Tin Herawati
Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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KETAHANAN PANGAN KELUARGA PESERTA PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI PEDESAAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The research objectives were to analyzed the family food security and its factors of the participants in the community empowerment program at rural area. The research design was crossectional study and the data collection technique used a survey method toward 300 families, and their specification were 140 families from the National Program of Community Empowerment (PNPM), 107 families from The Keluarga Harapan Program (PKH), 31 families from the Raksa Desa Program and 22 families from The Business Development Program of Rural Agribusiness (PUAP). The highest percentage (52.0%) of the family categorized into food vulnerable and as many as 37.3 percent was insecure category. It was found 10.7 percent families categorized into secure category. Base on the program, more than a half families of PKH group (50.5%) and PUAP (63.6%) are insecure category. Food vulnerable category is in PNPM group (60.0%) and Raksa Desa group (61.3%). The highest percentage (15.0%) thar categorized into secure category is in PNPM group. The factors which influence significantly toward the family food security are the income per capita, the family size and the asset.Key words: food security, community empowerment program, rural area

KAJIAN PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI KELUARGA UNTUK PENINGKATAN AKSES PANGAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of the study were to identify national programms of family economic empowerment, to analyze social-economics of program participants, to evaluate the family economics program, to analize impacts of family economic programs toward food access and to create recommendation for improving family economic empowerment programs.  This study was conducted in Pamijahan sub-dsitrict of Bogor districts and in Bogor Barat and Bogor Utasra sub-district of Bogor municipality in the period of March to November 2009.  Sampling method used was stratified random sampling with equal proportion where the total sample size was 48 households. Data collected include household socio-economics, food consumption of before and after programs and bussines input, proceses and output of before and after program.  The results show that the input, process and output of the programs i.e. PNPM Mandiri, Garda Emas, P2KP and KUBE were relatyively good.  All of the programs are effective because their 1/Cost-Effective are higher than 1.  The probability of Garda Emas  to be succesfull is highest (0.89), while the probability of Mandiri, Dakabalarea, P2KP, Kube  are 0.80, 0.27, 0.36 and 0.72 respectively. Keywords: PNPM Mandiri, Dakabalarea, P2KP, Garda Emas, Kube, cost-effectiveness.

PENGARUH POLA ASUH DISIPLIN DAN POLA ASUH SPIRITUAL IBU TERHADAP KARAKTER ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DASAR

Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter No 2 (2015): Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter Edisi Oktober 2015, TH. V, No. 2
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter

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Abstract

Abstrak: Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh pola asuh disiplin dan pola asuh spiritual ibu terhadap karakter anak usia sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Bogor. Desain penelitian menggunakan cross sectional study yang melibatkan 125 anak dan ibu, dipilih proportional random sampling dan diwawan- carai dengan kuesioner. Penelitian menemukan tidak ada perbedaan nyata antara pola asuh disiplin dan pola asuh spiritual anatara anak laki-laki dengan anak perempuan. Hasil menemukan nilai ratarata pola asuh spiritual lebih baik dibandingkan pola asuh disiplin. Pendidikan Ibu, pola asuh disiplin induktif, pola asuh disiplin mengabaikan/kekerasan verbal, dan pola asuh spiritual yang semakin meningkat berhubungan nyata dengan karakter. Hasil menemukan bahwa jenis kelamin, pola asuh disiplin induktif, dan pola asuh spiritual berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap karakter anak. Kata Kunci: disiplin, spiritual, induktif, kekerasan fisik, mengabaikan/kekerasan verbal, anak usia sekolah dasar THE INFLUENCE OF THE MOTHER’S DISCIPLINE REARING PATTERN AND SPIRITUAL REARING PATTERN ON THE CHARACTER OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN Abstract: This research aimed to describe the influence of the mother’s discipline rearing pattern and spiritual rearing pattern on the character of the elementary school-age children in Bogor Regency. The research design used was a cross sectional study involving 125 children and mothers, selected using proportional random sampling, and the data were collected using a questionnaire. The research found that there was no significant difference between the discipline rearing pattern and the spiritual rearing pattern on male and female children. The research found that the average score of spiritual rearing pattern was better than that of the discipline rearing pattern. The mother’s education, inductive discipline rearing pattern, discipline rearing pattern with verbal abuse, and spiritual rearing pattern were significantly related to the character. The results showed that gender, inductive discipline rearing pattern, and spiritual rearing pattern had a positive significant influence on the children’s character. Keywords: discipline, spiritual, inductive, physical abuse, verbal abuse, elementary school-age children

