Articles

REINTERPRETING STUDENTS’ EVALUATIVE COMMENTS: A REPLY TO BASTHOMI

Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 15, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract: This essay is intended to critically reinterpret Basthomis interpretation of his students evaluative comments upon his teaching performance. Basthomis argument that the students of Speak­ing I have misunderstood his typical question implicitly reveals his unreadiness to treat a textualized ut­terance in the sphere of speaker-listener communication, suggesting that the meaning of his utterance is merely what he means by it. This article is built on a premise that the students interpretation resulted from their compre­hensive understanding of the said, i.e. the lecturers utterance, and the unsaid, which might be construed from his unspoken daily performance in the classroom. This notion also strengthens the presence of in­tertextuality process in the students comments since the comments resulted from their previous "reading" of a large number of different "texts", both spoken (the said) and unspoken (the unsaid), provided by the lecturer. With this in mind, there is no reason to view the students evaluative feedback as indeter­minate and tentative; rather, it should be seriously taken into account since their feedback might help him, and any lecturer in general, to improve his future teaching performance.

Manhaj Fikih Islam Kultural (Eksplorasi, Kritik, dan Rekonstruksi)

Jurnal Al-Manahij Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : STAIN Purwokerto

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Meskipun memancar dari sumber pokok yang sama, al-Quran dan Sunnah,  pemikiran hukum Islam (Fiqh) terus berkembang hingga kini menjadi varian-varian yang amat beragam. Di antara faktor penting yang mendorong keragaman tersebut adalah perbedaan perspektif tentang kemungkinan disertakannya   pertimbangan kontekstual dan masuknya elemen sosiokultur masyarakat dalam proses ijtihād. Bagi mereka yang menyetujuinya, elemen-elemen kultural dapat berperan dalam substansiasi, moderasi, seleksi, adaptasi dan instrumentalisasi konsep teoretik dan implementasi hukum Islam dalam kehidupan masyarakat. Namun demikian suatu pekerjaan besar masih diperlukan untuk lebih mematangkan dan mengembangkan manhaj ini secara lebih komprehensif dan detail sekaligus merespons setiap keberatan dan kritik-kritik tajam yang dilontarkan oleh berbagai kalangan umat.  Upaya tersebut mencakup revitalisasi visi sosio-moralnya yang utama, pengembangan konsep metodologi yang lebih komprehensif dan detail sekaligus mengintegrasikan ilmu pengetahuan dan sains modern ke dalam bangunan pemikiran metodologisnya. Although it spouts from the same main sources, Al-Quran and Sunnah, theoritical concepts of Islamic law (Fiqh) are constantly growing into various kinds. Among many important factors that force the diversity is the different perspectives among Islamic scholars concerning contextual consideration and the act of accomodating sociocultural elements in  ijtihad(a try to find out solution) process. For those who approve it, such elements of cultural wisdom might play important roles in substantiation, moderation, selection, adaptation and instumentation of theoritical concepts and technical implementation of Islamic law in social life. Albeit, it still needs many efforts to develop and ripen such a method in more comprehesive and detail ways and also to respond to any objections and outspoken critics from the society. Such efforts also include revitalizing the moral and social vision, developing the methodology and integrating  modern sciences into the main frame of Islamic thinking.   Kata kunci: fikih, manhaj, kultur,  konteks

AL-AKHTHA’ FII IKTISAB AL-TSUNAIYAT AL-SHUGHRA

LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 5, No 1 (2010): LiNGUA
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Language acquisition starts from the ability of listening basic letter(iktisab al-ashwat) since child age. The letter of a language is limited in number, and sometimes there is similarity of letters among languages. The similarity of letters in two languages make it easy to learn the language. On the contrary, the obstacle of language learning can be caused by different letters between two languages (mother tongue and second/foreign language). The problem may be caused by minimal pairs (tsunaiyat al-shughro). This research aims at finding out the error of minimal pair acquisition, with the subject of Indonesian students in Jami’ah Malik Saud Saudi Arabia, with the method of error analysis. The study concludes that in iktisab al-ashwat of minimal pairs, the error is around 3,3 %-58,3%. Second: the error on minimal pairs occurs on the letters shift ?? ?? ? to be ? , letter ? to be ? , letter ? to be ? , letter ? to be ? , letter ? to be ?? , and letter ? to be ?.

