Laily Hidayati
Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam (STAI) at-Tanwir Bojonegoro
Articles
10
Documents
Asthma Risk Factors and Prevention Behaviour Relate to Asthma Level of Control

Jurnal Ners Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Vol. 4 No. 1 April-September 2009
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction : Asthma’s symptoms are commonly persistent in each asthmatic client, but they could be controlled. This control directly refers to asthma level of control. It could be affected by asthma risk factors and preventive behavior to exposures, but the correlation between them is still unclear because the development of asthma is not fully understood and very complex. The objective of this study was to explain the correlation between asthma risk factors and preventive behavior to exposures to asthma level of control. Method : This study used cross-sectional design and involved 41 respondents which are taken by simple random sampling. Data were collected using questionnaires and then analyzed by using Spearman Rho correlation with level of significance ≤0.05. Result : Result showed that asthma risk factors had correlation with asthma level of control (p=0,032), but preventive behavior to exposures had no correlation with asthma level of control (p=0,095). Analysis :  It can be concluded that asthma level of control has correlation with asthma risk factors. Preventive behavior has no correlation with asthma level of control could be caused by the differences between the respondents preventive behavior and the recommended one. Discussion : It indicates possible errors or unsuitability in preventive behavior to asthma risk factor exposures. However, preventive behavior to asthma risk factors exposures is still necessary in order to decrease asthma symptoms.

PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PENDIDIK PADA JENJANG PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5, No 1 (2015): AL HIKMAH
Publisher : STAI Al Hikmah Tuban

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Abstract

In several studies on the important role of educators or teachers in the process of socialization and development of the child, Good & Brophy, 2007; Linney & Seidman, 1989 stated that, "a competence teacher is one who is committed to work, is an effective classroom manager, is a positive role model with whom student can identify, is enthusiastic and warm, continuous effort for self-improvement in teaching, possesses skills in human relationship, and can adapt his or her skill to a specific context ". There was also a study done by Brophy, 1992, outlining that "the most powerful socializing influence of the school lies in those who translate program goals into action, the teacher". Also, as stated by by Kohl, 1984 that "children learn best from teachers who are role models, who loves learning". The three descriptions of the important role of educators in the socialization and development of the child above are similar to what was found by Schickedanz, 1990 in his research that "teachers verbal styles have been found to have an impact on the development of language skill in pre-school children". At this point, it is very important to always make efforts to increase the competence of educators at every level of education, in this case in early childhood education.

Knowledge-Management-Based-Nursing Care Model Improves Patient Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment

Jurnal Ners Vol 11, No 1 (2016): Vol 11 No 1 April 2016
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction. Pulmonary tuberculosis remains prominent as one of public health problems in the world. Patients’ non-compliance to treatment is a significant contributor to drug resistance. This study aimed to develop and to test the efficacy of a nursing care model to prevent non-compliance. Method This study consisted of two phases: phase one, model development, used a descriptive analytic, and phase two, model testing, employed a quasi-experimental design. Participants, comprised both patients and nurses at two health care centres in Surabaya, were recruited by consecutive sampling. Data were collected by interview, self-administered-questionnaires, check-list and focused group discussion. Data analyses were performed using both partial least squares and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results. The model was statistically effective to improve nearly all aspects of patients’ compliance to TB treatment (knowledge, discipline in taking medications regularity of controls, and abilities to monitor the results of treatment with p < 0.05), except for abilities to cope with drug adverse effects (p = 1.000). This is possible because seldom do patients aware of the medication side effects, so their experiences were probably limited. Conclusion. This study concludes that the KM nursing care model was proven effective to improve patients’ adherence to treatment. Future study is suggested to evaluate the impact of the KM nursing care model in bigger population. 

Burnout Syndrome in Nursing Students Based on Effect Of Stressor, Relational Meaning and Coping Strategy

Jurnal Ners Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Vol 8 No. 2 Oktober 2013
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction: Professional education program is a program in which nursing students are transformed to become professional nurses. At this level, nursing students will encounter various stressors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between stressors, relational meaning and coping strategy on burnout syndrome in nursing students who are undergoing professional education. Method: This was a correlational study using cross-sectional approach. Population comprised regular student of nursing profession program at the Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University. Sample size was determined by simple random sampling and 61 persons were included in the inclusion criteria. Data then analyzed using multiple linear regression test with signi fi cance level ofα < 0.05. Results: This study found that total burnout syndrome was signi fi cantly related to relational meaning (p = 0.005, β = 0.460). Emotional exhaustion was signi fi cantly related to relational meaning (p= 0.001, β = 0.532) and emotion focused coping (p = 0.035, β =0.298). Relational meaning was also signifi cantly related to depersonalization (p = 0.002, β = 0.050). Subsequently, the decline in self-achievement was signi fi cantly related to personal stressors, i.e the number of room mates (p = 0.016, β = 0.344), total learning time/day (p = 0.036, β=0.366) and environmental stressors (workload) (p = 0.039, β = -0.349). Discussion: It is suggested for students to prepare for professional education, and the Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University, should strengthen the function of academic counselors in terms of preceptorship role model in order to avoid the risk of burnout syndrome when the nursing students undergoing professional education.

