fermentation characteristics) and blood metabolites were measured in a digestion trial. Twenty male goats were used in a completely randomised arrangement of four treatments (mulberry species) and five replications. The selectivity indices were +0,389, -0,156, -0,154 and -0,234 for M. multicaulis, M. nigra, M. cathyana and M. indica, respectively, indicating that M. multicaulis was the most  and M. indica was the least preferred species. When fed as the sole foliage  the DM intake was higher (P<0.05) in  goats offered M. multicaulis (780 g/d) and M. nigra (718 g/d) compared to those fed M. cathyana (637 g/d) and M. indica  (598 g/d). The DM intake were equal to 38.6; 35.5; 31.5 dan 29.6 g/kg BW, respectively. The DM apparent digestibility were not different (P>0.05) among the species ranging from 60-65%. The N balances (N retained) was highest (P<0.05) in the M. multicaulis group (16,7 g/d) and was lowest in the M. indica (12,3 g/d) and M. cathyana groups (11,7 g/d). The rumen pH and  total VFA concentration was not diferent (P>0,05) among treatments. The ammonia concentration was higest (P>0,05) in the M. multicaulis and was lowest in the M. indica and M. cathyana groups. The bacteria and protozoa population was not different (P>0,05) among the treatments. It is concluded that M. multicaulis was more preferred by goats compared to  M. nigra, M. indica and M. cathyana, but all species have potential as foliages for goats as shown by its high intake, digestibility and rumen fermentation rates. Key Words: Mulberry, Preference, Nutritional Quality
Preferences, digestibility and rumen fermentation characteristics of several mulberry species in goats Ginting, Simon Petrus; Tarigan, Andi; Hutasoit, Rijanto; Yulistiani, Dwi
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 3 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (345.519 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i3.1080

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate the preferences and nutritional qualities of four mulberry species (Morus cathyana, Morus nigra, Morus indica and Morus multicaulis) in goat diet. Foliages were fed to six adult Boer x Kacang goats in a cafetaria style for preference analyses. Nutritional qualities (feed intake, apparent digestibility, N balances, rumen fermentation characteristics) and blood metabolites were measured in a digestion trial. Twenty male goats were used in a completely randomised arrangement of four treatments (mulberry species) and five replications. The selectivity indices were +0,389, -0,156, -0,154 and -0,234 for M. multicaulis, M. nigra, M. cathyana and M. indica, respectively, indicating that M. multicaulis was the most  and M. indica was the least preferred species. When fed as the sole foliage  the DM intake was higher (P<0.05) in  goats offered M. multicaulis (780 g/d) and M. nigra (718 g/d) compared to those fed M. cathyana (637 g/d) and M. indica  (598 g/d). The DM intake were equal to 38.6; 35.5; 31.5 dan 29.6 g/kg BW, respectively. The DM apparent digestibility were not different (P>0.05) among the species ranging from 60-65%. The N balances (N retained) was highest (P<0.05) in the M. multicaulis group (16,7 g/d) and was lowest in the M. indica (12,3 g/d) and M. cathyana groups (11,7 g/d). The rumen pH and  total VFA concentration was not diferent (P>0,05) among treatments. The ammonia concentration was higest (P>0,05) in the M. multicaulis and was lowest in the M. indica and M. cathyana groups. The bacteria and protozoa population was not different (P>0,05) among the treatments. It is concluded that M. multicaulis was more preferred by goats compared to  M. nigra, M. indica and M. cathyana, but all species have potential as foliages for goats as shown by its high intake, digestibility and rumen fermentation rates.
PENINGKATAN USAHA TERNAK KAMBING DI KELOMPOK TANI SUMBER SARI DALAM ANALISIS EKONOMI PENDAPATAN Rusdiana, S.; Hutasoit, Rijanto
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 11, No 1 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jsepa.11.1.14168.151-162

Abstract

This research was conducted at the District High King shavings District of North Sumatra Province. The purpose of the study was to determine the increase in goat  farming  goat  farmer  groups  in  the  analysis  of  pollen  sources  of  income.  The study was conducted in the village of Sumber High King and High King of Hope in District  District  shavings,  each  study  site  has  the  same  agro-ecosystems.  The  study was conducted by the method by filling  in a questionnaire survey using kuwesioner and  structured  interviews  with  15  respondents  farmers  and  15  farmer  groups koopertor  non-cooperators,  in  November-December  2012,  according  to  the information  from  the  Department  of  Agricultural  Extension  and  local  farming population  criteria  goats  and  primary  data  secondary  data  collected  was  analyzed using descriptive tabulation and analysis of the economy.The results of the research effort goat raising net income amounted Rp.8.411.168 Koopertor, 83/tahun, B/C ratio of 1.4, and goat enterprises are non Cooperators sebsar Rp. 1,644,051.24/year, B/C ratio of 1.2. This can increase the income of farmers in maintaining the well-being of families and the need for the application of technological innovations introduced  so that a more commercial farming goats and goats can be sustained presence in times to come.
1. Economic Analysis Between Two Different Systems Of Goat Farming Business In Asahan District, North Sumatera Rusdiana, Supardi; Hutasoit, Rijanto; Sirait, Juniar
The International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Vol. 1 (2) November 2016
Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (47.381 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i2.5916

