Adi Heru Husodo
Fakulty of Medicine Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta

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The Effectiveness of Health-Community-Based Waste Management in Yogyakarta Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Husodo, Adi Heru; Muhadjir, Noeng
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4726

Abstract

The people’s understanding of waste affects their attitudes and modes in waste management. The attitudes towards health-community-based waste management has their positive impact i.e. improving environmental and community health and in the end promoting community’s economy. This research aimed at understanding the effectiveness of health-community-based waste management in Yogyakarta indicated by the residents’ knowledge of waste, attitude, behavior, and the existence of desease vector and economical condition. This was a social action research, which applied a quantitative method. The research was conducted through implementing waste management based on community health perception. The data-collecting technique involved observation participant technique. There was a significant difference between people’s knowledge on waste management before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.000 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the people’s attitude before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.021 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the people’s behavior before and after waste management counselling with 0.033 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the density of fly population before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.013 < 0.05. The average of 30 participants’ income earned from garbage is IDR 55.952.83 quarterly or IDR 18.650.61 (IDR 13.450.00 = 1 US$). The conclusion is knowledge, attitude, behavior indicators and vector density improved after the training of health-communicty based waste management.
ANALISIS SITUASI PERMASALAHAN SAMPAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA DAN KEBIJAKAN PENANGGULANGANNYA Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Husodo, Adi Heru; Muhadjir, Noeng
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 11, No 2 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JANUARY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v11i2.3989

Abstract

Kontak langsung dengan sampah dapat berisiko mengalami gangguan kesehatan. Volu-me sampah dipengaruhi oleh jumlah penduduk, aktivitas, dan gaya hidup. Pemerintah daerah memberlakukan berbagai kebijakan untuk mengatasi permasalahan sampah sebagai bentuk tanggung jawab pelayanan publik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui permasalahan sampah dan upaya penanganan di Kota Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan cara purposive sampling. Informan merupakan stakeholder pengelolaan sampah di Yogyakarta. Data diolah dan disajikan dengan metode explanation building. Sampah di TPA Piyungan tertinggi pada Maret 2014 dan terendah pada Juli 2014. Kota Yogyakarta penyumbang sampah terbanyak di TPA Piyungan, kemudian Kabupaten Sleman dan Bantul. Volume sampah tertinggi pada 2012 dan terus menurun sampai tahun 2014. Semua permasalahan ada dari sisi hilir (masyarakat), proses (pengelola sampah) dan hulu (TPA). Setelah semua diidentifikasi, dibuat suatu kebijakan pengelolaan sampah secara optimal dengan melibatkan semua lintas sektoral dan program-program pemberdayaan oleh stakeholder terkait.Direct contact with the waste can be increasing health problems risk. The volume of waste is affected by population, population activities, and lifestyle. Government enforces many policy in order to address the waste problems. The purpose of this study was to find out the waste problem in the Yogyakarta Municipality and to know the strategy to handling it. Qualiative study was applied in this research. The informant was a delegation of stakeholder regarding waste management, with purposive sampling. Analysis data were performed by using explanantion building using content analysis. The highest number of waste was produced on March 2014 and the lowest on July 2014.. In Yogyakarta municipality,  TPA Piyungan gave biggest waste contribution. . The peak of waste volume was in 2012 and tend to decrease until 2014. All the waste problems started from the downstream (community) , process (government who manage waste) and upstream (TPA). All problem were identified and government made a policy about manage waste that involved all sectoral empowering program by stakeholder on waste management.
ANALISIS SITUASI PERMASALAHAN SAMPAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA DAN KEBIJAKAN PENANGGULANGANNYA Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Husodo, Adi Heru; Muhadjir, Noeng
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 11, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v11i2.3989