Family Resource Management of Participants of Community Empowerment Program in Bogor Regency

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Nowdays it is difficult for many families to achieve an ideal life, this situation cause, formulation managing human resource which has  a good quality is not optimal. The important thing must be carried out to make the families maintain their life is to manage the limited resource by the family resource management. This research analyzed the family resource management of participant in empowerment program and the factors that influenced them. The research design was crossectional study using survey method to collect data from 300 respondents. The result showed that highest percentage of respondent carried out the family resource management categorized as bad. There was a significant difference between the family resource management at Dramaga District and Leuwisadeng District or Pamijahan District (α<0.05). The factors which significantly influence the family resource management are income per capita, the family communication quality, the occupation status of spouse and the participation in extension program. Keywords:  family resource management, community empowerment, income per capita, extension program, communication quality  

PENGARUH IKLIM KELUARGA DAN KETELADANAN ORANG TUA TERHADAP KARAKTER REMAJA PERDESAAN

Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter No 2 (2015): Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter Edisi Oktober 2015, TH. V, No. 2
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter

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Abstract

Abstrak: Karakter disusun oleh tiga komponen yang saling memengaruhi, yaitu pengetahuan moral, perasaan moral, dan tindakan moral. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik anak dan keluarga, iklim keluarga, dan keteladanan orang tua terhadap karakter remaja. Penelitian ini melibatkan seratus orang anak Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Desa Ciasihan dan Ciasmara, Kecamatan Pamijahan, Kabupaten Bogor yang dipilih menggunakan teknik proportional stratified random sampling. Dalam penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa anak yang memiliki pengetahuan moral, perasaan moral, tindakan moral, dan karakter yang rendah berasal dari keluarga dengan iklim keluarga dan keteladanan orang tua yang juga rendah. Anak perempuan memiliki karakter yang lebih baik dibanding anak laki-laki. Selain itu, ditemukan juga bahwa bahwa iklim keluarga memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap karakter remaja. Kata Kunci: iklim keluarga, keteladanan, pengetahuan moral, perasaan moral, tindakan moral THE INFLUENCE OF FAMILY ATMOSPHERE AND PARENTS’ ROLE-MODELS ON THE CHARACTERS OF RURAL JUVENILES Abstract: Character is composed of three components which influence each other: moral knowledge, moral feeling, and moral action. This research aimed to describe the influence of characteritics of children and family, family atmosphere, the role-model of the parents on the rural juveniles’ character. The research involved 100 junior high school students in the Villages of Ciasihan and Ciasmara, the District of Pamijahan, the Regency of Bogor selected using a proportional stratified random sampling technique. It was found from this research that the juveniles who had low moral knowledge, moral feeling, moral action, and character came from a family with a family atmosphere and parents’ role model which were also low. Female juveniles had better character compared with that of the male juveniles. Besides, it was also found that family atmosphere had a positive influence on the juveniles’ character. Keywords: family atmosphere, role-model, moral knowledge, moral feeling, and moral action

DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN KETAHANAN KELUARGA PESERTA DAN BUKAN PESERTA PROGRAM NASIONAL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT (PNPM) MANDIRI

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen Vol 5, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences

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Abstract

 This study generally aims to assess social support for family strength in Sadeng Kolot Village, Leuwisadeng district, Bogor. The study involved 70 families, consist of 35 PNPM families who were selected randomly and 35 nonPNPM families who were selected by Snowball method. Data were analyzed using descriptive test, independent samples t-test, Pearson correlation test ,and multiple linear regression test. PNPM families accepted social support from neighbors. PNPM and nonPNPM families had low morbidity rate and also high social strength and psychosocial strength. The research found out the significant difference of social support and family strength between PNPM and nonPNPM families. Social support from neighbors, family, and nuclear families correlated significantly with total family strength. Family strength were affected by PNPM Mandiri membership status, income per capita per month, and the amount of assets.