Abstract

The study was conducted in the Tinggi Raja village and Sumber Harapan Village of Sub district Tinggi Raja, in the Asahan District. Each location study has the same agro-ecosystems. The study was conducted using survey method in year of 2013 by interviewing 15 farmers respondent as cooperators and 15 non-cooperators. Primary data and secondary data were analyzed economically, using descriptive and quantitative tabulation. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase in business of goat breeders for economic analysis. The results showed that the net profit of the business of goats in cooperators breeders at the amount of Rp.8.411.168,83/year, B/C ratio of 1.4. Then for the non-cooperator farmers at the amount of Rp.1.644.051.24/year, B/C ratio of 1.2. This data showed that the benefit of farmer cooperators is higher than the non cooperator breeders. Therefore we need to implement the introduction of technological innovations for the farmer in non-cooperators breeders. For cooperators they could get into commercial business, that resulted in their goats achieving a higher market value in terms of price. 
7. Productivity And Chemical Composition Of Several Mulberry Species (Morus spp) Agains Spacing Plant, and Cutting Age Hutasoit, Rijanto; Ginting, Simon; Sirait, Juniar; Tarigan, Andi
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Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.787 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i1.5301

Abstract

The cultivation of mulberry as forages is scarce in Indonesian feeding system for ruminant production, although many studies have indicated  its nutritional potential as animal feed especially ruminants. This study was aimed to investigate the effects spacing of plant and cutting age on productivity and chemical composition of some species mulberry plants. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with factorial treatments. The factors species were (M. indica cv kanva, M. nigra, M. cathyana, and M. Multicaulis), the spacing of plants (1 x 0.5 m, 1 x 1 m and 1 x 1.5 m) and cutting ages (210, 240, and 270 days after planting). The results showed that species, M. multicaulis and M. cathyana are the highest growth, using a spacing of 1 x 0.5 m with cutting age 270 days after planting. Dry matter production highest (P < 0,05) in M. Cathyana at spacing of 1 x 0.5 with cutting age 270 days after planting. The ratio of leaves and stems of plants are affected by age, the highest proportions of leaf  is obtained at the cutting age of 210 days. Chemical composition were highest in M.multicaulis at the age of 270 days. The highest content of  organic matter (OM) were found in M.Kanva and not different with M. Nigra at the age of 270 day after planting. In treatment of cutting ages have no effect (P < 0.05) on the Crude protein (CP), ADF, NDF, lignin and tannin content. The average content of CP obtained gained 20.69%, 32.38% ADF, NDF 33.99%, 12.45% lignin and tannin 0.3%. Concluded that mulberry plants with a plant spacing of plant 1 x 0.5 and 270 days after plant have more advantages for use as animal feed.
Evaluation of four pasture legumes species as forages and cover crops in oil palm plantation Hutasoit, Rijanto; Sirait, Juniar; Tarigan, Andi; Ratih, D. H.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 22, No 3 (2017): SEPTEMBER 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.547 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v22i3.1801

Abstract

Pasture legumes is a very high quality of forage. The limited land is the problem of its development. Integration with oil palm plantations is one of the potentials for its development. This study was aimed to investigate the productivity of several legumes (Arachis glabrata, Stylosanthes guianensis, Clitoria ternatea, and Chamaecrista rotundifolia) as forages and cover crop. The potential tests were conducted in oil palm area of 4608 m2, in a complete block design with four treatments (legume species) and three replications. Parameters observed were: Legum production, leaf/stem ratio, chemical composition of legume, concentration of N, P in the soil, microbes in the soil, leguminous digestibility and palm fruit production. Results showed that the highest legume production (DM) was (P&lt;0.05) in the species of Clitoria ternatea (16.15 tons ha-1year-1), the highest leaf/stem ratio (P&lt;0.05) was in the Arachis glabrata (2.09). The chemical composition (DM) did not differ (P&gt;0.05) ranged from 33.75 to 35.75%, the organic matter (OM) varied greatly (P&lt;0.05) the highets was in Clitoria ternatea. The highest Crude protein (P&lt;0.05) was in Clitoria ternatea 17.84%. NDF concentrations did not differ (P&gt;0.05). The lowest ADF concentration (P&lt;0.05) was in Chamaecrista rotundifolia. The concentration of N in the soil indicated that early year of activity was similar (average 0.10%), at the end of activity increased (P&lt;0.05) in treatment Stylosanthes guianensis (0.16%). The highest population of N-fixation bacteria of 1.76x109 and phosphate solvent of 9.8x105 were in the treatment of Clitoria ternatea. Production of fresh fruit bunches of the palm was relatively similar (P&gt;0.05) ranged from 16.52-19.21 tons ha-1year-1. It is concluded that Clitoria ternatea is the best species of legume tested as forage and cover crop in oil palm plantations.
ANALISIS EKONOMI USAHA TERNAK SAPI POTONG BERBASIS AGROEKOSISTEM DI INDONESIA Rusdiana, S.; Adiati, Umi; Hutasoit, Rijanto
Agriekonomika Vol 5, No 2: Oktober 2016
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (30.493 KB) | DOI: 10.21107/agriekonomika.v5i2.1794

