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Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kompetensi Kerja Karyawan Wijayanto, Aris; Hubeis, Musa; Affandi, M. Joko; Hermawan, Aji
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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The purpose of this paper is to gain clarity and better understanding on important determinants that contribute to the formulation of employee’s competencies in the workplace. The methodology in this study is using SEM (Structural Equation Model) with two latent variables which are: employee’s soft competency and employee’s hard competency. For each latent variable mentioned, there are several measurable indicators being identified based on theoritical framework and previous studies to be tested. The important findings are: family values, personal’s purpose of life, social environment, accessability for a mentor and formal education, all are important determinants for employee’s soft competency. While training, working experiences, clarity of job description and SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Timebond) objective setting, all are important determinants for employee’s hard competency. From the goodness of fits test to conclude the best recommended model to explain the relationship between main determinants for competencies, main determinants for performance and between competencies and employee’s performance this study succesfully generate a good model which could be useful for both practicioners and researchers on their effort to find ways to further drive employee’s productivity
Hubungan Nilai-Nilai Islami, Budaya dan Kinerja Sumber Daya Insani Bank Muamalat Indonesia Pasaribu, Poppy Novita; Hubeis, Musa; Said, Endang Gumbira; Hermawan, Aji
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objective of this reseach is to find out these following matters: the influence of pray essential toward the work culture, the influence of work culture toward human resource (HR) performance,  the influence of pray essential toward HR performance and the indirect influence of pray essential toward HR performance in work culture. This study takes place in Bank Muamalat Indonesia (BMI). Respondents are collected by purposive sampling method. Data collection through questionnairy with Likert scale and literature study. Data analysis used for this research is Stuctural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. Factors of pray essence consist of 6 (six) variables, they are concentrate, understanding, respect, terrified and adore, hope for mercy and bless and embaress for carelessness. Factors of work culture are individual initiative, risk job tolerate, supervision, integration, management support, control, identity, compensation, conflict toleration and communication pattern. Factors of HR performance are job knowledge, job quality, initiative, teamwork, absence and time resource responsibility. The results show,  there is a significant influence of pray essential toward work culture, there is a significant influence of work culture toward HR performance, there is a significant influence of pray essential toward HR performance, and there is no direct influence of pray essential, based on work culture toward HR performance. By understanding the variables that influences BMI pray essential, work culture and HR performance, the stakeholders can use the information to make improvement to gain sustainaibility of business.   Key words: HR perfomance, pray, work culture
PENGARUH KECOCOKAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DAN BUDAYA ORGANISASI TERHADAP KINERJA INDIVIDU: STUDI KASUS PT. XYZ Jeffrey, Ignatius; Hermawan, Aji; Hubeis, Musa; Djohar, Setiadi
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2011
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This study was designed to extend the Hersey and Blanchards Situational Leadership Model to test the match of adaptability leadership style to the maturity level of subordinates using the LEAD-Self instrument and Readiness Scale of the Center for Leadership Studies. Maturity level of subordinate was analyzed based on the maturity level of employment (ability) and psychological maturity (willingness) to given work to subordinates. Also, to test compatibility with the leadership style with desired subordinates leadership style using LEAD-Other instrument. Leadership style is a combination of task behavior and behavioral relationships that will produce a directing coaching, participating delegating style. In addition, this study also tested the suitability of the existing organizational culture with the expectation organization culture. Effective matching leadership style and organizational culture is measured by the achievement of individual performance. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of matching between leadership style with the follower’s readiness level (X1), the leaders perceived leadership style with leader’s desired leadership style (X2), and the existing organizational culture with the expectation’s employees (X3) on the individual performance (Y1). The object of research was conducted at PT. XYZ and method of data retrieval is done by the census, while the method of analysis of this study was using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).   Keywords: Follower’s Readiness Level, Leader’s Perceived Leadership Style, Leader’s Desired Leadership Style, Existing and Expectation Culture, Individual Performance
ANALYSIS ON SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BUSINESS Ardialisa, Faradesi; Hermawan, Aji; Chozin, M. A
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 9, No 2 (2012): Vol. 9 No. Edisi Khusus Juni 2012
