Nurlisa Hidayati
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Kampus UNSRI Indralaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km 32 Ogan Ilir 30662, South Sumatera

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Journal : International Journal of Science and Engineering (IJSE)

Adsorption Desorption of Chromium (III) Ion on Cellulose from Wood Powder Mohadi, Risfidian; Hidayati, Nurlisa; Lesbani, Aldes
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 7, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

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Abstract

This study of adsorption desorption of chromium ion on cellulose from wood powder has been carried out systematically and also wood powder was used as adsorbent control in this research. Adsorption process was studied through investigation of adsorption time and variation of chromium ion in the adsorption. Desorption process was investigated using several desorption reagents such as hydrochloric acid, ammonium acetate, sodium EDTA, and water. Data of adsorption time of chromium ion on cellulose and wood powder was calculated to obtain adsorption rate constant of chromium ion. Then the data of variation concentration of chromium was formulated to obtain adsorption capacity of chromium ion on cellulose and wood powder. The results showed that adsorption rate constant of chromium on cellulose is 0.007 min-1 and 0.002 min-1 for wood powder. Adsorption capacity of chromium ion on cellulose is higher than on wood powder while 76.92 mol/g for cellulose and 55.56 mol/g for wood powder. The results of desorption using various desorption shows sodium EDTA is appropriate reagent for desorption of chromium ion on both cellulose and wood powder. Keywords - adsorption, cellulose, chromium, desorption.
STUDY ADSORPTION DESORPTION OF MANGANESE(II) USING IMPREGNATED CHITIN-CELLULOSE AS ADSORBENT Lesbani, Aldes; Turnip, Ema Veronika; Mohadi, Risfidian; Hidayati, Nurlisa
International Journal of Science and Engineering Vol 8, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Abstract- Study adsorption desorption of manganese(II) using impregnated chitin-cellulose as adsorbent has been carried out. Chitin was extracted from snail shell and cellulose isolated from rice straw. Chitin and cellulose were impregnated using thiourea as impregnant agent. Characterization of chitin and cellulose was performed using FTIR spectroscopy, determination of water content, and ash content, while impregnated chitin-cellulose was characterized using FTIR spectrophotometer and X-Ray diffractometer. The adsorption of Mn(II) on impregnated chitin-cellulose was studied through determination of adsorption time and the influence of Mn(II) concentration, while desorption was carried out sequentially using various reagents. The results shown that chitin and cellulose from extraction processes are has similar FTIR spectrum compared to chitin and cellulose standard. The FTIR spectrum of impregnated chitin-cellulose shows both vibration of chitin and cellulose appeared and indicated successfully impregnate. These results were also equal to XRD pattern analysis. The water and ash contents of chitin are 0.038% and 0.043 while for cellulose are 0.184% and 0.165%, respectively. The adsorption of Mn(II) on chitin and cellulose are quite similar kinetically, while adsorption of Mn(II) on impregnated chitin-cellulose is higher at the same time with chitin and cellulose. In the low concentration of Mn(II), adsorption phenomena are similar on chitin, cellulose, and impregnated chitin-cellulose. Desorption process of Mn(II) on the adsorbents shows sodium etilenediamine tetra acetate able to desorp Mn(II) up to 68% higher than other reagents. Keywords: Manganese(II), Chitin, Cellulose, Impregnated Chitin-Cellulose