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Journal : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

Faktor Lingkungan Yang Berkaitan Dengan Kejadian Malaria (Studi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kepil I Kabupaten Wonosobo Tahun 2004) Ginandjar, Praba; Hidayati, Hidayati; Gambiro, Gambiro
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 4, No 1 (2005): vol 4, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Malaria is one of disease caused by intracellular parasite called Plasmodium and transmitting by Anopheles spp mosquito. Area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic in Wonosobo District is one of malaria endemic area with 32.28‰ annual parasite incidence (API). Environmental factors included physical, biological and social influence the transmission of malaria. Objective: Analyzing environmental factors related to malaria occurrence in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic. Method: This was a case control study. Participant of this study divided into two groups i.e. case and control group, each consisted of 70 subjects. As case group was malaria patients of Kepil I, taken by systematic random sampling technique, while control group was case’s nearest neighbor with same sex, similar age and economic status, and not suffering of malaria. Data was analyzed by chi-square test and odds ratio (OR). Result: Statistical analysis showed that the occurrence of malaria related to house condition (p=0.041), using of mosquito repellent (p=0.020), stall distance (p=0.005) and night outdoor activity (p=0.001), while closing doors and windows (p=0.194), using bed net (p=0.091), cattle existence (p=0.089) and night outdoor bathe, wash and defecation habit (p=0.168) had no correlation with malaria occurrence in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic. OR value showed that risk of malaria increase 2.167 times in house with unclose wall and roof, 3.160 times in subject that not use mosquito repellent at night, 4.829 times in subject living in a house with integrated stall or the distance less then five meters, and 4.244 times in subject with night outdoor activity. Conclusion: Environmental factors related to malaria in area of Kepil I Local Government Clinic were unclose wall and roof of the house, not using mosquito repellent at night, existence of stall that is integrated with house or the distance is less than five meters and night outdoor activity. Keywords: malaria, physical environment, biological environment, social environment
Co-Authors A, Agung Agoes Soehianie Agung Endro Nugroho Agus Prasetyo Alexander A. Iskandar A. Iskandar Alwafi, Iffa Arifuddin Arifuddin Asbah, Asbah Asmawit Asmawit, Asmawit Asmawit, Asmawit Astuti Wijayanti, Astuti Aurum, Jati Bakar, Ali Abu Bambang Setiaji Budi, Agnes Cahyani, Rani Candra Kurniawan Christianingrum Christianingrum, Christianingrum Darma, Azri Desi Purnamasari Dewi Febrina Didiek Herhady Dodi Ramdani, Dodi Duwi Agustina, Duwi Elfawati Elfawati Ernawati Ernawati Erni Suryandari, Erni Fadil Oenzil Fahrudin Fahrudin Fara, Lintan Farid Salahudin, Farid Farida, Camellia Fatni Mufit Ferry Sudarto, Ferry Fitri Jayanti, Fitri Fitriana Djafar, Fitriana Gambiro Gambiro, Gambiro Geubrina, Misla Gusrawati, Rina Hafni Bachtiar Hafri Yanti Hartono Hartono Hastuti, Ening Sry Helmi Arifin Humaira Humaira Husada, Sarif Ilham Ilham Imran Saherman Inayati Inayati Isran, Isran istiqomah istiqomah Jejem Mujamil, Jejem Juniana, Nur Kuswardani Kuswardani, Kuswardani Lukman Lukman Masril Masril Maya Yusnita, Maya Mayasari Mayasari, Mayasari Mayefis, Delladari Miftahus Surur, Miftahus Mohamad Rusdi Hidayat, Mohamad Rusdi Mohammad Rusdi Hidayat, Mohammad Rusdi Muhammad Dani Supardan Muhammad Ikhsanudin, Muhammad Murniati, Asih Mustafa, Dian PW Najemi, Chairin Nana Supriyatna, Nana Ningsih, Ica Nursari, Nursari Pasaribu, Sumihar Praba Ginandjar Pramono Putro Utomo, Pramono Putro Prianti, Anna Puji Hariati Winingsih, Puji Hariati Qadariah, Lelly Rahayu, Gustria Rahmaniah, Rima RAVEINAL RAVEINAL Reni Marlina Riri Jonuarti Ristiyanti, Septi Rusnaini Rusnaini Saleh, Eniza Sandi, Indah Maydila Saputro, Nurhadi Semiyatun, Semiyatun Septi Ambarwati, Septi Sigit Sujatmika, Sigit Sopiah, Sopiah Sri Hainil, Sri Sri Rinanti Susilowati Sukma Budi Ariyani, Sukma Budi SUMADI SUMADI Sumar, Sumar Susanti Susanti Suwoto Suwoto Syafruddin Ilyas Tahrir Aulawi Tias Ernawati, Tias Veator Renyaan, Veator Wahyuni Satria Dewi, Wahyuni Satria Wahyuni, Eka Dwi Widiani, Arovah Widowati Pusporini, Widowati Yenni Darvina Yuli Prihatni Yulia Jamal Yurnetti, Yurnetti Yuvia, Yuvia Zain, Isna Zainap, Siti Zakirman, Zakirman Zakiya, Zara Zuindra, Zuindra