Maman Herman
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute

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PENGARUH TIPE HIBRID, BOBOT BENIH, DAN PENUTUPAN MULSA TERHADAP KECEPATAN DAN PERSENTASE DAYA BERKECAMBAH TIGA TIPE KELAPA HIBRID Herman, Maman; Pranowo, Dibyo; Luntungan, H. T.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 26, No 1 (1998): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Three types of coconut hybrid, namely Salak Dwarf (SKD) x Tenga Tall (TAT), Salak Dwarf x Sawarna Tall (SAT), and Salak Dwarf x Markamvalley Tall (MVT) were studied in Kotabumi, North Lampung, from July 1994 to March 1995 on Red Yellow Podzolid soil. This trial was conducted to determine the percentage of germination and speed of germination based on hybrid type, seed weight, and mulching. Split-split plot design consisted of three factors with three replications was used for this trial. The first factor as main plot was three levels of hybrid SKD x TAT, SKD x SAT, and SKD x MVT. The second factor as sub plot was three levels of seed weight less 500 g, 501-800 g, and more than 801 g. The third factor as sub-subplot consisting of four levels of mulching 0, 30, 60, and 100 percent. The results showed that SKD x SAT germinated faster than SKD x MVT and SKD x TAT. The germination percentage of SKD x MVT was higher compared to SKD x TAT, but similar to SKD x MVT The germination speed was not affected by seed weight, where the germinating percentage was nuts less than 501 g germinated better than those more than 501 g. Treatment of mulching not significant by influence growth rate of germination but significantly influence the percentage of seednut germination thirty percent of mulching gave the best percentage of seed nut germination.
Pemanfaatan Mikroba Rizosfer untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Serapan Hara pada Tanaman Lada Herman, Maman; Sasmita, Kurnia Dewi; Pranowo, Dibyo
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Lada (Piper nigrum L.) merupakan tanaman yang penyerapan haranya tinggi dan sebagian besar ditanam di lahan marginal sehingga memerlukan jumlah pupuk yang relatif tinggi. Oleh karena itu, perlu upaya untuk meningkatkan efisiensi pemupukan pada lada, salah satunya dengan menggunakan pupuk hayati yang mengandung mikroba penambat N2 dan pelarut hara P. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh mikroba rizosfer indigenous terhadap pertumbuhan dan serapan hara N, P, dan K pada tanaman lada. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 8 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dicoba adalah: K0) tanpa inokulum dan tanpa pupuk (Kontrol), K1) tanpa inokulum + 50% pupuk, K2) tanpa inokulum + 100% pupuk, H1) inokulum Azotobacter (PN LCNa) + 50% pupuk, H2) inokulum Azotobacter (PN LCNb) + 50% pupuk, H3) inokulum Penicillium (PF LSK 1b) + 50% pupuk, H4) inokulum bakteri pelarut fosfat (PF LSK 1a) + 50% pupuk, dan H5) mikoriza + 50% pupuk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan mikroba penambat N2 (isolat PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) dan pelarut P (isolat PF LSK 1b dan PF LSK 1a) yang masing-masing disertai dengan pemberian pupuk NPK 50% dari dosis anjuran memberikan pertumbuhan tinggi tanaman dan  cabang tanaman lada yang cukup baik. Keempat inokulum tersebut dapat meningkatkan secara nyata bobot segar dan kering tajuk, serta serapan hara N, P dan K oleh tanaman lada dibandingkan perlakuan tanpa inokulum yang dipupuk dengan NPK dosis penuh (100%).  The Use of Rhizosphere Microbes to Improve The Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum L.) ABSTRACT Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) belongs to plants which have high in nutrient uptake. If the plant is grown on marginal lands it will requires a relatively high amount of fertilizer that should be added. Therefore, it needs an effort to improve their efficiency on growing of the crop. The use of bio-fertilizer containing N fixing bacteria and P solubilizing microbes is expected be able to minimize the use of inorganic fertilizers. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of several indigenous rhizosphere microbes on the growth and nutrient uptake of N, P, and K in black pepper. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with eight treatments and three reflications was used in this study. The treatments exemined were:  K0) without inoculum and without fertilizer (control), K1) without inoculum + 50% fertilizer, K2) without inoculum + 100% fertilizer, H1) inoculum of Azotobacter (PN LCNa) + 50% fertilizer, H2) inoculum of Azotobacter (PN LCNb) + 50% fertilizer, H3) inoculum of Penicillium (PF LSK 1b) + 50% fertilizer, H4) inoculum of phosphate solubilizinng microbe (PF LSK 1a) + 50% fertilizer, dan H5) mycorrhiza + 50% fertilizer. The results showed that application of N fixing microbes (isolate PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) and P solubilizing microbes (isolate PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) combined with 50% of added fertilizers were able to give better growth of black pepper, particularly in plant height and number of branches. Moreover, application of N fixing and P solubilizing microbes also increased significantly in dry and fresh weight of the shoot and nutrient uptake of N, P, and K compared with without inoculum combined with 100% added NPK fertilizer.
Pengaruh Mikroba Pelarut Fosfat terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Serapan Hara P Benih Kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) Herman, Maman; Pranowo, Dibyo
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 2 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