FUNDAMENTALISME DAN GERAKAN RADIKAL ISLAM KONTEMPORER: Kasus Jama’ah Islamiyah di Indonesia

EL HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) Vol 9, No 3 (2007): EL HARAKAH
Publisher : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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The phenomenon of fundamentalism and radicalism at least can be seen in the case of Jemaah Islamiyah in Indonesia. Whether or not Jemaah Islamiyah has a link with Al-Qaeda headed by Osama Bin Laden, obviously its movement has affiliations not only in Indonesia, but also in Malaysia, Singapore, and South Philippine, and even in Thailand, Burma, and Brunei. Jemaah Islamiyah is believed to be established by Abdullah Sungkar in Malaysia in 1994/1995 aiming for establishing an Islamic State. Jemaah Islamiyah is the realization of Hybrid ideology inspired by some other movements, such as Egypt Radical Moslem, Darul Islam Movement, Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia (DDII). This movements view the effort of Christian missionary as a threat to Islam. Fenomena fundamentalisme dan radikalisme setidaknya bisa dilihat dalam kasus Jemaah Islamiyah di Indonesia. Benar atau tidaknya Jemaah Islamiyah berkaitan dengan Al Qaeda yang diketuai oleh Osama bin Laden, pergerakannya jelas-jelas tak hanya di Indonesia, tetapi juga di Malaysia, Singapura, dan Filipina Selatan, bahkan di Thailand, Burma, dan Brunei. Jemaah Islamiyah didirikan oleh Abdullah Sungkar di Malaysia pada tahun 1994/1995 dengan tujuan mendirikan negara Islam. Jemaah Islamiyah adalah realisasi dari ideologi hibrid yang terinspirasi oleh beberapa gerakan lainnya, seperti Muslim Radikal Mesir, Pergerakan Darul Islam, Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia (DDII). Pergerakan ini beranggapan bahwa usaha misionaris Kristen sebagai ancaman bagi Islam.

ISLAM DAN CIVIL SOCIETY (DALAM KONTEKS KE-INDONESIAAN)

FIKRI : Jurnal Kajian Agama, Sosial dan Budaya Vol 1 No 1 (2016): ISLAM DAN TRANSFORMASI SOSIAL DI INDONESIA
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Maarif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung

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Dalam Islam “Civil Society” sebagaimana di jelasankan dalam QS. Al-Imron ayat 110 dalam kata â€œKuntum Khoiru Ummah” adalah masyarakat yang etis sama dengan masyarakat yang berproses dan memiliki kecenderungan pada nilai-nilai utama (khoir) sebagaimana juga yang diungkapkan oleh Al-Farabi yang landasannya adalah Iman dan Tauhid dalam melaksanakan amar ma‟ruf dan Nahi munkar. Di Barat Secara substansial istilah Civil Society sudah ada sejak zaman Aristoteles, yakni suatu masyarakat yang dipimpin dan tunduk pada hakim. Penguasa, rakyat dan siapapun, menurut Aristoteles, harus taat dan patuh hukum yang telah dibuat secara bersamasama. Dalam khazanah pemikiran politik, perkembangan istilah Civil Society bisa dirunut sejak Cicero yang pertama kali menggunakan societies civilis dalam filsafat politiknya. Pada tahun 1690 John Lock menulis buku Civilian Government yang berisi penekanan pada peran masyarakat dalam menghadapi kekuatan mutlak para raja dan hak-hak istimewa para bangsawan, misi John Lock adalah bagaimana membangun pemikiran otoritas masyarakat untuk merealisasikan kemerdekaannya dari hegemoni elit yang memonopoli kekuasaan dan kekayaan, caranya, adalah melalui demokrasi parlementer, disin parlemen dianggap sebagai lembaga yang mewakili rakyat dalam menghadapi hegemoni kekuasaan. Setelah John Luck di Inggris, di Prancis muncul Jean Jacques Rousseau, penulis buku monumental The Social Contract (1762) yang membahas tentang pemikiran mengenai otoritas rakyat dan perjanjian politik yang harus dilaksanakan antara anggota masyarakat dan kekuasaan.