Model of An Increasing Quality of Nursing Service (Satisfaction) for Poor Patient in Public Health Center Indonesia

Jurnal Ners Vol 8, No 2 (2013): Vol 8 No. 2 Oktober 2013
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction: Nursing care Quality in a health center was one form of services that had to be considered and adjusted based on customer perception. The purpose of this study was to analyse the model of quality nursing service based on the customer perspective using the theory of Service Quality (SERVQUAL) for Poor patient in Public Health Center in Indonesia. Method: The study was a descriptive survey design. The respondents were all patients at Puskesmas Ngletih- Kediri. There were 46 respondents who had been chosen by simple random sampling. Research variables were the recommendation of others, customer needs, past experiences and the quality of nursing care. Data were collected using a questionnaire that was modified from the theory of service quality by Parasuraman and analyzed using binary logistic regression test with a significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The results showed that the recommendation from others (p = 0.011), customer requirements (p = 0.033), and past experiences (p = 0.009) were related to the quality of nursing care. Past experience variables had the greatest chance to determine the quality of nursing care at Puskesmas Ngletih to be good. Three variables had a chance of 78.26% to form a customer’s perception of good service quality all at once. Discussion: It can be concluded that thecustomers get the recommendation of others, can fulfill their needs, and have good experiences because of a good nursing care quality in the health center. On the other hand, if the customers get bad experiences and their needs are not met, they will not recommend to others to use the services of nursing services at the health center and customers’ perceptionabout the good quality of nursing care will not be formed.

Regulasi Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi Primer dengan Smoothie Pisang (Musa Paradisiaca)

Jurnal Ners Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Vol 6 No. 2 Oktober 2011
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is a major problem that often happen in Indonesia. Hypertension can cause many complications. In Indonesia almost patients with hypertension got farmacologic therapy, but there is no difference. Banana smoothie is one of nonfarmacologic therapy that can be used to lower blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of banana smoothie on regulation in patients with primary hypertension. Method: This study used quasy experimental design. The population in this study were patients with primary hypertension in Kedungturi village Taman Sidoarjo. The sampling technique used nonprobability sampling type of purposive sampling. The total number of sample were 16 respondents who were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result:The Result of paired t-test at the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in experiment group showed p value = 0.000. Independent t test between experiment group post-test and control group post-test showed p value = 0.000 for systolic blood pressure and p value = 0.002 for diastolic blood pressure. This result showed that there was a difference value of pretest and post-test systolic and diastolic blood pressure. With the result of independen t-test we know that there is a difference value between exsperiment and control blood pressure. Discussion: This study explain that there was significant effect of banana smoothie to regulate blood pressure in patients with primary hypertention. Banana smoothie can regulate the blood pressure because of high kalium substance. The function of kalium is to reduce the effect of natrium so the blood pressure can down. It can be conclude that banana smoothie can regulate the blood pressure in patients with primary hypertention. In further day patients with hypertension can choose banana smoothie to regulate their blood pressure.

INTERVENSI PSIKOLOGIS PADA PENDIDIKAN ANAK DENGAN KETERLAMBATAN BICARA

Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar Vol 5, No 1 (2012): Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

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Abstract

As the ability to ride a bike, speech is a childs ability to learn. The more frequent practice, these abilities will be more perfect. Many factors affect the process of learning or practice speaking. Among others is the maturity or physical and mental readiness, a good model to be emulated, the motivation they need, the opportunities provided by the environment, and the existence guidance of significant others. Then, how to help children who have spent time to learn speech and due to several factors as mentioned above, have experienced delays in speech?. Excavation data about the causes of overdue talking to children, followed by the deepening problems in a mature, will find the steps that can be taken to help overdue talking children in speech.

Stop! Push-Parenting: Shoot Parent’s Ambition as Kind of Psychological Abuse in Parenting

Indonesian Journal of Islamic Early Childhood Education Vol 1 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Association of Indonesian Islamic Kindergarten Teachers Education Study Program

