Rian Hilmawan
Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Mulawarman

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Agro industry linkages and Its Implication on East Kalimantan Economy: An Regional Input-Output Analysis Hilmawan, Rian
LPEB Fekon Unmul Vol 1, No 1 (2013): LPEB Fekon Unmul Working Papers
Publisher : LPEB Fekon Unmul

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify the agro industries sector which is have a highly backward and forward linkages; to analyze the magnitudes of multiplier output, household income, and employment in the agro industries; to simulate the impact of economy if there is a shock from exogenous variable, for example, government consumption, especially in the upstream and downstream agro industry. East Kalimantan, Indonesia, is selected as a region. Input-Output (I-O) Table and National Survey of Labour Force (SAKERNAS) Indonesia are used as main source of data. Analysis tools used in this study is I-O Analysis accompanied by impact simulation with several scenario. The analysis showed that the sectors which have a high multiplier of income creation and labor absorption dominated by agricultural groups. Such as paddy, oil palm plantation, other plantation crops, and other livestock. Based on scenario, the impact of government consumption in the upstream sector (agriculture) give a larger implications for total output, income, and employment absorption, when compared with the same policy in the downstream. Its means, the strategy by encouraging the upstream sector is more appropriately selected in order to accelerate the growth of agro industries and the economy.
The Social Economy in Border Area: The Case of Indonesia and Malaysia Hilmawan, Rian; Yudaruddin, Rizky
LPEB Fekon Unmul Vol 1, No 1 (2013): LPEB Fekon Unmul Working Papers
Publisher : LPEB Fekon Unmul

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The purpose of this study is to analyze economic disparity, infrastructure access, and social economy variables impact in the border area of Indonesia which was occurred between East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Sabah, Malaysia on 2009-2010. Malinau, West Kutai, and Nunukan are three districts in Indonesia that directly adjacent to Sabah. The results show that in general (average) Indonesia and Malaysia have serious gap in welfare condition. This is indicated by the low level of economic inequality, an average of only 0.1654 (<0.20). The infrastructure index in Indonesia border area achieved low performance infrastructure index value while availability of access to electricity is the main problem.Refer to the results of econometrics analysis with regression cross section approach, show that water access, the number of schools, and health of workforce affect the productivity of farmers in the production of agricultural produce. The population negatively affects agricultural performance, it can be interpreted that in the border area, the dependency of the agriculture sector is sensitive to the number of residents. This is due to the increase of population in the border region in general is natural growth as reflected in birth rates and not migration. Thus bringing economic burden for households at the border, as a result will decreasing the productivity of farm laborers, and further reduce the capacity of agricultural production. The same thing also happened on the variables of access to water. Because farming systems are very traditional, the availability of water is absolutely necessary for the sustainability of agricultural production. Commonly used water from the rivers that flow through the villages. However, this case becomes a dilemma if many villages that use the river as a source of access to the use of life the more diminished ability to stimulate agricultural production. Social variables, such as number of schools and number of medical/health give positive effect on agricultural production in the border districts. This proves that the governments policy need to provide access to schools and health care for the people in the border area, because its more effective in stimulating the economy (represented by agricultural production) and push the border area as a strategic region in Indonesia.
Industrial Locations and Agglomeration in Indonesia: A Regional Perspective Hilmawan, Rian
LPEB Fekon Unmul Vol 1, No 1 (2013): LPEB Fekon Unmul Working Papers
Publisher : LPEB Fekon Unmul