KARAKTERISTIK BATUBARA DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PROSES PENCAIRAN

REAKTOR Volume 14, No. 4, OKTOBER 2013
Publisher : REAKTOR

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AbstractCHARACTERISTIC OF COAL AND ITS EFFECT ON LIQUEFACTION PROCESS. Thisresearch was conducted to study the influence of coal characteristic to liquefaction by using catalytichydrogenation method. Coal sample used are Sorong coal which has lignite coal rank and Mulia coalwith rank sub bituminous. Liquefaction process is conducted in an autoclave with 5 litre capacities,antrasen is used as solvent and iron ore as catalyst. Temperature variation is 375ºC, 400ºC, 425ºC,450ºC, whereas hydrogen blank-off pressure is specified at 100 bars. Results show that Coalcharacteristic has a significant influence to liquefaction. The highest conversion of Sorong coal is89.94% at temperature of 400ºC and Mulia coal highest conversion is 87.28% at temperature of450ºC.Keywords: catalytic hidrogenation method; coal ccharacteristic; Mulia coal; Sorong coalAbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah mempelajari pengaruh karakteristik batubara terhadap proses pencairandengan menggunakan metoda hidrogenasi katalitik. Sampel batubara yang digunakan adalahbatubara Sorong dengan peringkat lignit dan batubara Mulia dengan peringkat sub bituminus. Prosespencairan dilakukan dalam sebuah otoklaf yang berkapasitas 5 liter dengan menggunakan pelarutantrasen dan katalis bijih besi. Kisaran suhu pencairan adalah 375ºC, 400ºC, 425ºC, dan 450ºC,sementara tekanan awal hidrogen ditetapkan 100 bar. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukan bahwakarakteristik batubara memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap pencairan. Konversi tertinggibatubara Sorong adalah 89,94% pada suhu 400ºC, sementara untuk batubara Mulia sebesar 87,28%pada suhu 450ºC.Kata kunci: metode hidrogenasi katalitik; karakteristik batubara; batubara Mulia;batubara Sorong

Model Manajemen Fundraising Wakaf

Jurnal AHKAM Vol. XIII, No. 1, Januari 2013
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract: Waqf Fundraising Management Model. This article examines models of fundraising through conventional sources, waqf asset productivity at The Al-Falah Social Fund Foundation (YDSF) in Surabaya. This study shows that YDSF uses waqf fundraising management through developing a resource fundraising model such as  fundraising  method from conventional sources either directly or indirectly as well as grant fundraising model such as strengthening empowerment program on the distribution of endowments. Whereas in developing asset fundraising model and, in-kind waqf, YDSF has not yet developed such a model. Hence the YDSF uses merely the direct cluster management.Keywords: ṣadaqah jāriyah, al-ḥabs, charitable fundraising management, corporate social responsibilityAbstrak: Model Manajemen Fundraising Wakaf. Artikel ini mengkaji model fundraising wakaf melalui sumber-sumber konvensional, produktivitas aset wakaf, dan in-kind wakaf pada Yayasan Dana Sosial Al-Falah (YDSF) Surabaya. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa Yayasan ini menggunakan manajemen fundraising wakaf dengan mengembangkan model resource fundraising seperti metode penggalangan dari sumber-sumber konvensional baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung dan model grant fundraising seperti penguatan program pemberdayaan pada penyaluran wakaf. Sedangkan dalam pengembangan model asset fundraising, dan in-kind wakaf, YDSF belum dapat mengembangkannya sehingga YDSF termasuk nādhir wakaf yang masih dalam kluster pengelolaan wakaf langsung.Kata Kunci: ṣadaqah jāriyah, al-ḥabs, manajemen fundraising wakaf, corporate social responsibility

CONVERSATIONAL IMPLICATURE FOUND IN DIALOGUE OF EURO TRIP MOVIE

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FIB Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

