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Analisis paket teknologi lokal dalam pengelolaan produksi madu organik untuk pasar global dan industri Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Production of honey conventionally by community do generate constraint at marketing to global market and industry. Model local technological packet is hoped improve the value sell honey commodity to go in global market and industry. Activity of production organic honey use local technological packet is hoped able to face Free Trade Agreement (FTA) for local farmer. local Technological packet at activity produce honey commodity, is expected be able to develop and strengthen production quality commodity. The objective of this research was to analyse the local technological packet at activity produce organic honey commodity to industrial and the global market in the form of technological model of management produce honey. The research method use Knowledge Base Creation constructively computer program of Agroekological Knowledge Toolkit 5 (AKT5). Result of research indicate that application local technological packet at activity produce organic honey had to watched five activity, namely: (a) system agroforestry as source of nectar and pollen; (b) to improve the stock honeybee; (c) select, breeder, making bee hive honey; (d) give meal artificial (e) time and technique of cropping, till the product was sold. The result of reseach showed that the responder group applying activity produce honey organic at species Apis cerana yield 2,5 kg each stup, rate moisture content 20°/o, not turbid, and cleared at yielded honey. Result Interpretation was showed fulfill ideal technology management target. Keyword : Model, technological packet, honey, organic, local.
OPTIMALISASI HARGA KOMODITI AGROFORESTRI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENDAPATAN PETANI Hilmanto, Rudi
JURNAL ADMINISTRASI BISNIS Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.836 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jab.v1i1.4293

Abstract

Farmer often undergo of constraint in determining optimal price so that the farmer often undergo of loss, it is because the price of the commodity sold is less than the cost of production in the management of agroforestry systems. Determination Optimalization price of commodity agroforestry expected able to improve income of farmer agroforestry maximally. Objectives of this Research is to analyze the optimization of agrocommodity prices to increase farmers' income. This research used Rudihilmanto Pricing method. Result of this research points out proportion plants: coffee (98.30%), clove (0.45%), melinjo (0.23%), and petai (1.02%) in farmers' fields have optimal price ≥ real price so that this condition has risks and disadvantages for farmers now, but if the proportion is changed as coffee (31.77%), clove (28.79%), melinjo (19.06%), petai (20.37%), therefore optimal price is lower than the real price and it is possible to provide the maximum gain to the farmers of Rp.122,056,970.00 per annum in one hectare. Petani sering mengalami kendala dalam menentukan harga optimal sehingga petani sering mengalami kerugian, hal ini karena harga komoditi yang dipasarkan lebih kecil daripada biaya produksi dalam pengelolaan sistem agroforestri. Penentuan optimalisasi harga pada komoditi agroforestri diharapkan mampu meningkatkan pendapatan petani pengelola agroforestri secara maksimal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis optimalisasi harga komoditi agroforestri untuk meningkatkan pendapatan petani. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Harga Rudihilmanto.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proporsi tanaman kopi (98,30%), cengkeh (0,45%), melinjo (0,23%), dan petai (1,02%) di lahan petani memiliki harga optimal ≥ harga riil sehingga kondisi ini memiliki risiko dan kerugian bagi petani, tetapi apabila proporsi diubah menjadi tanaman kopi (31,77%), cengkeh (28,79%), melinjo (19,06%), petai (20,37%) maka harga optimal ≤ harga riil dan dimungkinkan mampu memberikan keuntungan yang maksimal bagi petani sebesar Rp.122.056.970,00 tiap tahun dalam satu hektar.
Strategi Pengembangan Hutan Rakyat di Desa Bandar dalam Kecamatan Sidomulyo Kabupaten Lampung Selatan Butar, Victor Butar; Duryat, Duryat; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Januari
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.99 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl17110-117