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Abstract

This paper describes the behavior of economic players in Indonesian manufacturing industry. They are several question which was focused: (1) an overview and trends on Indonesian industrial area especially in the era of regional autonomy from 2001 until 2010, (2) whether it has spread (dispersion) or concentrated in some geographic area (aglomeration)? and (3) what are the determinant factor which was build industrial areas during the periods? Descriptive search results find that considerations of cost and expected profit was a dominant factors for the industry players in choosing a business location. Urban or regional growth pole, usually became as ultimate choice for industry players, because can offer retrenchment cost and accessibility due to the presence of the urban infrastructure. This phenomenon is known as localization economies. In Indonesia, the concentration of manufacturing industries scattered areas in the major cities on the island of Java and Sumatra, creating a striking imbalance related to the development of the industrial sector in the area of Java and non-Java. The impact of industrial agglomeration, from the company side is profitable due to its proximity to the near location and resources (infrastructure and labor). But for a larger area, agglomeration adversely affected at least is unequal distribution of industrial activities and urbanization of the area to the area of non-agglomerating agglomeration. Governments play an important role to create regulation to supports a new industrial area particularly in East Indonesia, such as Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and other group of East. The era of regional autonomy, provide opportunities to minimize the glaring inequalities between regions which was agglomerated and which was not.
SUMBER DAYA ALAM UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN PENDUDUK LOKAL: Studi Analisis Dampak Pertambangan Batu Bara Di Empat Kecamatan Area Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia Suharto, Rahmad Budi; Hilmawan, Rian; Yudaruddin, Rizky
Jurnal Organisasi dan Manajemen Vol 11 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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This study aims to provethe famous, so called: resource curse hypothesis is really exist in Indonesia. In contrast to empirical studies typically use an econometric methods, we choose alternative, to use a field survey approach to interview and photograph the factual conditions that occur. We chose coal mining in Kalimantan corridor with four sample sub-district (kabupaten) and cities in the province of East Kalimantan (Kutai regency and the city of Samarinda) as an object of research. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to answer the question: whether the coal mining activities affect (positive or negative) for the population in the surrounding area. Primarily concerned with the social and economic dimensions such as environmental quality, livelihoods and the shift pattern, cost of living, income, employment opportunities and openness sought. The results show facts from field, the implications and provide insight to the truth of the resource curse hypothesis debate. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan hipotesis kutukan sumber daya alam (natural resource curse hypothesis) berlaku di Indonesia. Berbeda dengan penelitian empiris yang biasanya menggunakan pendekatan ekonometrik, kami memilih menggunakan pendekatan survei lapangan dengan wawancara dan memotret langsung kondisi faktual yang terjadi. Kami memilih pertambangan batu bara di koridor Kalimantan dengan empat sampel  wilayah kecamatan kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur (Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara dan Kota Samarinda) sebagai obyek penelitian. Lebih spesifik, tujuan penelitian ini untuk menjawab pertanyaan: apakah kegiatan pertambangan batu bara memberi dampak perubahan (positif atau negatif) bagi penduduk lokal di sekitar area terdampak. Terutama berkaitan dengan dimensi sosial dan ekonomi di antaranya seperti kualitas lingkungan, mata pencaharian dan pola pergeserannya, biaya hidup, penghasilan, kesempatan kerja dan keterbukaan berusaha. Hasil penelitian menyajikan temuan fakta, implikasi dan memberikan pencerahan terhadap perdebatan hipotesis kutukan sumber daya alam.
SUMBER DAYA ALAM UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN PENDUDUK LOKAL: Studi Analisis Dampak Pertambangan Batu Bara Di Empat Kecamatan Area Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia Suharto, Rahmad Budi; Hilmawan, Rian; Yudaruddin, Rizky
Jurnal Organisasi Dan Manajemen Vol 11 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to provethe famous, so called: resource curse hypothesis is really exist in Indonesia. In contrast to empirical studies typically use an econometric methods, we choose alternative, to use a field survey approach to interview and photograph the factual conditions that occur. We chose coal mining in Kalimantan corridor with four sample sub-district (kabupaten) and cities in the province of East Kalimantan (Kutai regency and the city of Samarinda) as an object of research. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to answer the question: whether the coal mining activities affect (positive or negative) for the population in the surrounding area. Primarily concerned with the social and economic dimensions such as environmental quality, livelihoods and the shift pattern, cost of living, income, employment opportunities and openness sought. The results show facts from field, the implications and provide insight to the truth of the resource curse hypothesis debate.   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan hipotesis kutukan sumber daya alam (natural resource curse hypothesis) berlaku di Indonesia. Berbeda dengan penelitian empiris yang biasanya menggunakan pendekatan ekonometrik, kami memilih menggunakan pendekatan survei lapangan dengan wawancara dan memotret langsung kondisi faktual yang terjadi. Kami memilih pertambangan batu bara di koridor Kalimantan dengan empat sampel  wilayah kecamatan kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur (Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara dan Kota Samarinda) sebagai obyek penelitian. Lebih spesifik, tujuan penelitian ini untuk menjawab pertanyaan: apakah kegiatan pertambangan batu bara memberi dampak perubahan (positif atau negatif) bagi penduduk lokal di sekitar area terdampak. Terutama berkaitan dengan dimensi sosial dan ekonomi di antaranya seperti kualitas lingkungan, mata pencaharian dan pola pergeserannya, biaya hidup, penghasilan, kesempatan kerja dan keterbukaan berusaha. Hasil penelitian menyajikan temuan fakta, implikasi dan memberikan pencerahan terhadap perdebatan hipotesis kutukan sumber daya alam.