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Verbal communication is one of important parts of human‟s life. Onestudy that deals with verbal communication is pragmatics. Pragmatics talksabout people‟s intended meaning, their assumption, their purpose or goals andalso the kind of action. This study attempts to analyze pragmatically theconversational  implied meaning or simply called implicature on the dialogueof Euro Trip movie based on Grice‟s Cooperative Principle and its maxims.The main objective of this study is to discover how utterance can go beyond itsliteral meaning by the disobeying or flouting of some principles by the speakerin dialogue because flouting maxims particularly salient way of getting anaddressee to draw an inference and hence recovers an implicature or impliedmeaning. There are three research problems being observed namely: (1) Whatare the implicatures that occur in dialogue of Euro Trip movie (2) What type ofconversational implicature in the dialogue in the movie entitled Euro Trip (3)What is the function of the implicature. The research design of the study is qualitative approach which employscontent analysis. It is intended to investigate that three research problems inrelation flouting maxim and conversational implicature. The data are theutterances in the dialogue of Euro Trip movie that contain implicature and alsothe data are taken from transcription of Euro Trip movie‟s English subtitles. The result of the study describes the process of identifyingconversational implicature, the type of implicature and the function.Implicature is occured as the result of flouting maxim. The type of implicaturethat occur are generalized and particularized implicature. Implicatures in thisdialogue have four types of particular function named representative, directive,expressive and commissive. The writer expects the next researcher to study theconcept of conversational implicature in different subject like advertisement,TV show, newspaper and many other. The writer also expects the nextresearcher to identify implicature with different theory like theory of relevance. Keywords: Pragmatics, Gricean Maxim, Flouting Maxim Conversationalimplicature,  Euro Trip Movie

MOSLEM WOMEN’S RESISTANCE AGAINST SECULARIST’S DOMINATION IN ORHAN PAMUK’S SNOW NOVEL

Edulitics (Education, Literature, and Linguistics) Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2017): June, 2017
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

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Headscarves  controversy  still  overshadows  the  life  of  modern  Turkey.  In  Orhan Pamuk‟s  Snow,  to  modernize the state, the secularist elites implement secularism by unveiling women. Implementation is  through  banning the headscarves wearing in public buildings, including school, that its executions dominate Moslem  women.  In  reverse, Moslem  women,  who  are  represented  by  the  characters  named  Kadife,  Hande,  and Teslime,  resist  the  domination  to  defend  their  rights  upon  wearing  the  headscarves  for the  sake  of  practicing  their  religion,  Islam.  Grounded  upon  the  findings,  this  study  questions  upon  (1)  how  is  secularist‟s domination upon Moslem women depicted in Orhan Pamuk‟s  Snow? and (2) how do Moslem  women  show  their  resistance  against secularist‟s  domination  in  Orhan  Pamuk‟s  Snow? The researcher  used qualitative research, especially  mimetic approach  with descriptive analysis method is applied in this study. Data collecting used mimetic approach research, researcher  used four step to analyze (1)  Classifying the data dealt with the object of the study, (2) Interpreting and making correlation between the data and thestatement of problems, (3) Answering the questions stated in the statement of  problems by considering the result of the data analysis,(4) Drawing the conclusion based on the result of the data analysis. The  result  of  this  study  shows  that  the  secularist‟s  domination  manifests itself  into  five  forms:  domination  through  policy-making,  threat,  onstage  play, derogation,  and  hegemony.  Meanwhile,  Moslem  women‟s resistance manifests itself into two major forms: outward resistance (public transcript), which is  practiced  through  demonstration  and  insult,  and  inward  resistance  (hidden  transcript),  which  is  practiced through suicide and vis-à-vis dialogue. The researcher suggested to the reader  to make knowledge and lesson from  this study especially about  secularist domination in modern turkey.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PICTURE SERIES IN TEACHING NARATIVE TEXT; CASE STUDY IN SMA WACHID HASYIM

Edulitics (Education, Literature, and Linguistics) Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2017): June, 2017
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

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Writing is skill that needs a deep of thinking. In learning English writing is considered to be difficult, not only students but also the teacher feels that teaching wring is difficult. The activities of writing can apply through some of texts. As like descriptive text, Narrative text, Procedure text, spoofs text. Narrative text is the text telling about story or fable. The purpose of the narrative text is to entertain the listener or a reader (by the real story experience) or peculiar event and finished with ending. The problem in this research is: 1) The process of teaching writing by using picture series, 2) the effectiveness in teaching writing of narrative text by using picture series. The population in this research is 95 and the writer takes 25 students as sample that is in the A class. Then the data are analyzed in systematics way, to know the significance, based on the result of pre-test and post-test. From the result of analysis process teaching writing by using picture series is emphasized in grammar because most of the students feels difficult to arrange the sentences. Based on the result of t-test is checked from the critical value at the t- value at the level of significance 10 by db. 24, it means that the result of t- test 14,046242 is higher than t- table 14 at the level significant 10 by db. 24.