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objectives of the research were to understand indicators of business sustainability tourism from stakeholders’ perspectives in relation to 3P (People, Planet, Profit), to understand how the concept of sustainability is operationalized in the Pancawati group in relation to 3P (People, Planet, Profit), and to map the value chain of Lembur Pancawati as the case in Ecotourism in Bogor. The methodology used was qualitative descriptive practice-oriented business research with single case study. Based on the stakeholder analysis in Bogor tourism, the indicators of sustainable business in tourism are: (i) Involvement from local people, (ii) Preservation of nature and local culture, (iii) Availability of nature Education program, (iv) Strong commitment from business owner/leader, (v) Sufficient capital to support the initial business establishment, (vi) Availability of various networks. The operationalization in Pancawati Group was observed to have item i, iii, and iv partially implemented and the rest was fully implemented. The position of Pancawati Group in value chain was as main firm, as it acted as multiple actors in the chain. In order to have all indicators implemented, it was suggested to have public private partnership in place.Keywords: Sustainable Tourism, Value Chain, Qualitative Methods
SUSTAINABLE CULINARY TOURISM IN PUNCAK, BOGOR Saleh, Ismail; Hermawan, Aji; Chozin, M. Achmad
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 1 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 1, Maret 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research analyzed the sustainability of culinary tourism in Puncak, comprising the strategic issues review, and comparing its sustainability aspects to the existing culinary enterprises. This study employed a qualitative-descriptive analysis method in three cases: a large-scale Cimory Restaurant, a medium-scale restaurant/café Melrimba Garden, and small-scaled street hawkers in At-Taawun rest area. In general, the value chain was categorized into five major band based on their function: Food Service Business; Suppliers (local community, traders, cooperatives); End user (tourists and customers); Governance (government, areal coordinator, Kompepar); and Intermediaries (distributors, tour agents). There were at least five strategic issues that emerged in the tourism development in Puncak area: 1) land function conversion. 2) Economic and social impact of tourism to the local community; 3) Participation of locals in tourism activity; 4) Traffic and infrastructure, and 5) Waste management. The three restaurant operators were compared in term of sustainability criteria, based on their customers’ preferences, and three aspects of sustainability: economic, environment, and social. It was found that Cimory scored the best in sustainability performance and followed by Melrimba. The street hawkers, with several note, scored as third in the sustainability performance.Keywords: culinary tourism, ecotourism, puncak, value chain, sustainable tourismABSTRAKPenelitian bertujuan menganalisis keberlanjutan pariwisata kuliner di Puncak, meliputi kajian isu-isu strategis  dalam  pariwisata kuliner, dan perbandingan aspek keberlanjutan dari usaha kuliner yang sudah ada. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif-kualitatif pada tiga kasus: restoran skala besar Cimory, rumah makan/kafe skala menengah Melrimba Garden, dan penjaja/pedagang asongan di area istirahat At-Ta’awun sebagai pengusaha kuliner skala kecil. Secara umum, rantai nilai dikategorikan menjadi lima kelompok utama berdasarkan fungsinya: penyedia layanan makanan; pemasok (masyarakat lokal, pedagang, dan koperasi); konsumen akhir (turis dan pelanggan); pemerintahan (pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor, areal koordinator, kompepar), dan perantara (distributor, agen tur). Setidaknya ada lima isu strategis yang terjadi dalam pengembangan pariwisata di daerah Puncak: 1) konversi fungsi lahan; 2) dampak ekonomi dan sosial, 3) partisipasi masyarakat lokal dalam kegiatan pariwisata; 4) lalu lintas dan infrastruktur di daerah Puncak, dan 5) pengelolaan sampah. Ketiga restoran memiliki kriteria keberlanjutan, hasil preferensi pelanggan, dan tiga aspek keberlanjutan (ekonomi, lingkungan, dan sosial). Cimory memiliki nilai yang terbaik dalam kinerja keberlanjutan dan diikuti oleh Melrimba. Pedagang kaki lima, dengan beberapa catatan, mencetak nilai sebagai peringkat terakhir dalam kinerja keberlanjutan.Kata kunci: wisata kuliner, ekowisata, puncak, rantai nilai, wisata berkelanjutan
PERAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA DAERAH DALAM MEWUJUDKAN SISTEM KETAHANAN NASIONAL Garnida, Dadang; Mangkuprawira, Sjafri; Hermawan, Aji; Pasaribu, Bomer
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Leadership is a phenomenon of society, nation, and state which influence and characterize the life of society, nation, and state. Leadership is also one of all functions which can push both the realization of national ideas and national objectives, and national security and defense system. This research seeks for a strategic leadership model which can be implemented in all provinces in Indonesia, and which will influence all of provincial leaders, especially governors, in order to improve the strength of the National Security System (NSS). The collected quantitative and qualitative data were selected and analized descriptively and analitically by the use of descriptive analysis and multivariate regression, to meet the objective of this research. The result of this study shows that the leadership of a governor has a significant and positive influence upon national security and defense system and, therefore, it maybe concluded that a strong leadership of a governor will provide his local area with positive effect, namely, there will be an establishment of a strong and realiable system of national security and defense.   Keywords: Leadership, Province, Governor, National Security and Defense System, Multivariate Regression
