Catur Herison
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. Raya Kandang Limun Bengkulu

Published : 19 Documents
Articles

Found 19 Documents
Search

Studi Potensi Heterobeltiosis pada Persilangan Beberapa Galur Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.) Herison, Catur; Rustikawati, ,; Sudarsono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 29, No 1 (2001): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Hybrid cultivar is one of the best alternative to increase national hot pepper production. However, lacking of local hybrid cultivars resulted in the dependency on imported expensive seeds. The objective of this research is to study heterobeltiosis potential and yield of hybrids generated from crosses of several hot pepper lines. Nine parental lines and their 19 hybrids were evaluated in field experiment at the Pasir Sarongge Experimetal Station of IPB, Cipanas, West Java, in a randomize complete block design with 3 replications. The results indicated that several crosses showed a high potential heterobeltiosis. The cross of CI034 x CI026, CI042 x CI025, dan CI042 x CI026 showed heterobeltiosis value of more than 100%. Most of the crosses revealed an excellent yield for medium fruit type the yield was about 1 kg per plant (CI034 x CIO06), and for large fruit type was 1,8 kg per plant (CI042 x CIO06), in average, which were higher than the yield of Hot Beauty, a commercial hybrid cultivar.   Key words: Heterobeltiosis, Hot pepper
Combining ability of six s7 generation of corn hybrid parents from half dialel crossesof Maize in a Half Diallel Crosses Dwitama, Niko; Rustikawati, Rustikawati; Suryati, Dotti; Herison, Catur
Akta Agrosia Vol 21, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1129.946 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/aa.21.1.6-10

Abstract

Combining ability is the genotype's ability to pass on the desired character to the offspring.  Combining ability information is needed to determine the crossed pairs in the formation of hybrid varieties.  The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the combining ability value of six S7 generation of inbreed maize.  The experiment was conducted in September 2015 until January 2016, at Medan Baru Experimental Station of Faculty of Agriculture, at Kandang Limun village, Muara Bangkahulu Sub-district, Bengkulu City.  The experiment was prepared in a Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with 15 corn hybrid treatments including: G1XG3, G1XG6, G3XG6, G1XG7, G3XG7, G6XG7, G1XG8, G3XG8, G6XG8, G7XG8, G1XG9, G3XG9, G6XG9, G7XG9 and G8xG9.  Each experimental unit was repeated three times obtaining 45 experimental plots.  Estimation of general combining ability (GCA) value  and specific combining ability (SCA) of each inbreed strain were conducted with Griffing model IV method.  The results showed that genotype G1 and G3 had positive GCA values for all characters except plant height.  The G7XG1 cross combination showed a positive SCA on all characters even higher in plant height and stem diameter. The G8XG6 cross combination showed high SCA values for leaf number characters, weight of husk-less cob, number of seeds per seed-line, weight of grain per ear, and grain yield per plot.Keywords: Hybrid, corn, GCA and SCA
Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Dua Belas Genotipe Kacang Hijau pada Beberapa Dosis Pupuk Kandang Sapi di Lahan Ultisol Andria, Andria; Herison, Catur; Sudjatmiko, Sigit; Dewi, Nurwita
Akta Agrosia Vol 19, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.94 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/aa.19.1.11-19

Abstract

One major problem of low mungbean production in Indonesia is the lack of high yielding varieties for marginal land. A study was done with an objective to compare growth and yield of twelve mung bean genotypes on ultisol fertilized with several doses of cow manure. Twelve mung bean genotypes were grown in a field under a randomized complete block design arranged in a Split Plot Design with 3 replications. The Main Plots were four doses of cow manure, i.e. 0, 3, 6 or 9 ton.ha-1 and the Sub-Plots were twelve mungbean genotypes, i.e. VR 3, VR 61, VR 88, VR 200, VR 204 K, VR 213 K, VR 266 ct, VR 341, VR 368, VR 601 m, VR 222 Walet and VR 1074 Vinna-1. The result showed that the interaction between cow manure doses and mungbean genotypes was only occured on number of leaf. Genotype VR 61 demonstrated the highest plant stature, the greatest pod number, the heafiest pod and seeds per plant. Increasing dose of cow manure until 9 tons.ha-1did not reach the optimum level for the growth and yield of mungbean genotypes yet, except on the number of leaf variable on genotype VR 3, VR 88, VR 200, VR 266 ct and VR 601.
Evaluasi kinerja dan status keberlanjutan kawasan Agropolitan Perpat Belitung Hariyadi, Hariyadi; Herison, Catur; Suwito, Edi
Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan Vol 5, No 1 (2012): Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Wuna

