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Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) Enriched with Zn as Immunostimulator for Vaginal Candidiasis Patient

HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 15, No 4 (2008): December 2008
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Disturbance on the immune system and deficiency of Zn is two factors which often trigger vaginal candidiasis patient. The aim of the research was to study the effect of virgin coconut oil (VCO) enriched with Zn to the amount of neutrophil and lymphocyte subset cells, and the level of IL-2 and IgG in vaginal candidiasis patient. Thirty women were grouped into three (ten women in each group): A, B and C, and intervened for two months. Women in A group were intervened with two tablespoon/day; those in B group were intervened with one tablespoon/day; while those in C group served as control (placebo). Blood was sampled at baseline time, one and two months after intervention. Hematological test by Micros-OT was done on a part of blood, and the plasma was used for IL-2 and IgG level tests using ELISA. The virgin coconut oil enriched with Zn maintained the number of neutrophil and NK cells, but increased Tc cells from 521 to 649 cells/mm3, increased Th cells from 1.090 to 1.380 cells/mm3. The enriched VCO also increase level of IL-2 from 0.25313 to 0.27337 pg/ml, while the IgG level changed from equivocal to negative. The recommended dosage was one tablespoon each day. Key words: IL-2, IgG, neutrophil, NK, Th and Tc-cells, VCO, Zn

The Cytotoxic and Apoptosis Effects of Chloroform Extracts of Auricularia auricula on Cervical Cancer Cells

Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

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Abstract

Auricularia auricula is an edible mushroom cultivated in Indonesia that has been known to have potential properties of bioactive compounds than can be used for medicinal purpose. This study aimed to examine the cytotoxic and apoptosis effect of chloroform extract of A. auricula on cervical cancer cells in vitro. The research design was in vitro experimental research. Cytotoxic tests was using an MTT [3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-yl)-2.5-diphenyl tertrazolium bromide] assay and apoptosis test was using double staining method. Test of bioactive compounds was carried out using GCMS. Cytotoxic effect were analyzed by linear regression and apoptosis test was analyzed descriptively. Chloroform extract of mycelium A. auricula showed the best results with IC50 = 264.87 µg/ml. An important finding obtained after the double staining process was that chloroform extract of A. auricula can induce HeLa cells death by apoptosis. GCMS test results showed that the extracts containing limonene and piperidinone which are the anticancer bioactive compounds. In conclusion, the chloroform extracts of A. auricula has the potential to inhibit the growth of cervical cancer cells. The benefit of this study are expected to provide information about the anticancer potential of extract of A. auricula against cervical cancer cells, thus contributing to the development of alternative anticancer treatments from natural product.

The Effect of Probiotic Supplementation to The Total Number of Bacteria In Kidney of Nila Fish After Antagonism Test With Aeromonas hydrophila and a typical Aeromonas salmonicida

SAINTEK PERIKANAN Vol 2, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Saintek Perikanan
Publisher : SAINTEK PERIKANAN

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Abstract

This research was aimed to know the effect of A3-51 probiotic supplementation on food to the total number of bacteria in kidney and mortality of nila fish (Oreochromis niloticus). This research was carried out  in two steps, the first was to know the highest immunity level from fish indicated by the increasing number of the macrophage and its phagocytic activity. Meanwhile, the second was to know the immunity level of fish which injected by Aeromonas hydrophila and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida. The experimental method used was Completely Randomized  Design in  3 replicates. The result from the first step showed that the highest  non specific immune system  was found in 21 days treatment.  The second step showed that the highest  total  number  of  bacteria  in  kidney  and  mortality  level  were  20.23 x  10 cells/g  and  46.67% respectively, both was found in B2 treatment.   Key words: probiotic, macrophage, total number of bacteria, mortality

EFEK POLIMORFISME GENA NITRIT OKSIDA SINTASE3(NOS3) TERHADAP KADAR NITRIT OKSIDA DAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA INDIVIDU TERPAPAR PLUMBUM

Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 19, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi efek polimorfisme gena nitrit oksida sintase3 terhadap kadar nitrit oks ida (NO) dan tekanan darah pada individu terpapar Plumbum. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survai dengan rancangan kasus kontrol. Subjek kasus terdiri dari 30 orang pekerja bengkel mobil dan 30 orang subjek kontrol berasal dari pedesaan yang mewakili area yang tidak terpolusi Pb.Genotip individu ditentukan dengan metode PCR~RFLP. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar NO, tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik serta kadar Pb. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji t independent. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 40% dari subjek kasus, terdeteksi sebagai individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan genotip GA, sedangkan 60% dari subjek kasus dan subjek kontrol terdeteksi sebagai individu nonpolimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan genotip GG. Hasil uji t menunjukkan untuk parameter NO, tekanan sistolik, diastole serta Pb menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata an tara individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 dengan individu nonpolimorfisme. Kadar NO individu pembawa polimorfisme NOS3 lebih rendah dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfism. Sebaliknya kadar Pb, tekanan sistolik dan diastole individu pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 lebih tinggi dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfisme. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh adalah adanya polimorfisme gena NOS3 dan paparan Pb menyebabkan ketersediaan NO makin rendah dan meningkatkan kadar Pb, tekanan sistolik dan diastolik. Individu terpapar Pb pembawa polimorfisme gena NOS3 beresiko mengalami penyakit hipertensi yang lebih parah dibandingkan individu nonpolimorfisme terpapar Pb.

EFEK POLIMORFISME GENA GSTP-1 TERHADAP AKTIVITAS GLUTATION S-TRANSFERASE (GST) PADA INDIVIDU TERPAPAR LOGAM BERAT TIMBAL (Effect of GSTP-1 Gene Polymorphismson Glutation S- Transferase (GST) Activity in Heavy Metals Lead-Exposed Individual)

Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 22, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

ABSTRAKGena GSTP-1 merupakan penghasil enzim glutation S- transferase (GST), yang berfungsi dalam proses detoksifikasi senyawa toksik di hati. Faktor keberadaan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 akan menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi GST, sehingga proses detoksifikasi terhadap senyawa toksik akan terhambat. Kerentanan terhadap paparan senyawa toksik pada manusia akan meningkat apabila dijumpai polimorfisme gena. Salah satu senyawa toksik yang dapat menghambat aktivitas GST adalah timbal (Pb), terutama dalam bentuk tetra ethyl lead (TEL). Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 terhadap aktivitas GST pada individu terpapar Pb, yang diwakili pekerja bengkel mobil. Faktor keberadaan polimorfisme gena individu ditentukan dengan metode PCR-RFLP dan enzim restriksi BsmA1. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar Pb dan aktivitas GST. Analisis molekuler gena GSTP-1 dilakukan secara deskriptif. Data kadar Pb dan aktivitas GST dianalisis dengan uji t independent. Hasil analisis gena GSTP-1 dari 40 orang subyek kasus setelah dilakukan digesti dengan enzim BsmA1, ditemukan sebanyak 10 orang individu dengan polimorfisme Ile105Val gena GSTP 1 atau sekitar 25% dengan genotip Ile-Val, sedangkan 30 orang atau 75% ditemukan tanpa polimorfisme dengan genotip Ile-Ile. Pita DNA individu dengan polimorfisme terpotong menjadi 3 fragmen sepanjang 176, 91 dan 85 pp (mutan heterozygot), sedangkan tanpa polimorfisme terletak pada 176 bp. Subyek kasus dengan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 memiliki kadar Pb lebih tinggi dan aktivitas GST lebih rendah dibandingkan individu non polimorfisme. Telah terbukti bahwa polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 menyebabkan penurunan ekspresi enzim GST. Pada individu terpapar Pb dengan polimorfisme gena GSTP-1 memiliki aktivitas GST lebih rendah dibandingkan individu tanpa polimorfisme.ABSTRACTGSTP-1 gene regulates the expression of gluthation S-transferase enzyme, which role in detoxification of toxicant on liver. If the polymorphisms gene is found in individual, the production of GST is decreased and the enzyme failed to eliminate toxicants. Lead is one of toxic agents that could inhibite GST activity especially tetra ethyl lead (TEL). The susceptibility to lead exposure will increase if the polymorphisms gene is found in population. The objective of this studies were to know the effect of gene GSTP-1 polymorphisms to GST activity on lead-exposed individual ie. autorepair workers. The genotype individu were analyzed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms with BsmA1 restriction enzyme followed by descriptived analyzed. Parameter recorded were blood lead and GST activity and data were analyzed by independent t-test. These result showed that 25% of 40 individual cases subject were detected by enzyme BsmA1 as polymorphisms individual of GSTP-1 gene, with Ile105Val genotype. As many as 75% were detected as non polymorphisms with Ile-Ile genotype. Three fragment DNA of polymorphisms individual of GSTP-1 is located on 176, 91 and 85 bp (heterozygote mutant) but non polymorphisms individual is only located on 176 bp. The Pb level of individual with polymorphisms GSTP-1 gene is higher than non polymorphisms individual but their GST activity was lower than non polymorphisms individual. It could be concluded that polymorphisms GSTP-1 gene could decrease the expression gene of GST enzyme and intoxication of lead-exposured could increased the decreasing of this activity.