RANCANG BANGUN OPERASIONAL TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI BANK SENTRAL MELALUI SISTEM SDM OUTSOURCING Dinarjo, Tjiptogoro; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Hermawan, Aji; Affandi, M. Joko
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The key factors of successful information technology outsourcing are the procurement process of the professional and trusted provider, the contract that guarantees a committed implementation of outsourcing as agreed priorly, the implementation of outsourcing that fulfils the approved grade of quality as service level agreement, the provider’s capabilities as listed in the requirement of the procurement process, and the implementation itself. Those key factors are the subjects of study, which results are applicable as the basic policy in developing a premium IT services through the outsourcing system. The case study was conducted in the Bank Indonesia, whether research approach is the combination of explorative, descriptive and explanator. Analysis endogenous and exogenous variables’ll be using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The recommendation is formulated according to the result of SEM analysis. Result of the study stated that Structural Model 3 is the perfect fit model. The dominant factor is the capability, procurement, contracts, implementation and outsourcing of IT operations significantly on the structure of 3.   Keywords: Outsourcing, Information Technology, Structural Model, Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia
PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN ORGANISASIONAL DAN MODERATOR TURBULENSI LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP RETENSI KARYAWAN (KASUS PADA PERUSAHAAN-PERUSAHAAN PUBLIK DI JABODETABEK) Johanes Lo, Singmin; Hubeis, Musa; Hutagaol, Parulian; Hermawan, Aji
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of organizational leadership behaviors and environmental turbulence moderator on employee retention. A survey was used to collect data from various publicly listed companies in the Greater Area of Jakarta. The survey measured the perceptions on organizational leadership behaviors and business environmental turbulence. The survey questionnaire on organizational leadership behaviors was from Yukl’s model and the questionnaire on environmental turbulence was from Ansoff’s model. Fifty two questionnaires were collected by using purposive sampling technique. The Moderated Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was used for analyzing the data. The results showed that the Relations Oriented Behaviors was found to have significant positive relationship with the Employee Retention. The Environmental Turbulence significantly moderated the Relations Oriented Behaviors and affected the Employee Retention positively.   Keywords: Organizational Leadership, Environmental Turbulence, Employee Retention
TURBULENSI LINGKUNGAN DALAM PENYUSUNAN STRATEGI PERUSAHAAN: STUDI KASUS PADA PERUSAHAAN INDUSTRI PETROKIMIA Kuswanto, Sadikin; Mangkuprawira, Sjafri; Djohar, Setiadi; Hermawan, Aji
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 7, No 2 (2010): Vol. 7 No. 2 Oktober 2010
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The constant change and rapid growth of the business world could create turbulence in a business organization, therefore, the business professionals have to continuously increase their skill and ability to be able to maintain the existence and even improve the condition of their business in this highly competitive world. A company would reach its optimal performance when there is an alignment between its business organization and the surrounding environment filled with no strategic gap. If good strategic planning is already in place, then the other crucial aspect to be analyzed would be the external factors outside an organization. The purpose of this is to measure and understand the behaviors and effects of those external factors towards the company through threats as well as opportunities. There are five level of environment turbulence: Repetitive, Expanding, Changing, Discontinuous and Suprising. The case study in this research concludes that all seven petrochemical companies have done a consistent and continuous strategic planning. The environment turbulence level is on two grades, Expanding and Changing, however, the most dominant is Expanding. The avarage score calculation also showing the same result, Expanding.
Analisis Perumusan Strategi Keunggulan Kompetitif Bisnis Pakan Ternak melalui Pendekatan Resource Based View (Studi Kasus PT Mabar Feed Indonesia) Widiasto, Riza Purbo; Hermawan, Aji; Suprayitno, Gendut
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 12, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstract: The aims of this study are identifying and assessing the company resources and the capabilities of the company in which potential to produce a sustainable competitive advantage through resources based view analysis. Besides, it produces the alternative strategies in order to exploiting the resources and capabilities to create a competitive advantage for the company. This research is using qualitative case study method in order to explore and capture the phenomenon on the unit of analysis. The result shows that the company has 22 types of resources and 24 types of capabilities on the value chain activities of companies that have potential as a competitive advantage. The analysis uses the VRIO framework and it gives the results that the company only has a few resources and capabilities that can produces a temporary competitive advantage. Companies can achieve a sustainable competitive advantage by creating the formulation strategy through utilizing and exploiting the resources and capabilities of the companies. Keywords: resources based view, value chain, VRIO framework, formulation strategy