Abstract

The community forest is an alternative solution to the problem of the pressure of forest resources. The benefits obtained by the community depend on the management carried out by community forest farmers. This study aims to see and analyse the strategy of developing community forests in Bandar Dalam Village. The study was conducted in May 2015. The data collected is the potential data of wood analysed quantitatively. Measurement of wood potential data was carried out using a 10m x 10m square measuring plot with a sampling intensity of 1.3%. Analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats was carried out to determine the right development in the community forests of Bandar Dalam Village. The community forest development strategy that needs to be implemented is the maintenance of trees, reducing the weakness of knowledge about forests by increasing knowledge about the benefits of forests and reducing threats by using simple technologies such as the use of complete agricultural tools and fertilisation.Keywords: forest products, wood private forests, the development strategy
Pertumbuhan Riap Diameter Pohon Bakau Kurap (Rhizophora Mucronata) Di Lampung Mangrove Center Angger Kesuma, Robbi; Kustanti, Asihing; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 4, No 3 (2016): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.929 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl3497-106

Abstract

Bakau kurap (R. mucronata) is a true mangrove.  The height of this mangrove could reach 27 m and rarely exceed 30 m.  The diameter trunk of this mangrove could reach 70 cm.  R. mucronata stands was found in Lampung Mangrove Center (LMC), it was located in Margasari Village district Labuhan Maringgai, East Lampung Regency.  The purposes of this study were to determine the diameter increment, growth models and stand growth past of R. mucronata at LMC.  The research was conducted on July to August 2015.  The method used measurement of diameter time series for three years (2013, 2014, and 2015) on circle form permanent plots with a radius 7 m of length are divided into three thinning blocks (A, B, and C). Block C was the control block or block that was not thinned and large thinning in blocks A and B, respectively 54.5% and 41.7%.  The results indicated that the biggest diameter increment of three block  at the age of 22nd years = 0.467 cm year-1. The estimation model of stand diameter (D) and diameter increment (MAI-d) based on the age of stand (X) could be formulated as follows: 1) Blok A D = 8,996 X0,021; MAI-d = 0,451 X0,035, 2) Blok B D = 8,215 X0,124; MAI-d = 0,412 X0,039, 3) Blok C D = 7,159 X0,074; MAI-d = 0,359 X(-0,012). Forecasting growth stands diameter R. mucronata age of 32nd years on the blocks A, B and C in a row were 10,280cm, 9,463cm, and 7,796cm while the diameter increment were 0,467cm, 0,430cm, and 0,354cm. Key words : Diameter increment, forecasting, Lampung Mangrove Center, Rhizophora mucronata
Analisis Finansial Usaha Budidaya Lebah Madu Apis Cerana Fabr. Di Dusun Sidomukti Desa Buana Sakti Kecamatan Batanghari Kabupaten Lampung Timur Kurnia Sari, Nanda; Qurniati, Rommy; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 1, No 1 (2013): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.608 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl1129-36

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Honey consumption in Indonesia 10 gr/capital/year, nevertheleses the honey production only 3 gr/capital/year (Murtidjo, 2011).Due to the highest demand of honey so it is neededhoney bee entrerprises.The purpose of this research was to know on financial feasibility of the ApisceranaFabr. honey bee enterprises.The research was conducted at Sub Village Sidomukti Village Buana Sakti Sub District Batanghari East Lampung on March -- April 2012 usedmethod interview with questionnairesand observationdirectlyused R/C Ratio and BEP (Break Event Point).The results showed thatthe ApisCeranaFabr.honey bee enterprisesin Sub VillageSidomuktiusing stup and glodok (traditional stup).Based on economic life stup and glodok for two years so financiallyviablehoney bee enterprisesperformed usingstupmediawiththe value ofR/Cratio> 1 is1,616 with numberto be producedto reach the breakevent pointwere 75stupor at priceRp Rp 174.807,94/stup so the honey bee farmers will get benefit of Apis cerana Fabr. honey bee enterprises. Key words : Apis cerana Fabr., financialanalysis, honeybee
Dampak Partisipasi Wanita Dan Faktor Demografi Dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Kemasyarakatan (Hkm) Terhadap Pendapatan Keluarga Di Kabupaten Lampung Barat Yudischa, Rio; Wulandari, Christine; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 2, No 3 (2014): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.746 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl3259-72