Gambaran Populasi Golongan Darah Subgroup A (A1, A2) di PMI Kulon Progo

Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 34, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Subgroup A1 and A2 are the most important in the blood group A. Subgroup A1 has the A antigen more than A2 subgroup, the A2 subgroup can cause misidentification of blood group due to poor A antigen and genetic variation possessed. Misidentification of the blood group will increase the risk of transfusion reactions. This research aims to describe the A1 and A2 subgroup population in Kulon Progo district. This study was conducted with a cross sectional sampling technique. The sample in this study were taken from donors of blood group A in Kulon Progo Red Cross. Identification of A1 and A2 subgroup is done by using lectin (Dolichos biflorus extract). The result of the examination of 53 samples showed that 96,2% was A1 subgroup and 3,8% was A2 subgroup.Key words : Subgroup A1, Subgroup A2, Population, Kulon Progo

Rizofiltrasi Logam Pb (Plumbum) pada beberapa Jenis Tumbuhan Air

Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 27, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

The research about rhizofiltration of Pb in several species of aquatic plant had been conducted in a greenhouse of Biology Faculty, Jenderal Soedirman University. The aims of this research were to evaluate the aquatic plant species which has Pb accumulative characteristic and to determine Pb concentration tolerated by those plants. This research was used experimental method with split plot design. The main plot was kind of aquatic plant of Hydrilla verticillata (L.f), Pistia stratiotes L, and Salvinia molesta D.S.Mitchell. The Pb (NO3)2 concentrations of 0, 5, 10, 15 mg/l were as sub plot.   Each treatment was replicated for 3 times. The parameter observed were biomass (raw weight and dry weight), the Pb absorbed whether in root and shoot, and chlorophyll content. Data collected were analyzed using F test continued by LSD. The result of this research showed that both Pistia and Salvinia planted in 10 mg/l media were able to accumulate high Pb concentration. However, Pistia were able to accumulate Pb concentration mostly in root and only part be translocated in shoot. Whereas Salvinia was able to translocate Pb concentration in shoot higher than those in of Pistia.  The implications of these results for rhizofiltration are discussed.

Pengaruh Suplementasi Probiotik A3-51 terhadap Derajat Imunitas Oreochromis niloticus Didasarkan pada Angka Kuman pada Ginjal Setelah Uji Tantang dengan Aeromonas hydrophila dan Aeromonas salmonicida achromogenes

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 8, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Objectives of this research was to know the effect of probiotic A3-51 supplementation on food to the total number of bacteria in kidney and mortality of Oreochromis niloticus after challenge test with Aeromonas hydrophila and Aeromonas salmonicida achromogenes. This research was consisted of two experiment, the first was to know the highest immunity level of fish based on the number of macrophage and its phagocytic activity. Meanwhile, the second was to know the immunity level of fish challenged with A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida achromogenes by intra-peritoneal injection. The experiment used Completely Randomized Design in triplicates. The result from the first experiment showed that the highest non spesific immune system response, by means number of macrophage, was found 21 days treatment. The second experiment showed that the highest total number of bacteria in kidney and mortality level were 20.23 x 108 cells/g and 46.67%, respectively, both was found in control fish injected intra-peritoneally with A. salmonicida achromogenes.