PERAN GENDER, KONTRIBUSI EKONOMI PEREMPUAN, DAN KESEJAHTERAAN KELUARGA PETANI HORTIKULTURA

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen Vol 6, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences

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This research was to analyze the role of gender, womens economic contribution, and family welfare of horticulture families in Sindangjaya village, Cianjur District, West Java Province. This research involved 30 families that chosen purposively and collecting data was held by interview. Gender roles consist of gender roles in domestic, public, and farm financial management activities. Economic contribution was measured by the proportion of women income in family income. Objective well-being was measured by poverty line of BPS and subjective well-being was measured by wife’s satisfaction. Data was analyzed by descriptively and Pearson correlation test. The results showed that gender roles in domestic and public activities in moderate category and gender roles in farm financial management in high category. Average of womens economic contribution in family income was 11,3 percent. Mostly family were nonpoor families base on BPS indicator and also had subjective well-being in moderate category. Womens economic contribution was correlated significantly with objective and subjective well-being.

PERAN STIMULASI ORANGTUA TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN ANAK BALITA KELUARGA MISKIN

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen Vol 1, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences

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Abstract

Parents have an important role in childcare. Not all parents, especially fathers are able to practice child caring in proper and adequate way. The objective of this research was to analyze relationship of stimulation given by parents to the development of their children. The research was carried out in surrounding Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) Darmaga Campus. Samples consisted of two groups of children, 37 normal and 37 stunting were drawn randomly from the participants of World Food Program (WFP) feeding project in Bogor District. Data were collected from April to May 2005. The instruments used to measure stimulation and child development were referred to Ministry of Health recommendation used by Posyandu cadres. Spearman rank correlation and descriptive statistics were applied to analyze the data. Research results showed that family characteristics between the two groups are relatively the same. The age of stunting children was younger and period of sickness was shorter than that of normal children. It was also found that not all children get adequate stimulation. Stimulation was practiced by only 48-72% family. After 18 months old the children were intensively stimulated by the largest portion of mothers. The stunting children received stimulation intensively beginning at earlier age and the stimulation mostly practiced by mother. Only small part of stimulation was taken by father after the children reach one year. At the average, score stimulation was low in 21-22% normal and stunting children. The stimulation practiced by parents significantly related to child development.

HUBUNGAN KELOMPOK TEMAN SEBAYA, STRATEGI KOPING, DAN URUTAN KELAHIRAN DENGAN KECERDASAN SOSIAL PADA MAHASISWI TPB IPB

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen Vol 6, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences

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The research was to analyze the correlation of relationships of peer group, coping strategy, and  birth order with social intelligence of undergraduate female student. This research involved 99 first grade undergraduate female students of Bogor Agricultural University that was choosed by cluster random sampling. Data was collected by self report and was analyzed by descriptive and inferensia statistics (one way ANOVA different test and Pearson correlation test). The results showed that undergraduate female student that was involved in this research had quality of relationship with peer group in adequate category, coping strategy in high category, and social intelligence in adequate category. Coping strategy of undergraduate female student differ significantly based on birth order. Birth order, peer group number (in class, dormitory, and other place), and quality of relationship with peer group correlated significantly with social intelligence.

ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL MEDIA’S ACCESS; RELATION TO CHARACTER OF VOCATIONAL STUDENT IN BOGOR

Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen Vol 7, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen
Publisher : Department of Family and Consumer Sciences

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Recently, the existence of social media in Indonesia is consequence of acculturation both of culture and technology. This study aimed to analyze the relation of social media on the teenagers’ character development, particularly responsibility, respectful, and courtesy. The observation was conducted in two vocational private high schools in Bogor, West Java Province. The selected schools were chosen as schools with high involvement on juvenile delinquency such as gang fight, drugs, and free-sex based on the data from local government official. Total participants were 100 students consist of 50 male and 50 female students at 1st and 2nd grade. Based on the analysis, there was significant difference between male and female student on accessing the social media (both on intensity and content). Females’ scored higher than male in accessing Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc. On average, females’ use of social media was between 2-3 hours per day, whereas for male it was only 1 hour. However, male had greater access to pornography than the females. The study found significant correlation between media social intensity and content access with the character. Highly teenagers’ access to social media; correlate with the low of responsibility, respectful and courtesy character.