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Root Diseases Ganoderma sp. on the Sengon in West Java and East Java Herliyana, Elis Nina; Taniwiryono, Darmono; Minarsih, Hayati
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.18.2.100

Abstract

Sengon tree (Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen) currently becomes a major forest tree species widely planted by smallholders in Indonesia. The wood of this is quick growing and relatively easy to sell.  However, level of plant safety sengon between crop plantations and other forestry need to be assessed considering the sengon tree is alternative host of Ganoderma spp. Studies have been conducted to know the presence and diversity of Ganoderma spp. on the sengon tree and some ways inoculation on sengon plant in the nursery.  Survey of Ganoderma conducted in several locations of community forests and cacao (Theobroma cacao) plantations in West Java and East Java. Testing of genetic diversity based on RAPD technique. This conducted at the Biotechnology Research Institute of Plantation Indonesia Bogor. Inoculation testing conducted at the Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University.  The results showed that Ganoderma lucidum was found on the sengon tree and cacao plant, generally on the dead stump. The test results of genetic diversity obtained genetic similarity between G. lucidum from sengon and cacao are quite close. The results of inoculation of G. lucidum testing on seedlings sengon showed that both isolate from cacao and sengon tree able to infect a sengon tree back. The existence of sengon tree as shade plants for cacao plant need to watch out, because production cycle of sengon tree faster than production cycle of cacao plant that is protected.Keywords: survey of Ganoderma, Paraserianthes falcataria, genetic diversity, inoculation testing
Pengendalian Serangan Ganoderma spp. (60-80%) pada Tanaman Sengon sebagai Pelindung Tanaman Kopi dan Kakao Herliyana, Elis Nina; Taniwiryono, Darmono; Minarsih, Hayati; Firmansyah, Muhammad Alam; Dendang, Benyamin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Information about genetic variation of Ganoderma spp. As a couse of rot disease on plantation crops is necessary for consideration in efforts to protect crops. Exploration of the use of biological agents, especially Trichoderma spp., for the control of Ganoderma on forestry crops is still limited to laboratory testing. Its effectiveness to control Trichoderma spp. To protect plants in the nursery sengon being carried out, as well as to deternime its role in improving plant growth. Keyboard: Genetic variation, sengon, natural agents, Trichoderma
IDENTIFIKASI JAMUR MOLD DAN BLUE STAIN PADA ROTAN HERLIYANA, Elis Nina
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Vol 2, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Ilmu Teknologi Hasil Hutan
Publisher : Departemen Hasil Hutan, IPB

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Investigation of mold and blue stain fungi on rattan was conducted at the rattan industry, Cileungsi, Bogor on February 2005. The isolation and identification of fungi on rattan samples was done at the laboratory of Forest Pathology, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia. Rattan samples are cutted in size each 2 cm.  Samples were growth and incubated on medium PDA (Potato Dextrose Agar) for 7 days in 29 °C. There are two treatment, surface sterilized is used alcohol 70 % and non surface sterilized. Each treatment was replicated 4 times.  The identification of fungi was done manually using identification book Barnett (1986). The results showed that fungi dominantly formed from sterilized  samples of rattan were Monilia sp. (55%) and Rhizophus sp. (32.5%). Whereas from non sterilized samples were Rhizophus sp. (54.77%) and than Monilia sp. (30.95%).   Keywords :  Rattan, Monilia sp., Rhizophus sp., mold fungi, blue stain fungi.  
Patogenisitas Rhizoctonia Solani pada Semai Pinus merkusii dan Acacia mangium (Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani on Pinus merkusii and Acacia mangium Seedlings) ., Achmad; Hadi, Soetrisno; Herliyana, Elis Nina; Setiawan, Agus
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 5, No 1 (1999)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.5.1.