Abstract

Konversi lahan untuk pengembangan usaha pertanian dapat menyediakan hijauan pakan ternak yang berkualitas baik. Pendapatan peternak dapat dipengaruhi oleh jumlah ternak yang dipelihara dan manajemen yang baik, artinya semakin banyak ternak yang dipelihara akan semakin besar keuntungan yang dipeloreh. Tujuan tulisan ini adalah untuk mengetahi analisis ekonomi usaha sapi potong berbasis agroekosistem di Indonesia. Pengembangan usaha ternak sapi potong dapat dilakukan dengan cara penggemukan dan pembibitan. Potensi ketersediaan hijauan pakan ternak dari berbagai sumber dengan rataan produksi bahan kering sekitar 28.42 ton/ha/tahun, jumlah produksi bahan kering sekitar 58.048.233 ton. Potensi tersebut belum termasuk dari sumber hijauan ternak, dari lahan perkebunan, kehutanan dan lainnya. Ketersediaan hijauanpakan ternak merupakan salah satu faktor penentu untuk keberhasilan usaha sapi potong. Keuntungan bersih petani sapi potong skala 4-6 ekor/petani sekitar Rp.1.048.066/tahun/petani, nilai B/C ratio 0.17, keuntungan bersih petani sapi potong PO jantan skala 3 ekor/petani sebesar Rp.5.464.000/ tahun/petani nilai B/C ratio 1.3 , dan, keuntungan bersih petani sapi potong skala 7-10 ekor/petani sebesar Rp.3.705.159/tahun/petani, sapi potong secara sosial memiliki nilai ekonomi yang cukup baik bagi petani.
PEMANFAATAN HIJAUAN PAKAN TERNAK Brachiaria Ruziziensis DAN Stylosanthes Guianenis MENDUKUNG USAHA TERNAK KAMBING DI KABUPATEN ASAHAN Rusdiana, S.; Hutasoit, Rijanto
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 10, No 2 (2014): February 2014
Publisher : Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jsepa.10.2.14132.247-256

Abstract

System maintenance goats in Indonesia, especially in the District High King of  the  North  Sumatra  regency  shavings  Proopinsi  done  the  traditional  way,  the availability of quality  feed is one of the limiting factors to determine the number of livestock kept by farmers. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the possibilities among  supplementary  feeding  is  applied  by  farmers  feed  ingredients  are  easily available at affordable prices, livestock forage planted palm perkebunana dilahan the age of 5 years with extensive 3 ha forage crops forage Brachiaria and Stylosanthes ruziziensis Guianeniserta, as well as waste agriculture, which can increase the rate of goats nuts. Livestock production performance shows R1, R2  and R3  highly significant (P &lt;0.01) higher than R3, whereas to measure the growth rate of goats nuts (R1) which is  the  regression  coefficient  Yk  =  14:33  +2.02  X  (R2)  which  is  the  regression coefficient Yk = 14.34 +1.75 x, and (R3) which regress coefficient Yp = 14.34 + 1.58 y obtained regression equation with the same value of R2= 0.99, not only petambahan weight  are  visible  on  the  nut  goats  in  ruziziensis  give  forage  Brachiaria  and Stylosanthes  guianenis  but  goats  seem  nuts  over  fluffy,  slippery,  sparkling  eyes, smooth and healthy. Gains derived by farmers around R1 Rp.1.058.602/bulan B/C 1.2, R2  around  Rp.984.145/bulan  B/C  1.2  due  to  variable  expenses  and  the  cost  of production,  while  approximately  R3  Rp.666.268/bulan  B/C  1.1  expenditure concentrated on variable costs, labor costs and the purchase of seeds.
The relationship of pod colour with the quality of Indigofera zollingeriana Hutasoit, Rijanto; Riyadi, .; Sirait, Juniar
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 24, No 1 (2019): MARCH 2019
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.85 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v24i1.1923

Abstract

Indigofera zollingeriana (Indigofera) plant is potential feed ingredients. The propagation of this plant is through seed. The low quality of seed is a problem in its development. This study was aimed to evaluate the relationship of pod colour with quality of Indigofera seeds. The study was designed in a complete randomized design consisting of four pod colours and four replications, namely: P1= green, P2= brownish green, P3= brown, and P4= black. The parameters observed were: characteristic and morphology of pods and seeds of Indigofera, the growth of sprouts, and the growth of fungus on Indigofera seed. Results showed that the number of pests was fewest found in P2, brownish green pod (14%). The highest number of seeds was in P1, green pod (5173) and P2, brownish green pod (4944). The highest germination (62%) was detected in P2 (brownish green). The heaviest sprout was in P2, in brownish green pod (0.035g), highest sprout (2.68 cm) in P4, black pod colour. Based on fungus observation, the black pod (P4) provided the fewest result (6.63%), however most fungus grew very well in P1, the green pod (47.88%). It could be concluded that the brownish green pod colour was the best phase for harvesting good quality I. zolligeriana seed.