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Community Forest (HKM) is a community development schemes through strengthening factors of production of non-timber forest products in the form of access to forest lands, protected primary forest. It is not yet known impact of women's participation in community forest management on family income in the village Tribudi Syukur and Tribudi Makmur. To the end, the research conducted in order to know the impact of demographic and participation of women in community forest management on family income in the village Tribudi Syukur and Tribudi Makmur, Kebun Tebu sub district, West Lampung, Lampung province. This research was conducted in the Community Forest, at Village Tribudi Syukur and Tribudi Makmur. Data retrieved using the method of data collection simple random sampling. Analysis of data used linear models was assisted using Minitab 16 software for parameter optimization. The results showed that the factor land size and income of women farmers with a significant effect on the income of women's participation in community forest management. Meanwhile, the chief factor of the family, the woman's age, the age of the male, female participation rates, female education, male education, number of dependents, and the distance to the arable land were not significantly associated with women's participation in the management of the community forest income.
INDIKATOR EKOLOGI PADA WAKTU TANAM SEBAGAI INOVASI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM MENGHADAPI DAMPAK NEGATIF PERUBAHAN IKLIM Hilmanto, Rudi
JURNAL SISTEM INOVASI Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Inovasi Daerah
Publisher : BPPT

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Abstract

Masyarakat dunia saat ini dipersiapkan untuk melakukan dan mengembangkan usaha adaptasi dan mitigasi pola bertani dengan adanya perubahan iklim yang menimbulkan dampak negatif pada aspek ekologi, ekonomi, dan sosial.  Pola tanam intensif mengejar produksi, tidak sesuai dengan musim tanam pada lingkungan setempat menimbulkan permasalahan dalam pengelolaan agroforestri saat ini.  Tujuan penelitian adalah: menganalisis indikator ekologi pada waktu tanam sebagai inovasi masyarakat lokal untuk menghadapi dampak negatif perubahan iklim.  Metode penelitian ini menggunakan Knowledge Base Sistem (KBS).  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  masyarakat lokal dalam mengelola agroforestri pada waktu penanaman menggunakan tata waktu pertanian yang dilekatkan dengan indikator ekologi memberikan hasil yang lebih baik pada pertumbuhan tanaman, produksi komoditi agroforestri, dan tingkat pendapatan.  Penanaman dilakukan pada bulan kaso dan bulan kanem, bulan-bulan tersebut memiliki indikator ekologi yang menjadi petunjuk waktu tanam dalam menghadapi dampak negatif perubahan iklim.     
Estimasi Karbon Tersimpan Pada Hutan Rakyat Di Pekon Kelungu Kabupaten Tanggamus Ristiara, Liana; Hilmanto, Rudi; Duryat, Duryat
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Januari
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.305 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl15128-138

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The increasing rates of forest degradation and deforestation has been decreasing carbonstocks of forest. Pekon kelungu is one of the village that developing the community forestusing agroforestry system that is also has a function as a carbon stock. The research wasconducted to determine the dominant vegetation and to predict the amount of above groundcarbon stock at the community forest in Pekon Kelungu. The Important Value Index (IVI) wascalculated to measure plants domination.  Allometric equation was used to measure carbonstored for living and dead tree, volume formulas for necromass and Biomass ExpansionFactor formula for litter and seedlings. Durian, cacao and campaca is the dominat tree poleand seedling, respectively. The total carbon of above ground biomass of community forest inPekon Kelungu is amounted to 101,61 ton/ha. Carbon stored on tree component is amountedto 99,92 ton/ha, necromass is amounted to 0,81 ton/ha, litter is amounted to 0,87 ton/ha andseedling is amounted to 0,02 ton/ha.Keyword : carbon stock,community forest, IVI,
ANALISIS PENELUSURAN DAN PEREKAMAN TEKNIK PENGELOLAAN LAHAN UNTUK STANDARDISASI KEGIATAN PRODUKSI KOMODITAS AGROFORESTRI LOKAL Hilmanto, Rudi
JURNAL STANDARDISASI Vol 12, No 2 (2010): Vol. 12(2) 2010
Publisher : Badan Standardisasi Nasional