Abstract

Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani was studied by evaluating the ability of the pathogen to attack several ages of Pinus merkusii and Acacia mangium seedlings. Results showed that R. solani attacked P. merkusii from seed stage up to seven week-old seedlings, while eight week-old ones were free from the pathogen’s attack. On A. mangium, 16 day-old seedlings were uninfected by R. solani, while 12 day-old ones were still attacked by the pathogen. Pathogenesis of R. solani was also studied by evaluating the activities of cellulolytic and pectolytic enzymes produced by the fungi and compared them with the activities of the same enzymes produced by Fusarium oxysporum. Result showed that R. solani’s cellulolytic enzymes activity, reflected by the activity of C1-cellulase, was lower compared with that of F. oxysporum. On the other hand, R. solani was more intensive degrading pectin medium than F. oxysporum, such phenomenon reflected higher activity of pectolytic enzymes activity of R. solani compared with that of F. oxysporum.  
Ketahanan Kayu Sengon terhadap Pycnophorus sanguineus dan Pleurotus djamor untuk Uji Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) 01-7207-2006 Herliyana, Elis Nina; Hanifa, Nifa; Hadi, Yusuf Sudo; Ariana, Ariana; Tsunoda, Kunio
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 2, No 3 (2011): JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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The Resistance of Sengon against Pycnoporus sanguineus and Pleurotus djamor Using the SNI Methods (Standar Nasional Indonesia) 01-7207-2006Fungi is a organism which does not have chlorophyll and receives the energy resources by absorption system to the organic matters. A wood contains cellulose, hemicelluloses, and  lignin which in the wood decay fungi is very good needs. The kind of tree which the most acquainted with commercial trading till now is about 400 kinds of botanical (species). Around 80 – 85% of Indonesian woods had low class which it’s very easy attacked by wood decay fungi for instance Sengon. Kinds of it which potentially most decaying off the woods are Schizophyllum commune, Pycnoporus sanguineus, Dacryopinax spathularia, and Pleurotus djamor. This study was purposed to determine the potential of two kinds wood decay fungi to Sengon based on SNI Method (Standar Nasional Indonesia : SNI 01-7207-2006). Based on SNI 01-7207-2006 point out of wood weight loss percentage by the wood decay fungi knows that Sengon belong to IV - V resistance class (not resistant till very not resistant). The wood weight loss percentage was Sengon by P. sanguineus breed (31,09%) belong to V resistance class (very not resistant) and the wood weight loss percentage by P. djamor (20,51 %) belong to IV (not resistant).
Liquid Organic Fertilizer Influence on Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba miq.) Seedling Growth and Its Resistance to Disease Herliyana, Elis Nina; Achmad, Achmad; Putra, Ardiansyah
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Silvikultur Tropika
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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Abstract

Wood stock from natural forest tends to decrease and increasing of marginal land, it requires an forest development, HTI (Plantation Forest) or community forest to remain able to fulfill wood commodity demand that is increasing. The tree that is very prospective is Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba miq.). Jabon include fast growing species and can growth in many soil types. Market prospect of the fertilizer is quite high with easy and was known silviculture technology. Use of un-organic fertilizer tends to damage the soil. It can be on structure or soil fertility. The use of liquid organic fertilizer is a solution. The aim of this research is to examine a liquid organic fertilizer application in development of jabon seedling growth in the nursery and to see the resistance of jabon seedling to disease attacks in nursery. Data collecting is done with Complete Random Design (RAL). Data is analyzed with software SAS 9.1. Liquid organic fertilizer BioHara-Plus with dosage 10 ml/plant was the best than other dosage treatments and manure fertilizer and control.  This value showed high added (13,38 Cm) and diameter added (2,94 Cm). And the use of liquid organic fertilizer with dosage 10 ml/plant was optimal in jabon- seedling’s resistance to disease.
Pretreatment dengan Phanerochaete chrysosporium dalam Hidrolisis Asam Encer Sludge Kertas Herliyana, Elis Nina; Aisah, Ai Rosah; Isroi, Isroi
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 2, No 3 (2011): JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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Pretreatment with Phanerochaete chrysosporium in Paper Sludge  Dilute Acid HidrolisisFungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium is one of Basidiomycetes, which is able to degrade lignocelluloses materials, such as paper sludge. The cellulose from paper sludge could been as bioethanol raw materials, so there is need a delignification process in order to remove lignin. The delignification process could be performed by utilizing fungi P. chrysosporium as lignin degrading agent. In this work, duration of incubation (6 days, 12 days and control) and acid concentration (2.5 %, 5 % and control) factors were used to determine the reducing sugar content of paper sludge. The contents of cellulose and hemicelluloses exhibited increase as compared with those of control namely between 3.5-4.5% and 0.4-1.7% respectively, whereas kappa number exhibited decrease as compared to control namely between 10.2-15%. The enzyme activities of LiP, MnP and cellulase of 6 days incubation as much as 0.789 and 0.062, and 0 U/ml, whereas those of 12 days incubation as much as 0, 0.069 and 0.165 U/ml. The reducing sugar produced was still relatively low, namely between 0.3x10-2-2.6 g/l.  Factor of acid concentration gave significant effect on reducing sugar produced, and on the basis of Duncan advanced test, each level of the acid concentration differed significantly from each other.
Early Report of Red Root Rot of Ganoderma sp. on Agathis sp. (Damar) in Mount Walat Education Forest, Sukabumi, West Java Herliyana, Elis Nina
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Silvikultur Tropika
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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Abstract