Abstract

Kontak langsung dengan sampah dapat berisiko mengalami gangguan kesehatan. Volu-me sampah dipengaruhi oleh jumlah penduduk, aktivitas, dan gaya hidup. Pemerintah daerah memberlakukan berbagai kebijakan untuk mengatasi permasalahan sampah sebagai bentuk tanggung jawab pelayanan publik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui permasalahan sampah dan upaya penanganan di Kota Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan cara purposive sampling. Informan merupakan stakeholder pengelolaan sampah di Yogyakarta. Data diolah dan disajikan dengan metode explanation building. Sampah di TPA Piyungan tertinggi pada Maret 2014 dan terendah pada Juli 2014. Kota Yogyakarta penyumbang sampah terbanyak di TPA Piyungan, kemudian Kabupaten Sleman dan Bantul. Volume sampah tertinggi pada 2012 dan terus menurun sampai tahun 2014. Semua permasalahan ada dari sisi hilir (masyarakat), proses (pengelola sampah) dan hulu (TPA). Setelah semua diidentifikasi, dibuat suatu kebijakan pengelolaan sampah secara optimal dengan melibatkan semua lintas sektoral dan program-program pemberdayaan oleh stakeholder terkait.Direct contact with the waste can be increasing health problems risk. The volume of waste is affected by population, population activities, and lifestyle. Government enforces many policy in order to address the waste problems. The purpose of this study was to find out the waste problem in the Yogyakarta Municipality and to know the strategy to handling it. Qualiative study was applied in this research. The informant was a delegation of stakeholder regarding waste management, with purposive sampling. Analysis data were performed by using explanantion building using content analysis. The highest number of waste was produced on March 2014 and the lowest on July 2014.. In Yogyakarta municipality, TPA Piyungan gave biggest waste contribution. . The peak of waste volume was in 2012 and tend to decrease until 2014. All the waste problems started from the downstream (community) , process (government who manage waste) and upstream (TPA). All problem were identified and government made a policy about manage waste that involved all sectoral empowering program by stakeholder on waste management.
SIKAP MAHASISWA TERHADAP PESAN PENGINGAT DONOR DARAH DENGAN TEKNOLOGI SMS GATEWAY Sari, Ayulia Fardila; Husodo, Adi Heru; Lazuardi, Lutfan
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BERKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v1i1.656

Abstract

                                                        Abstract According to the World Health Organization (WHO) blood supply recommendation, Indonesia has 2.5 million blood bags less than it is needed. The majority of Indonesian people have already had mobile phones and thus favorable for the application of short message service (SMS). It is feaseable to use SMS in order to improve donor motivation. This study would like to evaluate students' attitude toward blood donor's message reminder using SMS from the Blood Donors Directory, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University. This is a quantitative study with cross-sectional design. Undergraduate medical students recorded in the database of Blood Donors Directory Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University were chosen as the study population. Simple random sampling was applied to choose the subjects. This study used the framework of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and data were analyzed using Partial Least Square based Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Attitude of blood donor's message reminder significantly influenced perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of SMS technology. Attitude of blood donor's message reminder significantly influenced perceived entertainment, irritation, as well as credibility of message content. No significantly influenced by perceived informative. The intention to donate blood were significantly influenced by the attitude of blood donor's message reminder. Students' attitude in donating blood was positively influenced by good perception about ease of use and usefulness of SMS technology. It was also positively influenced by positive perception to entertaining and credible messages, as well as negative perception to irritating messages. The positive attitude towards donor's message reminder would support the intention to behave as blood donors. Keywords : SMS gateway, attitudes toward SMS, blood donation, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Structural Equation Modelling (SEM), Partial Least Square (PLS)
The Effectiveness of Health-Community-Based Waste Management in Yogyakarta Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Husodo, Adi Heru; Muhadjir, Noeng
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4726

Abstract

The peoples understanding of waste affects their attitudes and modes in waste management. The attitudes towards health-community-based waste management has their positive impact i.e. improving environmental and community health and in the end promoting communitys economy. This research aimed at understanding the effectiveness of health-community-based waste management in Yogyakarta indicated by the residents knowledge of waste, attitude, behavior, and the existence of desease vector and economical condition. This was a social action research, which applied a quantitative method. The research was conducted through implementing waste management based on community health perception. The data-collecting technique involved observation participant technique. There was a significant difference between peoples knowledge on waste management before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.000 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the peoples attitude before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.021 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the peoples behavior before and after waste management counselling with 0.033 < 0.05. There was a significant difference between the density of fly population before and after waste management counselling with p value 0.013 < 0.05. The average of 30 participants income earned from garbage is IDR 55.952.83 quarterly or IDR 18.650.61 (IDR 13.450.00 = 1 US$). The conclusion is knowledge, attitude, behavior indicators and vector density improved after the training of health-communicty based waste management.
Relationship Model for Occupational Safety and Health Climate to Prevent Needlestick Injuries for Nurses Ismara, Ketut Ima; Husodo, Adi Heru; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Hariyono, Widodo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 13, Issue 3, February 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (983.421 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v13i3.1989