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Abstract

Menyiapkan masa depan terbaik untuk anak adalah hal yang sangat wajar dilakukan oleh orangtua manapun. Memastikan kebutuhan dasar anak terpenuhi, memastikan pendidikannya, fasilitas-fasilitas, bahkan dana, merupakan hal-hal umum yang dilakukan oleh orangtua dalam rangka itu. Pada prosesnya, tidak bisa tidak, orangtua menerapkan cara-cara yang secara tipikal mereka gunakan—meskipun seringkali tidak disadari—dalam mengasuh dan mendidik anak mereka. Cara-cara yang secara khas digunakan oleh orangtua dalam mengasuh dan mendidik anaknya disebut dengan pola asuh (parenting), yang mana telah dikenal terdapat beberapa pola asuh yang lazim diterapkan oleh orangtua.Push-parenting adalah istilah yang digunakan untuk menyebut suatu pola asuh yang terlalu menekan hak anak, cenderung menetapkan target-target, tuntutan-tuntutan, standar-standar yang sangat mungkin melewati batas kemampuan fisik maupun psikologis anak. Yang terjadi kemudian adalah terancamnya kesehatan mental anak karena anak berubah menjadi miniatur serta korban pemaksaan ambisi orangtua. Anak dapat menjadi rendah diri, konsep dirinya negatif, terganggu aspek perkembangan sosial-emosionalnya, dan lebih-lebih, anak kehilangan kesempatan untuk berkembang jiwa kemandirian serta kemampuannya menyelesaikan masalah (problem solving). Artikel ini mendalami kajian-kajian teoritis kepustakaan, menganalisisnya untuk menemukan titik kritis penerapan model pengasuhan push-parenting, sehingga dengannya, orangtua diharapkan dapat mengevaluasi pola asuh yang diterapkannya,sehingga anak dapat tumbuh-berkembang secara unik sesuai bakat, minat, serta kepribadiannya. Kata Kunci: Parenting, push-parenting, kekerasan psikologis. Preparing for the best children’s future is a very reasonable thing to do by any parent. Ensure the basic needs of children are met, ensure their education, facilities, and even funding, are the general things are done by parents in order that. In the process, we all know and sure that parents implement ways that typically they use—although often they do not realized—in caring for and educating their children. Ways that are typically used by parents in caring for and educating children is called parenting (parenting), which has been known there are some common parenting applied by parents. Push-parenting is a term used to describe a parenting that in there too much pressure on childrens rights, tend to set targets, demands, standards that are likely over the limit of physical and psychological abilities of children. What happens then is the threat to childrens mental health because children turn into a miniature as well as victims of coercion parental ambition. Children can going to be a low self-esteem, negative self-concept, disturbed aspects of social-emotional development, and more, children maybe lose the opportunity to develop spirit of independence and ability to solve problems (problem solving). This paper scrutinizes the theoretical literature studies, analyzes it to find a critical point of care model application push-parenting, so with that, parents are expected to evaluate the implementation of parenting, so that the child can grow-evolved uniquely suited their talents, interests, and personality. Keywords: Parenting, push-parenting, psychological abuse.

Model Pengasuhan Alternatif Pada Dual-Career Family

AL-ATHFAL : JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ANAK Vol 2 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN GURU RAUDLATUL ATHFAL (PGRA) FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA

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Abstract

This study used a qualitative approach with multi-case studies. Data were taken and analyzed from five (5) cases with special characteristics that are different, but all of them belong to the dual-career family, or the familys mother and father are both working outside the home, and choose to transfer the responsibilities of child care to second hand that is baby sitter or we used to call “nanny”. Families as respondents in this study include couples who work as both a teacher there who work as self-employed and teachers, there is work as village officials and teachers, some are working as doctors and employees of the company, there is also a religious affairs office workers and teachers. Data obtained by using observation and interview. This study aims to gain an overview of alternative care models in dual-career families, the family in which the father and mother both work outside the home and profession specific jobs, so that child care is delegated to a third party for working parents. Researchers restrict research on the subject with the criteria of dual-career who have children aged 0-8 years, otherwise known as early childhood. Parenting is pointing in a certain way that is done by parents in meeting the basic needs of a child, that needs sharpening, compassion, and parenting. The results of this study are expected to be additional colors in theoretical construct of parenting in accordance with the characteristics of families in Tuban and Indonesia in general.

Nurses’ Spirituality Improves Caring Behavior

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol 6, No 1: March 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Caring was the behavior provide assistance holistically to individuals. In fact, nurses Caring behaviors made only modest, yet an art in nursing care which should always be a nurse. The good personality and spiritual be one of the factors that affect the formation of nurses Caring behaviors. Spiritual was the passion or impulse that comes out from within themselves to do the noble. The research objective was explained a spiritual relationship nurses with nurses caring behaviors. The research design was used cross sectional. The population in this researchs were associate nurses in the ward. A sample were taken of 88 nurses with consecutive sampling technique. Data collection was done at the General Hospital of Haji Surabaya, Al Irsyad General Hospital Surabaya and Muhammadiyah Gresik Hospital. Data collection was used questionnaire, with multivariate data analysis Structural Equation Modeling- Partial Least Square (PLS-SEM). The results showed no significant relationship between demographic with spiritual nurses. Demographic indicators for the hypothesis test was psychological, length of work, education, and wards. Demographics nurses with nurse caring no significant relationship. Spiritual nurses significant relationship with the caring nurses at 7.061. These results indicated that modeling should be done was draw line from the spiritual to the caring nurses and the others deleted. The conclusion of the research was the spiritual nurses significant relationship with the nurses caring behaviors. Suggestions have to do is always give spiritual training to nurses as one of supporting the implementation of nursing care.