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29239/j.agrikan.5.1.24-30

Abstract

Penelitian dilakukan pada kawasan agropolitan Perpat Belitung, selama bulan November 2009 sampai dengan bulan Maret 2010 dengan metode studi literatur, survey lapangan, wawancara dan questioner dan Analisis-analisis yang digunakan antara lain analisis Location Quetient (LQ), analisis unggulan dan andalan, metode pendekatan Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS) Rap-Agrop, analisis Laverege,  analisis Monte Carlo dan analisis Prospektif serta analisis Deskriptif, yang bertujuan untuk : mengetahui potensi kawasan dalam mendukung pengembangan agropolitan Perpat,) mengevaluasi tingkat kinerja perkembangan kawasan agropolitan Perpat, mengevaluasi status keberlanjutan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan Perpat, mengetahui persepsi dan kebutuhan masyarakat terhadap agropolitan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa masing-masing kecamatan memiliki dominansi komoditas yang beragam diusahakan dan dibudidayakan dan terdapat lima (5) komoditas unggulan yaitu Padi, Ubi Kayu, Lada, Kelapa dan komoditas Sapi Potong yang ditetapkan sebagai komoditas unggulan utama program agropolitan, dengan tingkat kinerja perkembangan wilayah termasuk dalam Strata PRA II Kawasan Agropolitan yang berstatus keberlanjutan pengembangan Kawasan Agropolitan Perpat termasuk dalam Strata kurang berkelanjutan, dan penetapan Kawasan Agropolitan Perpat dengan komoditas unggulan utama sapi potong tidak tepat untuk dikembangkan oleh karena kondisi existing tingkat perkembangan yang rendah dan status keberlanjutan yang kurang keberlanjutan.
Penentuan Kadar Garam Kultur Hara untuk Seleksi Toleransi Salinitas pada Padi Lokal Bengkulu Rustikawati, Rustikawati; Simarmata, Marulak; Turmudi, Edhi; Herison, Catur
Akta Agrosia Vol 17, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.344 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/aa.17.2.101-107

Abstract

Bengkulu province area elevating from 0 m to over 1000 m above sea level possesses high rice germplasm diversity. To obtain salinity controlling gene(s) from those germplasm, it is required to determine a suitableprotocol. This research was objected to determine NaCl concentration to select Bengkulu rice landraces. The standard most salinity tolerant genotype used in this research was ?Kuning?, a local variety usually grown on tidal area of Seluma Regency for generations. The growing media was Yoshida nutrient culture supplemented with a series of NaCl concentration of 0, 2000, 4000, 6000, 8000 or 10000 ppm. Observation was done every 2 days to find out the response pattern of rice seedling growth on different NaCl concentration. NaCl stress level was determined at 90% seedling dead (LC90) at the eighth day. The results showed that the increase of plantheight was deceased at concentration of 6000 ppm. Based on the mathematical equation generated from the percent mortality data distribution, the LC90 was at 3910 ppm NaCl concentration.
Pendugaan Keragaman Genetik Beberapa Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Hasil pada 30 Genotipe Tomat Lokal Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Herison, Catur; Sulastrini, Ineu; Marwiyah, Siti
Jurnal Hortikultura Vol 25, No 4 (2015): Desember 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jhort.v25n4.2015.p304-310

Abstract

Tomat (Lycopersicum esculantum) merupakan jenis sayuran yang terus berkembang menjadi komoditas penting di dunia termasuk Indonesia. Permintaan yang terus meningkat secara kuantitas dan kualitas menuntut ketersediaan varietas unggul tomat. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan informasi keragaman genetik beberapa karakter pertumbuhan dan karakter produksi 30 genotipe tomat lokal. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai Agustus 2013 di Kebun Percobaan Leuwikopo IPB, menggunakan 30 genotipe tomat lokal hasil eksplorasi dari berbagai provinsi di Indonesia, yaitu Aceh, Riau, Jawa Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur,Nusa Tenggara Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Maluku, dan Papua. Penelitian disusun berdasarkan rancangan kelompok lengkap teracak dengan tiga ulangan. Tiap unit percobaan terdiri dari 20 tanaman. Penanaman di lapangan dilakukan dalam bedeng berukuran 1 m x 6 m dengan jarak tanam 50 cm x 60 cm. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data diketahui bahwa genotipe berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap karakter tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, persentase tanaman hidup, jumlah buah total, bobot buah per tanaman, dan persentase pecah buah. Karakter-karakter yang diuji memiliki keragaman genetik yang luas sehingga efektif dilakukan seleksi. Seleksi terhadap karakter bobot buah dapat dilakukan pada generasi awal karena memiliki nilai heritabilitas yang tinggi. Genotipe Aceh5, KEF9,LOM4, MER2, dan PAPUA memiliki potensi hasil yang tinggi. Genotipe KEF12, KEF6, dan MAK1 toleran terhadap pecah buah.
Daya Gabung dan Heterobeltiosis Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Beberapa Galur Backcross Cabai Merah Toleran CMV pada Kondisi Terinokulasi Herison, Catur; ,, Rustikawati; Handajaningsih, dan Merakati
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 45, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v45i3.11890