mudah diserap oleh perakaran tanaman sehingga dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pemupukan anorganik, namun demikian pengaruhnya terhadap benih kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) belum banyak diketahui. Oleh karena itu, telah dilakukan penelitian untuk menguji pengaruh mikroba pelarut fosfat terhadap pertumbuhan dan serapan hara P benih kakao. Penelitian dilakukan di rumah kaca Balai Penelitian Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, Sukabumi mulai Januari sampai Desember 2012. Perlakuan yang dicoba yaitu A) subsoil (kontrol), B) subsoil + NPK, C) subsoil + pukan (1:1), D) subsoil + zeolit (0,5 kg/10 kg), E) subsoil + pukan + zeolit, F) subsoil + MPF, G) subsoil + NPK + MPF, H) subsoil + pukan + NPK + MPF, I) subsoil + zeolit + NPK + MPF, dan J) subsoil + pukan + zeolit + NPK + MPF. MPF diisolasi dari tanah perakaran kakao rakyat di Kabupaten Kolaka, Sulawesi Tenggara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa inokulasi MPF yang dikombinasikan dengan pemberian pupuk NPK mampu meningkatkan tinggi tanaman dan bobot biomassa benih kakao sampai umur 12 minggu setelah perlakuan. Perlakuan MPF + NPK menghasilkan tinggi tanaman, bobot biomassa, dan serapan P tertinggi dibandingkan perlakuan lainnya. Isolat MPF yang dikombinasikan dengan pemberian NPK mampu meningkatkan serapan hara P oleh benih kakao sampai 3,07 kali.Kata Kunci: Theobroma cacao L., benih, mikroba pelarut fosfat, MPF, pertumbuhan, serapan hara PPhosphate solubilizing microbes (PSM) has been known capable of dissolving unavailable phosphates in the soil to the form that easily absorbed by crops so that increases crop growth and inorganic fertilizer efficiency, however in cacao it has not been known. The objective of the study was to evaluate the role of phosphate solubilizing microbes to the growth and P nutrient uptake by cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) seedlings. The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of Indonesian Industrial and Beverage Crops Research Institute, Sukabumi from January to December 2012. Treatments were arranged as follows: A) Subsoil (control), B) Subsoil + NPK, C) Subsoil + organic matter (1:1), D) Subsoil + zeolite (0.5 kg/10 kg), E) Subsoil + organic matter + zeolites, F) Subsoil + PSM, G) Subsoil + NPK + PSM, H) Subsoil + organic matter + NPK + PSM, I) Subsoil + zeolite + NPK + PSM, dan J) Subsoil + organic matter + zeolite + NPK + PSM. The results showed that PSM combined with NPK enhanced plant height and weight of the biomass of cacao seedling until 12 weeks after treatment (WAT). The treatment of PSM+NPK resulted in the highest plant height, biomass, and P nutrient uptake compared with others. PSM combined with NPK fertilizer are able to increase threefold P nutrient uptake by cacao seedling.
Pemanfaatan Mikroba Rizosfer untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Serapan Hara pada Tanaman Lada Herman, Maman; Sasmita, Kurnia Dewi; Pranowo, Dibyo
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.694 KB)