Damar (Agathis spp.) is one type of forestry tree producing high-quality wood that is light colored and known as raw vinir. Damar tree has been planted in the Mount Walat forest Education (HPGW) IPB since 1963. The stands are grown in addition to being carbon stock and play a role in the balance of ecosystems, has also been a lot of produce Copal (resin) of value economically. However the current spread of the disease has  been diagnosed of Red root  rot  by Ganoderma are feared to be sharpened and detrimental. This paper is an early  report that needs  serious attention. Research on the factors that favour the occurrence of epidemic diseases needs to be done. Due to the alternate host Ganoderma spp. on this sufficiently broad
Uji Patogenitas Ganoderma terhadap Bibit Tanaman Sengon (Paraserienthes falcataria (L) Nielsen) Herliyana, Elis Nina; Putra, Irfan Kemal; Taniwiryono, Darmono
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 3, No 1 (2012): JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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Abstract

Patogenity Test of Ganoderma Over the Sengon Seedlings  (Paraserienthes falcataria (L) Nielsen)Sengon tree (Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen) often used by farmers as component planted in agroforestry system as well as shade trees planted in between other crops such as coffee and cacao. Ganoderma infection, basal stem rot disease is becoming more prevalent and causing significant loss in sengon tree and other estate crops. The aim of this research is to understand how the effect of the inoculation to the sengon seed.There are two majors in the research i.e. non inoculation and inoculation treatments. Each treatment consisted of three observation blocks that are considered equal and each block consisted of four plants (the seeds sengon age one and a half months) as replicates. The non inoculation treatments are all combinations of root and foodbase treatments. Foodbase treatment itself is divided into two i.e. the sengon wood piece with varying size (3, 4, and 5 cm diameters) and PDA (Potato Dextrose Agar) without inoculation of Ganoderma lucidum SP1 (Ganoderma SP1) from Ciamis area (from lamtoro tree) and isolates of G. lucidum SP2 (Ganoderma SP2)  (from sengon plants) derived from the collection of Forest Pathology Laboratory.In general, the result of control treatments calculation has a better average growth compared to the inoculation treatment. This result can be seen on the accretion parameter of heights and leaflets. It is possible to do the observation on the treatment of the inoculation with the negative growth tendencies. The calculation on pathogenity test shows that Ganoderma  SP2 has more pathogenic than Ganoderma  SP1.
Analisis Keragaman Genetik Kelompok Pleurotus dengan Teknik Polymerase Chain Reaction- Restriction Fragment Lenght Polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) Herliyana, Elis Nina; Meisetyani, Reny; Siregar, Iskandar Z
Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika Vol 3, No 1 (2012): JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika

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Abstract

Analysis of Genetic Variability of Pleurotus group with Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Lenght Polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) TechniqueThe research was done in Forest Pathology Laboratory and Sylviculture Laboratory, Forest Faculty, Bogor Agriculture University. The observed is too know the genetic variability of Pleurotus group and compare it with the morphological variability also applications of PCR-RFLP in Pleurotus group.PCR-RFLP using the primers ITS1 and ITS4 can be applied to the Pleurotus group. The use of Alui restriction enzymes can give results ribbon cutting DNA from PCR-RFLP results. The result of genetic variability by PCR-RFLP showed differenced compare to genus and morphological variability.