Abstract

ABSTRACTInformation on combining ability and heterosis are desirable to determine the best parents in chili pepper hybrid variety development. To estimate general and specific combining abilities and  heterobeltiosis of backcross lines selected for CMV tolerance, eight selected lines were crossed to three CMV tolerant lines in a Line x Tester method and the crosses were evaluated in a CMV inoculated condition. The results showed that general and specific combining abilities varied tremendously among crosses and traits. Generally, specific combining ability (sca) variances were higher than general combining ability (gca) variance indicating that interaction of non-aditive predominance the inheritance of traits under study. Amongs lines evaluated, there was no a general combiner line for vegetative growth. However, lines S1B3A-29-13-47 and S1B3B-12-13-2 were the best general combiner for a breeding program to improve total number of fruits and fruit weight per plant, respectively. Crosses of S1B3C-16-22-34 x C1042, S1B3B-49-40-6 x C1043, and S1B3C-34-18-9 x C1042 were consedered the most prospective crosses as indicated by high value of sca, i.e., 130.53, 102.01 and 61.93, with heterobeltiosis estimate of 146.06, 26.05 and 24.31, respectively.Keywords: capsicum annuum, heterobeltiosis, GCA, SCA
Studi Potensi Heterobeltiosis pada Persilangan Beberapa Galur Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.) Herison, Catur; Rustikawati, ,; Sudarsono, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 29, No 1 (2001): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v29i1.1537

Abstract

Hybrid cultivar is one of the best alternative to increase national hot pepper production. However, lacking of local hybrid cultivars resulted in the dependency on imported expensive seeds. The objective of this research is to study heterobeltiosis potential and yield of hybrids generated from crosses of several hot pepper lines. Nine parental lines and their 19 hybrids were evaluated in field experiment at the Pasir Sarongge Experimetal Station of IPB, Cipanas, West Java, in a randomize complete block design with 3 replications. The results indicated that several crosses showed a high potential heterobeltiosis. The cross of CI034 x CI026, CI042 x CI025, dan CI042 x CI026 showed heterobeltiosis value of more than 100%. Most of the crosses revealed an excellent yield for medium fruit type the yield was about 1 kg per plant (CI034 x CIO06), and for large fruit type was 1,8 kg per plant (CI042 x CIO06), in average, which were higher than the yield of Hot Beauty, a commercial hybrid cultivar.   Key words: Heterobeltiosis, Hot pepper
Genetic Diversity Analysis in 27 Tomato Accessions Using Morphological and Molecular Markers Herison, Catur; Sutjahjo, Surjono H.; Sulastrini, Ineu; Rustikawati, Rustikawati; Marwiyah, Siti
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 40, No 1 (2018): FEBRUARY
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i1.726

Abstract

Genetic diversity is the most important aspect in tomato breeding activities. Better assessment on the diversity of the collected accessions will come up with better result of the cultivar development. This study aimed at analyzing the genetic diversity of 27 tomato accessions by morphological and molecular markers. Twenty seven accessions collected from various regions of Indonesia were planted in the field and evaluated for their morphological traits, and RAPD analyzed for their molecular markers. The UPGMA clustering analyzes, elaborating the combination of morphological and molecular data, indicated that the tomato accessions could be grouped into 5 major groups with 70 % genetic similarity levels. Current study indicated that although many accessions came from different locations, they congregated into the same group. Cherry, Kudamati 1 and Lombok 3 were the farthest genetic distant accessions to the others. Those three genotypes will be the most valuable accessions, when they were crossed with other accessions, for designing a prospective breeding program in the future.
Penapisan Tiga Puluh Tujuh Genotipe Tomat dan Seleksi Primer RAPD untuk Toleransi terhadap Layu Bakteri (Ralstonia solanacearum) Adeputri, Eriana; Rustikawati, Rustikawati; Herison, Catur
Akta Agrosia Vol 19, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.127 KB) | DOI: 10.31186/aa.19.1.28-42

Abstract

Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is the most important tomato diseases which can reduce tomato yield up to 100%. One most prospective control measure is the development of high yielding varieties tolerance to bacterial wilt. Donor parent carrying bacterial wilt controlling gene(s) is required to develop such varieties. The objectives of this study were to screen thirty-seven tomato genotypes for tolerance to R. solanacearum and to obtain RAPD markers of resistance to bacterial wilt. The experiment was arranged without the experimental design. Each tomato genotypes consisting of 5 control uninoculated plants and 10 plants were inoculated with R. solanacearum with a concentration of 106 cfu / ml inoculum of 10 mL per plant. Scoring was done on the severity of disease symptom; and the plants were grouped according to scoring class. Molecular analysis was done by using Bulk Segregant Analysis (BSA). The results showed there were six genotypes considerd very tolerant i.e. genotype Pearl, Opal, Cung, Syu and Kudamati I; tolerant genotypes consisting of five genotypes; medium tolerant groups consisting of eight genotypes; medium sensitives groups consisting of 14 genotypes; and sensitive class consisting of four genotypes, namely Aceh Local Tomatoes I, Tanah Datar Local Tomato, Tomato Meranti I and Tomato Meranti II. Of the 20 primers used only 8 primers showed visible DNA bands, they were E1, E7, E10, H2, H5, H13, H16 and H19. However there no polymorphics bands observed for bacterial wilt tolerance.