Ening Herniti
Fakultas Adab dan Ilmu Budaya UIN Sunan Kalijaga Jl. Marsda Adisutjipto Yogyakarta 55281

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KEPERCAYAAN MASYARAKAT JAWA TERHADAP SANTET, WANGSIT, DAN ROH MENURUT PERSPEKTIF EDWARDS EVANS-PRITCHARD

THAQAFIYYAT: Jurnal Bahasa, Peradaban dan Informasi Islam Vol 13, No 2 (2012): Thaqãfiyyãt
Publisher : Fak. Adab dan Ilmu Budaya UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Javanese society is known as a religious community. Most of them as Muslim, but in everyday life they still believe in mystical things. One of thecommunity in Java believe that witchcraft is exist and real in this world.Witchcraft is negative energy that can damage a persons life in the form of thedisease, destruction of household until death. In addition, they also believewith wangsit. The term of wangsit often called as the inspiration, guidance,word, guidance, dhawuh (command), or wisik (whisper) invisible from God.Only the chosen people will be able to receive wangsit, that is, those whodiligently draw closer to God, look for the essence of life, and doing laku. Lakuis doing various forms of fasting as not eating or drinking for a certain period,mutih (only eat white rice), ngrowot (only eat fruits), and others. Furthermore, Javanese people also believe in the existence of spirit strength, such as belief toanimism, dynamism, and totemism.

Gender dan Permasalahannya Dalam Perspektif Islam

THAQAFIYYAT: Jurnal Bahasa, Peradaban dan Informasi Islam Vol 14, No 2 (2013): Thaqãfiyyãt
Publisher : Fak. Adab dan Ilmu Budaya UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Women and men are educated and raised differently according to the perspective, social, and cultural backgrounds. These differences often result in gender inequality. Basically, Islam recognizes the differences between men and women, but not distinctions made in the physical - biological conditions of men and women. But keep in mind the differences are not necessarily a reason to glorify or demean one gender. Gender issues will give birth to a very complicated problem, among others, the problems of polygamy, reproductive health, hijab, language, leadership, and opportunities in education. Islam regards the strong fabric of society as between one individual and another individual. Men and women as part of the components of society, work together in achieving social balance. If one component of people experiencing injustice, social balance will not be realized automatically.

KESALAHAN BERBAHASA INDONESIA TULIS PADA MAHASISWA THAILAND (STUDI ATAS PEMBELAJAR BIPA DI PPB UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA)

THAQAFIYYAT: Jurnal Bahasa, Peradaban dan Informasi Islam Vol 18, No 1 (2017): Thaqãfiyyãt
Publisher : Fak. Adab dan Ilmu Budaya UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The Indonesian language mistake to write Thai speakers is a complicated issue for foreign speakers because they tend to discuss writing out spoken language. This language error will result in the failure of the message due to misinterpretation, not understanding what is being said, and redundancy of words or phrases. This study focuses more on writing errors because errors in writing languages are more easily detected. This is because writing languages require punctuation completeness, diction accuracy, and structural precision. This paper describes forms of Indonesian error in Thai linguists written language. Data were obtained from the Thai learners daily duty book. The data is then identified and classified based on the error. Data were analyzed qualitatively-prescriptive. That is, the data is analyzed by describing the forms of errors that are guided by the rules of using the correct written Indonesian language. The conclusion of this study shows that the errors of written language conducted Thai learner occurs at all levels of language, namely the level of phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and discourse. At the phonological level, language errors are found in pronunciation due to phoneme changes. At the morphological level, there are errors in the absence of affixes. At the syntactic level, errors are in placement conjunction errors, absence of prepositions, and improper structures. At the semantic level, the hyperbolic meaning and the error of diction. At the discourse level, there is a misplacement of place deixis. In addition, there are also errors in the application of the Indonesian Spelling (EBI) rule which includes errors in writing of absorbed words and misplacement of punctuation.

SAPAAN DALAM RANAH KEAGAMAAN ISLAM (ANALISIS SOSIOSEMANTIK)

THAQAFIYYAT: Jurnal Bahasa, Peradaban dan Informasi Islam Vol 15, No 1 (2014): Thaqãfiyyãt
Publisher : Fak. Adab dan Ilmu Budaya UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Abstract

AbstractGreeting is a word used to greet, reprimand, or call the second personor addressees. Greetings can present the religiosity. The diction of forms in every language has different rules, because they also have different cultures and social backgrounds. Greetings in the field of religiosity are also different. The religious term is one of greeting form. This study is done using Sosiosemantics, the study focuses on the analysis of the meaning which is based on th social and culture. This paper describes how the forms of greeting are used in the community and how is the representation of the greeting in the community. The result of the analysis shows that the form of Islamic greeting mostly taken from Arabic, but there is not derived from Arabic, such as ajengan and kiai. Some of greeting in Islam is not only concerned with people who are experts Islam, but also with regard to religious representation. Greetings as the title of Islamic religious leaders are ulama, syekh, kiai, buya, ajengan, ustaz/ustazah, and dai/daiah. Greetings are used as a representation of a person in religious piety, for example, akhi, ukhti, ikhwan, akhwat, ana, and antum a word derived from the Arabic wordactually has neutral meaning. However, the usage of greeting only found in an exclusive Islamic community.Keywords: greetings, religious, Islam, social, socio-semantic.

BAHASA SEKSIS DALAM KAMUS BESAR BAHASA INDONESIA

Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Sexist language is the language which represents men and women are not equal that one member of the group considered inferior human sex, simpler, less rights than members of the other sex. Sexist language is usually present harmful stereotypes of women. From the Indonesian vocabulary contained in KKBI found vocabulary related to gender disparities. Vocabulary is gender biased unbalanced or asymmetrical. Data captured by the technical documentation of KBBI fourth edition in 2012. With descriptive methods, data will be analyzed critically. Indonesian system actually gives equal space to both men and women. However, the development of Indonesian in a few loanwords vocabulary especially gender discrimination. Asymmetric use of language not only treats women unfairly, but also can simplify the unfair treatment of women.

BAHASA DAN KELAHIRANNYA

Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 9, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Language is a unique trait, which differentiates human being from other creatures. Language ability is a human nature whereas other creatures share their communication system. A study on chimpanzee proves that language only works on human. The study depicts that language is a one of the most primary characteristics of human nature. Chomsky calls it as language acquisition tool.  Philosophical and scientific speculation on the function of language in man was frequent throughout history, dating back to the age of Plato and Aristotle. Yet those speculations have been approached more often by scientists than philosophers. Many theories propose that the gains to be had from language and/or reason were probably mainly in the area of increasingly sophisticated social structures.

Kesantunan Berbahasa dalam Dakwah Multikultural

Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Politeness is reflected in the use of verbal sign. Politeness is also found in multicultural dawah. Multicultural dawah means to summon or invite people of different cultural backgrounds to learn more about Islam, but its deliverance does not offend, hurt, obtrude, or impose its audiences. This paper describes the politeness indicators and supporting values of politeness in multicultural dakwah. The data were taken form youtube, documented by data transcription, and then analyzed by using theory of politeness. The conclusion of this study shows that these multicultural dawah obey the politeness indicators such as angon rasa, adu rasa, empan papan, humility, respect, tepa selira, diction of "sorry", "thank you', and greeting "Sir/Madam". However, in these multicultural dakwah, there were also found the disobediences of the politeness indicators. This disobediences are due to the usage of inappropriate dictions. The supporting values of politeness include humility, empan papan,keep the feeling and attitude of introspection.