Abstract

The risk of accidents and disease transmission when working at hospitals is quite high, especially in Indonesia. This study aimed to analyze the relationship model between the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) climate and behavior intention in OSH performance to prevent needlestick injuries (NSI) based on a theory of planned behavior. A mixed approach using qualitative and quantitative methods was applied. Data were obtained from Structural Equation Model questionnaires, observation, and documentation, and interviews were analyzed qualitatively. The population was 1,042 nurses at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital in Yogyakarta. The sample consisted of 289 respondents determined by purposive random sampling with an accuracy level of 5%. The OSH climate consisted of attitude, norm, and perceived behavioral control effect on safety intention. An indirect OSH climate can influence safety performance, but it must be followed by intention. Intention directly affects safety performance in the form of behavior to implement NSI prevention procedures. Attitudes toward risk, attitudes toward leader commitment as role models, group norms, and beliefs in the ability to perform safety and health procedures determine the safety climate that leads to the intention for safe and healthy behavior in OSH performance.
Kebijakan Pemerintah dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Domestik Mulasari, Surahma Asti; Husodo, Adi Heru; Muhadjir, Noeng
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 8 No. 8 Mei 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.379 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v8i8.412

Abstract

Sampah berpotensi menciptakan masalah kesehatan lingkungan. Pemerintah mengupayakan berbagai kebijakan pengelolaan sampah seperti pelayanan sampah dan memberdayakan masyarakat untuk mengelola sampah secara mandiri. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kebijakan pemerintah dalam mengelola sampah domestik di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), perubahan kualitas lingkungan dan masyarakat akibat kebijakan pengelolaan sampah, dan untuk mengetahui metode pemantauan dan pengelolaan sampah yang ada di DIY. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan rancangan studi kasus. Fenomena yang menjadi studi dalam penelitian ini adalah kebijakan pengelolaan sampah di DIY. Permasalahan sampah yang ada di DIY adalah cakupan pelayanan pemerintah kabupaten yang masih sangat rendah, kecuali Kota Yogyakarta (90%). Sampah terangkut ke tempat pembuangan akhir masih rendah dibandingkan volume sampah yang dihasilkan. Kebijakan untuk pengelolaan sampah adalah di seluruh kabupaten/kota DIY telah terbentuk badan/unit yang bertanggung jawab mengelola sampah. Perubahan kualitas lingkungan dan masyarakat adalah lingkungan dan jalan menjadi bersih, asri, dan nyaman. Metode pemantauan dan evaluasi kebijakan pengelolaan sampah di DIY belum dituangkan dalam prosedur baku. Permasalahan sampah sudah menjadi perhatian bagi pemerintah daerah DIY. Kebijakan telah didukung dengan program layanan, proyek, regulasi, dan insentif khusus untuk pengelolaan sampah.Waste had great potential in creating environmental health issues. The government had tried various ways of waste management policy such as waste management services and people empowerment to manage their waste independently. The objectives of this study is to observe the problem of garbage in the Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), the Government?s policy in managing domestic waste in DIY, the changes in environmental quality and community impact of the waste management, and the methods of monitoring and managing waste in DIY. This research was a qualitative case study design. The phenomenon in this research was the waste management policy in DIY. Waste problem in the province DIY was the district service coverage which was still very low, except for the city of Yogyakarta (90%). The waste transported to landfill was still low compared to the volume of waste generated. The policy in DIY for waste management was that in all districts/cities in DIY there had been units formed, responsible for managing waste. The changes in the quality of environment and community were that the environment and roads are getting clean, beautiful, and comfortable. The methods for monitoring and evaluation of waste management policy in the province had not been set forth in the standard procedure. Waste problem had been a concern for local government of DIY. The policy had been supported by the service program, project, regulatory, and special incentives for waste management. 
Transformation Prospect of Inclusive Elementary School Non-Disaster Preparedness Schools in Implementing Management of Child Safety Education Widowati, Evi; Sugiharto, Sugiharto; Wahyuningsih, Anik Setyo; Husodo, Adi Heru; Istiono, Wahyudi
Unnes Journal of Public Health Articles in Press
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang in cooperation with Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI))

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ujph.v0i0.34378

Abstract

Children is a person aged 0 to 18 years old, including fetus. Primary School X is an inclusive primary school that enrolls children with special needs, located in a disaster-prone area and never been exposed to information and training related to child safety education. The purpose of this study is to investigate the readiness of Primary School X as Inclusive Primary School Non-Disaster Preparedness Schools in implementing child safety education management in schools. This study combines descriptive and analytic studies. Descriptive study was used to assess school management condition through 28 assessment and was conducted through interviews, document study and observation. The analytic study used was quasi-experimental study with one group pre- and post-test design. The result showed that the readiness level of Primary School X to transform into multi-disaster-based child safety was 36%, which is included into transformation ?ready? category.