Catur Herison
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. Raya Kandang Limun Bengkulu

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Studi Potensi Heterobeltiosis pada Persilangan Beberapa Galur Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.) Herison, Catur; Rustikawati, ,; Sudarsono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 29, No 1 (2001): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Hybrid cultivar is one of the best alternative to increase national hot pepper production. However, lacking of local hybrid cultivars resulted in the dependency on imported expensive seeds. The objective of this research is to study heterobeltiosis potential and yield of hybrids generated from crosses of several hot pepper lines. Nine parental lines and their 19 hybrids were evaluated in field experiment at the Pasir Sarongge Experimetal Station of IPB, Cipanas, West Java, in a randomize complete block design with 3 replications. The results indicated that several crosses showed a high potential heterobeltiosis. The cross of CI034 x CI026, CI042 x CI025, dan CI042 x CI026 showed heterobeltiosis value of more than 100%. Most of the crosses revealed an excellent yield for medium fruit type the yield was about 1 kg per plant (CI034 x CIO06), and for large fruit type was 1,8 kg per plant (CI042 x CIO06), in average, which were higher than the yield of Hot Beauty, a commercial hybrid cultivar.   Key words: Heterobeltiosis, Hot pepper
Evaluasi kinerja dan status keberlanjutan kawasan Agropolitan Perpat Belitung Hariyadi, Hariyadi; Herison, Catur; Suwito, Edi
Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan Vol 5, No 1 (2012): Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna

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Abstract

Penelitian dilakukan pada kawasan agropolitan Perpat Belitung, selama bulan November 2009 sampai dengan bulan Maret 2010 dengan metode studi literatur, survey lapangan, wawancara dan questioner dan Analisis-analisis yang digunakan antara lain analisis Location Quetient (LQ), analisis unggulan dan andalan, metode pendekatan Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) Rap-Agrop, analisis Laverege,  analisis Monte Carlo dan analisis Prospektif serta analisis Deskriptif, yang bertujuan untuk : mengetahui potensi kawasan dalam mendukung pengembangan agropolitan Perpat,) mengevaluasi tingkat kinerja perkembangan kawasan agropolitan Perpat, mengevaluasi status keberlanjutan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan Perpat, mengetahui persepsi dan kebutuhan masyarakat terhadap agropolitan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa masing-masing kecamatan memiliki dominansi komoditas yang beragam diusahakan dan dibudidayakan dan terdapat lima (5) komoditas unggulan yaitu Padi, Ubi Kayu, Lada, Kelapa dan komoditas Sapi Potong yang ditetapkan sebagai komoditas unggulan utama program agropolitan, dengan tingkat kinerja perkembangan wilayah termasuk dalam Strata PRA II Kawasan Agropolitan yang berstatus keberlanjutan pengembangan Kawasan Agropolitan Perpat termasuk dalam Strata kurang berkelanjutan, dan penetapan Kawasan Agropolitan Perpat dengan komoditas unggulan utama sapi potong tidak tepat untuk dikembangkan oleh karena kondisi existing tingkat perkembangan yang rendah dan status keberlanjutan yang kurang keberlanjutan.
Pendugaan Keragaman Genetik Beberapa Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Hasil pada 30 Genotipe Tomat Lokal Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Herison, Catur; Sulastrini, Ineu; Marwiyah, Siti
Jurnal Hortikultura Vol 25, No 4 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

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Abstract

Tomat (Lycopersicum esculantum) merupakan jenis sayuran yang terus berkembang menjadi komoditas penting di dunia termasuk Indonesia. Permintaan yang terus meningkat secara kuantitas dan kualitas menuntut ketersediaan varietas unggul tomat. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan informasi keragaman genetik beberapa karakter pertumbuhan dan karakter produksi 30 genotipe tomat lokal. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai Agustus 2013 di Kebun Percobaan Leuwikopo IPB, menggunakan 30 genotipe tomat lokal hasil eksplorasi dari berbagai provinsi di Indonesia, yaitu Aceh, Riau, Jawa Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur,Nusa Tenggara Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Maluku, dan Papua. Penelitian disusun berdasarkan rancangan kelompok lengkap teracak dengan tiga ulangan. Tiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 20 tanaman. Penanaman di lapangan dilakukan dalam bedeng berukuran 1 m x 6 m dengan jarak tanam 50 cm x 60 cm. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data diketahui bahwa genotipe berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap karakter tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, persentase tanaman hidup, jumlah buah total, bobot buah per tanaman, dan persentase pecah buah. Karakter-karakter yang diuji memiliki keragaman genetik yang luas sehingga efektif dilakukan seleksi. Seleksi terhadap karakter bobot buah dapat dilakukan pada generasi awal karena memiliki nilai heritabilitas yang tinggi. Genotipe Aceh5, KEF9,LOM4, MER2, dan PAPUA memiliki potensi hasil yang tinggi. Genotipe KEF12, KEF6, dan MAK1 toleran terhadap pecah buah.
Daya Gabung dan Heterobeltiosis Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Beberapa Galur Backcross Cabai Merah Toleran CMV pada Kondisi Terinokulasi Herison, Catur; ,, Rustikawati; Handajaningsih, dan Merakati
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 45, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

ABSTRACTInformation on combining ability and heterosis are desirable to determine the best parents in chili pepper hybrid variety development. To estimate general and specific combining abilities and? heterobeltiosis of backcross lines selected for CMV tolerance, eight selected lines were crossed to three CMV tolerant lines in a Line x Tester method and the crosses were evaluated in a CMV inoculated condition. The results showed that general and specific combining abilities varied tremendously among crosses and traits. Generally, specific combining ability (sca) variances were higher than general combining ability (gca) variance indicating that interaction of non-aditive predominance the inheritance of traits under study. Amongs lines evaluated, there was no a general combiner line for vegetative growth. However, lines S1B3A-29-13-47 and S1B3B-12-13-2 were the best general combiner for a breeding program to improve total number of fruits and fruit weight per plant, respectively. Crosses of S1B3C-16-22-34 x C1042, S1B3B-49-40-6 x C1043, and S1B3C-34-18-9 x C1042 were consedered the most prospective crosses as indicated by high value of sca, i.e., 130.53, 102.01 and 61.93, with heterobeltiosis estimate of 146.06, 26.05 and 24.31, respectively.Keywords: capsicum annuum, heterobeltiosis, GCA, SCA
Studi Potensi Heterobeltiosis pada Persilangan Beberapa Galur Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.) Herison, Catur; Rustikawati, ,; Sudarsono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 29, No 1 (2001): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Hybrid cultivar is one of the best alternative to increase national hot pepper production. However, lacking of local hybrid cultivars resulted in the dependency on imported expensive seeds. The objective of this research is to study heterobeltiosis potential and yield of hybrids generated from crosses of several hot pepper lines. Nine parental lines and their 19 hybrids were evaluated in field experiment at the Pasir Sarongge Experimetal Station of IPB, Cipanas, West Java, in a randomize complete block design with 3 replications. The results indicated that several crosses showed a high potential heterobeltiosis. The cross of CI034 x CI026, CI042 x CI025, dan CI042 x CI026 showed heterobeltiosis value of more than 100%. Most of the crosses revealed an excellent yield for medium fruit type the yield was about 1 kg per plant (CI034 x CIO06), and for large fruit type was 1,8 kg per plant (CI042 x CIO06), in average, which were higher than the yield of Hot Beauty, a commercial hybrid cultivar. ? Key words: Heterobeltiosis, Hot pepper