Abstract

Lada (Piper nigrum L.) merupakan tanaman yang penyerapan haranya tinggi dan sebagian besar ditanam di lahan marginal sehingga memerlukan jumlah pupuk yang relatif tinggi. Oleh karena itu, perlu upaya untuk meningkatkan efisiensi pemupukan pada lada, salah satunya dengan menggunakan pupuk hayati yang mengandung mikroba penambat N2 dan pelarut hara P. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh mikroba rizosfer indigenous terhadap pertumbuhan dan serapan hara N, P, dan K pada tanaman lada. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 8 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dicoba adalah: K0) tanpa inokulum dan tanpa pupuk (Kontrol), K1) tanpa inokulum + 50% pupuk, K2) tanpa inokulum + 100% pupuk, H1) inokulum Azotobacter (PN LCNa) + 50% pupuk, H2) inokulum Azotobacter (PN LCNb) + 50% pupuk, H3) inokulum Penicillium (PF LSK 1b) + 50% pupuk, H4) inokulum bakteri pelarut fosfat (PF LSK 1a) + 50% pupuk, dan H5) mikoriza + 50% pupuk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan mikroba penambat N2 (isolat PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) dan pelarut P (isolat PF LSK 1b dan PF LSK 1a) yang masing-masing disertai dengan pemberian pupuk NPK 50% dari dosis anjuran memberikan pertumbuhan tinggi tanaman dan  cabang tanaman lada yang cukup baik. Keempat inokulum tersebut dapat meningkatkan secara nyata bobot segar dan kering tajuk, serta serapan hara N, P dan K oleh tanaman lada dibandingkan perlakuan tanpa inokulum yang dipupuk dengan NPK dosis penuh (100%).  The Use of Rhizosphere Microbes to Improve The Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum L.) ABSTRACT Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) belongs to plants which have high in nutrient uptake. If the plant is grown on marginal lands it will requires a relatively high amount of fertilizer that should be added. Therefore, it needs an effort to improve their efficiency on growing of the crop. The use of bio-fertilizer containing N fixing bacteria and P solubilizing microbes is expected be able to minimize the use of inorganic fertilizers. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of several indigenous rhizosphere microbes on the growth and nutrient uptake of N, P, and K in black pepper. A Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with eight treatments and three reflications was used in this study. The treatments exemined were:  K0) without inoculum and without fertilizer (control), K1) without inoculum + 50% fertilizer, K2) without inoculum + 100% fertilizer, H1) inoculum of Azotobacter (PN LCNa) + 50% fertilizer, H2) inoculum of Azotobacter (PN LCNb) + 50% fertilizer, H3) inoculum of Penicillium (PF LSK 1b) + 50% fertilizer, H4) inoculum of phosphate solubilizinng microbe (PF LSK 1a) + 50% fertilizer, dan H5) mycorrhiza + 50% fertilizer. The results showed that application of N fixing microbes (isolate PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) and P solubilizing microbes (isolate PN LCNa dan PN LCNb) combined with 50% of added fertilizers were able to give better growth of black pepper, particularly in plant height and number of branches. Moreover, application of N fixing and P solubilizing microbes also increased significantly in dry and fresh weight of the shoot and nutrient uptake of N, P, and K compared with without inoculum combined with 100% added NPK fertilizer.
POLA TANAM BERBASIS JARAK PAGAR Herman, Maman; Anam, Choirul
saintis Vol 1, No 1 (2009): SAINTIS
Publisher : Universitas Islam Darul Ulum

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Abstract

In research conducted with the cropping pattern used between maize and chili plants showed that the distance the fence is relatively less able to compete with corn. The use of maize as a crop during the growth of jatropha causes disturbed and the production had decreased by 90%, whereas between corn plants can grow normally and can produce seven tonnes of dry loose maize per hectare. As with the use of pepper plants interrupted, growth and productivity of Jatropha plant is not susceptible to interference, while the chili plant capable of producing 110 g / ph. This shows that the distance the fence is not tolerant of shade so as to alternate between the plants, is necessary to find plants that are shorter than the distance the fence and have high economic value. Planting distance between the ideal plants is one meter from the plant jatropha. If the distance is less than one meter cropping, the effect of shading and nutrient competition will be very detrimental to both the growth of jatropha plants and productivity. Therefore, in designing the planting pattern must be known in advance of plant characters that will be used to achieve the synergy between plants.
PENGARUH TIPE HIBRID, BOBOT BENIH, DAN PENUTUPAN MULSA TERHADAP KECEPATAN DAN PERSENTASE DAYA BERKECAMBAH TIGA TIPE KELAPA HIBRID Herman, Maman; Pranowo, Dibyo; Luntungan, H. T.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 26, No 1 (1998): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Three types of coconut hybrid, namely Salak Dwarf (SKD) x Tenga Tall (TAT), Salak Dwarf x Sawarna Tall (SAT), and Salak Dwarf x Markamvalley Tall (MVT) were studied in Kotabumi, North Lampung, from July 1994 to March 1995 on Red Yellow Podzolid soil. This trial was conducted to determine the percentage of germination and speed of germination based on hybrid type, seed weight, and mulching. Split-split plot design consisted of three factors with three replications was used for this trial. The first factor as main plot was three levels of hybrid SKD x TAT, SKD x SAT, and SKD x MVT. The second factor as sub plot was three levels of seed weight less 500 g, 501-800 g, and more than 801 g. The third factor as sub-subplot consisting of four levels of mulching 0, 30, 60, and 100 percent. The results showed that SKD x SAT germinated faster than SKD x MVT and SKD x TAT. The germination percentage of SKD x MVT was higher compared to SKD x TAT, but similar to SKD x MVT The germination speed was not affected by seed weight, where the germinating percentage was nuts less than 501 g germinated better than those more than 501 g. Treatment of mulching not significant by influence growth rate of germination but significantly influence the percentage of seednut germination thirty percent of mulching gave the best percentage of seed nut germination.