cover
0.252
P-Index
Syarief Hidayat
Departemen Kardiovaskular Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran/Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung
Articles
3
Documents
Tatalaksana Medis Protein-Losing Enteropathy Pasca Bedah Total Cavo Pulmonary Connection

Jurnal Kardiologi Indonesia VOL. 28 NO. 4 September 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Heart Association

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Abstract

Sebelum bedah Fontan diperkenalkan, penyakitjantung bawaan (PJB) kompleks yang tidak idealuntuk reparasi biventrikular dilakukan bedahpaliatif pulmonary artery banding (PAB) atausystemic-to-pulmonary shunt. PAB adalah upayauntuk memperkecil lumen arteri pulmonalsehingga alirannya berkurang, dengan memasangikatan melingkari arteri pulmonal cabang utama.Sedangkan bedah systemic-to-pulmonary shuntadalah memasang saluran penghubung antaracabang cranial aorta ke arteri pulmonal. Tetapiharapan hidup pasen-pasen ini hanya berlangsungdua hingga tiga dekade saja.

Hubungan Kadar Apelin dengan Disfungsi Diastol pada Penderita Gagal Jantung dengan Fraksi Ejeksi Normal

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 47, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Apelin merupakan peptida yang berperan dalam mempertahankan performa jantung pada beban tekanan kronik. Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai hubungan antara kadar apelin dan disfungsi diastol pada penderita gagal jantung dengan fraksi ejeksi normal. Analisis statistik korelasi Spearman-Rank. Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Rawat Jalan Jantung dan Divisi Diagnostiik Noninvasif Departmen Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskular Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Januari–April 2014. Hasil penelitian didapatkan 50 penderita laki-laki sebanyak 24 (48%) dan perempuan 26 (52%), usia rata-rata 58,72 (11,02) tahun, durasi hipertensi 1–30 tahun, median 5 tahun. Indeks massa tubuh rata-rata 24,13 kg/m2. Median tekanan darah sistol 130 (120–180) mmHg, median tekanan darah diastol 90 (70–110)mmHg. Fraksi ejeksi median 65 (49–77%), pengobatan dengan Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) sebanyak 48%, calcium channel blocker (CCB) 27%, beta bloker 6%, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) 3%, dan diuretik 1%. Pengukuran fungsi diastol, tissue doppler imaging (TDI) rata-rata 10,32, deceleration time rata-rata 228,2 detik, median rasio E/A (early/atrial (late) ventricular filling velocities) 0,77 (0,43–1,53), median isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) 92 (60–177) detik. Median kadar apelin 1080,5 (993,2–1113) pg/mL. Sebagai simpulan, terdapat korelasi positif antara kadar apelin dan disfungsi diastol yang dihitung dengan TDI (R=0,3445, p=0,014). Apelin dapat digunakan untuk menilai gejala dan prognosis pada penderita gagal jantung dengan fraksi ejeksi normal karena kadarnya meningkat pada beban tekanan disertai fibrosis yang  sedikit dan menurun pada beban tekanan disertai fibrosis yang luas.[MKB. 2015;47(2):91–5]Kata kunci: Apelin, disfungsi diastol, fraksi ejeksi normal, gagal jantung, TDICorrelation between Plasma Apelin Level and Diastolic Dysfunction in Heart Failure Patients with Preserved Ejection Fraction AbstractApelin ia a novel multifunction peptide implicated in cardiovascular performance regulation in chronic pressure overload. Plasma apelin level and its correlation to diastolic dysfunction in patient heart failure with preserved ejection fraction were investigated. Hypertensive patients with heart failure but without coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, obese, and diabetes mellitus were enrolled in this study. Each patients underwent plasma apelin measurement and echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular diastolic function. Statistical analysis was conducted using Spearman Rank. Fifty patients,  24 males (48%) and 26 females (52%),  met the inclusion criteria.  The mean age of the participants was 58.72 (11.02) years with a duration of hypertension between 1–30 years, median 5 year. Mean body mass index was 24.13 kg/m2. Systolic blood pressure median was 130 (120–180)mmHg while the diastolic blood pressure median was 90 (70–110)mmHg. Left ventricular ejection fraction median was 65 (49–77)%, treatment with Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) was 48%, calcium channel blocker (CCB) was 27%, beta blocker was 6%, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) was 3%, and diuretic was 1%. Diastolic function assessment with tissue doppler imaging (TDI) resulted in a mean of 10.32, deceleration time mean of 228.2, E/A (early/atrial (late) filling velocities) ratio median of 0.77 (0.43–1.53),and IVRT (isovolumic relaxation time) median of 92 (59–177). Plasma apelin measurement median was 1080.5 (993.2–11) pg/mL. In conclusion, there is a positive correlation between plasma apelin level and diastolic function (TDI) (R=0.3445, p=0.014). There is no significant correlation between plasma apelin level and diastolic function using other criteria. In conclusion, apelin can be used for assessing symptoms and prognosis of heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction because apelin level is upregulated when pressure overload occurs with less fibrosis and down-regulated when pressure overload occurs with marked fibrosis. [MKB. 2015;47(2):91–5]Key words: Apelin, diastolic dysfunction, heart failure, preserved ejection fraction DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v47n2.459

Effect of short one-third lower face toward mastication performance in Deutero Malay

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 26, No 3 (2014): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

The one-third lower face height belongs to ideal proportion, ratio 1:1:1, of vertical face height. The one-third lower face height could be influenced by mastication. The one-third lower face height that shorter than normal ratio is generally followed by deep bite which may lead to temporomandibular disfunction even so eustachian tube disfunction, this condition may interfere mastication function, which can be measured by mastication performance. The research objective was to determine the effects of short lower face height to the mastication performance based on overbite. The research method was a cross-sectional study with epidemiology survey type. Research subjects 12-15 years old junior high school with Deutero Melayu Sub races in Bandung. Sampling technique used multistage random sampling by determining the size of the sample based on potluck sample and gained 24 children (group 1) with the normal ratio of vertical face height and 27 children with short lower facial height which were 11 children overbite normal (group 2) and 16 children deep bite (group 3). Mastication performance by 20 times chewing artificial test food then followed by sieving test. Mastication performance value represented by the median particle size (MPS) and the distribution of the particle distribution (b). The results of average MPS and b between group 1, 2 and 3 used statistical analysis MPS with ANOVA test which Fhit=5.56 and pvalue=0.0075, b which Fhit=3.41 and pvalue=0.0430 showed significant differences. Continued with group T test MPS (value = 0.0925) dan b (value = 0.2076) between group 1 and 2 showed a non significant differences. While between group 1 and 3 showed a highly significant differences in MPS (value = 0.0037 and  = 0,01) and a significant differences in b (value = 0.0141 and  = 0,05). Conclusions of this study were children with short lower face height and normal overbite did not decrease the mastication performance while children with deep bite decrease the mastication performance.