Suplemen antioksidan VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) yang diperkaya dengan Zn bagi penderita Candidiasis Vagina

Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 32, No. 3, July 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Abstract

Tujuan: Mengetahui aktivitas SOD, katalase, dan GSH-PX limfosit, serta kadar MDA plasma penderita Candidiasis Vagina yang diintervensi VCO yang diperkaya dengan Zn selama 2 bulan. Rancangan/rumusan data: Penelitian eksperimental dengan rancangan acak lengkap. Analisis data menggunakan anova single faktor, dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan bila terdapat signifikansi. Tempat: Sampel sekret diperoleh dari RS Sinar Kasih, tempat prostitusi (Gang Sadar), Puskesmas, dan praktik dokter di Purwokerto. Pengujian aktivitas enzim antioksidan dan kadar MDA di laboratorium Klinik Mediko Purwokerto. Bahan dan cara kerja: Penelitian dilakukan mulai Oktober 2006 sampai April 2007. Sebanyak 30 responden dipilih berdasar kriteria seperti berikut, sekret vagina mengandung C. albicans lebih dari 105 cfu/ml, sukarela, sehat, bersedia menandatangani informed consent, dan tinggal di Purwokerto. Responden dibagi dalam 3 kelompok; kelompok A sebanyak 10 orang diintervensi dengan VCO yang diperkaya Zn dengan dosis 2 sdm/hari; kelompok B sebanyak 10 orang diintervensi dengan dosis 1 sdm/hari; dan kelompok C sebanyak 10 orang sebagai kontrol. Pengambilan sampel darah dilakukan 3 kali yaitu pada baseline, 1 dan 2 bulan setelah intervensi. Uji aktivitas enzim antioksidan dan kadar MDA menggunakan spektrofotometer. Hasil: Setelah 2 bulan intervensi, aktivitas enzim SOD meningkat dari 87,32 menjadi 348,70 unit/mg protein (p=0,00016), katalase meningkat dari 20,42 menjadi 40,12 Unit/mg protein (p=0,031); demikian pula glutation peroksidase limfosit juga meningkat dari 5,77 menjadi 10,64 μmol/gr protein (p=0,036). Sebaliknya kadar MDA plasma menurun dari 1.858,86 menjadi 1.214,36 pmol/ml (p=0,019). Kesimpulan: Intervensi VCO yang disuplementasi dengan Zn kepada penderita Candidiasis Vagina berpotensi sebagai antioksidan. Selanjutnya, mereka disarankan mengkonsumsi suplemen dengan dosis 1 sdmx1. [Maj Obstet Ginekol Indones 2008; 32-3: 177-82] Kata kunci: SOD, katalase, GSH-PX, MDA, candidiasis vagina.

Effects of Ganoderma lucidum Extract on Diabetic Rats

Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic syndrome which occurs when insulin is insufficiently produced or insulin cannot well serve its function. Diabetes is marked with increase in blood glucose level followed by increase in glycosylated hemoglobin level and decrease in insulin level. This research aims to examining the effect of Ganoderma lucidum extract on the blood glucose, insulin and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of diabetic white rat and determining the most effective dose of extract to be a diabetic agent. This research was experimentally conducted by employing Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 4 repetitions. The treatment groups consisted of healthy rats group (K1), rats with diabetes as negative control (K2), diabetic rats with the administration of metformin 45 mg/kg BW as the comparison (K3) and diabetic rats with the administration of G. lucidum extract with dose of 250, 500 and 1000 mg /kg BW (K4, K5 and K6 respectively). Blood glucose level examination was conducted after the alloxan induction with single dose of 125 mg/kg BW by intraperitoneal injection. The results show that mushroom G. lucidum extract administration with dose of 1000 mg/kg BW (K6) is the best dose to be an anti-diabetic agent. The benefit of the research is developing anti-diabetic agent from herbal resources.