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Abstract

Standardisasi saat ini mampu meningkatkan nilai jual komoditas-komoditas agroforestri dan suatu usaha melakukan perlindungan non tarif terhadap komoditas-komoditas lokal yang diperdagangkan untuk menghadapi kesepakatan perdagangan bebas (Free Trade Agreement). Standardisasi kegiatan produksi komoditas agroforestri lokal, diharapkan mampu membangun-memperkuat komoditas-komoditas yang dihasilkan dan mempunyai pasar yang diminati oleh masyarakat di dalam maupun di luar negeri, hal ini karena dengan dilakukannya standardisasi memberikan jaminan kepada masyarakat lokal dan dunia bahwa akitivitas agroforestri yang dilakukan masyarakat lokal menghasilkan komoditas yang berkualitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah melakukan analisis penelusuran dan perekaman teknik pengelolaan lahan dalam bentuk model Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) untuk standardisasi kegiatan produksi komoditas agroforestri yang dihasilkan oleh masyarakat lokal. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan Knowledge Base Creation dengan bantuan program komputer Agroecological Knowledge Toolkit 5 (AKT 5). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teknik pengelolaan lahan memiliki Delapan model LEK yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat lokal untuk dilakukan standardisasi kegiatan produksi komoditas agroforestri lokal. Delapan model tersebut yaitu: pengolahan tanah dan sistem drainase, penanaman, pergiliran tanaman, pemupukan, penyiraman, penyiangan, pemangkasan, dan pengendalian hama-penyakit. Hasil penelusuran dan perekaman menunjukan bahwa komoditas-komoditas yang terbaik bagi lingkungan, makhluk hidup, produksi, dan pendapatan masyarakat berasal dari teknik pengelolaan lahan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat lokal yaitu teknik pengelolaan lahan yang berharmoni dengan alam.
Karakteristik Petani Dalam Pengembangan Hutan Rakyat Di Desa Buana Sakti Kecamatan Batanghari Kabupaten Lampung Timur Widya Putri, Resti; Qurniati, Rommy; Hilmanto, Rudi
Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.068 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/jsl2389-98

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Effort to conserve forest as one source of food for farmers is organized by developing a community forest. This effort is carried by culture various types of forestry, agriculture, and livestock. To encourage the development of community forest, it is necessary to investigate the farmers characteristics who worked in the forest. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics and income level of farmers in developing community forests.  The study was conducted  in  March 2014 in the Village of Buana Sakti.  The formal education of fifty percent (50%) of farmers in Buana Sakti Village were up to elementary school, while for their informal education are less active in extention activities, talks, and workshops. The availability of credit in Buana Sakti Village come from two sources: Village cooperative (KUD) and BRI bank. Buana Sakti Village has three shops of input. The income of private forest farmers in Buana Sakti Village comes from forest trees product, agriculture crops, livestock, and other work (civil servants, laborers, merchants, artisans, village chief). The average farmers income are Rp 25.286.960 each year, while for the interaction farmers in Buana Sakti Village has a strong interaction with each other. Farmers should be more active to participate in extension activities, talks, and workshops conducted by the extension workers or the relevant agencies so that the knowledge and information obtained will be more and more analysis on the characteristics of farmers is needed in developing community forest to inprove forest sustainability.Keywords: Buana Sakti, characteristics, community forests, farmer